Authentication - establishing the authenticity of a person or other entity. Not to be confused with authorization - defining access rights to resources.

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Safe way to authenticate (multi-factor authentication?) while being monitored?

(I'm trying for a bit more precise answer, particularly with regard to multi-factor authentication, than I received for "Safe way to use a computer that has spyware/keylogger installed?" on SU.) ...
12
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1answer
6k views

Ways to sign gpg public key so it is trusted?

I have a service through SSL which gives the user a code for a specific reason. I want to sign the code with the web server's private key (gpg --clearsign) and send the signed code along so that they ...
11
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5answers
7k views

Is it okay for API secret to be stored in plain text or decrypt-able?

Aren't API keys considered usernames and API secrets considered passwords? Why is it that API servers like Amazon Web Services allow you to view your API secret in plain text? It makes me think they ...
11
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4answers
2k views

Is Facebook Connect or Twitter OAuth PCI Compliant?

We have a system that stores credit cards securely on file. We'd love to allow users to sign up using Facebook Connect or Twitter. Obviously this wouldn't be secure if we were trusting just any old ...
10
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3answers
776 views

If multi factor authentication is enabled, how should that affect self-service password reset?

Given that security is only as secure as its weakest link, suppose I have website with additional authentication enabled in any of these ways: (example, multiple conditions may be required) ...
9
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2answers
823 views

How is an HTTPS login secure when pages use HTTP?

When someone go to eBay's website, they use an unencrypted connection between their PC and eBay's server. If they sign in, they are redirected to a secure site identified by its certificate and may ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Build a secure channel without SSL/TLS

I'm looking at possible options to build a secure channel between multiple embedded devices with limited cryptography capabilities and an HTTP server (It could be some sort of web service). 1. ...
8
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2answers
2k views

How do I log everything a certain program is doing?

i have a program which is pretty simple. Its just a simple login form. Is there any possibility to log what this program is doing (maybe which file he is accessing and which website he is visiting ...
5
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3answers
1k views

How can salted, hashed password storage be combined with a plaintext, nonce and hash based authentication?

My understanding is as follows: To securely store a password (e.g. in a database), you use a hashing algorithm designed for this purpose (designed to be slow, e.g. bcrypt), and you use a unique salt ...
5
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3answers
8k views

Do you need to encrypt session data?

I came across a session management class in PHP which encrypts session data in the session storage folder (i.e., /tmp) and can be decrypted later in your script using a key. I was wondering if it's ...
5
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2answers
3k views

Dealing with expired or revoked signing certificates with Infopath documents

Suppose I have an Infopath form that is digitally signed today by a valid, and active user. When that user leaves the company, we disable the account and revoke the certificate. This causes a problem ...
23
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2answers
3k views

How do Travel Sentry locks work? (supposedly openable only by security agencies)

Apparently Travel Sentry locks can only be opened: by their owner, by the TSA, CATSA and "other security agencies". How do they work technically? Is there some electronics embedded with ...
16
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5answers
2k views

How many Stack Exchange logins should I have?

On Stack Exchange's Add a login page, one can add logins with Google, Facebook, Yahoo, etc. How many logins should I have to provide the least chance of a hacker gaining access to my Stack Exchange ...
16
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3answers
2k views

Multi-tenancy, SSL Certificates, and Subject Alternative Name

The X509 specification allows a CA to issue a single certificate for multiple hostnames, by using the "Subject Alternative Name" extension. From the spec: The subject alternative name ...
12
votes
3answers
421 views

Verifying server software integrity?

I'm trying to brainstorm a security scheme for the problem of verifying server software integrity. The domain of this problem is Game Servers built on Valve's Source Dedicated Servers. These servers ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Is having the username and password fields on different pages more secure?

An online bank I use requires inputting your username, navigating to a second page and then entering the password to login. What actual security advantage does this provide, if any?
10
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4answers
923 views

What is the key when facial recognition is used as a password?

I get the basics of what face recognition is and the fact that it is used to protect PC's and as a login replacement. However, if it was to be used for encryption, where the role of the key is played ...
9
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3answers
7k views

How can i find what hashing algorithm was used?

One of my clients has asked me to modify the login page that their board members use to access their materials. The problem here is that the person previously responsible for this has left no ...
9
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2answers
555 views

How do you Secure VOIP in a large organization

As part of a large organization looking to implement VoIP, to get on the bandwagon of savings and converged network focus, I'm being asked to look at the security concerns to develop a policy to help ...
7
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4answers
429 views

Candidate authentication in large scale assessment

First of all, I'd like to apologize beforehand if the questions I am about to ask are not really suitable for this site. I could not think of any other category to post under. Right, here goes. We're ...
5
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4answers
781 views

How can I verify the identity of a US | UK -based person and prevent *fake identities* from being accepted?

Given that it's possible to fake ID cards and fake social security numbers are created, I need to ensure that all users of my site are US or UK based citizens, and don't have more than one account. A ...
5
votes
2answers
624 views

intrusion detection on own hotspot?

Is it possible to detect failed logins on the hotspots you create with your windows/linux laptops? So you can detect some dumb brute force/guessing attempts? For example, a log like this: TIME DATA - ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Is this admin area secure enough? V2

This is a response to my previous question, Is this admin area secure enough?. There were some very helpful answers there, for which I am very grateful. So I went back to the drawing board and here ...
4
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1answer
775 views

Securing server to server http communication

We are trying to come up with a scheme to secure http communication between our internal servers. Are there any good established schemes out there? The requirements we have are: The clients and ...
4
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2answers
924 views

How to use TPM to perform platform authentication?

I am currently looking at TPM (Trusted Platform Module) and wondering how does TPM offer platform authentication. Suppose a legal host is deployed on the cloud. How do I use TPM to assure that the ...
4
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2answers
800 views

user authentication by decrypting a random blob

Normal user authentication is done by comparing "hash"-values. A simple example of this: The user password is hashed with PBKDF2 on the client using a salt (the salt is the hash of the user password ...
3
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2answers
332 views

What's a good time period before refreshing CSRF token of the user session?

I am using a form token to prevent CSRF attacks. Those tokens are stored and tied to a user's session. Now I want to refresh the token only every N minutes or hours so that the user's don't experience ...
3
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2answers
507 views

Security measures for “Forgot password” link

I noticed that Facebook sends out a "Forgot password" code of six digits, which is very short for a validation code, so I assume they are doing the following: Set a session variable which is linked ...
2
votes
1answer
832 views

Is it possible to Spoof a TeamViewer ID?

I am using 2 forms of remote access to my Windows Server 2008 machine, both go to the Admin account since we only use it to host a Minecraft (MC) Server. Remote Desktop, that goes over a custom port ...
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1answer
1k views

PHP unserialize() object injection

So I came across with this authentication bypass security notice and the fix for it was just simply changing all serialization to json encoding. I am just wondering how this really is exploitable? ...
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2answers
1k views

Signed request vs HTTP digest auth for API authentication?

By signed request I mean something like this (simplified example): Client creates a sig in his request: $sig = hash('sha256', $api_key.$data); which generates 7409ur0k0asidjko2j for example. He then ...
11
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1answer
1k views

Fell for phishing scam. Is my gmail account with 2-step verification vulnerable?

I can't believe it happened to me but I entered Gmail account's user-name and password into a website as part of a phishing scam. I use Gmail's 2-step verification and have changed my password. Is ...
10
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3answers
580 views

Security of pronounceable passwords

Some random password generators support the generation of pronounceable words of any given length n. Assuming that words are derived using 26 lowercase letters, the number of possible words of length ...
10
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2answers
989 views

My bank makes me enter my password using the mouse. What's up with that?

Internet banking login process for Westpac requires user to enter the password using the mouse. It's annoying, what's up with that? Is it just to try and stop keyloggers on public computers or is ...
9
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1answer
82k views

Can the Gmail password be recovered from the Android Gmail app?

I have an Android device with the Gmail app installed. This app can access the mailbox so there must be some kind of authentication data stored on the device (possibly an application specific ...
8
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3answers
241 views

What advantage does the Bloomberg authentication system have over traditional 2 factor?

Bloomberg clients have an interesting way to authenticate to the server. This seems involve some of the following: Logging into a secure website, that displays a flashing square Swiping your finger ...
8
votes
6answers
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How do RSA fingerprints protect from MITM attacks?

I understand that RSA fingerprints are used to verify that you are really connecting directly to who you want to connect to, and not someone else posing as that site. Like when you do a git push, it ...
8
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3answers
801 views

Which authentication at the end of the Secure Remote Password protocol?

For the the client and server to prove to each other that they have the same premaster shared key, the original author suggests this: M = H(A | B | K) --> <-- H(A | M | K) ...
6
votes
2answers
110 views

Understanding Digital Certification as as a whole starting from a normal http request

I am trying to understand the difference between digital signature and digital certification and how they work as a whole together on a high level perspective. I hope gurus here can point to me if my ...
6
votes
3answers
272 views

Is there any point in using two step authentication if you have strong passwords?

If you are in the habit of using strong passwords (randomly generated by password manager) is there any point in using two step authentication? Assuming that 99% of the time that when you enter a ...
6
votes
2answers
871 views

Should email verification be followed by password-based login? Why?

[This is a duplicate, considered off-topic at http://stackoverflow.com/questions/26564992/should-email-verification-be-followed-by-password-based-login-why] A typical account creation process seems ...
6
votes
1answer
817 views

What's keeping a malicious man in the middle server from forging a valid certificate

According to process of authenticating a server certificate: What's keeping a malicious server to fill up a valid server certificate since it knows all the things: Forged Server public key (man ...
6
votes
6answers
985 views

Isn't it less secure to use something you are for authentication?

I have to think of this everyday when I close the doors of the shop I work in: A year ago we used to close the shop and arm the alarm using a key fob. This means the worst case scenario was that I ...
6
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3answers
982 views

Attack vectors for brute-forcing website passwords

When talking about password security, a lot of discussion centers on the risk of a password being guessed in a brute-force attack. For websites where a user has registered an account, what are the ...
6
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3answers
1k views

chosen plaintext attacks against MD5 and SHA1

According to http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2617#section-4.9, having the server chose a nonce but not having the client chose a nonce opens up Digest Access authentication to chosen plaintext attacks. ...
6
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3answers
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What authentication system (OpenID, Facebook, etc) permits Javascript-free and/or Cookie-Free operation?

I'm looking for an authentication system that relies on 3rd parties (ADFS, OpenID, SAML) but doesn't rely on cookies or Javascript... or at least can make them optional. My intent is to gracefully ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Hotspot with same SSID, how does authorization work?

My university has a wireless network I log into with my username and password. It's using PEAP. My phone and laptop automatically connect to this SSID when they detect the network. If someone sets up ...
5
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1answer
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WCF - Is this a good security Architecture?

I am building an information recording system (WCF based) for a business that is accessible by staff over the internet. This software will not be distributed and there will only be a handful of users ...
5
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3answers
888 views

Two-Factor Authentication: When is it worth it?

I was reading this article, and it triggered the question: Why not use two factor authentication? In his case, it both possibilities were enabled anyway, so this looks to me like it's two attack ...
5
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4answers
3k views

Throttling failed login attempts: exponential timeout? by IP? using a session cookie? captcha?

I'm beginning to think this is not as simple as it looks, and many "accepted" answers here and in SO have alternative answers that criticize them. Here is what I have gathered so far Most of what I ...