Antivirus or anti-virus software is used to prevent, detect, and remove malware, including but not limited to computer viruses, computer worm, trojan horses, spyware and adware.

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2
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2answers
120 views

If a user visited a malicious website a year ago, should we nuke from orbit to be safe?

A Microsoft Security Essentials virus scan just finished on one of our computers and it shows two potential threats in Internet Explorer's temporary internet files: Web page with Black Hole Exploit ...
2
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2answers
100 views

Virus Removal Boot Disks — a few questions

I'm new to working with and using a backdoor/virus with a boot disk. Can they be mounted to a USB drive? What options are out there and what should I look for in one? Are they practical? Do they ...
28
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2answers
6k views

How secure is the Windows 8 included Anti Virus known as Windows Defender?

How secure is the new Windows 8 anti virus known as Windows Defender? Does it have a protection against malware which uses UAC bypass/process injection/rootkits/process persistence/running the binary ...
5
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3answers
1k views

Are there faux/fake malicious websites to test web reputation services similar to EICAR?

Antivirus writers have agreed for their software to recognize a standard "fake" virus file - the EICAR file, to let users check, that the software is up and running. Are there any equivalent test ...
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1answer
273 views

Can a cracked antivrus software do the job? [closed]

Some of my friends say that their cracked antivirus software updates regularly, and does the job as same as a legitimate software would do. Is this possible? How do they bypass the activation key ...
4
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2answers
487 views

Can a firewall tamper with email attachments?

I am using Thunderbird as an email client for managing my different email accounts. Yesterday my friend sent me an email with a PDF attachment. Today when I tried to open the attachment I get the ...
6
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4answers
521 views

How can Antivirus differentiate between a Trojan and a normal remote desktop application software?

RAT (Remote Access Tool, e.g. Sub7) are considered malicious by Antivirus software. How can it distinguish between such patches and a client application for commercial software like NetSupport ...
2
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2answers
190 views

Is interpreted malware easier to detect than compiled malware?

Is compiled code more of a security risk than interpreted code? I'm under the impression that it is due to the fact that compiled code can hide malicious code from malware scans.
-2
votes
1answer
103 views

Why isn't AV software configured to recognize installed program vulnerabilities?

Background (not necessary to read): I've used a few different major AV programs day-to-day over the years, and not one has ever informed me I was running code with known vulnerabilities. Not only ...
2
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4answers
386 views

What is nuke it from orbit? [duplicate]

I was reading this Windows 2003 Enterprise infected by Conficker; post-infection problems continue And they talk about nuking it from orbit (which apparently means wiping out the system and starting ...
10
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1answer
1k views

How do anti-virus apps for Android work?

There seems to be a lot of anti-virus apps for Android. On a desktop or server an anti-virus must run with super-user privileges, however I am pretty sure these mobile anti-viruses are running as an ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Should I install an antivirus on my mobile phone?

Is it advisable to install an antivirus for a mobile? I have recently purchased Note 2. Not too sure of how heavy application usage would I indulge into. But I would like to know if for safety ...
3
votes
2answers
181 views

Why some antiviruses detect viruses and some not?

I am curious why some anti-viruses detect viruses and some do not. From what I found online, antiviruses parse the binary files and check the sequence of code which is malicious(exists in virus ...
0
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2answers
171 views

How isolated are 2 operating systems on 1 harddisk?

Lets say I have 2 windows dual booting on the same harddrive (windws 7), How isolated are they? I am thinking that there should be up to date antiviruses software on both Windows, and they should be ...
16
votes
6answers
577 views

How to deal with a person who gets easily fooled by internet and mail scams?

alternative title: How to deal with a person who has gotten paranoid and doesn't want to go online anymore? A person, who has over the years been scammed many times, by bad spam/fraud emails, and ...
29
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2answers
2k views

How do antiviruses scan for thousands of malware signatures in a short time?

Most antiviruses have hundreds of thousands or even millions of malware signatures and yet they scan many files in a reasonable short time with high detection rates. Even real-time scanners doesn't ...
5
votes
6answers
2k views

How can I tell whether this computer is part of a botnet?

One of the computers that I manage (in the family, not business) has a weird set of files in its boot: bash.exe, curl.exe, uname.exe, sed.exe, rm.exe, tail.exe, cut.exe, awk.exe, cat.exe, chmod.exe, ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Anyone out there using Umbrella from OpenDNS? What exactly is it?

I'm still looking for a centrally-managed AV/malware management system and I've been testing out both Panda and Webroot (due to their 'cloud-based' structure that doesn't require a server for me to ...
1
vote
7answers
3k views

How should I select which antivirus software to install on my new laptop?

I'm in a bit of a dilemma here. I have bought a new laptop with no antivirus installed. I'm wondering how to choose an appropriate antivirus software to install.
1
vote
2answers
661 views

Is Webroot's Business Endpoint Security up to snuff for mobile workforce?

I'm in a small software company and getting ready to begin supporting 7 remote sales guys out on the road. They all have recent ultrabooks and most of the tools they will be using are in in the ...
2
votes
6answers
2k views

Why do some antivirus programs find infections that others miss?

I have Avast Free antivirus on my Windows 7 PC and yesterday I used Bit Defender quick scan addons, which spotted a virus. In rechecking with Avast, it didn't pick it up. In scanning my system with ...
18
votes
3answers
858 views

Are older viruses removed from virus definition files?

Antivirus software receives constant updates in the form of virus definition files, containing the patterns used to identify viruses. It is a feature present on most (if not all) major AV for at least ...
2
votes
1answer
383 views

How does one test AV against zero-day malware?

Lately, I've read several articles about anti-malware software and one thing caught my eye - ability to detect zero-day attacks. In short - how does anti-malware / anti-virus industry test their own ...
5
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5answers
4k views

Why Adobe is recommending McAfee security scan during flash player installation?

Why is Adobe recommending a McAfee security scan during the installation of flash player?
2
votes
4answers
550 views

Are malicious scripts in batch files detected by antiviruses?

we have many scripts in shared folders in our IT Department. Are malicious scripts in batch files detected by antiviruses?
4
votes
1answer
543 views

Where can a virus or other malware “hide” on common PC and Mac hardware?

I'm looking for a detailed list of locations that viruses can "hide" in modern hardware even after a reboot. Some things that come to mind include Boot BIOS/Firmware CPU Microcode Connected PCI ...
7
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1answer
714 views

Have any viruses leveraging the GPU been discovered in the wild? What is the mitigation?

This news article from 2010 discusses how a GPU can be used by a virus to avoid detection by common anti-malware/anti-virus software. The idea is to obfuscate the virus payload and leverage the GPU's ...
2
votes
4answers
441 views

Can I safely trust my Anti-virus protection?

Recently when I was trying to install a software which didn't happen to be from reputed sources, my anti-virus popped up a warning saying: XYZ-antivirus blocked you from visiting an infected ...
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4answers
1k views

Antivirus Engine based MD5 or SHA1 hash?

I'm trying to understand more about MD5 and SHA1 hashes algorithms and their behavior in serious security software(found this but not helped me more). Why does ClamAV use additional scanning ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

How should I select an antimalware solution?

As I prepare to reinstall the software on my machine, I am currently reevaluating my choice of anti-malware software for home use. What factors should I be considering? How reputable are AV-test and ...
0
votes
3answers
113 views

Does AV software protect web applications (Twitter, Facebook, etc) from attacks? (CSRF, etc)

Is it correct to say that AV software focuses on downloaded executables and locally malicious activity, and it doesn't actively scan HTTP/S content for web based attacks such as CSRF, XSS, phishing ...
2
votes
3answers
117 views

How to tell what viruses are covered by your anti-virus software

One of our corporate twitter accounts recently started sending out DMs to its followers. Looking at the content of these it seems we'd become infected with Troj/Mdrop-EML. All computers on our ...
3
votes
4answers
796 views

To what extent is FREE 3rd party antivirus software better than Windows 8 defender (if any)?

As someone who is not in a position to currently purchase an antivirus suite, I would like to know if having a free Avira or Avast or similar program is worth the overall system performance drop (I ...
64
votes
10answers
5k views

How do you explain the necessity of “nuke it from orbit” to management and users?

When a machine has been infected with malware, most of us here immediately identify the appropriate action as "nuke it from orbit" - i.e. wipe the system and start over. Unfortunately, this is often ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Is there a website or free downloadable program to identify and remove malware from an ISO file?

Is there a website or free downloadable program that allows a user to identify and remove multiple types of malware from an ISO file?
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6answers
5k views

Will antivirus detect all keyloggers?

Our company schedules Security Training courses for our personnel. In order for us to test them, we develop code such as keyloggers which we email to our personnel to detect stupid personnel, and of ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Is it necessary to scan users' file uploads by antivirus?

Web application allows users to upload files. Is it necessary to scan those files by antivirus? I'd want to hear answer in two scenarios: Type of file isn't checked when uploading. They are stored ...
8
votes
6answers
1k views

Whats the probability of a personal computer being hacked?

For a normal computer user following these practices: Have an up to date anti-virus with a firewall installed (Norton). Do not install cracked software. Do not open suspicious links or download ...
-4
votes
1answer
301 views

What are the technial and programming requirements for writing a stealth keylogger? [closed]

I'm planning to write/code one such stealth keylogger that would bypass detection by a certain antivirus. (I don't want to name the vendor as I know how good Google queries are against StackExchange ...
16
votes
5answers
909 views

Why would a virus writer bother to check to see if a machine is infected before infecting it?

I was looking at the tripartite structure of a virus, and it seems to check to see if a computer is infected before infecting it with the virus. Would this be an attempt to use files that are already ...
19
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4answers
1k views

Are anti-virus companies companies regularly committing software piracy?

As Mikko Hypponen highlighted in a recent tweet, anti-Virus companies collect and store both samples of malicious software and samples of legitimate software: This got me to thinking, what ...
7
votes
2answers
251 views

How do AV vendors choose malware names?

If you take a look at McAfee's recent malware page, you'll see that the names in the "Malware name" column aren't very human-readable: Downloader.a!cnz, W32/Autorun.worm.bgh, ...
-1
votes
2answers
6k views

Malware or buggy software gives Low Disk Space warning

Since a few days, I am getting an alert that in my c drive disk space is low. When I verified, free space in my c drive was decreasing hour by hour and there was a stage when it simply said that 0 mb ...
3
votes
4answers
323 views

Has any virus attempted to compromise the anti-virus database?

I was using an old version of Norton Anti Virus and the Live Update wouldn't run. The solution was to rename a file. This got me thinking if a virus could replace an anti-virus database with it's own ...
21
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2answers
647 views

Cohen's problem

Fred Cohen determined theoritically that viral detetction is an undecidable problem. Can anyone provide an intuitive reasoning for that? Background Fred Cohen experimented with computer viruses ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Avast says I don't need to use encrypted connections for my e-mail accounts

I am using Outlook 2010 and Avast anti-virus 7. Whenever I add an account to Outlook if I choose to use SSL for incoming or outgoing connections Avast alerts me I shouldn't use it because Avast can't ...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

How does my antivirus determine which CTL is used?

I have imported a trusted root certificate into the Windows local machine list. This works fine with my signed certificates, unless my AV (Bitdefender Antivirus Plus 2012) is set to "scan SSL", in ...
3
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5answers
1k views

How can I know if my PC is getting infected?

I have installed an antivirus, but as no antivirus is perfect, what can I do to diagnose if my PC is getting infected? For example, keeping a close eye on what programs and tasks run when I turn my ...
3
votes
2answers
537 views

Why do I get AV alerts when browsing a web page?

I'm using the latest version of Firefox and Windows is up to date. When I was browsing a webpage and clicked a link the browser displayed "connection has been reset" and AVAST poped-up saying "Alert!" ...
0
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2answers
222 views

How could an AV detect a virus that has a chance of not decrypting itself?

If I understand this correctly there is a chance the virus may not decrypt itself at all. How could an AV catch this? In some cases, the decryptor may start with a header whose intent is not ...