Security: if you don't do stupid things like using a 512-bit RSA key, these cipher suites are all equally secure: they are all very far in the "cannot break it" zone. So that's a meh. You cannot say that one is more secure than any other.
With an exception though: the "ECDHE" suites use an ephemeral key pair for actual encryption; since the corresponding private key is never stored in a file, this grants a nifty property known as Perfect Forward Secrecy. Basically it makes communications immune to attackers who steal a copy of the server private key after the fact. PFS looks good in technical audits.
Performance issues exist only after having been duly measured. As Knuth said: Premature optimization is the root of all evil. So you should not ask such questions; you should try it out and measure. In any case, answer will depend a lot on the context: involved machines, bandwidth, usage patterns...
Short answer: won't matter.
The "GCM" cipher suites use GCM; the non-GCM cipher suites use AES in CBC mode and an extra HMAC (here, with SHA-384). Performance issues depend on the involved systems:
- On small 32-bit systems (embedded ARM...), the MAC part of GCM will be expensive, but so will SHA-384 (because 64-bit computations...); I'd guess a tie.
- On PC, AES cost will dominate;
- ... except on very recent PC with AES-NI, where AES is very fast, and so is GCM.
So the GCM cipher suite should, usually, be a better bargain. However, it takes a lot of bandwidth, or a very small CPU, to actually notice the difference. Even without AES-NI, a normal server has enough juice to do SSL at full gigabit bandwidth, with CPU to spare.
For the asymmetric cryptography part:
- The ECDHE suites imply on the server an (elliptic-curve) Diffie-Hellman and a signature for each full handshake, whereas the ECDH cipher suites require only the elliptic-curve Diffie-Hellman, and half of that one is already done.
- ... But a normal PC will crunch through thousands of those per second and per code, so this very rarely matters.
- ... Especially since normal SSL clients reuse SSL sessions, which means that the asymmetric cryptography occurs only for the first ever connection of the day from a given client.
- ECDSA signatures are faster than RSA signatures.
- ... Depending on key sizes, of course.
- ... But for verification, this is the other way round.
- ... And, again, it takes an awful lot of new clients per second for this to actually matter. A normal PC will do hundreds of 2048-bit RSA signatures per seconds, thousands of 256-bit ECDSA signatures per second.
- ECDSA signatures are shorter than RSA signatures, so this saves a bit of network (but, again, only a few dozen bytes per full handshake).
- DHE and ECDHE cipher suites also imply a few dozen extra bytes per full handshake.
- DHE is like ECDHE but without the elliptic curves. You need it to use bigger mathematics to achieve the same security levels (2048-bit modulus instead of a 256-bit curve point), so it is like RSA vs ECDSA: a bit bigger, a bit slower, won't matter in practice.
So, really, you will not make a useful distinction based on security or even performance. In fact, you are already making a fashion statement, by insisting on AES-256 (instead of AES-128) and SHA-384 (instead of SHA-256). You may as well keep it on and bring it to its logical conclusion: use as much GCM and elliptic curves as possible ! This will grant brownie points from impressionable auditors.