You could take a look at a recent technical paper, The Unbearable Lightness of Monitoring. The authors of that paper talk about how the BitTorrent protocol itself allows people to see what Internet Protocol addresses take part in the P2P downloading aspect of BitTorrent. They also say that they have a way to detect monitoring IP addresses, and say that almost every torrent is now monitored. Research ethics prevent them from naming IP addresses of the monitors, so I guess it's up to someone else to re-implement the monitor-detecting and out some surveillance entities.
Companies (like the much-reviled Cyveillance) exist that claim to monitor for "intellectual property theft". They're secretive, all I know is that they regularly (approximately monthly) download all the files on my little basement-server-website. They lie about who they are, in that they never ask for (and so don't observe) "robots.txt", and that p0f says they run Linux, even when the User Agent says "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 5.2)".
I'm guessing that a few pretty sketchy companies (like Cyveillance) do some combination of BitTorrent monitoring, website downloading, and monitoring "piracy" related web sites. The sketchy companies will be owned by a movie studio CEO's "cousin" and will be paid a princely sum for somewhat haphazard work. But that's just my opinion.