Authentication - establishing the authenticity of a person or other entity. Not to be confused with authorization - defining access rights to resources.

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3
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Question on information retrieved from systems that could potentially lead to exploits

Usually it is advised, when one wants to secure an application, to "provide" as little information, or better yet, no information at all to unauthorized (possibly malicious) users. I'm thinking of ...
15
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4answers
5k views

Three-Factor Authentication for Windows

This HowToGeek article... http://www.howtogeek.com/67556/how-to-unlock-your-pc-by-being-nearby-with-a-bluetooth-phone/ ...got me thinking. Is there any software (or combination of software) that ...
2
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1answer
948 views

iOS/Android authentication and security

Here is what I am trying to do and can anyone provide some best practice advice for authentication and security? Each user will have their own private database on the cloud. He will have his local ...
8
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4answers
2k views

How to protect ftp account information in the source code of a program

I wrote a game which stores high score information on an ftp server. In the the source code I need to write out the ftp link with the account name and password in it. For example: url = new ...
20
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4answers
2k views

Is it a bad idea for an information holder to e-mail a user their password?

A couple of websites with which I'm registered have, after a period of inactivity on my part, each sent me an e-mail to remind me that I'm still registered. In each case, that e-mail has included my ...
8
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3answers
939 views

zero knowledge proof and its protocol

In Zero-Knowledge Proof where we take the analogy of Peggy (Prover) and Victor (Verifier): In this story, Peggy has uncovered the secret word used to open a magic door in a cave. The cave is ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Deploying a campus WiFi network that authenticates against an AD LDAP

We are looking to deploy about 15-20 Cisco 1131ag access points on campus. I have been reading up on different authentication methods, but I don’t know what will be the best long term solution that ...
9
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2answers
771 views

Is a rand from glibc's rand secure for a login key?

Same question as Is a rand from /dev/urandom secure for a login key, but with glibc's rand function instead of /dev/urandom. And what would be a sufficiently secure seed generator?
-1
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1answer
4k views

How can I avoid sending passwords in plain text when logging into a website?

Suppose that I login to a website. When I type my personal data, aka, password and email, the password is sent in clear text to the server, correct? Then, a network card in promiscuous mode can ...
50
votes
6answers
8k views

How do some sites (e.g. online banks) only ask for specific characters from a password without storing it as plaintext?

I thought How can a system enforce a minimum number of changed characters... would answer my question, but it seems this is a different case. When I sign on to my online banking account, I'm prompted ...
3
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7answers
2k views

Sharing passwords and credentials between founders and employees

What's the best way to share passwords and credentials from the business's various accounts in a secure manner? For example, email doesn't work because if someone gets into one of your employee's ...
7
votes
1answer
320 views

Collision attacks on OCB?

I've been looking into the OCB cipher mode and everything I hear sounds good. I was planning on implementing it. Everything except for this lone voice, that is: Collision attacks on OCB: We ...
29
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5answers
3k views

Should usernames be kept secret?

Help me settle an discussion among colleagues and guide future design: Even in a high impact scenario: e.g. protecting payment application or government gateway but in an Internet accessible ...
423
votes
22answers
89k views

How does changing your password every 90 days increase security?

Where I work I'm forced to change my password every 90 days. This security measure has been in place in many organizations for as long as I can remember. Is there a specific security vulnerability ...
5
votes
3answers
279 views

Choosing an authenticated encryption cipher mode without associated data

In the application I'm writing there is need for a huge amount of private data transfer on the order of eighty gigabytes, but there is no public data. I'm looking especially to gain ...
8
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1answer
3k views

What is the purpose of AEAD?

I think I need to correct some misunderstandings I have about AEAD. What is associated data used for in authenticated encryption?
14
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6answers
2k views

Is this login security enough?

I'm coming up with my next login system for admins of an e-commerce website, which will have this: login form is SSL secured password is converted to SHA-256 before being transmitted (bcrypt is too ...
8
votes
3answers
842 views

Which authentication at the end of the Secure Remote Password protocol?

For the the client and server to prove to each other that they have the same premaster shared key, the original author suggests this: M = H(A | B | K) --> <-- H(A | M | K) ...
7
votes
2answers
623 views

How does external authentication work?

For example, I can log in to stackexchange websites by logging in to external websites such as OpenID, Yahoo, etc. How does this work? How do the websites (SE and Yahoo!, for example) communicate? How ...
15
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2answers
5k views

Secure communication between applications using SSL Certificates

I am looking for a way how to secure communication between our applications. There is a "server" application listening on some TCP port and "client" application which is communicating with the ...
9
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1answer
456 views

Optimal variable sizes in the Secure Remote Password protocol

I am implementing the Secure Remote Password protocol: U = <username> --> <-- s = <salt from passwd file> a = random() A = g^a ...
7
votes
2answers
813 views

Implementing Secure Remote Password: Constructing the verifier

The SRP protocol as described in RFC 2945 generates the password verifier: x = SHA(<salt> | SHA(<username> | ":" | <raw password>))` v = g^x % N I have three questions: why use ...
15
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2answers
4k views

Encryption strategies for multi users access in production systems

I am pretty unknown to encryption strategies in production environments. So my concern is to find a solution how to strongly encrypt data, but make it available to multiple users with different keys. ...
19
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2answers
6k views

Why is it always `HASH( salt + password )` that we recommend?

Browsing over this site, many forums, online articles, there's always one specific way we're suggesting to store a password hash: function (salt, pass) { return ( StrongHash(salt + pass) ) } But ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Using Secure Remote Password without sending the username in the clear

To initiate a key exchange using the SRP protocol the client sends the username so the server can look up the salt and password verifier. Is there a simple way to change this so that an evesdropper ...
5
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1answer
346 views

Using Secure Remote Password without embedding the modulus

The SRP protocol as described by the author assumes that the large safe prime modulus and generator are embedded into the client and server rather than being transmitted as part of the protocol. ...
9
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1answer
5k views

Obtain credentials by spoofing WPA/WPA2 Enterprise network?

I have a large scale wireless network secured using WPA/WPA2 Enterprise authentication. Recently, I was made aware of the possibility that someone may use a dd-wrt router and a computer to spoof the ...
14
votes
2answers
5k views

Hiding user account names from unauthenticated RDP sessions

This is for a Windows 7 Ultimate system, which is not a member of a domain. When I log into the system locally, I am required to either manually enter my user ID or authenticate with biometrics. The ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

WLAN Router authentification [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I ensure that I connect to the right wireless Access Point? Is it true, that WLAN routers aren't authenticated by clients? The only "authentication" is SSID and ...
4
votes
4answers
873 views

Ensuring a web-service only processes requests from specific computers

I'm in the process of designing a system that consists a client application and a single web-service. The client is distributed on several machines (installed by me or a colleague), and the ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

Is there a digital “safety deposit box” equivalent?

Digital safety deposit boxes: do they exist? if yes, are (any|they) trustworthy? There are many bricks and mortar financial institutions where one can rent a locked box in a locked room and be ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Any advantage to securing WiFi with a PSK, other than to keep out unauthorized

As I understand WiFi with a PSK, such as WPA(2)-PSK or WEP, anyone on the same network can decrypt anyone elses packets because everybody has the same key. In which case, if you are not going to ...
7
votes
6answers
4k views

Is denying login after incorrect attempts ineffective?

Generally denying login attempts after X amounts of incorrect attempts for Y amount of tries is a very basic way to prevent bruteforce attempts or malicious login attempts. Yet, surely doing this is ...
9
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2answers
576 views

How do you Secure VOIP in a large organization

As part of a large organization looking to implement VoIP, to get on the bandwagon of savings and converged network focus, I'm being asked to look at the security concerns to develop a policy to help ...
8
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2answers
402 views

Is the argument really over on SSO?

I got shot down on ServerFault recently for suggesting that SSO can be less secure than having different credentials for each service. What are the arguments against SSO?
8
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5answers
520 views

Oldest security feature still in active use

Beyond commonsense and physical access controls, is the system password the oldest still in active use security feature? By physical access, I mean for example leaving the system within a secure ...
9
votes
4answers
528 views

Does OpenID, SAML pose a threat to Tor's anonymity? How can I protect from a compromised .exit node?

This is a thought experiment on the interaction between Tor, OpenID and one (or more) compromised nodes in the secure path. I'm focused on how to use technology in a way that adds value to a secure ...
1
vote
2answers
400 views

Can you pick up any device specific information by monitoring bluetooth signals? [closed]

Could I use some sort of permanent device ID broadcasted by the bluetooth radio in my phone to do something like unlock my door? I don't want to have to ever pair the device, or take it out of my ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Is the OpenPGP private key inherently password-protected?

I know I am required to enter a password every time I use my OpenPGP key. Is this done via software implementation or is it a property inherent to the protocol, and therefore the key? Essentially, ...
1
vote
1answer
554 views

How do security questions work? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Do security questions subvert passwords? Is it true that on some websites (e.g.: free webmail) there are "security questions" - if the user forgets about his password he ...
14
votes
3answers
4k views

Should security question answers be case-sensitive?

Question In the case of security questions being used to reset an account password, what is considered best practice for handling case-sensitivity on the security question answers? Scenario An ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Open source centralized authentication for heterogeneous network

I'd like to centralize all authentication on my network using something like an LDAP server. Clients consist of Windows and Linux servers. I'm looking to manage authentication for virtualized ...
3
votes
0answers
228 views

Theory behind RSA SecureID/Lockheed attack

Unless I missed something I don't think RSA/EMC came out and said publicly what was stolen earlier this year when they were compromised. So I know the answers to this question will be conjecture. That ...
3
votes
0answers
182 views

Files for download and their hash numbers

I'm far from being an expert in the IT security and I have this maybe naive question. Many downloadable files are deployed on websites together with the corresponding hash numbers to ensure their ...
4
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2answers
701 views

Attack vectors in POSTing variables from one php script to the next?

I have an application which is structured in the following way for its signup page. After this signup, the user is directly granted access into the system - there is no email verification (as ...
26
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9answers
3k views

How can I ensure that I connect to the right wireless Access Point?

Under Windows/Linux, client side. How can I ensure that I'm not connecting to a rogue AP?
47
votes
10answers
4k views

Isn't OAuth, OpenID, Facebook Connect, and others crazy from a security standpoint?

I work with APIs all the time and I work with web developers who insist that OAuth, OpenID, etc are far superior than a home-brew method. Every site seems to be using these as well now for ease of use ...
48
votes
7answers
3k views

Do security questions subvert passwords?

Do security questions subvert hard to crack passwords? For example, if a site requires passwords with a certain scheme (length + required character sets) and has a security question, why would someone ...
18
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4answers
6k views

How to implement non-password authentication in a web site

In an answer to this question about pw reset, D.W. says: Lastly, consider non-password authentication. Passwords have many problems as an authentication mechanism, and you might consider other ...
16
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4answers
365 views

Are malicious relying parties able to abuse OpenID logins?

if I logon with OpenID into a website (crafted by attackers/hackers) I want to know how much damage can they do to me? Are they able to steal my contact info, name, etc (assuming I'm using Gmail ...