I am aware that there is the CVE list published by the NVD. Are there any other important vulnerabilities lists that show vulnerabilities other than the NVDs?
NVD covers a lot of vulnerabilities. Aside from those you also have:
They are often linked back to NVD CVE. Another interesting project to follow is vFeed which provides cross linking between vendors and CVE vulnerabilities.
Note that this covers disclosed vulnerabilities. There are still a lot of vulnerabilities which might not get disclosed.