Active Directory (AD) is a directory service created by Microsoft for Windows domain networks it provides an central location for network administration and security

learn more… | top users | synonyms

37
votes
1answer
2k views

What's the risk if I accidently type my password into a username field (Windows logon)?

I'm used to logging into my personal Mac which is a password-only field (like waking from sleep mode). Sometimes I have to use a Windows network on which I have an account, but of course I have to ...
13
votes
3answers
25k views

How do you discover what permissions an AD group has, if you have no documentation?

You just got hired at company A and the old administrator is no longer there. Requests start coming through for adding users to the internet restrict group. When you look at the groups none of the ...
8
votes
1answer
211 views

What practical uses are there for the AD feature of “Confidential Attributes”

Are any applications (off the shelf, or internal) leveraging Active Directory's Confidential Attributes? Would you store sensitive information here such as a private key, or a salt here? I'm ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

How to manage admin rights for helpdesk staff?

My question is about issuing administrative rights to helpdesk staff in a large Active Directory setting. Helpdesk staff commonly require administrative rights to provide support for end users. I ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the real risk from trusted forests / domains?

I am trying to identify specific attack vectors that occur due to domain/forest trust in Active Directory. Microsoft in their KB Articles Domain Trust, section "Considerations About Trusts" write ...
6
votes
2answers
390 views

Implications of having a service account in AD use RC4 rather than AES for Kerberos?

Bear with me, I know this is sloppy, but here is the back story: We have a partner that uses Jira and is using spnego with a custom auth back-end that expects certain group membership in the token. ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Deploying a campus WiFi network that authenticates against an AD LDAP

We are looking to deploy about 15-20 Cisco 1131ag access points on campus. I have been reading up on different authentication methods, but I don’t know what will be the best long term solution that ...
5
votes
3answers
822 views

How to Man in the Middle Internal AD Traffic

A coworker asked me why I thought encrypting internal AD Bind communication was important. I said because I follow a standard security practice, but couldn't actually articulate how an attacker would ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How does multi factor authentication modify the AD authentication process?

I'm trying to understand what would have to be updated to make Windows-based systems support multifactor authentication. Possible things that might have to be modified: Active Directory / Domain ...
5
votes
2answers
915 views

Password History/Password policy

I'm referring to "remembered" password that the domain keeps so a user cannot reuse that password until it has expired in what was set at Password Policy on DC (W2003/W2008). Where is password ...
5
votes
2answers
317 views

How can I detect users that have requested AD Administrators to reuse an expired password?

There is a trend among companies I've worked at where administrators (or helpdesk folks) give a user a courtesy extension of the old expired password... rather than forcing the user to change it. ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

How does a client authenticate the domain controller

On an active directory based network how do hosts authenticate the Domain Controller? Is it possible for an attacker to impersonate the Domain Controller? PS: I'm having a problem getting info on how ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Should I only disable, but never delete an account from ActiveDirectory?

In the early days of NT4, I would never delete an account from the domain because I would lose the correlation between the SID and username in event logs and all related audit trails. Is this a ...
5
votes
1answer
233 views

Using AD authentication in a publicly accessible webapp

I am sys admin working with a development team who is extending a publically accessible .net web app that currently uses forms authentication with usernames/passwords (hashed) stored in a sql ...
5
votes
5answers
6k views

Preferred UAC configuration in Enterprises that use Login scripts to map drives

In Windows 7, Vista and newer OS's, UAC will prevent logon scripts from mapping hard drives so that the following logon script code won't work: Dim WshNetwork Set WshNetwork = ...
5
votes
0answers
196 views

Use token for Windows Server 2008 AD RMS

I have a Windows Server 2008 configured for AD RMS (Active Directory Rights Management Service), another Windows Server 2008 machine that is the domain controller, and a third machine that is a member ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Safe to expose Active Directory via LDAPS externally?

We currently access Active Directory via LDAPS internally for authentication and user data retrieval. Is it common, or safe, to expose this publicly over LDAPs? Addendum 1: Our business case, ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

To DMZ, or not to DMZ

So for an assignment, we need to create a scheme (and eventually also the set-up) of a couple of servers in a network. The 'networks' are: Internal network DMZ The internet And the servers we ...
4
votes
3answers
390 views

Are non-personal AD users a security risk?

After an IT audit of my company, the report said that our Active Directory contained too many non-personal user accounts. This caused a risk of misuse and unauthorized user access. I checked my ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Storing the MAC Address of a computer in Active Directory

I’m considering enabling WoL (Wake on LAN) on the workstations on my network. In order to boot a workstation using WoL I require its MAC address. I could store the MAC address in a database, however ...
3
votes
4answers
5k views

Two-factor authentication w/certificate and username & password?

Example scenario: ActiveSync Authentication method: certificate-based authentication AND Active Directory domain username-password Encrypted on device: public & private key AD username ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

LDAP Security problems?

I have installed many Active Directory (AD) based networks and have applied various standard security templates based on best practices, however I have never really looked at LDAP on a deeper level ...
3
votes
2answers
10k views

How to use OAuth with Active Directory

I'm creating a REST WCF service and want to use OAuth to authenticate each user's request. The user accounts are stored in Active Directory so I have access to their AD login name on the client ...
3
votes
2answers
344 views

Does Windows keep an Active Directory user token while locked?

The Firewire DMA hack Inception allows for the password checking subroutines on a local Windows box to be overwritten, allowing any password to be entered for a locked computer. My question is about ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

what is the role of RADiUS server and Active Directory to increase the security in wireless networks?

In the CBT Nuggets Video Training, one slide about Wireless networks : i want to know about the role of Radius to increase the security and how? in this project: Deploy Active Directory and ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

How to check for presence of LM hashes in local SAM

To get rid of LM hashes in local SAM databases, one can rely on the famous NoLMHash domain GPO, which instructs clients not to store password hashes with the LM algorithm locally ("Do not store LAN ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Prevent unauthorized workstations from joining a Windows Domain

Corporate policy only allows users to connect corporate-issued machines to the network managed by Active Directory. Is there some means to log or otherwise detect when the same user account joins the ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Dealing with untrusted administrators in a Windows domain

I'm providing consultation to a company, where they have domain-joined Windows workstations. One basic requirement is that they don't want anyone (including the an administrator) to be able to login ...
2
votes
2answers
204 views

Authentication for external applications

I need to design an application for internal corporate use. The application must be hosted externally. Ideally I'd like that application to be able to authenticate and authorize against the corporate ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Identical lanman hashes on AD accounts?

I ran metasploit's smart_hashdump module against my (2008r2) domain controllers, trying to find any accounts that may still have lanman hashes in place. These should have been disabled long ago. I'm ...
2
votes
2answers
426 views

Implications of using domain\computername$ account to serve SQL data to IIS

One of our coders is trying to get Windows Authentication to work on a new web app that he's developing (.Net 4.0, MVC, via IIS 7.0/7.5). The application connects to a SQL Server database back-end ...
2
votes
2answers
151 views

Why would encrypting data result in a call to a Domain Controller

This KB article mentions an issue where signing or encrypting information may result in a network IO call to a Domain Controller. Apparently the RSACryptoServiceProvider's SignData and VerifyData ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Does RADIUS allow for eventual, gradual adoption of 2 Factor auth in an AD Environment?

We have several applications that leverage AD SAML (via Ping Federate) LDAP authentication from 3rd party applications Windows workstation / Exchange auth (Kerberos) IIS and web components ...
2
votes
1answer
899 views

Active Directory - Certificate Based Authentication - Multiple certificates for user

First, I have very limited knowledge about AD. Problem: I authenticating users on AD using user certificates. I want to authenticate user on various devices (including mobile devices). Each will ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Access control on a primarily windows LAN [closed]

This question is a bit broad, but I'm hoping someone can point me in the right direction. I administer a small LAN at work with 15-20 machines on it. They are running Windows XP - Windows 8 and I have ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Where does Active Directory store user hashes?

During a penetration test for a client, having an infrastructure with multiple (5) Active Directory Servers (Win Serv 2008 R2)... I found a nice exploit to drop a system shell in one of the servers, ...
2
votes
2answers
271 views

Barracuda antispam access to active directory in dmz : opening port or not?

I have a Barracuda Antispam unit and look to use recipient validation with active directory to stop sending NDRs (non-delivery reports) when we are being spammed. What I see on the web is people ...
2
votes
1answer
438 views

Active Directory: Should Workstations be separated from servers to protect from related domain hacks?

How should I protect domain joined hosts in the same AD domain from the Related Domain Cookie Attack? Suppose there is an AD forest called example.com. This company has a variety of internal and ...
2
votes
1answer
954 views

What information is exposed in AD's Service Connection Points (SCP)

Active Directory offers a feature called Service Connection Points to publish information to applications so they can discover the relevant server; however the documentation is sparse and I have ...
2
votes
1answer
244 views

Authentication for Mobile Devices

I am looking for ways to Authenticate on a mobile device. The mobile application is connecting to a WCF Service which in turn connects to a Database. Before the application retrieves any information ...
1
vote
1answer
362 views

If password is changed on Active Directory, can I ensure that PC must be restarted before logon with new password

Basically, if I have a Windows computer connected to a domain, how can I ensure that if the password is changed on Active Directory that the computer must be restarted before the new password takes ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How do I sanitize LDAP input and prevent injection attacks? What LDAP injection scenarios are possible?

In the following C# example I'm querying AD's configuration container for Exchange overrides. If the domain name in unsanitised the end user could get LDAP to read a different object then intended. ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

What are the risks of removing ISATAP from the default global block list?

The process of installing Microsofts pseudo VPN called Direct Access requires me to remove the ISATAP name from the default global block list by running this command: dnscmd /config ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Any network related security benefits using RODC (Read Only DC) in DMZ?

Windows servers in the DMZ need to communicate with the Active Directory. I do not like that the servers will have direct communication with my Active Directory, so I consider installing a Read-Only ...
1
vote
1answer
473 views

Multiple security layers for SOA REST intranet services

For intranet applications that already leverage Active Directory, is there any point or benefit to adding a second layer of security such as OAuth when accessing SOA REST services? We're new to SOA ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

How to trace AD Admin Login

How to trace an admin login to active directory server (2008 R2) from which host or which ip (In the situation where multiple admin are working) ?
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Are “Certificate Templates” used only as a “Template” or do they validate a certificate request?

I'm trying to learn how Microsoft Certificate Templates interact with a certificate request, and can only guess that they take on one of the two/three forms: They simply help the client create a ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Is Domain Logins a potential attack vector?

Say you have a windows server that works as a PDC AD box. Is this a potential Attack Vector for a small 20 people buisness? Wouldn't it be better to simply have an encrypted database file with all the ...
1
vote
1answer
324 views

How does the authentication flow with Azure Active Directory differ from Azure ACS?

I understand that Azure ACS acted as a STS that had the ability to redirect users to a given STS (OpenID, LiveID, Facebook) or authenticate using a local user/password account. In a passive situation ...
1
vote
1answer
830 views

iOS auth/auth with a REST Webservice

we're currently in the design phase of a new "Gateway-Server" which we want to develop. Our server has a REST-Service. My task is to find viable options to protect the access to the aforementionend ...