Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) is a software that is stored on a non-volatile ROM chip on the motherboard and BIOS is the first code run by a PC when powered on.

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Why aren't there large-scale attacks on BIOS and UEFI

I was reading the new and I came across this article . I have not spent lots of time reading the paper the article referred to but I pretty much agree with the fact that people rarely update their ...
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secure notebook options [closed]

How can I secure my notebook with highly sensitive information stored in a spreadsheet. I am keeping the following options in mind: Password protect & encrypt BIOS Full disk encryption Password ...
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Preventing DMA Attacks

I read on the Wikipedia article on DMA attacks that a misconfigured BIOS allowed for this type of attacks. I am asking whether, given the hardware I am using, DMA attacks are possible and whether I ...
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151 views

Protecting the BIOS from malware [closed]

The BIOS operates at a lower level than the OS, so antivirus software cannot scan it. Is there any other security software that we should use to protect the BIOS?
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Is it possible for malware to be in the BIOS or in hardware?

Is it possible for malware to be written in the BIOS section and loaded on every fresh Windows Install? If it is possible, can this affect Linux (Ubuntu and others) operating systems as well?
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What use does a BIOS/EFI password have?

I have become quite a password-obsessed individual. I password-protect my HDDs, my files, and now even the BIOS/EFI on the various systems I own. But I have discovered that if you forget your BIOS ...
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397 views

Lighteater - BIOS/UEFI vulnerable

I am currently a bit confused, I have read today an article about the BIOS-rootkit Lighteater made by John Loucaides and Andrew Furtaki. In their presentation 'How many million BIOSes would you like ...
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Realistic: Exploiting a computer on BIOS/ hardware level in less than an hour? (Infinite preparation time)

I wonder how hard it it to infect a laptop or netbook in 60 minutes or less in a way the victim cannot easily clean their machine by wiping hard disk drives. Let's assume the following: The ...
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Besides MBR & BIOS, is it possible for a rootkit to stay persistant after a format of the harddrive?

If a system becomes infected and does not have any other storage units besides the one hard drive. Is it there any other way for a rootkit to stay on the system besides infecting the BIOS OR the MBR ...
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Does malware which infects the BIOS/ Firmware always need 'root' access to do so?

There are very few hardend Operating Systems who restrict or totally disable Terminal 'root' access for the user. (1) Would this feature prevent persistant BIOS rootkits from writing into BIOS or ...
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What happened with badBios [duplicate]

Maybe some of you remember that in November 2013 the respected researcher Dragos Ruiu claimed that he was infected by some super advanced virus that no one ever heard of before. Experts agreed that ...
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4answers
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post-disk-wipe computer security

I have a standard Dell or Asus-motherboard based computer. it is a hard-disk or RAM. it was hacked remotely. I suspect that they were sophisticated. I am happy to reformat the disk and/or throw it ...
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Bios passwords “easy” to find

I have read that bios passwords are sometimes good--or bad, if there is a default. Places mention that these passwords are pretty much just available through google, but I can not find them. Where ...
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Live Boot Devices

Found this article on using Live Boot Devices to do sensitive tasks such as online banking. While the article discusses the benefits of avoiding a possibly compromised host OS, it doesn't mention ...
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BIOS upgrade only with PGP-signature / encrypting the whole BIOS

To successfully defend the BIOS from malicious rootkit installation or other malware that writes itself inside BIOS I wonder if these ideas are possible or even done yet: Can you program the BIOS ...
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What happens after setting up HDD password?

I am wondering what happens when I set HDD password in my laptop (Samsung with ssd). I mean a given case. I have been having working system without any password. Then one day I decide to set up HDD ...
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Detecting and removing Absolute persistance technology

Absolute persistance technology amounts to a persistent rootkit pre-installed by many device manufacturers (Acer, Asus, Dell, HP, Lenovo, Samsung, Toshiba, etc) to facilitate LoJack for laptops, and ...
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BIOS spyware query

Is it possible that somebody who has access to my laptop can flash a new version of bios which does spying too i.e. recording keylogs, url browsed, downloaded files etc and send it to remote location ...
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173 views

Is it posible to bypass BIOS password without owner knowing later on?

My laptop BIOS is password protected. Probably the password can be bypassed using some hardware and software means. But is it possible that somebody having access to laptop but not knowing the ...
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1answer
579 views

List of NSA spyware - remote bios exploits [closed]

Found this rather detailed list of the NSA's latest spyware gadgets, with several different remote bios exploits that once installed are virtually undetectable and can survive reinstall of the OS: ...
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Trusted Platform Module, daughterboard vs onboard TPM?

In many cases where a Trusted Platform Module (TPM chip) is employed, it is soldered directly onto the motherboard. Ostensibly the motherboard manufacturer is then solely responsible for integrating ...
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1answer
138 views

Can a Vulnerability Management tool highlight BIOS and driver-level vulnerabilities?

Several known vulnerabilities affect BIOS (Reference URLs below). So my question is, are the Vulnerability Management tools (such as Nessus, NeXpose, Qualys, etc) technically capable of highlighting ...
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827 views

Write-protection at hardware level for security

It seems to me that to maximise server security, one ought - in addition to the usual security measures implemented in software - to prevent the overwriting of certain parts of the server system, such ...
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Is the system bios and network card protected by the OS firewall?

My question arises from trying to understand new types of spyware that target the system bios and/or network card. Is the system bios and ethernet card both protected by an OS firewall set to deny ...
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873 views

How to protect Linux partition from access from Windows partition?

In a dual-boot environment (windows? and linux mint 15) What would be best best way to prevent access to the linux partition(s) when the system is booted into windows 7? The goal would be to ...
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Malware persistence past a drive wipe? [duplicate]

Are there any known instances of malware persisting past a drive wipe and reinstall, through modified bios, or firmware on one of the machine components?
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Does password-protecting a server's BIOS help in securing sensitive data?

I'm running a server of which I protected the BIOS with a password. One doesn't have to enter this password before booting, but before entering the BIOS setup. I just did this from routine. However, ...
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Is this a security risk for us to lost TPM or others to access to reset BIOS ?

In the previous post Physically secure the system case it is recommended to physically protect the system. But in case stolen laptops where intruder have physical access to TPMs. What are the security ...
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Where can a virus or other malware “hide” on common PC and Mac hardware?

I'm looking for a detailed list of locations that viruses can "hide" in modern hardware even after a reboot. Some things that come to mind include Boot BIOS/Firmware CPU Microcode Connected PCI ...
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Sourcing hardware that is least likely to contain backdoors

I understand that CPU silicon (for example) is scrutinized for backdoors but there are other aspects of a computer system that may "leak data" to the outside world unbeknownst to the owner regardless ...
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1answer
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How does virtualisation (IaaS) protect from CPU microcode updates and firmware changes?

Is it safe to assume that it's impossible for CPU Microcode updates and firmware updates to be initiated from a guest VM? What software or hardware technologies protect my guest OS from altering or ...
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1answer
157 views

Award BIOS Security

How can I secure an Award BIOS from being flashed or attacked by a remote attacker? Are there other types of BIOS that are more secure?
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What is disk encryption worth? Threat of proprietary Bios, SMM, optionrom, TPM etc?

Supposing there is private/secret data on a machine (i.e a x86 arch) the most reasonable thing to me would be to encrypt this data, so to protect it. I understand that the purpose of ...
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Bypassing the BIOS password

Are there any reliable methods that allow an attacker to bypass a BIOS password, or alter BIOS settings without entering the password? A few ideas come to mind: The old battery trick (remove ...
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What does HP DriveLock do to your password?

While looking at various hard drive encryption methods, I discovered that HP's "DriveLock" is not quite the standard ATA security system. While I did get confirmation from HP that it does indeed use ...
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Is multi-factor authentication supported by any current bios?

Is multi-factor authentication supported by any current bios'es? Update What I want to do is to make it impossible to go into the bios setup without both a password and another factor. It would ...
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Is the Raspberry Pi vulnerable to injection beyond the SD Card?

I understand that it is possible for a code to be crafted for a given hardware/firmware to inject a virus that would not be removed by a wipe of the hard disk. Video card, and BIOS are examples of a ...
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How do I use a TPM to protect my BIOS/EFI from “remote” attacks

I have a work/gaming computer. The work side is a SSD with linux and the game side is a SSD with Win7 (all security turned off, planning to get viruses and rewipe every LAN). Only one of the drives ...
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1answer
262 views

Is booting from a freshly downloaded linux CD safe from trojans?

Let's say you're using Windows 7. For storing Bitcoin on your computer ... is downloading a fresh copy of linux (say Ubuntu), burning it into a CD, booting from it ... safe from trojans? Are there ...
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Cons of disabling live CD in bios

It has been suggested that for security reasons it's a good idea to change the boot order to prevent booting from a live CD or USB. But if you lose the passwords to unlock hard drive and bios, and you ...
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Does the Mebromi BIOS flashing rootkit mean APTs for personal computers are here?

With the recent discovery of the Mebromi BIOS firmware virus/MBR rootkit http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/09/14/bios_rootkit_discovered/ in the wild are we now actually in the age of Advanced ...
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Tamper-proof BIOS password & settings storage with Trusted Platform Module?

In the olden days, one could trivially bypass BIOS passwords on most PCs by removing the BIOS battery and clearing the CMOS. My question is: On modern PCs equipped with a Trusted Platform Module ...
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Viruses on video cards?

Steve Gibson of Security Now fame claims that viruses can attack a video card and infect it. I assume that he means it can infect the Video BIOS. However I'm skeptical. BIOSes are so numerous and ...
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1answer
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How to check the integrity of my BIOS?

Could it be possible that a virus rewrites my BIOS with some malicious code? If so, how could I protect against it, or at least how can I check that the BIOS hasn't been modified?
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Is it possible to make one processor look like another?

(aka) Is it possible to hack CPUID instruction or BIOS to make it show wrong CPU information? Yesterday, I was having a chat with computer sales guy. He is little close to me. During the conversation ...