Active Directory (AD) is a directory service created by Microsoft for Windows domain networks it provides an central location for network administration and security

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Implications of using domain\computername$ account to serve SQL data to IIS

One of our coders is trying to get Windows Authentication to work on a new web app that he's developing (.Net 4.0, MVC, via IIS 7.0/7.5). The application connects to a SQL Server database back-end ...
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2answers
180 views

Why would encrypting data result in a call to a Domain Controller

This KB article mentions an issue where signing or encrypting information may result in a network IO call to a Domain Controller. Apparently the RSACryptoServiceProvider's SignData and VerifyData ...
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1answer
6k views

Where does Active Directory store user hashes?

During a penetration test for a client, having an infrastructure with multiple (5) Active Directory Servers (Win Serv 2008 R2)... I found a nice exploit to drop a system shell in one of the servers, ...
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371 views

Barracuda antispam access to active directory in dmz : opening port or not?

I have a Barracuda Antispam unit and look to use recipient validation with active directory to stop sending NDRs (non-delivery reports) when we are being spammed. What I see on the web is people ...
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1answer
538 views

Active Directory: Should Workstations be separated from servers to protect from related domain hacks?

How should I protect domain joined hosts in the same AD domain from the Related Domain Cookie Attack? Suppose there is an AD forest called example.com. This company has a variety of internal and ...
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1k views

What information is exposed in AD's Service Connection Points (SCP)

Active Directory offers a feature called Service Connection Points to publish information to applications so they can discover the relevant server; however the documentation is sparse and I have ...
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38 views

userWorkstations attribute in AD preventing users from logging into WebApp

For some of our users in AD, we have set userWorkstations attribute to restrict access to other machines. But this is preventing those users from logging into WebApplications (around 50+) protected ...
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1answer
352 views

Authentication for Mobile Devices

I am looking for ways to Authenticate on a mobile device. The mobile application is connecting to a WCF Service which in turn connects to a Database. Before the application retrieves any information ...
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1answer
493 views

If password is changed on Active Directory, can I ensure that PC must be restarted before logon with new password

Basically, if I have a Windows computer connected to a domain, how can I ensure that if the password is changed on Active Directory that the computer must be restarted before the new password takes ...
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1answer
5k views

What are the risks of removing ISATAP from the default global block list?

The process of installing Microsofts pseudo VPN called Direct Access requires me to remove the ISATAP name from the default global block list by running this command: dnscmd /config ...
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1answer
22 views

What are the real risks of enabling unsecure DNS updates on Active Directory intranet domain?

Based on my current research, enabling the unsecure DNS updates is a requirement for enabling DHCP Linux clients from registering their names with a FQDN. While this works fine for Windows machines ...
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92 views

What happens if someone steals one of my additional domain controllers

What happens if someone steals one of my additional domain controllers? What information could an attacker get from my domain controller?
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How do I deploy AD in a hostile location? What are the security implications between Domains, Forests vs RODC's in Active Directory?

Short version What are the risks/ benefits / drawbacks of RODC's vs Child Domains vs Forest Trusts in AD Background I'm working with a company that has various business agreements between many ...
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1answer
84 views

Can a Certificate Authority associated with Active Directory publish a client certificate to a browser?

Can I use some integration of Windows Active Directory and a Certificate Authority to embed a client certificate in a browser that will be trusted by a server? I have a private domain and control ...
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1answer
152 views

Are there best practices concerning application account credentials?

I am looking for best practices concerning application account credentials. For example, suppose I got a corporate application which uses an Active Directory application user account to communicate ...
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1answer
250 views

How to trace AD Admin Login

How to trace an admin login to active directory server (2008 R2) from which host or which ip (In the situation where multiple admin are working) ?
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1answer
309 views

Are “Certificate Templates” used only as a “Template” or do they validate a certificate request?

I'm trying to learn how Microsoft Certificate Templates interact with a certificate request, and can only guess that they take on one of the two/three forms: They simply help the client create a ...
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1answer
104 views

Is Domain Logins a potential attack vector?

Say you have a windows server that works as a PDC AD box. Is this a potential Attack Vector for a small 20 people buisness? Wouldn't it be better to simply have an encrypted database file with all the ...
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1answer
553 views

How does the authentication flow with Azure Active Directory differ from Azure ACS?

I understand that Azure ACS acted as a STS that had the ability to redirect users to a given STS (OpenID, LiveID, Facebook) or authenticate using a local user/password account. In a passive situation ...
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1answer
1k views

iOS auth/auth with a REST Webservice

we're currently in the design phase of a new "Gateway-Server" which we want to develop. Our server has a REST-Service. My task is to find viable options to protect the access to the aforementionend ...
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2answers
184 views

Activesync: If I disable or rename the AD account does that mean the phone won't be wiped?

Suppose an Activesync phone needs to be wiped because it was lost, stolen, or it was an employee termination. If we disable the account prior to wiping the device (or the device receiving the wipe ...
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1answer
818 views

Client access to domain controller

I'm working on a solution to identify if a machine is a member of the domain or not. We are using Checkpoint R75 Identity Awareness with two possible methods to retrieve machine identity. AD Query ...
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54 views

Is there a solution for On-the-fly-encryption with active directory rules & policies?

I am looking at having our servers' sql databases for a few program and documents to be always encrypted on the HDD, but available to AD users. So one or multiple users with the right AD privileges ...
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60 views

Obtaining login scripts for a domain?

I have read that a useful technique in penetration testing is to obtain the login scripts for a domain, as they may often have passwords obfuscated in there or other useful information. However, in ...
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Does Active Directory Certificate Services support Card Verifiable Certificates?

Does Active Directory Certificate Services support accepting requests for, and generation of, Card Verifiable Certificates (TR-03110)? If so, in which version of Windows Server was the functionality ...
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1answer
1k views

Brute Forcing Domain Controller

I have a MS-Server2K3 domain controller that also serves as a Exchange server. Due to recent network speed loss and issues I began looking at event logs and noticed an exceptionally large number of ...
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814 views

Public web server and AD- based Kerberos authentication

I would want to use SPNEGO/Kerberos protocol on a public internet webserver for specific remote ip addresses coming from corporate intranet. Other authentications methods are used for other addresses ...
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243 views

AD authentication with high amount of ICMP traffic [closed]

We have an IPS in place and it's constantly triggering ICMP / Ping flood signatures between workstations and AD server; or AD to workstation. I understand that ICMP is used for AD authentication. ...
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266 views

What is the best way to manage temporary accounts on Active Directory [closed]

The organisation i work for has a high turnover of staff and we have a 5 day SLA to set up a new user. However this seems to be inefficient for ourselves and the business we serve. Is there anyway ...
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2answers
836 views

Strange Event Log Entry - Windows Server 2008

Reviewing some logs recently, and came across a strange failure in our Windows 2008 DC. An account failed to log on. Subject: Security ID: NULL SID Account Name: ...
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68 views

password strength audits and mitigations

Reading this article about detecting bad passwords in the enterprise, made me want to ask if anyone here has attempted any audit like this. It would be an effective attack: There may be a good ...
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1answer
396 views

Extract Password Hashes from Active Directory LDAP

Currently we are working on a monthly internal security test which among other should contain a verification of the real password strength the users choose. For this reason I want to extract the ...
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1answer
61 views

How does resetting passwords twice increase security after a breach?

In regards to https://mva.microsoft.com/en-US/training-courses/how-to-avoid-golden-ticket-attacks-12134 They mention several times that resetting not only AD passwords twice but also local computer ...
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335 views

OWA + AD Lockout Policy: Quite the Mixture

Many organizations have webmail exposed to the world. These sites are often hooked up to AD for user authentication. Are there any specific security controls OWA (Outlook web app) has that would ...
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1answer
22 views

Active Directory password complexity based onto entropy

I am evaluating the possibility to enable password complexity rules into my Active Directory, but the rules it offers are for me not good. So I would like to have a complexity rule based onto only two ...
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1answer
106 views

Disable a specific services in Windows 7 [closed]

I am using a Windows 7 and I want to Disable some Services, How can I do this? For my machine only? For some machines inside the Active Directory I can control? For all machines inside the Active ...
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539 views

Drawbacks of using ADFS for SSO for external users

Is there any drawback for creating a separate AD forest for external users of organization to authenticate them to access some web applications? Is there any performance and synchronization issues ...
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1answer
349 views

How do you secure service account password on enterprise windows enviroment?

I'm suppose to have a large environment ( 500+ servers ) all Windows based joined to Active Directory domain. Some domain accounts are used for application\middleware authentication that needs high ...
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1answer
156 views

opening up Active directory to cloud services?

We are testing SPAM/Virus cloud solutions and they can read active directory users and groups to help with users set-up and configuration. All they need from me is a user name, a password and the ...
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1answer
674 views

How do I constrain Windows Smartcards for AD Authentication so that “anyExtendedKeyUsage” is not implied?

This document describes how there are 3 ways to constrain a SmartCard certificate The Enhanced Key Usage field defines one or more purposes for which the public key may be used. RFC 5280 states ...
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40 views

How to do secure file transfer on windows with AD?

I have a requirement to serve files from a windows 2008 (and up) server that will be part of an AD domain to client machines that will also be members of that same domain. The requirements are as ...
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79 views

Is it possible to allow anonymous users to access part of an Azure website which uses Active Directory

I have a website hosted in Azure that uses Active Directory to prevent anyone from accessing it except for a few test users. Now I would like to expose a single page so that anyone can access it. I've ...
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116 views

Exchange Autodiscover XML question (Exploit related)

Recently we had an issue with the Exchange autodiscover.xml appending ".com" to our mail servers autodiscover address. It resulted in a certificate error due to the name not matching the certificate. ...
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181 views

Web and Intranet applications on different domains login to the same Database

Imagine a web application is on an active directory domain A, and the internal Intranet application is on domain B. There is a SQL server on domain A, and we can use Windows Authentication for the web ...
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354 views

Active Directory Injection attack

Is there a possible way of injecting code to pull data from Active directory? I have written a PHP page that executes Powershell and is able to change passwords to a controlled group of people. ...
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296 views

Trust relationship between domains

I am working in a organisation where it has a structure of a parent company and a subsidiary. Both are individual domains without trust. I work for the subsidiary The requirement is that the ...
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22 views

Active Directory - Denial-of-Service [duplicate]

How can I prevent a user on the domain from launching a denial-of-service attack against Active Directory by scripting bad password attempts against every user in the domain?
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1k views

Routable Domain for DC?

What is the impact of having a routable domain name in windows network infrastucture ? Having example.com in place of exemple.local as domain name have an critical impact ? if yes what should I keep ...