Authorization is the process of determining whether a user, program or device is allowed to access a protected resource in a particular way. Authorization is a key theme in computer security practices.

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52
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10answers
13k views

Can I scratch off the magnetic strip off a debit card to only allow chip and PIN?

I have been robbed in the past by thieves using my HSBC Debit Card (issued by UAE branch) to purchase mobile phones and accessories by signing for the purchases. While the card has chip & PIN ...
24
votes
1answer
15k views

What is the difference between RBAC and DAC/ACL?

What are the benefits of each, and when should I choose one over the other? Are there situations where these should be merged? Do you have examples of common usages? And what about MAC, where ...
21
votes
3answers
2k views

Pitfalls of using OAuth for mobile Applications

OAuth seems to be getting a lot of traction at the moment as an authorization solution for web applications and mobile applications. I'm interested in understanding what the pitfalls of using OAuth ...
20
votes
4answers
2k views

ZX Spectrum tape loader: how was copy prevention implemented?

I am curious how copy prevention was implemented for games or other programs loaded from cassette on the micro computers of the early 1980s, such as the ZX Spectrum 48k. If I recall correctly, some ...
16
votes
4answers
6k views

Why use OpenID Connect instead of plain OAuth?

I just started to use OAuth 2.0 as a way to authenticate my users. It works great - I just use the identity/profile API of each provider to get a validated email address of the user. Now I read about ...
12
votes
2answers
7k views

Difference Between OAUTH, OpenID and OPENID Connect in very simple term?

I am very confused the difficult jargon available in web about OAUTH, OpenID and OPENID Connect. Can anyone tell me the difference in simple words.
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Role Based Access Control + Data Ownership based permissions

Is there a common system or pattern that combines the permissions given by a role in a RBAC-system with permissions in relation to dataownership? For example: Bob is a doctor and has the role ...
11
votes
4answers
3k views

How secure is NOPASSWD in passwordless sudo mode?

On all our boxes we have ssh access via keys. All keys are password protected. At this moment the sudo mode is not passwordless. Because the number of VMs are growing in our setup, we investigate the ...
11
votes
2answers
4k views

Role Based Authorization vs. Claim Based Authorization

What is the difference between "role based authorization" and "claim based authorization"? Under which circumstances would it be appropriate to implement each of these authorization models?
9
votes
4answers
870 views

RBAC model: user in two roles access dilemma

I am implementing the Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) model security system and I have a dilemma: one User1 is in Role1 and is in Role2. Role1 allows access to the Resource1 and Role2 denies access ...
9
votes
4answers
443 views

How should I tell an organisation that they are vulnerable when I wasn't given permission to check?

I was recently at a village hall (in the UK), some distance from where I live, for a party. I noticed that they had unsecured wi-fi with an SSID of NETGEAR. I assumed it was free wi-fi for users of ...
9
votes
2answers
4k views

OAuth2 Cross Site Request Forgery, and state parameter

http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-oauth-v2-30#section-10.12 says: The client MUST implement CSRF protection [...] typically accomplished by requiring any request sent to the redirection URI ...
8
votes
4answers
577 views

Does UNIX have a dual approval mechanism?

Sudo and logging is used to keep administrators accountable. But is there a command/configuration that lets you enforce a dual approval type control such as the the "Two Person Concept"? (eg. Two ...
8
votes
1answer
790 views

What were the specific security flaws with OAuth 1.0? How are they being addressed in 2.0?

I read an article documenting Twitter abruptly pulling its OAuth support back in April 2009. The article said it wouldn't specify the hole for security reasons, but mentioned "social engineering" is ...
8
votes
1answer
422 views

What datastructure would/have you used to store ACLs within a hybrid ACL/RBAC system?

In our system, every resource has an access control list (ACLs), which list entries (ACEs) that have a specific kind of access to that resource. The ACE can be for end-entities (eg: users like "Mr Q") ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

How to manage admin rights for helpdesk staff?

My question is about issuing administrative rights to helpdesk staff in a large Active Directory setting. Helpdesk staff commonly require administrative rights to provide support for end users. I ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Best way to allow sudo access when using ssh keys

Probably a simple question, but I can't seem to find any actual best practices out there. I manage a handful of servers and I am really getting sick of tracking my passwords in pwsafe. I've been ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

SAML2 vs. OAuth - What are some reasonable relationships?

I have a service that allows SSO via SAML2. When SAML2 is used, we delegate the entire authentication process to the Identity Provider. We are considering adding OAuth in order to support some ...
6
votes
1answer
739 views

Do I need to keep the NTLM token in the HTTP Authorization header a secret?

I'm troubleshooting a problem with one of our vendors and plan to send them a Fiddler trace of the http traffic between the client and our servers while replicating the issue. Our servers use NTLM ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

WCF - Is this a good security Architecture?

I am building an information recording system (WCF based) for a business that is accessible by staff over the internet. This software will not be distributed and there will only be a handful of users ...
5
votes
2answers
104 views

Preventing fraudulent access to restriced resource on the web?

I'm working on a web application along with a web API and I've been warned against what seems to be a basic vulnerability: not checking that the user making an action has sufficient privileges on the ...
5
votes
2answers
270 views

Should we store accesstoken in our database for oauth2?

I have a requirement to implement Facebook and Google login in my web application. I also need to access a user's Facebook/Google+ friend list. I have gone through the complete OAuth2 documentation of ...
5
votes
1answer
174 views

Cascaded Sudo for privilege elevation

I intend to use the least privileged user to do a given task. The issue is that it involve a kind of responsibility chain and translate as a sudo chain in my scripts, spreading the overall task in ...
4
votes
2answers
140 views

using two passwords for normal and security critical functions

a user (can be admin) for example in a website has: a password that is used for normal and everyday access (not security critical actions). another password that is used for performing security ...
4
votes
2answers
688 views

Claim Based Authorization vs Attribute Based Access Control

Is there a difference between Attribute Based Access Control which is usually associated with XACML and Claim Based Authorization which seems to be a term coined by Microsoft? Is the latter simply ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Hotspot with same SSID, how does authorization work?

My university has a wireless network I log into with my username and password. It's using PEAP. My phone and laptop automatically connect to this SSID when they detect the network. If someone sets up ...
4
votes
4answers
169 views

How can an Subject only read and write to its owned objects?

It appears that in RBAC, a Subject creates a Session with an Active Role(s), these Roles are then used to determine what permissions and actions can be taken. This appears to be fine for most of our ...
3
votes
2answers
208 views

What value security wise, if any, does a digital handwritten signature have?

Here's an example of what I mean: (It's basically the same thing as a traditional signature.) Given I've never seen someone fail this control, it's unclear to me what real security such a system ...
3
votes
1answer
914 views

Looking for approach to implement attribute based access control (ABAC)

We are looking to implement Attribute-Based Access Control. While we are sold on the philosophy, there are two topics that seem to crop up: Will it lead to significant performance issues? Especially ...
3
votes
3answers
156 views

Claims based vs Permission based authorization

So I understand roles vs permissions. I also understand roles vs claims. In both cases claims and permissions are granular, usually per feature or business operation such as AddPerson permission. ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

When do you use OpenID vs. OpenID Connect

Can they be used together? ....or are they two separate protocols that may or may not be useful depending on the context? The reason I ask is because I'm trying to implement the following: User ...
3
votes
2answers
230 views

Does providing OAuth for mobile apps pose a security threat?

Let's take a look at the basic OAuth workflow: The basic idea is that the Consumer (App) asks the user to grant him access to the Service Provider. The service protects the user by asking him each ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

what is the role of RADiUS server and Active Directory to increase the security in wireless networks?

In the CBT Nuggets Video Training, one slide about Wireless networks : i want to know about the role of Radius to increase the security and how? in this project: Deploy Active Directory and ...
3
votes
2answers
232 views

Secure Spring FrameworkUser Management

I got asked this question: "Any decent reusable / plug-able Spring user management systems (registration, change pwd, reset etc)? How do you guys do authz in Spring, including managing those roles ...
3
votes
1answer
436 views

user/pass auth vs hmac signed for REST API

I know they both prevent the RESTful APIs from abuse. Hmac signed api is commonly used than the other. But I think using user/pass pair for authorization is more security, here's the reason: To sign ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the risks posed by “pass-through authentication” and how are they mitigated?

Related: Local Admin has Domain Admin rights "Pass-through authentication" on Windows systems allows for the possibility for user accounts with the same name and password to impersonate one ...
3
votes
2answers
397 views

Is there a spreadsheet/template for Mapping WebServices Authorization Rules?

I'm looking for a spreadsheet/template that allows the business-rules (i.e. 'who has access to what') to be mapped, visualized and analyzed. In the past I have created a couple of these (some even ...
3
votes
1answer
495 views

Securing mobile app rest requests

I am using Facebook login in a mobile native app, and I'm trying to figure out if my approach is secure enough. This is the flow (all communication is made over SSL): User logins to Facebook ...
2
votes
3answers
593 views

Using RADIUS for host authentication

Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS) is a networking protocol that provides centralized Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA) management for computers to connect and use a ...
2
votes
3answers
260 views

Verify if person belongs to the claimed university through his university email id

I need to allow users access to an application after verifying that they belong to the claimed institute through university email id. So that if a person claims that he belongs to Stanford University, ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

API request modification

I am building an API that returns data about companies Multiple applications will access the API, some of these applications will have access to one company, some to multiple companies. When a request ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

What is the purpose of derivation of encryption and authorization keys from master key?

We're using AES-CBC and HMAC to encrypt and authenticate our messages (using encrypt-then-authenticate method). Sometimes I see solutions (like this one) which are deriving encryption and ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Should the email address in the SOA be used to validate domain control?

I'd like to validate the ability to own a DNS domain and am already considering validation that is currently in use by others such as Email validation of Whois contacts Access to the ...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

How to build a secure affiliate network

I'm going to build a demo affiliate network, which needs to be secured. Let say I have a web application called Affiliate Network Manager that manages all affiliates associated with my online book ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

Kerberos Authorization host/service by host/service basis

I understand that Kerberos is for Authentication not Authorization, but Is it possible to get Kerberos to refuse to Authenticate certain users on specific hosts? I am currently using LDAP for ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

RBAC and assertions, which authorization flow is better?

I'd like to ask which authorization flow is considered better or standard. First approach (has role AND assertion is valid): if (!isGranted(roles, permission) { return false; } if ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Helping developers find logic and authorisation flaws

Professional penetration testers are usually good at finding all sorts of vulnerabilities, including logic flaws, that are highly-specific to the site being tested. However, being a manual activity, ...
2
votes
1answer
402 views

WSS (WSS4J): cleartext password in UsernameToken vs salted password hash in database

I'm currently struggling a little with the security layer of a web service I'm writing using WSS4J and CXF. We obviously do not wish to store plaintext passwords in our backend, but would prefer to ...
2
votes
1answer
971 views

SSH says Authentication tried for XX with correct key but not from a permitted host

I am using and authorized_hosts file to authorise certain keys. One of those is restricted with the prefix from="1.2.3.4", the others are valid from anywhere. When accessing from a machine that has ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Best practices for setting up client connections to a server with app credentials

The question title is... ugly to say the least. Here's an overview of what I've got: I work on an online tool. Data is sent to it, it processes the data (an intensive task) and sends results back. ...