Antivirus or anti-virus software is used to prevent, detect, and remove malware, including but not limited to computer viruses, computer worm, trojan horses, spyware and adware.

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WDF-based vs WDM-based drivers

What pros/cons of WDF driver model vs. WDM for rootkits and antivirus drivers. From what I've seen and from personal experience (though I'm still a newbie) WDM is good in that you have to do most of ...
3
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2answers
170 views

What patterns does a signature based anti-virus look for?

I'm working on a uni project where I will attempt to create a malware that uses some form of genetic algorithm to "evolve" itself out of being recognized by a signature based AV software. For this I ...
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244 views

Is anti virus software supposed to clean up registry entries made by malware?

I just cleaned up a virus infection on my computer (running windows) by running an Anti Virus Scan. The malicious executable files are now deleted. However, the registry entries made by it remain. ...
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173 views

Clamav can't detect encoded virus files

I have a PHP sheller file (like c99 file) but it's Encoded ( with this functions: eval(gzinflate(base64_decode("7P3rehblahblah)) ) and the clamav virus scan can't detect it. How i can detect virus ...
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1k views

How effective are anti-virus products against real-world threats?

In a recent interview† with Dave Kennedy, he in passing pegged the average effectiveness of anti-virus products as detecting approximately 3% to 5% of current active threats. While AV comparisons ...
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4answers
9k views

What is the difference between antivirus and firewalls

I need a brief explanation about the differences between antiviruses and firewalls
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1answer
285 views

My home PC was hacked and accessed my bank! Advice on next steps? [duplicate]

I recently setup a new Win8.1 PC while still working on my main development PC so it did not have all of the security tools that I usually install, e.g. malwarebytes, adaware, etc. Since it takes me a ...
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252 views

Can signature-based Antivirus detect encrypted malware? [duplicate]

How effective signature-based Antivirus is, in detecting encrypted malware?
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324 views

AV boot disks and Truecrypt encrypted drives

I was wondering if there were any "how-to" guides on what is needed to modify AV boot disks, such as Sophos, kaspersky, AVG etc in order to load the decryption drivers/bootloader for Truecrypt before ...
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103 views

What protection certificates would be required for an application that consists of setup, loading utility and main application?

Say we have an InnoSetup installer script, a native C++ QT files loading application and a .Net client application that we load/update each time and which is the main application. We load files via ...
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1answer
118 views

What is “KDV” in antivirus databases?

I scanned a file (virus) on VirusTotal and 3-5 antivirus labelled it as Generic.KDV.549626 Is there any central "KDV" database where all the entries related to a virus are stored?
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161 views

What security products are necessary or advised for a home computer running Windows?

There is a lot of security related products for home users and it is becoming unclear what the difference is between them. What is the difference between antimalware, antispyware, antiadware and ...
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448 views

How to keep Mac secure from viruses, malware and keyloggers?

How can I download and install software and make sure that it is not infected with viruses, malware or a keylogger? Also, I heard that Macs "don't get viruses". Is this true? Is it a good practice to ...
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74 views

Is there a down side to how so many security products bundle multiple components into one these days?

For example it seems like anti-virus, anti-spam and firewalls have sort of merged into one product. Is there a downside to this? I don't know of any software firewalls that can be purchased without an ...
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2answers
277 views

A new virus with unknown function

We have detected a new virus that was sent to us by mail. The email contained a zip file which contains an executable with the same name. As a first step, we uploaded the file to virustotal, to be ...
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104 views

Antivirus / Wireless PCI v2 Controls Scope

Do the Antivirus / Wireless controls within PCI v2 apply for the entire organisation, or just for the PCI scope?
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136 views

Antivirus keeps blocking connection from a file I don't recognize

This is a follow up to this question. I've finally tracked down the file Avast keeps detecting and it's C:\Users\Jacob\AppData\Local\Updater.exe , I've no clue what this file is for , but am wondering ...
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3answers
1k views

Are older viruses removed from virus definition files?

Antivirus software receives constant updates in the form of virus definition files, containing the patterns used to identify viruses. It is a feature present on most (if not all) major AV for at least ...
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148 views

someone claims to have created such a malware, can he be true?

These are not my lines they are by someone else on the internet. I also want to know is that malware that unique? How will it work in GPU and is there a way to sandbox such application? "HERE GOES ...
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1answer
281 views

What is behaviourism and heuristic control in anti-virus software and how does it work?

In one local magazine I read interview with Adrian Porcescu, who is a technical consultant that works for Kaspersky Lab. Among other things, he says their anti-virus uses behaviourism and heuristic ...
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217 views

Protecting Backups from Viruses

Currently we are using ReadyNAS by NETGEAR to hold all our images from all our machines. My question is can viruses expand from the machines and infect the NAS drive and the backups? We are using ...
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2answers
202 views

Manual Checks for Signs of Infection on Windows 7

Suppose I wanted to run some manual checks to see if my Windows 7 machine has been infected. I don't usually do anything to get it infected, but I would like to check whether the below steps are ...
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2answers
684 views

Scan password protected email attachments for malware

We have an email policy that prevents email from going through if it has password protected archive files attached. This is to protect users from viruses and trojans because the contents of the ...
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1answer
33 views

MacOS: quarantining data for import

I have collected over many, many years data from many sources, some of which could be questionable - for example an upload page on a web server at home - to the point where I don't completely trust ...
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3answers
3k views

Are there faux/fake malicious websites to test web reputation services similar to EICAR?

Antivirus writers have agreed for their software to recognize a standard "fake" virus file - the EICAR file, to let users check, that the software is up and running. Are there any equivalent test ...
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How dangerous is Exploit.LNK.BadLnk.a (v)?

I have encountered a supposed low level eploit on my network at work, by the name of: Exploit.LNK.BadLnk.a (v). I have torn through pages of entries on google trying to find information on this bit of ...
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249 views

EMET and AntiVirus

I've just heard about and started playing with EMET and I am curious, do any AV or security suite applications do what EMET does or is EMET something entirely different?
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170 views

Excluding executables in winsxs folder

I am facing a big problem since there are many msbuild.exe files in .Netframework and winsxs folders and I don't know if it is required to set all of them as trusted in the antivirus. The path ...
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3answers
199 views

Does validating a mime-type reduce or stop the need for virus scanning?

I am building a small web app in php, that accepts .doc /.docx / .rtf and .txt files. I've validated them against their mime-types. But now I'm thinking about virus scanning. I know there are systems ...
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1answer
87 views

How does Look Out Secuirty and Anti-Virus determine if an app is harmeful?

For Android Lookout can scan an app before it is installed, and I think it scans a new app the first time it runs too. It displays the message "this app is safe" and I'm wondering, how does it ...
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3k views

How to scan USB drive with clamav on Linux

Is there a way to scan the entire drive including auto-run and all partitions, including the master boot record (MBR)?
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4answers
703 views

Are malicious scripts in batch files detected by antiviruses?

we have many scripts in shared folders in our IT Department. Are malicious scripts in batch files detected by antiviruses?
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85 views

Antivirus scanning [closed]

I use the avast free antivirus ... and i sort of noticed a very strange occurrence. Whenever I scan a document from avast, the application scans more data then there is on the document. For e.g., if ...
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2answers
146 views

How does a virus scanner inspect URLs entered in a browser?

I have a virus scanner installed (avast on Windows 8) and it blocked the access to malicious websites in Chromium. There's no proxy activated in Chromium so how is the scanner capable of rejected a ...
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How to check if your computer has a backdoor installed on it? [closed]

Just some time ago I had this unusual popup from Malwarebytes Anti-Malware (MBAM): I did a quick Google of the IP address and found this thread where the OP is complaining of MBAM blocking ...
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2answers
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How secure is the Windows 8 included Anti Virus known as Windows Defender?

How secure is the new Windows 8 anti virus known as Windows Defender? Does it have a protection against malware which uses UAC bypass/process injection/rootkits/process persistence/running the binary ...
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1answer
521 views

Study roadmap to write a crypter / backdoor

Recently I came across a site called SecurityTube.net, which has a ton of amazing security stuff. I'm following their Python Scripting Expert videos which are totally worth it. I also came across the ...
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1answer
950 views

Windows PE file and Malwares

Trying to understand how and why any virus, malware, worm and code injections are successful after all in a Windows Portable Executable format. I was going through the PE structure documentation, ...
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2answers
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How does a crypter for bypassing antivirus detection work?

I am talking about crypters used to encrypt files like viruses and keyloggers for the sole purpose of bypassing antivirus detection. How do they work?
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If a user visited a malicious website a year ago, should we nuke from orbit to be safe?

A Microsoft Security Essentials virus scan just finished on one of our computers and it shows two potential threats in Internet Explorer's temporary internet files: Web page with Black Hole Exploit ...
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2answers
106 views

Virus Removal Boot Disks — a few questions

I'm new to working with and using a backdoor/virus with a boot disk. Can they be mounted to a USB drive? What options are out there and what should I look for in one? Are they practical? Do they ...
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4answers
484 views

Can I safely trust my Anti-virus protection?

Recently when I was trying to install a software which didn't happen to be from reputed sources, my anti-virus popped up a warning saying: XYZ-antivirus blocked you from visiting an infected ...
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6answers
3k views

How can I tell whether this computer is part of a botnet?

One of the computers that I manage (in the family, not business) has a weird set of files in its boot: bash.exe, curl.exe, uname.exe, sed.exe, rm.exe, tail.exe, cut.exe, awk.exe, cat.exe, chmod.exe, ...
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1answer
400 views

Can a cracked antivrus software do the job? [closed]

Some of my friends say that their cracked antivirus software updates regularly, and does the job as same as a legitimate software would do. Is this possible? How do they bypass the activation key ...
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2answers
647 views

Can a firewall tamper with email attachments?

I am using Thunderbird as an email client for managing my different email accounts. Yesterday my friend sent me an email with a PDF attachment. Today when I tried to open the attachment I get the ...
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4answers
607 views

How can Antivirus differentiate between a Trojan and a normal remote desktop application software?

RAT (Remote Access Tool, e.g. Sub7) are considered malicious by Antivirus software. How can it distinguish between such patches and a client application for commercial software like NetSupport ...
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2answers
241 views

Is interpreted malware easier to detect than compiled malware?

Is compiled code more of a security risk than interpreted code? I'm under the impression that it is due to the fact that compiled code can hide malicious code from malware scans.
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108 views

Why isn't AV software configured to recognize installed program vulnerabilities?

Background (not necessary to read): I've used a few different major AV programs day-to-day over the years, and not one has ever informed me I was running code with known vulnerabilities. Not only ...
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Is it ok to use computer while scanning for viruses?

Should one refrain from using the computer while a virus scan is in progress? Are there certain things that are ok and others not? For example is it ok to use a web browser while a scan is in ...
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4answers
488 views

What is nuke it from orbit? [duplicate]

I was reading this Windows 2003 Enterprise infected by Conficker; post-infection problems continue And they talk about nuking it from orbit (which apparently means wiping out the system and starting ...