Authentication - establishing the authenticity of a person or other entity. Not to be confused with authorization - defining access rights to resources.

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3answers
184 views

How do clients enroll using SRP?

From what I understand, one of the benefits or Secure Remote Password (SRP) is that is does not require reliance on certificate authorities. In a scenario where clients need the ability to register as ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Is it possible to change the admin user/password remotely on a router without logging in?

Is it possible to change the admin user/password remotely on a router without logging in? If yes, how so?
1
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2answers
922 views

Signed request vs HTTP digest auth for API authentication?

By signed request I mean something like this (simplified example): Client creates a sig in his request: $sig = hash('sha256', $api_key.$data); which generates 7409ur0k0asidjko2j for example. He then ...
1
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1answer
439 views

Web application software architecture: basic security

I am a complete beginner in the security topic and I know that I should read this, but I have a small question to which I hope exists a short answer. Let's say I have three components of a ...
0
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2answers
307 views

Generating authentication token from PHP sessions

I have a traditional PHP site which uses sessions. I've developed a real-time app in nodejs and wish to authenticate users here based on their PHP session. The procedure would go something like this: ...
0
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2answers
433 views

Do Google 2 Factor Auth backup codes work for logging into Google or other sites?

I set up Google 2 Factor Auth to log into other sites. I see there are backup codes if you lose your device. Are these used only to log into Google, or can they be used to log into other sites?
0
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1answer
559 views

How do I constrain Windows Smartcards for AD Authentication so that “anyExtendedKeyUsage” is not implied?

This document describes how there are 3 ways to constrain a SmartCard certificate The Enhanced Key Usage field defines one or more purposes for which the public key may be used. RFC 5280 states ...
14
votes
3answers
689 views

What can I do if my bank thinks my date of birth is “known only to me”?

My bank has recently replaced passwords with occasionally asking me information that is "known only to me". Such information includes my date of birth, postcode, and my mother’s maiden name. ...
11
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5answers
767 views

Non-OEM Biometric Software?

Most of us with fingerprint readers and such devices probably use the software provided by the vendor, to enable biometric OS login or single sign-on functionality. However, I've recently wondered if ...
10
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3answers
306 views

Is there any conceivable reason to prevent a password change in an authentication system?

I connect to the VPN of another company with a company-specific username and password (they aren't giving everyone the same password to every company to access it or anything ridiculous like that.) ...
9
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2answers
878 views

How does Google detect new devices for two factor authentication

When you enable two step verification for google accounts, you get sent a code by SMS to enter in addition to your username and password the first time you log in with a new device. How do they ...
9
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2answers
4k views

Keeping user session alive - security considerations

We have recently developed some functionality for our web app to allow a user to remain logged in indefinitely, and are interested in knowing the security ramifications of doing so. The goal of this ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

iPhone 5S security: Given someone's fingerprint can I use a 3D printer to create a fake finger with a real fingerprint on it?

With such a big deal being made about the iPhone 5S's fingerprint reader (and formerly the Thinkpads' fingerprint readers) I really wonder how secure it is to use fingerprints in lieu of passwords. ...
8
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5answers
1k views

How do RSA fingerprints protect from MITM attacks?

I understand that RSA fingerprints are used to verify that you are really connecting directly to who you want to connect to, and not someone else posing as that site. Like when you do a git push, it ...
8
votes
2answers
615 views

Is a rand from glibc's rand secure for a login key?

Same question as Is a rand from /dev/urandom secure for a login key, but with glibc's rand function instead of /dev/urandom. And what would be a sufficiently secure seed generator?
8
votes
3answers
606 views

Which authentication at the end of the Secure Remote Password protocol?

For the the client and server to prove to each other that they have the same premaster shared key, the original author suggests this: M = H(A | B | K) --> <-- H(A | M | K) ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What are the security implications of using TOTP for single factor authentication?

(Note: I am not actually planning to do this. This question is strictly theoretical.) TOTP is commonly used as the second factor in Two Factor Authentication. It is an open standard with available ...
6
votes
2answers
568 views

Do keyfiles actually add any meaningful security in the presence of strong passwords?

In the context of protecting access to local encrypted files or devices against a determined (and competent) adversary, is there any reason to believe that the use of a key file actually presents a ...
6
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2answers
643 views

Implementing Secure Remote Password: Constructing the verifier

The SRP protocol as described in RFC 2945 generates the password verifier: x = SHA(<salt> | SHA(<username> | ":" | <raw password>))` v = g^x % N I have three questions: why use ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Using Secure Remote Password without sending the username in the clear

To initiate a key exchange using the SRP protocol the client sends the username so the server can look up the salt and password verifier. Is there a simple way to change this so that an evesdropper ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Is the OpenPGP private key inherently password-protected?

I know I am required to enter a password every time I use my OpenPGP key. Is this done via software implementation or is it a property inherent to the protocol, and therefore the key? Essentially, ...
5
votes
1answer
265 views

Does DPAPI works if a user hasn't a login password?

I was wondering if the DPAPI will still work properly if a user doesn't have a a login password (like most of the home users). I can't find this information on Google or in the official documentation ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How is user authentication sent in a public wifi? Radius/802.1x/EAP etc

I visit the airport, I pull out my laptop and connect to a network (no password needed). I open up my browser and i am presented with a screen saying I need to pay to use the network. If I pay, I ...
4
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2answers
502 views

Safety of using web based proxy?

Lets say for example I have to use a public online proxy like https://www.zend2.com to load a PHP webpage controlled by me containing sensitive data over HTTPS. How would I make sure that the proxy ...
4
votes
2answers
167 views

How can I enable opportunistic encryption for my web-site?

As per an honourable mention in an answer for « Why self-signed https is less trustworthy than unencrypted http? », it appears that there are already two post-Snowden drafts that have to ...
4
votes
4answers
425 views

Should both user ID and Password be masked for online banking?

Is there a best practice for security purposes requiring masking of both User ID and Password for online banking? Is there any rationale for or against masking both?
4
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1answer
506 views

How does the “Service Identity” feature of Azure ACS compare (and contrast) to a real IDP?

It appears that the ACS has IDP-style features within the "Service Identities" section. How does the ACS treat these in comparison to a real IDP? What is missing? Some examples I'm thinking of ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Login to one site using other site's credentials

I am frequently seeing websites that allows a user to log-in to their site using other websites log-on credentials. If there is a page that allows me to log-in using my google account or facebook ...
3
votes
2answers
103 views

Isn't this the same as using a certification authority?

Taken from Wikipedia, here is the pretext to my question: A certificate authority (CA) is an organization that stores public keys and their owners and every party in a communication trusts this ...
3
votes
4answers
351 views

Why self-signed https is less trustworthy than unencrypted http?

It wouldn't be far-fetched to guesstimate that at least 50% of the web traffic can be intercepted in 2014. However, a guesstimate of active interception attacks is likely an order of magnitude ...
3
votes
3answers
693 views

PCI DSS 2.0 and ssh keys

I know the real answer to the auditor. We are a smaller company under 40 total employees that is also PCI level 1 compliant. We've always used ssh keys on internal servers. You can't ssh in from the ...
3
votes
2answers
252 views

Does providing OAuth for mobile apps pose a security threat?

Let's take a look at the basic OAuth workflow: The basic idea is that the Consumer (App) asks the user to grant him access to the Service Provider. The service protects the user by asking him each ...
3
votes
6answers
1k views

How to “demonstrate” man-in-the-middle attack?

I'm TAing a particular course on system security. A specific example is transitting the password in plain text when developing a web application (as part of a class project). Over the years a bunch ...
3
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1answer
231 views

Is this acceptable login security?

I was logging into a VM on a computer at work. The VM was Linux Debian 2.30.2. I discovered that I could input my password, followed by garbage, and it would be accepted. How is this considered ...
3
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3answers
532 views

Should email verification links be 'time limited' after user registration?

Regarding web application user management, I understand that password reset links are effectively "password equivalents", and therefore it makes sense to limit them to one use only and also make them ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

“Extended Protection” primer and implementation guide to prevent MITM

Extended Protection (link) (link) is a feature in Windows 7 and Windows 2008 R2 that prevents certain MITM attacks. Does anyone have a primer (or explanation in plain English) what this feature is, ...
3
votes
7answers
620 views

Biometric authentication in the real world

can anyone give a realistic estimation, based on real-world experience, of how much biometric authentication techniques are being used in the IT field?
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Why are PGP signatures not more widely used as an authentication method?

Example: Bob generates a key pair for this example. Bob registers at example dot com where he provides his public key. When Bob will try to log in, example dot com will ask him to sign a random ...
2
votes
2answers
213 views

Temporarily save failed logins password hashes for using against brute force attack

My question is about online brute force attacks, that try to authenticate in the website. 1) For the first case if the requests are coming from the same ip, I think this are relatively easy as after ...
2
votes
1answer
359 views

Facebook iOS SDK Authentication

The Facebook iOS SDK only needs your bundle & app IDs of your iOS app to match those of your Facebook app. If I find out an app's app ID, can't I just create another iOS app with that app's ...
2
votes
1answer
372 views

How does YubiKey protects it's secret key?

From what I understand, a YubiKey stores a secret key which can be used to generate passwords to enter a server. How does a YubiKey protect it's secret key? If it is plugged into an infected ...
2
votes
1answer
356 views

Local Admin has Domain Admin rights

While installing a new XP machine that had not been connected to the domain I was browsing to a UNC path and was not prompted for authentication. I then went to the different mapped drives and found ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Security behind the windows 8 eye

I use the Windows 8 operating system. Whenever I navigate to the login page of Internet Explorer 10, or even the login screen of the operating system, I see an eye symbol at the end of the password ...
2
votes
1answer
621 views

Is TextKey SMS 2 factor authentication secure against cell phone cloning?

I came across this website today that implements SMS based authentication that works "opposite" most SMS authentication methods. In typical SMS authentication, the provider sends you an access code ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

SSH: reusing public keys and known-man-in-the-middle

Usually, people recommend to use a single private-public key pair everywhere (if we're not talking about a possibility of compromising the private key): Best Practice: “One per-user ssh key” or ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Why does my bank use this verification method?

I hold my business account with Lloyds TSB [UK] and the process for logging in to their online banking service(s) is as follows: Login page Enter customer number Enter password Put debit card into ...
2
votes
2answers
351 views

Why superuser or administrator account should never locked?

Why should administrator or superuser account never locked regardless how many incorrect login attempts are made? What should be done instead to alert the staff to the attempted instrusion?
1
vote
2answers
168 views

How does a user get authorized wihtout authentication

I have a back-end (API) and a front-end, eg a web server, and I have users and ID-providers. The web server is provided by a third aprty and it may just as well be a mobile app, but whatever the case ...
1
vote
1answer
372 views

PHP unserialize() object injection

So I came across with this authentication bypass security notice and the fix for it was just simply changing all serialization to json encoding. I am just wondering how this really is exploitable? ...
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2answers
120 views

Authenticated sessions and Man in the middle

I see a lot of websites (including Stackoverflow) using this authentication mechanism: Client authenticates under HTTPS and gets back a session id. Client drops back to HTTP and accesses secure ...