An attempt by a threat to exploit a weakness in a system.

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What password cracking software is commonly used?

I am curious to know how secure my passwords are. What password cracking software is commonly used? Preferably open source. EDIT: I am actually looking to crack my passwords used on services I ...
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548 views

How to respond to attack made from my dedicated server?

There was a sudden unusual peak of outbound traffic from my hosted dedicated server (OS - Windows Server 2008 R2). The hoster threatened to block the server if the problem is not solved. There are an ...
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272 views

Can anyone be hacked?

I have often heard that if you are the target of a directed hacking campaign by say, a team of government hackers (whether Chinese, NSA, etc.), there is no way to prevent being hacked if they highly ...
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20k views

What are HTTP GET/POST flood attacks?

I want to know what the main differences are between HTTP GET and POST flood attacks and mitigation strategies for both. I searched a lot but I really can't find some good articles nor examples about ...
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272 views

What kind of attacks result in an attacker only being able to leak a site's database?

Of the public disclosures I've seen from recently compromised sites, it seems common for only the database to be leaked, rather than the application code, or rather than a complete takeover. Is this ...
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460 views

Are CSRF Attacks Really Blind

I'm new to CSRF attacks but don't see how they are always blind. Let's say we are dealing with a site where the asset we need to protect is the HTTP response. Something like one's medical history. ...
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TLS Renegotiation Indication Extension vulnerability

I am trying to understand the TLS Renegotiation Indication Extension from the RFC. I can understand that it is related to the fact that the renegotiation is sent under the encrypted stream, but I ...
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1k views

Is that possible? A router with arpspoof from factory

Just bought a 3G router from China and then checked the log: [1970-01-01 00:00:00] The system will be restored the factory value. [1970-01-01 00:00:00] The system current version: 1.0.5.1. ...
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454 views

How I can prove that SSH attacks are not from my application?

My ruby on rails web application is hosted on Linode. Linode opened a ticket and blamed my Linode server for attacking other servers. The logs revealed that it's a SSH brute force attack which ...
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4k views

What is a Shrink Wrap code attack?

On my C|EH course I have heard about term "Shrink Wrap Code Attack", but we've only mentioned it. Now trying to do some research and refresh the topics, I can't seem to find serious description of ...
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584 views

Web server file sniffing

What is it called when a user tries several attempts to figure out the files and folder structure on a web server? For example, the attacker will run http://example.com/test.jpg to determine if ...
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540 views

SSH : Remote Host Identification Changed

As part of my daily routine, I was SSH'ing to one of the corporate servers. However this time I was presented with following message @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ @ ...
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702 views

Is this a symptom of an attack (DoS/DDoS)?

I work for an e-commerce website in my country and this is the second time we suffer an attack. At least, looks like one. We have a search functionality in our website and the supposed attacker is ...
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825 views

Can a malicious Tor exit node perform a HTTPS man-in-the-middle attack to see/modify your HTTPS traffic?

Let's say I am browsing the Internet using Tor - visiting https://example.com/login.php - and the NSA is operating the Tor exit node which I am currently routed to use. Can that NSA exit relay swap ...
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606 views

How secure is NFC on mobile devices?

Near field communication is becoming more commonly available in modern mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets. This functionality can be used to communicate between such devices, or with ...
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66 views

Attributing attacks

Neophyte here. I didn't find much googling around, so I was hoping maybe someone here could point me in the right direction towards some literature that discusses this in more depth. It's ...
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16k views

How to prevent my website from getting malware injection attacks?

My website was banned as a malware website by Google. When I checked the code, I found out that some code injected many files on my server. I cleaned everything manually, edited all files on my server ...
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1answer
124 views

Video site requests Adblocker to be shut off, next day I have 3 “weird” bookmarks

I was on a site trying to view a video and the site requested that I turn off my adblocker to view the video. So I did and then the next day I noticed that I had 3 "weird" bookmarks in my bookmark ...
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384 views

Tor versus direct monitoring

I know if I use Tor and maybe made a tweet, it gives the government a really tough time tracing the originator. But what if like a police car was directly outside my home for instance. Is it still ...
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186 views

Strange escape codes in a GET request - is this a known attack?

I recently came across some entries in nginx's access logs that resemble the following: ##.##.##.## - - [24/Sep/2014:01:21:51 -0400] "GET /767/browser-wars-side-show-ho ...
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367 views

Is this a DNS attack?

The following graph shows the UDP DNS queries/sec (blue) and DNS responses/sec (red) of traffic passing a router over the preiod of 4 days. DNS query is a DNS packet with query/response flag set to 0 ...
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1answer
420 views

Cufon or Prototype as an attack vector for Blackhole exploit kit?

I've been asked to look into the security of a client site that's apparently throwing antiviral messages when visited. Specifics: It's being detected as a Blackhole exploit kit inside of a Cufon ...
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647 views

Trying to prevent Cisco toll fraud

A little back story on the setup first; We have a Cisco VoIP setup at our remote office(where I'm at) and the main CCM/CCX/Unity setup is at the parent company across the US in Connecticut. We have ...
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131 views

Ideas on how I can fragment captured network traffic?

I am trying to create a lab environment where I can analyze common IDS solutions (starting with Snort specifically) and their ability to reassemble fragmented IP trains. I have a collection of ...
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33k views

how safe is the 256 bit encryption used in bank transactions

Most of the banks use a 128 bit or 256 bit encryption. What does this mean? Does it mean that the keys used in ssl are 128 bit long or what? If they are the ssl key lengths then 128 bit rsa keys are ...
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576 views

An attack from my Employer

I am working in an ISP company as a junior support specialist. Recently, I have a serious suspicions that one of our "head" stuff member is compromising me by being able to control(see) my traffic.. ...
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Extract AES key by comparing plaintext and encrypted data

Is there a kind of analysis which would enable me to get AES key which was used for encrypting arbitrary data while I have both original and encrypted version of data ? The problem is that the AES ...
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431 views

Received a Kindle from a stranger, what are the risks?

While getting a coffee today, a man walked up to me and offered me a kindle. he said he no longer wanted it and that he was looking to give it away. An avid reader, I accepted. It has no accounts on ...
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331 views

How can I find out who owns a block of IPs?

I'm currently going through the logs on my apache install for potential intrustions, and I'm finding a lot of hits for SQL injections and exploit testing, from 173.212.195.* . I'm now trying to find ...
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Is this an attack and how can I fix it?

I don't know where to start in searching the forum for existing threads that might cover my issues. I recently received a spoof email pretending to be from a client for whom I've just started to do ...
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514 views

How do I protect myself against the attacks in this php script?

Due to a vulnerability in how PHP was installed (Shared VPS with PHP installed as an Apache module instead of CGI) and hence how OSCommerce was configured (with security of 777 on certain ...
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451 views

Are there volatile memory chips which dont retain data after power off?

It was demonstrated that dram modules can retain information up to 10 min after power off in certain conditions. My question - are there memory types which will retain data 10 sec at max even if being ...
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492 views

Security risk of adding a HTTP Header with server identifier

We are about to deploy a web application to a web farm of quite a few web servers. During our testing we have found issues happening in one of the servers but not in others. Most of them because of ...
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348 views

Can SSL requests be proxied by issuing a second certificate?

Alice wants to login to her account at https://www.bobsbank.com/. However she clicks on a malicious link in an email and instead gets sent to the malicious site https://www.charliesbank.com/. The ...
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230 views

Should user input be validated for it's length?

Is it bad not to validate length of user input to text field at server side. May it lead to such vulnerabilities as buffer overflows and other? I think it depends on programming language of ...
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291 views

XSS when <, > and " are escaped

I'm pentesting a website that has a reflected XSS, or at least a vector for a reflection, but the issue is the following : It escapes <, >, " to their URL entities (not &, ) or () You are ...
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242 views

Attack where browser URL appears valid

I remember reading about an attack where the "location bar" in a user's browser displays a valid URL (e.g. https://www.paypal.com/), but the traffic is really being directed to or intercepted by an ...
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VGA/HDMI Based Attack

Can I attack a PC via the VGA port? Is VGA one way or does it accept data from the other side? How about HDMI or DVI? And if so, are there known malware or PoCs to do that? or is it theoretically ...
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631 views

Is this an example of XSS attack?

A scripter sees on certain web pages it's technically possible to include markup like HTML and CSS/JS. It's technically possible to submit a javascript or iframe and have it display to the visitor ...
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200 views

Most informative DEF CON talk?

I didn't make it to DEF CON this last year... I'd like to know what you thought was the most interesting/informative presentation and possibly a link to more information on the topic. [mod - ...
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Create a page to experiment with SQL injection [closed]

This semester, I have taken a course on Information Security and my project for this course is to implement an SQL injection to obtain admin privileges. For this I first download Havij software ...
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815 views

Can public keys be a security risk when performing password-less SSH logins?

Some companies use monitoring software such as nagios or icinga. In order to perform checks on the servers, they often need password-less SSH logins. The servers being checked put the public key of ...
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138 views

Voice Call Safety

When i was dealing with an assistant of my bank through mobile call, she asked me to insert my bank login code after a beep. I was wondering if this procedure is secure against a malicious agent who ...
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4k views

Facebook spam / phishing attempt?

I got this sent by a friend on facebook and i dont think its a genuine message ___ shared a link on your Wall. This will leave you speechless) ...
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1answer
816 views

How to prevent CSRF if you want to include Flash plugins in your form like Uploadify in your form?

What is CSRF? I need a basic definition that is not just lifted from Wikipedia. I understand SQL injection, XSS, cookie poisoning, but I just cannot wrap my mind around this. I am using a ...
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3answers
714 views

PHP IP check as security?

Would just like some input on a PHP script I'm writing. It's just a simple script that only myself should be able to access. I don't have a dynamic IP address, so this isn't an issue for me, but I'm ...
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1answer
494 views

What steps need to do to identify security hole

I use VPS hosting. Installed CentOS 6 and ZPanel according to this tutorial http://www.zvps.co.uk/zpanelcp/centos-6 Received warning from hosting provider: This URL has been identified as a phishing ...
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187 views

Computational Feasibility of finding 'Good Links' of the following format

I recently stumbled upon this and am checking here to see if what I am proposing is indeed feasible and can be considered a breach of privacy. For obvious reasons I am not revealing the website ...
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226 views

Most secure response for a server to return to a user scanning for exploits

I have ASP.NET servers hosted in IIS, regularly i see bots attempting to scan my server searching for outdated versions of phpMyAdmin, mysql etc. Currently these requests all return 404 because ...
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640 views

POODLE and TLS…not SSL

In December there was a new attack surface of POODLE against TLS 1.0 (think this also covers 1.1 and 1.2?). Anyway, as a system administrator for Windows Server 2008/2012 what can we do do prevent ...