If running X11 as root is not a very good idea, then can anyone mention a method/solution, how to still use a GUI, and not having X11 as root?
(I speak here more generically than in the specific case of OpenBSD.)
X11 needs some direct access to the underlying hardware, something which requires some extra privileges which are not given to just any process (such privileges can be used to mess with memory transfers, e.g. between system memory and hard disks). So there must be some root-or-equivalent involved at some point. However, once the said privileges have been granted, nothing says that the process which runs the X server must keep on being root. Of course, if a non-root-but-with-hardware-access X server gets subverted, it still may gain, theoretically, strong access to the machine through DMA manipulations, but this does not look easy at all.
(Also, there can be totally unprivileged X11 servers which use a framebuffer interface, although this tends not to be very compatible with support for accelerated graphics.)