An attempt by a threat to exploit a weakness in a system.

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64
votes
2answers
12k views

What are rainbow tables and how are they used?

Where can I find one? Is there a pot of gold at the end? How do I protect against them? From the Area51 proposal This question was IT Security Question of the Week. Read the Sep 09, 2011 blog ...
62
votes
4answers
7k views

Can anybody explain XSS? [closed]

I work programming Enterprise Java applications and do very little web development in 2002. I'm interested in security and like to read articles about it. However, I never fully understand how XSS ...
19
votes
4answers
3k views

Why is using salt more secure?

Storing the hash of users' passwords, e.g. in a database, is insecure since human passwords are vulnerable to dictionary attacks. Everyone suggests that this is mitigated via the use of salts, but the ...
58
votes
18answers
4k views

What security resources should a white-hat *developer* follow these days?

What sites, twitter accounts, FOSS software should a white-hat code 'hacker' follow these days? Do Include: Late breaking information on new security issues (RSS, Twitter, etc) A website that ...
174
votes
4answers
40k views

SSL3 “POODLE” Vulnerability

Canonical question regarding the recently disclosed padding oracle vulnerability in SSL v3. Other identical or significantly similar questions should be closed as a duplicate of this one. What ...
22
votes
3answers
4k views

How do DoS/DDoS work?

In the last days one could frequently read about attacks from anonymous and LulzSec against different platforms like Sony or HBGary etc. Yesterday for example they DDoS'ed soca.gov.uk and jhw.gov.cn. ...
16
votes
6answers
1k views

What security risks does IP spoofing bring?

By manipulating the TCP packet and changing the source address one is able to spoof the IP. As I understand it, you will not be able to set up a full handshake by doing this, as you will never receive ...
28
votes
20answers
4k views

How can I prevent my kids from bypassing my computer restrictions?

My son has a downloaded copy of Ubuntu that he uses to "break" into my computer, bypassing Vista. I have two questions: Can this damage my computer or corrupt my files? (I have lots of pictures) Is ...
57
votes
8answers
92k views

Where can I find good dictionaries for dictionary attacks?

I’m wondering where I can find good collections of dictionaries which can be used for dictionary attacks? I've found some through Google, but I’m interested in hearing about where you get your ...
110
votes
8answers
11k views

Are “man in the middle” attacks extremely rare?

In http://cdixon.org/2012/02/12/the-iphone-contact-list-controversy-and-app-security/ Chris Dixon makes a statement about web security Many commentators have suggested that a primary security ...
76
votes
8answers
81k views

Can webcams be turned on without the indicator light?

I want to know how secure I am. I've made a series of pentests in my network and one of the things I've tried was to record webcam and microphone. Recording an end-user's microphone seems to be a ...
16
votes
5answers
15k views

Security risk of PING?

I have been told that PING presents a security risk, and it's a good idea to disable/block it on production web servers. Some research tells me that there are indeed security risks. Is it common ...
7
votes
4answers
803 views

Security attacks on PHP web applications

I know about following security attacks on php applications (html,php,js). XSS SQL Injection CSFR Session Hijacking /Fixation Code Injection Remote file injection Should i know about any other or ...
17
votes
5answers
1k views

How to best defend against Targeted Attacks?

We have seen this attack method grow as part of Advanced Persistent Threats (operation Aurora against Google or the G20 French Finance ministry attacks come to mind) but I have no doubt that even ...
39
votes
5answers
4k views

New XSS cheatsheet?

There is a great list of XSS vectors avaliable here: http://ha.ckers.org/xss.html, but It hasn't changed much lately (eg. latest FF version mentioned is 2.0). Is there any other list as good as this, ...
23
votes
8answers
10k views

Can I detect web app attacks by viewing my Apache log file?

I occasionally get clients requesting I look at their access_log file to determine if any web attacks were successful. What tools are helpful to discern attacks?
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Collision rate for different hash algorithms

Is there any collision rate measure for popular hashing algorithms (md5, crc32, sha-*)? If that depends only from output size, it's quite trivial to measure, but I suppose that depends also of ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

Access to a router's GUI

During a recent visit to a coffee shop, I noticed that they hadn't bothered changing their default user name and password for their router. I realise that someone could log on and be annoying to ...
8
votes
3answers
9k views

Does X-Content-Type-Options really prevent content sniffing attacks?

In Tangled Web Michal Zalewski says: Refrain from using Content-Type: application/octet-stream and use application/binary instead, especially for unknown document types. Refrain from returning ...
10
votes
4answers
365 views

Resources for data on security incidents

What resources exist to research data on actual security incidents? I would prefer an online resource but offline resources are acceptable. The cost of access should be less than $100 (US) for ...
13
votes
1answer
6k views

Are SSL encrypted requests vulnerable to Replay Attacks?

Are SSL encrypted requests vulnerable to Replay Attacks? If so, what are good options to prevent this?
6
votes
1answer
7k views

Server attack attempts, what are they trying to achieve?

Recently, I have got a few 404 errors where the user has requested PHP pages. The URLs are range around the cgi-bin and php versions, eg, /cgi-bin/php4. There is also some query string as part of ...
6
votes
2answers
6k views

How can someone hack my PC if I am connecting to the internet through NAT?

If I own a private IP address, 192.168.2.1 for the sake of it, and I am physically connected to my router, which it's internal interface is 192.168.2.254 and it's external interface is some public IP ...
8
votes
2answers
10k views

Advice on what to do after being hacked?

After running a system scan earlier today, I found that my computer had been infected by a trojan horse. My reason for running the scan was because Windows kept shutting down and then recovering. ...
8
votes
4answers
510 views

CAM table attack in 2011?

Today's switches are vulnerable to CAM Table attack? https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/CAM_Table
17
votes
5answers
14k views

How to simulate DDoS attacks from the Internet?

The idea behind security tests is easy. You want to know what a hacker can do - you hire a security expert who acts like a hacker to see how far he can get. You want to know what an evil admin can do ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Need help identifying the OSX process that's generating strange network traffic

Since the past few days, I noticed that my router was a bit slow, and was restarting by itself at times. When looked at it's logs, they had entries like: Friday Jul 13 13:09:02 2012 1 Blocked by DoS ...
12
votes
5answers
4k views

Index page has been compromised, suspicious files are showing up

My website has been hacked lately and it has been defaced. Now I have weird files, don't know where they coming from. I just want to know, what of these files are harmful or can cause that I get ...
5
votes
5answers
4k views

What kind of attacks against home router's NAT do exist?

I always thought NAT was some kind of a security feature and I still think it is, because if it didn't existed the internet, respectively the clients behind NATs, would be even more insecure, since ...
2
votes
1answer
647 views

secure website against the ping of death attacks

Any programmer is interested in securing his website. So I found this http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DB4eMFrQYiY&feature=youtube_gdata_player which talks about crashing a website using cmd only. ...
10
votes
3answers
648 views

Are there valid reasons for spoofing an address?

This is a corollary to the question Why don't ISPs filter on source address to prevent spoofing?. Are there valid reasons to spoof an address?
4
votes
4answers
753 views

VGA/HDMI Based Attack

Can I attack a PC via the VGA port? Is VGA one way or does it accept data from the other side? How about HDMI or DVI? And if so, are there known malware or PoCs to do that? or is it theoretically ...
4
votes
2answers
403 views

Are there volatile memory chips which dont retain data after power off?

It was demonstrated that dram modules can retain information up to 10 min after power off in certain conditions. My question - are there memory types which will retain data 10 sec at max even if being ...
2
votes
1answer
765 views

How does Binding Images with Malicious Patches happen?

Well I don't know if this technique is still used, but about 5-7 years ago it was a popular way to deliver a malicious patch (Sub-7 , bifrost etc ..) to a victim. There used to be a program that ...
1
vote
1answer
333 views

What are security risks of serving user uploaded files without Content-Disposition?

Imagine a server that serves untrusted user-provided files and allows other users to download them. Under some circumstances server can be tricked to return responses to download file requests without ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

why CVSS give a score of 0.66 for a full impact on CIA?

By visiting: http://nvd.nist.gov/cvsseq2.htm I noticed that the CVSS attributes the following impact values ​​for confidentiality, integrity and availability: none : 0.0 partial impact : ...
51
votes
7answers
12k views

SQL injection — but why isn't escape quotes safe anymore?

I haven't seen this question asked, and feel it's a valuable bit of information to have, especially because this is a huge source of mystery and confusion. Raw SQL When you're writing SQL -- for ...
34
votes
8answers
3k views

Should I bother teaching buffer overflows any more?

The students are skeptical that turning off non-executable stacks, turning off canaries and turning off ASLR represents a realistic environment. If PaX, DEP, W^X, etc., are effective at stopping ...
35
votes
4answers
5k views

Should I change the default SSH port on linux servers?

Is there any advantage in changing the SSH port, I've seen people do that, but I can't seem to find the reason why. If you have a strong password and/or a certificate, is it useful for anything? ...
20
votes
2answers
12k views

How to exploit HTTP Methods

Many security scanners like nikto, nessus, nmap, and w3af sometimes show that certain HTTP Methods like HEAD, GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, TRACE, OPTIONS, CONNECT, etc are vulnerable to attack. What do ...
17
votes
5answers
11k views

Can I detect a MITM attack?

Based on this question here: Are "man in the middle" attacks extremely rare? Is it possible to detect man-in-the-middle attacks, and if so, how would one go about it? In addition, what if ...
11
votes
1answer
369 views

How can an attacker abuse a distributed system?

How can an attacker take advantage of a world where state is eventually consistent and vector clocks are used to settle disagreements? For example, what are the security concerns of using a database ...
19
votes
2answers
3k views

How can vending machines be hacked? And how can I prevent it?

I am developing a vending machine and want to make it secure. In a comment to my previous question, @Polynomial said "Vending machines (and similar devices) can often be pwned via buffer overflows on ...
7
votes
5answers
4k views

How To Protect Tomcat 7 Against Slowloris Attack

I'm using Apache Tomcat 7 to run my webapp on Linux. I scanned it by Acunetix and it's telling me that my webapp is vulnerable to "Slow HTTP Denial of Service Attack". How can I protect it? Acunetix ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

How should one prepare himself for a job interview for penetration testing?

So, the title basically says it all. I would really like to hear out some of the more experienced friends here with their answers for this. Should it revolve around the ability to verbally explain ...
1
vote
1answer
5k views

How to use http-get-form in THC-Hydra?

I've been messing with Hydra (Brute Force) to solve the "Damn Vulnerable Web App" brute force section but the problem is when I use http-get-form it said: Warning: child 1 seems to have died, ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

Rainbow table concept for Prime numbers

Is there a concept where pre-computed tables can be used for prime number factorization ? Is it possible that a computer can generate millions of prime numbers, store it and then effectively determine ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Is null-byte injection possible in Java filenames?

From the Area51 proposal
10
votes
5answers
1k views

SQL Injection in a Non-Web Application

Does someone know of a good example of a SQL Injection vulnerability that isn't in a web application? What is the user input for this attack? I am looking for a real vulnerability, not speculation. ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Example of a backdoor submitted to an open source project?

To clarify immediately, I'm not interested in writing a backdoor. I have no interest in submitting backdoor changelists to projects myself. I'm researching some source modeling techniques, and we're ...