A security mechanism which enforces policy describing which requesters may perform operations on specified objects. There are typically multiple types of operations. Common operations include: read, write, execute, append, create, and delete.

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29 views

bell lapadula model and composite services

I am studying the security of composite services. The Bell-Lapadula model is useful for access control. Can I use this model for access control in composite services? The security level of each ...
-2
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2answers
40 views

MAC vs DAC differences [on hold]

What are the differences between Mandatory Access Control and Discretionary Access Control. When and where should each be used?
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2answers
43 views

Will a crossdomain.xml file reduce a potential security risk?

I maintain a website were users are allowed to upload files. I do already some good MIME-checks, consistency checks, virus checks, blacklist checks based on hash lists, some other custom checks and ...
1
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0answers
37 views

How to increase delay of ssh root access every time login fails [migrated]

Is there a way in Linux to delay, for example double the delay time, of the ssh root access every time an ssh root login fails from a given IP and them let the delay expire after X minutes of no login ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

How to find out if content on my XAMPP server has been altered

During the development of a site, me and the team decided to develop the site with my computer as a server, with me making my localhost available from outside. I have been using several settings to ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

How to reset a second factor authentication without compromising the authentication process

I am designing a system that uses two-factor authentication. Where the user can only granted access only if the two authentication factors passed the verification. Let us assume that the first ...
2
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2answers
83 views

Gaining root access on Ubuntu 14.04 [closed]

I am taking a Computer Security class and I am supposed to harden my system really well but I am supposed to leave one "hard backdoor" for the adversary to gain root access. I have been trying to ...
1
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2answers
115 views

Is VPN the best solution against man-in-the-middle attack? [closed]

I'm looking for the best way to protect my enterprise against man in the middle attacks, because a lot of people connect to the same network. So I was thinking of creating a VPN. Is this really the ...
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2answers
84 views

Is a long, random string in a URL considered adequate protection from unauthorised access? [duplicate]

I have recently had to submit a number of confidential PDF documents to a website. These documents contain more than enough information to use in identity theft, and I can conceive how others using ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Secure database password stored in an env variable

I need to somewhere store my DB password on my production environment to access the DB. At the moment the prod system is deployed in the cloud, so is the DB. The password, the username and some other ...
3
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0answers
32 views

Open source tools to run generic audit of user entitlements? [closed]

Over the past years, my team has been asked to conduct audits/reviews for other teams. Most of these audits have been compliance-driven and almost all of them have followed the same format: some group ...
2
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2answers
79 views

How to appropriately secure a database using different db users

I was thinking recently of the steps to secure a database server. Most of us are aware how to handle the security on the application side, although a malicious user might find his way to bypass the ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Are there file-encryption tools that only allow access to whitelisted processes?

I am looking into VeraCrypt, a spiritual successor of TrueCrypt. This made a question pop up: As far as I understand, as long as the encrypted volume is mounted, every process can access the data. ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

What methods are websites using to prevent direct access to media?

I really hope this question isn't off-topic... Background The question pertains to media security (video, audio, etc.), where the media in question is digitally protected (legally, DMCA-style) or ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

rate limiting and access filter for web application

I had a requirement of rate limiting and dynamically access controlling access to web application dynamically I want to be able to rate limit access turned on / off dynamically black/white list ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Expose the source code repository externally or allow VPN access?

To allow third party consultants, offshore developers and contractors working on the code, we can expose our Git repository externally. Or we can grant VPN access to the external parties and limit ...
2
votes
3answers
152 views

On Windows, how to restrict access to a folder, sub folder and files to only some applications (not users)

We have an application which is not per user and can be used by multiple users simultaneously. Data is also shared by all users. The path to the data folders we use is ProgramData\OurAppName\Data ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

How safe are networking ACLs based on IP-address?

As far as I know, a determined attacker would have no major issues in hacking the IP address of the packets contained by his (web) request. Therefore, I cannot see how an Access Control List (such as ...
5
votes
1answer
68 views

How to to make a file private by securing the url that only authenticated users can see

I was wondering if there is a way to secure an image or a file to be hidden when it is not authenticated. Suppose there is an image in my website which can only be seen if that user is authenticated. ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Is there a strong protection against CSRF executed from the sames server via stored XSS?

If we have a domain with stored-XSS vulnerability. I know it's already critical!.. But, I'm talking about limiting the damage. The hacker can't get the session cookie of the admin, because it's ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Smart cards and firewalls are what type of access control?

Specifically for the CISSP, trying to figure out what type of access control these would be considered.
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0answers
40 views

How can security models be relevant to the current environment?

I am trying to understand the Clark-Wilson and Brewer Nash Security Models. After deep research, I couldn't find any solution or idea to find out the relevance of these models in the current ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Can I configure a router to control access from my children's telephones as well as other devices?

Our children use both iPhones and Motorola phones. We get worn down by the fights about "confiscating" the phones, and want to be able to block access to the Internet on a device-by-device basis when ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Restricted Access through Box and log commands

I want to solve following problem. Please share your ideas or directly product name that capable to solve this. Our system administrators need to connect customer's servers but I don't want to share ...
4
votes
2answers
506 views

What port services can hackers use to break into a server?

I am getting ready to run my first server. I will use ufw to disable every port except port 22 for ssh and port 80 for http. I am curious though. Suppose theoretically I left every port open except ...
0
votes
2answers
82 views

Access token vs. UserID + access token

My goal is to associate (authenticate) hardware devices to users in the database. The access token is generated via webinterface. It is then entered into the hardware device by the user, and the ...
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votes
1answer
101 views

how to gain root access to linux machine? [closed]

I am a security auditor and I have faced the following situation: A development company that has a group of Linux machines gives limited access to their users. They asked me to find out all the ...
4
votes
1answer
238 views

Safety in Access Control Matrix and Take-Grant Model

I'm learning about the Take-Grant Model and Access Control Matrix, and I have a couple of questions regarding leaking and the safety question. Definitions These are the definitions I am using (see ...
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0answers
24 views

Access Control that are used on Ubuntu? [closed]

I want to ask about access control that are used on Ubuntu. I already read Ubuntu Access Control List but I'm still confused. Is there someone can explain about access control on Ubuntu? Because ...
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5answers
133 views

Is there a term for Authorizing before Authenticating? Is it even common?

In most scenarios a person identifies who they are (authentication/AuthN) via something like a username and password. Afterwards a system would likely evaluate what that validated identity can perform ...
1
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1answer
89 views

Is it safe to store important data in an encrypted access token?

Is it safe to store important data in an encrypted access token? For example, instead of storing access tokens in a database, not storing them at all and putting their associated data into them before ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Enabling Unsigned ActiveX

A third-party wants to provide a web app which they say only works if we enable unsigned ActiveX (unfortunately users are required to use IE). I understand what 'signing' is, as well as the basic ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

How risky is having sensitive files on webroot?

I understand that having anything sensitive under webroot is not smart; someone may be able to access it via url. However, I do not have a choice with my web host (iPage) as they limit my server space ...
1
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2answers
234 views

Contactless session on ATM?

I'm currently reading about an access control and saw something interesting about smartcard contact & contactless. From what I understood from the book, smartcard contact is like an ATM Card. ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Directory Listing on WordPress

If a WorPress application that uses the Akismet wordpress plugin has certain directory listing exposed publicly, like, akismet-en_AU.po and the other .po files, and directories like plugins, themes, ...
2
votes
2answers
286 views

Teamviewer Security Question [closed]

Currently we are using Teamviewer 9. We have a couple of desktop machines that are locked down in the following manner: 1). The shell is no longer explorer.exe, it is a custom program we have ...
2
votes
2answers
114 views

Should I use a separate SQL Server instance for a database with PII?

We build software which needs a SQL SERVER database. This database will hold private user information (address,bank, ...) My question is: Should I install my database in a fresh SQL Server ...
0
votes
2answers
206 views

Can I use stormpath user management service with a XACML library like BALANA?

I'm trying to implement some security access control in a software I'm building. I came across Stormpath for user management and they have somewhat an approach for RBAC yet what I was considering is ...
27
votes
5answers
5k views

Is Linux really that secure, with only root password denying external access?

While I was searching online for information about Linux security, the most typical explanation was: Linux is secure, because the root password is required to access the kernel and install new ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Access rights management in large companies

I'm wondering how large companies with tens / hundred of applications are handling access-rights for their users. From what I've seen, it's a nightmare that never ends, and it requires full-time ...
1
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0answers
48 views

Why allow access without an access token but deny access with an invalid access token?

I encountered a data storage service with rather weird access policies. There're "folders" with "files" and each "folder" can have either of the following permissions: anyone in the world can ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

MAC vs DAC vs RBAC

Someone can suggest me a real situation in which is better to use MAC (Mandatory Access Control) instead of DAC (Discretionary Access Control) or RBAC (Role Based Access Control)? And in which DAC is ...
4
votes
5answers
212 views

Can someone please explain RBAC to me?

From http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj709705.aspx In contrast to the DAC model, which is oriented around objects, the AzMan RBAC model attempts to orient the common administrative experience ...
0
votes
3answers
367 views

Securing apache by IP with .htaccess

I have a folder that I don't want to be accessible from outside my network's LAN. It seems like all traffic from the outside world goes through my firewall (192.168.1.39). So I made my .htaccess as ...
0
votes
1answer
267 views

is UPnP / NAT-PMP really necessary today?

The possibility to enable port forwards for any hosts inside the LAN has of course security implications. The problem from my point of view is not that there are bad users, but bad hosts/programs and ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

Should application logs be available to admins or just superuser?

I'm developing a kind of standard web-application, to be hosted internally on few customer's servers (not a public service, startup or anything like that). A kind of CMS, e-learning platform or ...
1
vote
1answer
329 views

Is a firewall an access control list?

I want to know if a firewall is considered an access control list (ACL). I know there are other types of ACLs, but am specifically interested in knowing if a firewall is an ACL. Edit: It appears ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Is open-to-all CORS safe for non-cookie-based authentication schemes (e.g. OAuth)

I'm building an API with both protected and public endpoints, and I'm protecting it with OAuth 2's various flows. I want this API to be open to the world - the main consumer website won't even be on ...
0
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0answers
89 views

Bell-LaPadula implementing by using sets of roles

I have sets of roles defined hierarchically, i.e. role anonymous is a subset of role super-user. The roles are given tu users and also used in the ACL for marking who has access to a resource. ...
0
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3answers
898 views

Prevent a server side script from a direct URL access

There is a server side script written in php(say backend_file.php) or coldfusion(say backend_file.cfm). Lets say, i am using Apache and I have a sample web folder (on my Localhost) like: ...