Software which includes anti-spyware, anti-rootkit, anti-phishing, and other technologies that attempt to identify and/or block malicious programs.

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4
votes
1answer
682 views

Where can a virus or other malware “hide” on common PC and Mac hardware?

I'm looking for a detailed list of locations that viruses can "hide" in modern hardware even after a reboot. Some things that come to mind include Boot BIOS/Firmware CPU Microcode Connected PCI ...
7
votes
1answer
777 views

Have any viruses leveraging the GPU been discovered in the wild? What is the mitigation?

This news article from 2010 discusses how a GPU can be used by a virus to avoid detection by common anti-malware/anti-virus software. The idea is to obfuscate the virus payload and leverage the GPU's ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

How should I select an antimalware solution?

As I prepare to reinstall the software on my machine, I am currently reevaluating my choice of anti-malware software for home use. What factors should I be considering? How reputable are AV-test and ...
0
votes
3answers
120 views

Does AV software protect web applications (Twitter, Facebook, etc) from attacks? (CSRF, etc)

Is it correct to say that AV software focuses on downloaded executables and locally malicious activity, and it doesn't actively scan HTTP/S content for web based attacks such as CSRF, XSS, phishing ...
-1
votes
2answers
298 views

sanesecurity - clamav - getting a false positive - should I bother?

A client of mine reported that he isn't getting emails sent from our domain. This is offcourse a false positive, as we are a legitimate comapny. I am also not hearing this issue from other clients (we ...
4
votes
4answers
888 views

To what extent is FREE 3rd party antivirus software better than Windows 8 defender (if any)?

As someone who is not in a position to currently purchase an antivirus suite, I would like to know if having a free Avira or Avast or similar program is worth the overall system performance drop (I ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Is there a website or free downloadable program to identify and remove malware from an ISO file?

Is there a website or free downloadable program that allows a user to identify and remove multiple types of malware from an ISO file?
-4
votes
6answers
7k views

Will antivirus detect all keyloggers?

Our company schedules Security Training courses for our personnel. In order for us to test them, we develop code such as keyloggers which we email to our personnel to detect stupid personnel, and of ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

What metrics are available on malware?

All the main AV have a risk rating or severity level, how do they determine what is "low","high",etc.?
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Detecting reflective DLL injection

In the past few years, malware (and some pen-test tools like Metasploit's meterpreter payload) have begun to use reflective DLL injection (PDF) to load a DLL into the memory of a process. The benefit ...
4
votes
2answers
339 views

How can I recognize and find file(s) dropped by malware?

Suppose I am doing malware analysis. How can I recognize if, during the analysis process, a piece of malware dropped a file in my system, and if so, the path of the file? What are the procedures, ...
-1
votes
2answers
7k views

Malware or buggy software gives Low Disk Space warning

Since a few days, I am getting an alert that in my c drive disk space is low. When I verified, free space in my c drive was decreasing hour by hour and there was a stage when it simply said that 0 mb ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

Javascript Malware: How does it work, and how can it be mitigated?

I am wondering how malware gets served through Javascript. I've noticed a few illegitimate pop-ups while visiting some financial websites. I wonder how malware exploits work against the application ...
4
votes
1answer
731 views

Icesword rootkit detector, How does it work?

I'm curious about how I can learn more about icesword rootkit detector. I've only used it and never studied it myself. Ive always been curious how it works. As far as I understand it works by ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Appilicability of Theoritical Computer Science/Formal methods in Malware research

I would like to know the importance of Theoritical CS/Formal methods in Malware research. Due to the large volume of new malware variants received per day (~50,000 samples/day according to McAfee), ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the methods to find hooked functions and APIs?

Many malware executables use hooking to be invisible. I am familiar with some hooking methods, I'm not sure what methods exist for detecting them. Is there a way to tell when a function call has been ...
2
votes
2answers
476 views

Can a polymorphic/metamorphic worm use a mutex?

Can a polymorphic/metamorphic worm use (the same) mutex? This would solve the problem of grinding the network into the ground and consuming all resources with multiple instances of the worm. Is the ...
3
votes
2answers
477 views

Why does Antivirus Softwares have an Issue with EXE Packers

Im trying to pack an Executable using an Exe Packer like UPX.I packed and checked the File with VirusTotal.com.Here some 9 Antivirus Products say its a Virus actually its a harmless exe.I think the AV ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Using MD5 for malware ids: collision attack risks?

It has been known since 2004 that the MD5 hash is vulnerable to collision attacks (update - not "preimage" attacks - my mistake....). Yet it still seems that people are using it to identify malware. ...
3
votes
3answers
168 views

A way to secure hyperlinks on websites

How do you think could we secure hyperlinks pasted by users on website's forums, comments, blogs against bad links/leading to malware etc.? I thought about google safe browsing, projecthoneypot. Did ...
4
votes
1answer
204 views

firewall with cloud based malware analysis risks

Palo Alto, and probably others firewalls will offer it, has a feature to do malware analysis in a separate (cloud-based) process that does not impact stream processing. What I would like which risks ...
5
votes
3answers
488 views

How do anti-virus & anti-malware programs protect themselves?

I would assume that A/V products would need to employ the same kinds of techniques used by the software they are trying to cleanse to ensure that they can continue to run in such hostile environments. ...
4
votes
3answers
131 views

Duqu and other reference material for security people

I would like to read more on Duqu and similar exploits when they appear. The problem is that most references from google are for laymen. Isn't there a reference website or... that reports on these ...
1
vote
1answer
272 views

Why does Microsoft Security Essentials remove Chrome in some situations?

According to Google, Microsoft Security Essentials is currently detecting some versions of the Chrome browser as malware. Could someone have hacked Google and put a virus into some Chrome updates? ...
10
votes
2answers
438 views

Is email more secure when not letting any zipped content through?

Ah. This is a bit of a soft question, but I though there might be some here that can share some insight. I'm a developer. Sometimes I need to send a (bugfixed) DLL or EXE file to a customer. If this ...
9
votes
8answers
699 views

Battling Malware without spending money

Our environment consists of about 80 users running Windows 7. Previous to me showing up as a full time IT employee, the company had contracted an outsource IT solution. As part of their set up, they ...
18
votes
4answers
568 views

Malware - are removal tools acceptable or is bare metal re-install the only safe option?

I see a number of companies offering "malware removal" services. I see some software that claims to be able to remove malware from an infected machine. Is using a removal software tool to 'clean' an ...
3
votes
1answer
185 views

How can I assess the trust worthiness of a browser add-on?

Having learned a bit more about what add-ons/extensions can do in Firefox, I want to minimize my risk and use some safer mechanism to download videos (FLV in particular) for later viewing. ...
7
votes
2answers
312 views

Are there any independent organizations doing (publicly available) IT security research?

When looking up security risks on the net I find that all research being cited (if any is cited) always seems to come from the Anti-Malware companies. (just e.g., this article cites F-secure, AVG and ...
4
votes
1answer
283 views

What is behaviourism and heuristic control in anti-virus software and how does it work?

In one local magazine I read interview with Adrian Porcescu, who is a technical consultant that works for Kaspersky Lab. Among other things, he says their anti-virus uses behaviourism and heuristic ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

How to detect Meterpreter and similar malware?

Is it possible to find Meterpreter or similar malware which doesn't modify the hard disk but is only stored in RAM? Most common anti-rootkit software like rkhunter and chkrootkit don't find it.
5
votes
3answers
1k views

vt-d Virtualisation and Trusted Execution Technology

Being a long time VirtualBox user and having recently purchased a new laptop equipped with an intel i7 720QM I discovered that it supported vt-d. In the meantime I've found out that vt-d comes with ...
19
votes
6answers
17k views

How to scan a PDF for malware?

Can anyone suggest an automated tool to scan a PDF file to determine whether it might contain malware or other "bad stuff"? Or, alternatively, assigns a risk level to the PDF? I would prefer a free ...
5
votes
7answers
385 views

Malicious Websites

Just wanted to get everyone's opinion on this. In Information Security, you get various alerts about particular machines on your network going to sites and/or IPs that have been flagged as ...
2
votes
2answers
545 views

Force AV Scan of USB drive vs. File-Access Scan

I have been evaluating MS Forefront Endpoint Protection 2010 vs. Kasperskey 2010. One of the major differences in features seems to be that Kasperskey gives the option to force the full scan of a USB ...
19
votes
4answers
2k views

Reverse engineering malware/viruses

Assuming a machine has malware, regardless of how it got there, one thing I would like to learn to do is to take the binary file and reverse engineer it to see what the malware is doing/has already ...
16
votes
8answers
1k views

Are signature based antivirus or antimalware effective?

Are signature based antivirus or antimalware solutions effective? Has the battle been lost against the ever increasing amount of malware, particularly rootkits, that are in the wild?
6
votes
2answers
888 views

Antivirus, antimalware and antispyware software. What is the difference?

What is the difference between antivirus, antimalware and antispyware software? If any clear distinction can be defined.