Authentication - establishing the authenticity of a person or other entity. Not to be confused with authorization - defining access rights to resources.

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How does bidirectional authentication using SSL work?

Let's say Alice wants to use a webservice on Bob. Bob is on bob.in.wonderland.com Alice opens a connections to bob.in.wonderland.com:443. Taken by DNS magic rabbit, Alice arrives on port 443 at ...
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2answers
232 views

Why the servers stores hashed password instead of relaying on private/public key

I understand why the SSL client certificates are not widely used (need to install them, problems with shared machines etc.). On the other hand when I log into the server the password is send to it and ...
3
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1answer
3k views

Please explain Time-step in Time-Based One-Time Password Algorithm

I am studying about OTPs (One Time Passwords). I have gone through all the methods: HOTP (HMAC-based One Time Password), TOTP (Time-based One Time Password) I have no issues with HOTP. But according ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How will security need to be changed if P=NP?

If we suppose that it is found that P=NP, how will security measures need to be changed? I'd like to know the major security measures that are affected, and how they would need to be changed. We can ...
4
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2answers
4k views

Is CIFS/SMB (Folder Sharing in Windows) secure?

I have to back up some data from windows 7 machines over the internet, and I rarely use windows so am distrustful of it in general. Specifically: Is there any sort of check that the server is the ...
2
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2answers
443 views

Is it secure to have one salt or generate and send it over the air?

To authorize user I'm sending salted hash over the air. My question it is more secure to obtain randomly generated salt (but send unencrypted), or have one salt on client (desktop application) and ...
13
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5answers
435 views

I need ideas for blocking a single malevolent user

Let me throw out this problem I'm having to some of my technical peeps and see if you guys have any new suggestions: We have a website that sends text messages and voice mails for our clients. ...
5
votes
1answer
176 views

How can a new website create trust with users?

Earlier I asked a question on how to authenticate business identities, now I am wondering on the other side (the user side). There is also How do I choose whether to trust a particular website? How ...
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1answer
473 views

Web application software architecture: basic security

I am a complete beginner in the security topic and I know that I should read this, but I have a small question to which I hope exists a short answer. Let's say I have three components of a ...
2
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3answers
253 views

How to protect data on your hard disk if it is in an unfriendly environment?

The essence of the problem as follows: There is a server located on the side of our company. There is a hardware client module, which is in a public place, which communicates with the server via a ...
3
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3answers
2k views

Mobile OTP - Secure?

I came across Mobile-OTP, "a de facto standard for strong mobile authentication" (http://motp.sourceforge.net). The developers claim that it is very secure etc. Reading through the implementation, I ...
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4answers
1k views

can ssh passwordless public key authentication be ok if combined with a VPN?

Having a debate with a coworker about the merits & faults of public key authentication with ssh. I'm basically wondering what all the possible merits and faults are, especially in regards to ...
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2answers
2k views

Is it safe to transfer Facebook access token via TCP?

Is it safe to transfer Facebook access token via TCP? What is the worst that can happen if someone gets the token?
2
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2answers
3k views

Synchronous and Asynchronous physical security tokens: which is stronger? pros/cons?

I'm thinking about the differences between physical authentication tokens such as RSA's synchronous physical tokens or asynchronous challenge/response, like Google's gmail direct-to-phone codes. At ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Can SMS text messages be used to verify a person's unique identity through a short code system?

We run online contests and want to eradicate cheating (yeah right), or at least mitigate it. I've asked the question regarding user experience here: ...
1
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1answer
740 views

PAP and CHAP implementation using Java

I want to implement PAP and CHAP based authentication in my Java project how can I implement ? is there any API available in Java for using that protocol ?
6
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2answers
224 views

What to consider when generating random code as part of two-factor authentication?

I want to write a patch for a two factor authentication system that someone else has started. The code is a module for a PHP content management system and sends an SMS message to a user's phone, after ...
3
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2answers
849 views

Efficient and simple way of securing home pc with hardware token

I am looking for a simple but reasonably safe way to secure my home pc (and laptop, nas, etc.) with a hardware token. I would like the system to be secure, but practical enough to be used on a day to ...
8
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3answers
4k views

What common products use Public-key cryptography?

I want know what common use products are there that use public key/private key cryptography?
2
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1answer
120 views

Should the email server/application be protected by 2 factor authentication? What applications should be protected?

When should email be protected by 2 factor authentication? Suppose a given company is in an industry where two factor authentication is offered to some or all of its clients. Does this mean that it ...
5
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1answer
1k views

TLS at layer 4 BUT 802.1X EAP-TLS at layer 2?

In the CISSP books, SSL/TLS has been through the arguments and fell rest onto the transport layer 2 instead of the session. OK - Fine. Port security 802.1X and EAP is a data link layer 2 ...
8
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2answers
787 views

Should user be allowed to save password in browser?

The auditing company found a bug "The Auto-complete form attribute is set in password field". They suggested to disable autocomplete for this field to prevent disclosure of it "when working on shared ...
19
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1answer
769 views

Is it secure to connect to a remote Windows Server using Remote Desktop only?

I have a Windows Server that I login to from my home. I only use the pre-installed Remote Desktop. Is this a secure way to remote login or should I improve it in some way? If I should improve it, ...
2
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1answer
708 views

DRY API Authentication Design Between Services

I am creating an API service that is going to require authentication. this will be the first part of a project that will include a front-end service for my website, and also open up the api for 3rd ...
6
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5answers
688 views

Should a closed source website keep a secret key in its source?

Various APIs (such as Facebook or Amazon S3) require a secret key to authenticate access to the service. Obviously, if source code is public, the key should not be in the source! What about for a ...
2
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1answer
235 views

Is 90 day expiration for unique URL too long?

A web application I've been developing has a new use case that has me searching for something easier than username/password authentication. Current users don't sign up for the service themselves ...
2
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1answer
648 views

Token Based Authentication & Pass-the-hash Attacks

Do token-based authentication solutions (such as RSA SecurID) mitigate tools like incognito and/or pass-the-hash tools?
7
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1answer
598 views

Inconsistencies found in OpenID Provider's HTTP Headers. Which one is the most secure that I should imitate in my STS, and Relying Party?

I'm comparing the HTTP headers of the various providers (LiveID, Google, Yahoo, etc) and notice a broad inconsistency in implementation on the sign in page, sign out page, and subsequent pages. ...
6
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2answers
167 views

role based site security - the nuclear missile condition

So I'm in the process of working on part of our new role based site security system and have come up to the "nuclear missile" condition. The system is based around the idea of grouping, with the ...
8
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4answers
10k views

Difference between authentication and identification [Crypto and Security perspective]

I am always confused by the way the word authentication is used in security literature (i.e., outside the crypto realm). Most of the time I understand that they are actually implying identification. ...
6
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3answers
365 views

What is the most secure way to lock a Linux Distros Desktop?

So it's an everyday thing... people don't want to turn off their computer while their going out to the toilet..., etc. So they hit "ALT+CTRL+L", and the GNOME-screensaver locks their Desktop. After ...
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1answer
1k views

How to best authenticate a desktop client with a scaleable backend via SOAP / REST service?

I'm trying to find a solid architecture for authenticating users against a database. I have a game client, which I plan to serve up a request with. The transport doesn't really matter, but at this ...
2
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2answers
488 views

Restrict user login to a specific machine

How do you restrict user access to a corporate web site to a particular machine ? including the following conditions : Each user is meant to use his credentials ONLY from the assigned machine. The ...
3
votes
4answers
871 views

Is this non-cookie based session scheme horribly vulnerable to some attack?

I am working on a large web application that runs entirely within a single web-page. For various reasons we do not want to use cookies in this web application, at all, but we need to keep track of ...
4
votes
1answer
584 views

How many authentication factors are there?

The three classes that we all know and love: Something you know. Something you have. Something you are. I've also seen references to "somewhere you are". Is this really a fourth factor? How many ...
3
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1answer
187 views

Should you have full account access when you forget your password?

Imagine the following scenario: I go to login to MyApp.com, but realized that I forgot my password. I request a new password sent to my email. The email arrives with a link to change the password ...
9
votes
4answers
721 views

Is using a flash drive as a base for security a safe thing to do?

I'm developing some software for schools. I've found severe flaws with the current popular school LAN protection that I feel needs fixing so I plan on releasing my own software. One the those ...
3
votes
1answer
368 views

Security for a low latency online multiplayer game

I am designing an online multiplayer game and I am looking for a good tradeoff of secure communications with minimal CPU and bandwidth utilization. My ideal solution would only use UDP packets since ...
4
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2answers
929 views

P3P HTTP Headers and Session ID's

Is there any chance that Session ID's can be shared between different websites (one in other IFRAME of others) through P3P Headers?
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1answer
750 views

IIS won't forward the logged on user credential to webservice request?

Ive enabled Windows authentication in my IIS. for the sample lets assume my Active directory username is \domain\John My task flow is like that : Iis won't forward the loged on user credential ...
1
vote
3answers
751 views

Three Message Authentication Protocol

I have a protocol where "A" initiates communication with "B". "B" then sends a challenge to check if "A" is really "A". "B" does not remember sending the challenge so "A" has to respond by sending the ...
5
votes
2answers
220 views

How should hospitals handle the use of sharing credentials to access sensitive information, especially in critical situations?

Most organizations today hold individuals accountable for their actions on systems and networks by unique user IDs and passwords. However, imagine working in a hospital environment where access to ...
1
vote
1answer
420 views

What does a Yadis / XRDS discovery session “look like” to the end user? How does it work? Is it relevant?

I can't wrap my head around how Yadis / XRDS would be used by a typical end user, or how it works so transparently? Considering that this technology isn't adopted by mainstream IDPs that makes me ...
9
votes
4answers
463 views

Does OpenID, SAML pose a threat to Tor's anonymity? How can I protect from a compromised .exit node?

This is a thought experiment on the interaction between Tor, OpenID and one (or more) compromised nodes in the secure path. I'm focused on how to use technology in a way that adds value to a secure ...
5
votes
2answers
396 views

System for Mutual authenticaion and confidentiality

I am looking for a protocol where there needs to be mutual authentication between client and server. For example server should connect to a particular client only. That is client should authenticate ...
3
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1answer
308 views

How do I use Windows 7 virtualization features to prevent transitive trust of admin credentials?

I am exploring using VMs to separate my administrative actions from standard user actions in Windows 7. The goal is to limit my risk and exposure when using "RunAs" to open an application or file ...
7
votes
1answer
485 views

OpenPGP Encryption / Decryption Process Using GnuPG

I want to know if my method of encryption can ensure the security of my data if my database was hacked as well as the authenticity of the data I am decrypting. I am using GnuPG's implementation of the ...
6
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2answers
1k views

How do I log everything a certain program is doing?

i have a program which is pretty simple. Its just a simple login form. Is there any possibility to log what this program is doing (maybe which file he is accessing and which website he is visiting ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Is there a drawback for local log in compared to server log in?

For developing a mobile app, there is a choice of storing usernames and password data in the device itself, or in a server (user will be authenticated to a server). Other than possibly the user have ...
4
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2answers
774 views

What flaws lie behind HttpContext.Current object i .NET?

I'm into extend a authenticating service and like to ask about the security perspective of HttpContext.Current. Let say you have a authentication serve websites / wcf and such (where http is ...