Antivirus or anti-virus software is used to prevent, detect, and remove malware, including but not limited to computer viruses, computer worm, trojan horses, spyware and adware.

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96
votes
11answers
8k views

How do you explain the necessity of “nuke it from orbit” to management and users?

When a machine has been infected with malware, most of us here immediately identify the appropriate action as "nuke it from orbit" - i.e. wipe the system and start over. Unfortunately, this is often ...
40
votes
8answers
21k views

Are two anti-virus better than one in protecting your computer?

A century old adage: The more the merrier. In general, does this adage hold true in regards to the number of anti-virus software you should have on your PC? Are there any limits before it actually ...
17
votes
8answers
2k views

Are signature based antivirus or antimalware effective?

Are signature based antivirus or antimalware solutions effective? Has the battle been lost against the ever increasing amount of malware, particularly rootkits, that are in the wild?
16
votes
4answers
2k views

How is a worm different from a virus?

In spite of various online articles, I'm a bit unclear on the distinction between a "worm" and a "virus". Two related questions-- Is there a useful and clear distinction here or no? If so, what is ...
67
votes
6answers
37k views

Should I get an antivirus for Ubuntu?

Considering the recent thread regarding anti-virus for the Mac I wonder how many of the arguments put forth are relevant today to Linux systems, specifically Ubuntu. There are no known Ubuntu ...
50
votes
8answers
13k views

Should I get an antivirus for my Mac?

There are some people saying that people should use an antivirus software on Mac. And there are thousands of people claiming that Macs don't get viruses (under this term I mean spyware / malware as ...
17
votes
2answers
4k views

How do anti-virus apps for Android work?

There seems to be a lot of anti-virus apps for Android. On a desktop or server an anti-virus must run with super-user privileges, however I am pretty sure these mobile anti-viruses are running as an ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Custom Metasploit payload with UAC bypass

The machine I am attacking has anti-virus installed. I have managed to use Veil Framework in order to create an initial reverse shell payload that is undetected by the AV. However, UAC is enabled on ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Antivirus for scanning anonymous file uploads

Since I have no experience with AV solutions on Unix-like environments, I would need help with suggestions on something that can be suitable for scanning files that are uploaded by anonymous users ...
2
votes
4answers
942 views

What is nuke it from orbit? [duplicate]

I was reading this Windows 2003 Enterprise infected by Conficker; post-infection problems continue And they talk about nuking it from orbit (which apparently means wiping out the system and starting ...
29
votes
3answers
26k views

Why is 'avast! Web/Mail Shield Root' listed as CA for google.com?

I just noticed something weird in my browser: the certificate for www.google.com has been issued by avast! Web/Mail Shield Root. Should I be worried? I am using avast! Antivirus so it's probably a ...
27
votes
10answers
6k views

How to explain to a customer that spamfilters don't catch everything

I used to work in a small office which provided basic desktop support for users. One day I had to answer a call from a very angry customer and he asked for my boss. He wanted to know how could one ...
27
votes
4answers
2k views

Are anti-virus companies companies regularly committing software piracy?

As Mikko Hypponen highlighted in a recent tweet, anti-Virus companies collect and store both samples of malicious software and samples of legitimate software: This got me to thinking, what ...
12
votes
8answers
2k views

Are antiviruses still useful? [duplicate]

Are anti-viruses useful nowadays ? Given the number of viruses that are developed and spread monthly, and given the fact anti-viruses are based on virus signatures, I wonder how much it is useful and ...
4
votes
1answer
42k views

does Avast SafeZone actually make a difference?

SafeZone is a feature in Avast Anti-Virus which is like a virtual machine that only has a web broswer. The benifit of this is that it can't be infected with spyware and isn't suseptible to keylogers. ...
4
votes
2answers
630 views

Is there a way to use VirusTotal.com offline?

I live at a place where we don't always always have internet. I wonder if there is something like VirusTotal but that could work without internet connection and sync when I have some wifi to update ...
4
votes
4answers
6k views

Is it necessary to scan users' file uploads by antivirus?

Web application allows users to upload files. Is it necessary to scan those files by antivirus? I'd want to hear answer in two scenarios: Type of file isn't checked when uploading. They are stored ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

How can I know if my PC is getting infected?

I have installed an antivirus, but as no antivirus is perfect, what can I do to diagnose if my PC is getting infected? For example, keeping a close eye on what programs and tasks run when I turn my ...
1
vote
2answers
293 views

Which MTA don't have antivirus check for outbound emails? [closed]

I need to test whether MTA has antivirus check for inbound emails. To check this I need to send email with e.g. EICAR testfile from another MTA to this one. However, Gmail, Yahoo and other well-known ...
-3
votes
1answer
95 views

Is there a Antivirus called “Application level antivirus” [closed]

Recently I heard the term called application level antivirus. I just wanted to know is there anything like that. I heard a company provides such kind of antivirus(I dont want to post company name) I ...
108
votes
8answers
15k views

Are there technical differences which make Linux less vulnerable to virus than Windows?

What makes Linux so different than Windows in terms of anti-virus needs? My question is not if I should get an anti-virus for my Linux. I perfectly understand why an AV is important. I would like ...
29
votes
6answers
31k views

How to scan a PDF for malware?

Can anyone suggest an automated tool to scan a PDF file to determine whether it might contain malware or other "bad stuff"? Or, alternatively, assigns a risk level to the PDF? I would prefer a free ...
22
votes
3answers
4k views

Metasploit Meterpreter alternatives

These days I am testing various type of client hacking techniques, but in all scenarios I am using Meterpreter variations as payload. Now I can bypass Anti-Virus and Firewalls easily, but Symantec ...
67
votes
15answers
8k views

How to write an email regarding IT Security that will be read, and not ignored by the end user?

I've observed that several of our users are ignoring messages sent from IT Security managers, and also the system generated "You just sent a virus" notifications. The problem seems to be among people ...
78
votes
2answers
16k views

I'm a White Hat and I develop my own viruses. Should I report it when almost all scanners say the executable is safe?

I develop my own viruses for 'scientific' purposes, namely to see if they pass the test of Virustotal.com. They all do, except for one or two scanners. Is this considered something you should report ...
31
votes
6answers
6k views

Can malware be dangerous even when quarantined?

I am reading a book on network security and when talking about user confusion it writes: "It is not uncommon for a user to be asked security questions such as Is it safe to quarantine this ...
20
votes
2answers
5k views

How does a crypter for bypassing antivirus detection work?

I am talking about crypters used to encrypt files like viruses and keyloggers for the sole purpose of bypassing antivirus detection. How do they work?
27
votes
4answers
15k views

Is HTML5 vibrate feature a security vulnerability?

While surfing a news website on my mobile, I receive a virus infection alert warning that triggers my phone to vibrate incessantly. The alert looks like the following: I didn't expect my phone to ...
18
votes
7answers
1k views

How to deal with a person who gets easily fooled by internet and mail scams?

alternative title: How to deal with a person who has gotten paranoid and doesn't want to go online anymore? A person, who has over the years been scammed many times, by bad spam/fraud emails, and ...
9
votes
6answers
4k views

Whats the probability of a personal computer being hacked?

For a normal computer user following these practices: Have an up to date anti-virus with a firewall installed (Norton). Do not install cracked software. Do not open suspicious links or download ...
6
votes
6answers
8k views

How can I tell whether this computer is part of a botnet?

One of the computers that I manage (in the family, not business) has a weird set of files in its boot: bash.exe, curl.exe, uname.exe, sed.exe, rm.exe, tail.exe, cut.exe, awk.exe, cat.exe, chmod.exe, ...
5
votes
2answers
500 views

Signature-based antiviruses

Do signature-based antiviruses search for the exact matches of the signatures they have in their database with those of viruses to analyse ? I ask this question because I wonder if it is the reason ...
5
votes
1answer
496 views

How antivirus companies create virus defnitions for new outbreaks

This question quite amazes me. I dont understand how antivirus companies get info about the latest viruses. have they installed some kind of filters to monitor the internet traffic ? Or they are ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Virus scanner on server

I see lots of people claim virus scanners are unnecessary on a linux server. But if this server accepts files uploaded from users (and lets others download them), does it become worth it to scan the ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What patterns does a signature based anti-virus look for?

I'm working on a uni project where I will attempt to create a malware that uses some form of genetic algorithm to "evolve" itself out of being recognized by a signature based AV software. For this I ...
2
votes
2answers
310 views

Manual Checks for Signs of Infection on Windows 7

Suppose I wanted to run some manual checks to see if my Windows 7 machine has been infected. I don't usually do anything to get it infected, but I would like to check whether the below steps are ...
-1
votes
1answer
149 views

Would this be plausible for a metamorphic virus? Not repeatedly infecting same system

Would this be plausible for a metamorphic virus? When a new generation (for lack of better word) is created it would hard code a random file name, that would be checked to see if the system was ...
8
votes
4answers
13k views

Is it worth it to get paid anti-virus software?

With the rise in cybercrime, I am slightly worried about my computer security. I have been using open sourced anti-virus AVG for years and it has been doing well. Are anti-virus software like Norton ...
5
votes
4answers
874 views

How to keep Mac secure from viruses, malware and keyloggers?

How can I download and install software and make sure that it is not infected with viruses, malware or a keylogger? Also, I heard that Macs "don't get viruses". Is this true? Is it a good practice to ...
2
votes
3answers
404 views

How isolated are 2 operating systems on 1 harddisk?

Lets say I have 2 windows dual booting on the same harddrive (windws 7), How isolated are they? I am thinking that there should be up to date antiviruses software on both Windows, and they should be ...
2
votes
4answers
626 views

Can I safely trust my Anti-virus protection?

Recently when I was trying to install a software which didn't happen to be from reputed sources, my anti-virus popped up a warning saying: XYZ-antivirus blocked you from visiting an infected ...