I could not find any options in the web interface of Gmail.
All I could find was a Firefox plugin to use S/MIME with Gmail, but it seems to be outdated.
There is Penango - https://www.penango.com/products - which seems to have a free edition for GMail. I looked into it a while back, since as you say, there isn't anything all that up-to-date, but haven't tried it (ended up going with S/MIME in Outlook checking my GMail account).
Use R2Mail2 on Android to read, decrypt, verify, sign and encrypt emails of both PGP, PGP/MIME and S/MIME formats. You can use the IMAP+SMTP interface to Gmail.
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