Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) is a software that is stored on a non-volatile ROM chip on the motherboard and BIOS is the first code run by a PC when powered on.

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How can I rescue an infected sony vaio bios? [migrated]

I am trying to rescue a Sony Vaio laptop which I believe has an infected bios. I have autonuked the hard disk and installed a fresh Windows 7 but the keyboard types random combinations of letters and ...
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323 views

Samsung SSD 850 EVO. Best way to protect personal data against thiefs

I'm wondering what is the best way to protect my personal data stored on Samsung SSD 850 EVO in Linux? I did some research and found this. To set an ATA password, simply access the BIOS, navigate ...
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Is it possible to determine if the BIOS has been modified between two points in time?

Is it possible to determine if the BIOS of a computer has been modified between two points in time from that computer while it's running ? Effectively I'd like to be able to gather the equivalent of ...
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95 views

Can I encrypt Windows' SAM file?

i recently learned that the SAM file in Windows is easily crackable, and even if an attacker couldn't find my password, there are tools that allow password removal, account elevation and even account ...
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50 views

Open source firmware as mitigation against firmware persistent malware?

I am concerned about the threat of persistent malware entrenched in device firmware. I am not familiar with the intricacies of firmware security, so I am turning to SE for help. I recently learned of ...
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240 views

My Samsung SSD password is case insensitive, how does this affect Full Disk Encryption?

I have a Samsung Evo 850 SSD, the 500GB model and it's supposed to benefit from Full Disk Encryption (FDE). Once you set a HDD password in the BIOS the FDE is supposed to kick in. However, I was ...
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2answers
239 views

Can a BIOS or UEFI infection transfer to other storage drives without the OS presence?

I am already aware that a BIOS or UEFI malware "activate" only in the OS environment. Is it possible though that a spread mechanism be activated without the presence of the OS, so that it would infect ...
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How do you know if the bios has been compromised?

To secure my PC I have setup a BIOS password, preventing any access from a live-cd. Recently I've noticed that when the BIOS asks for my password, I just have to press Enter to boot. It doesn't work ...
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1answer
238 views

Can BIOS firmware log keyboard input? If so, is there any way to detect and prevent it?

Recently I purchased a server board made by Lenovo with a "Intel Management Engine" inside BIOS. It is said that it is able to intercept and redirect keyboard input, even if an operating system is ...
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168 views

how to protect my data from malware/spyware that infected my BIOS?

we all know that some countries do their best to spy on their citizens and the citizen of other countries and that countries maybe have specialized spying agencies wither they are known or not, and, ...
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106 views

Can virtualization protect me from an infected BIOS?

As you know, there are attacks on the firmware of BIOS and HDD. What if I used some kind of VMS, maybe VirtualBox? Will this protect me from an already infected BIOS (and by that, I mean, no one can ...
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141 views

How to identify if BIOS is infected? [closed]

How to identify if BIOS is infected with malware? Is there a way to extract content of a BIOS chip?
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166 views

Questions regarding Rakshasa

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vbF_qEaPhNc What does the developer mean by "The payload is booted via Networkboot" How is the bootkit (Modified version of Kon-Boot) infecting the connected harddrive ...
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92 views

Why aren't there large-scale attacks on BIOS and UEFI

I was reading the new and I came across this article . I have not spent lots of time reading the paper the article referred to but I pretty much agree with the fact that people rarely update their ...
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2answers
65 views

secure notebook options [closed]

How can I secure my notebook with highly sensitive information stored in a spreadsheet. I am keeping the following options in mind: Password protect & encrypt BIOS Full disk encryption Password ...
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1answer
100 views

Preventing DMA Attacks

I read on the Wikipedia article on DMA attacks that a misconfigured BIOS allowed for this type of attacks. I am asking whether, given the hardware I am using, DMA attacks are possible and whether I ...
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2answers
749 views

Protecting the BIOS from malware [closed]

The BIOS operates at a lower level than the OS, so antivirus software cannot scan it. Is there any other security software that we should use to protect the BIOS?
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2answers
293 views

Is it possible for malware to be in the BIOS or in hardware?

Is it possible for malware to be written in the BIOS section and loaded on every fresh Windows Install? If it is possible, can this affect Linux (Ubuntu and others) operating systems as well?
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3answers
219 views

What use does a BIOS/EFI password have?

I have become quite a password-obsessed individual. I password-protect my HDDs, my files, and now even the BIOS/EFI on the various systems I own. But I have discovered that if you forget your BIOS ...
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1answer
632 views

Lighteater - BIOS/UEFI vulnerable

I am currently a bit confused, I have read today an article about the BIOS-rootkit Lighteater made by John Loucaides and Andrew Furtaki. In their presentation 'How many million BIOSes would you like ...
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159 views

Realistic: Exploiting a computer on BIOS/ hardware level in less than an hour? (Infinite preparation time)

I wonder how hard it it to infect a laptop or netbook in 60 minutes or less in a way the victim cannot easily clean their machine by wiping hard disk drives. Let's assume the following: The ...
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4answers
375 views

Besides MBR & BIOS, is it possible for a rootkit to stay persistant after a format of the harddrive?

If a system becomes infected and does not have any other storage units besides the one hard drive. Is it there any other way for a rootkit to stay on the system besides infecting the BIOS OR the MBR ...
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1answer
333 views

Does malware which infects the BIOS/ Firmware always need 'root' access to do so?

There are very few hardened Operating Systems who restrict or totally disable Terminal 'root' access for the user. Would this feature prevent persistent BIOS rootkits from writing into BIOS or ...
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What happened with badBios [duplicate]

Maybe some of you remember that in November 2013 the respected researcher Dragos Ruiu claimed that he was infected by some super advanced virus that no one ever heard of before. Experts agreed that ...
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4answers
92 views

post-disk-wipe computer security

I have a standard Dell or Asus-motherboard based computer. it is a hard-disk or RAM. it was hacked remotely. I suspect that they were sophisticated. I am happy to reformat the disk and/or throw it ...
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81 views

Bios passwords “easy” to find

I have read that bios passwords are sometimes good--or bad, if there is a default. Places mention that these passwords are pretty much just available through google, but I can not find them. Where ...
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1answer
91 views

Live Boot Devices

Found this article on using Live Boot Devices to do sensitive tasks such as online banking. While the article discusses the benefits of avoiding a possibly compromised host OS, it doesn't mention ...
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397 views

BIOS upgrade only with PGP-signature / encrypting the whole BIOS

To successfully defend the BIOS from malicious rootkit installation or other malware that writes itself inside BIOS I wonder if these ideas are possible or even done yet: Can you program the BIOS ...
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2answers
295 views

What happens after setting up HDD password?

I am wondering what happens when I set HDD password in my laptop (Samsung with ssd). I mean a given case. I have been having working system without any password. Then one day I decide to set up HDD ...
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9k views

Detecting and removing Absolute persistance technology

Absolute persistance technology amounts to a persistent rootkit pre-installed by many device manufacturers (Acer, Asus, Dell, HP, Lenovo, Samsung, Toshiba, etc) to facilitate LoJack for laptops, and ...
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120 views

BIOS spyware query

Is it possible that somebody who has access to my laptop can flash a new version of bios which does spying too i.e. recording keylogs, url browsed, downloaded files etc and send it to remote location ...
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1answer
210 views

Is it posible to bypass BIOS password without owner knowing later on?

My laptop BIOS is password protected. Probably the password can be bypassed using some hardware and software means. But is it possible that somebody having access to laptop but not knowing the ...
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1answer
795 views

List of NSA spyware - remote bios exploits [closed]

Found this rather detailed list of the NSA's latest spyware gadgets, with several different remote bios exploits that once installed are virtually undetectable and can survive reinstall of the OS: ...
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585 views

Trusted Platform Module, daughterboard vs onboard TPM?

In many cases where a Trusted Platform Module (TPM chip) is employed, it is soldered directly onto the motherboard. Ostensibly the motherboard manufacturer is then solely responsible for integrating ...
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183 views

Can a Vulnerability Management tool highlight BIOS and driver-level vulnerabilities?

Several known vulnerabilities affect BIOS (Reference URLs below). So my question is, are the Vulnerability Management tools (such as Nessus, NeXpose, Qualys, etc) technically capable of highlighting ...
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1k views

Write-protection at hardware level for security

It seems to me that to maximise server security, one ought - in addition to the usual security measures implemented in software - to prevent the overwriting of certain parts of the server system, such ...
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1answer
485 views

Is the system bios and network card protected by the OS firewall?

My question arises from trying to understand new types of spyware that target the system bios and/or network card. Is the system bios and ethernet card both protected by an OS firewall set to deny ...
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2answers
1k views

How to protect Linux partition from access from Windows partition?

In a dual-boot environment (windows? and linux mint 15) What would be best best way to prevent access to the linux partition(s) when the system is booted into windows 7? The goal would be to ...
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1answer
230 views

Malware persistence past a drive wipe? [duplicate]

Are there any known instances of malware persisting past a drive wipe and reinstall, through modified bios, or firmware on one of the machine components?
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Does password-protecting a server's BIOS help in securing sensitive data?

I'm running a server of which I protected the BIOS with a password. One doesn't have to enter this password before booting, but before entering the BIOS setup. I just did this from routine. However, ...
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1answer
265 views

Is this a security risk for us to lost TPM or others to access to reset BIOS ?

In the previous post Physically secure the system case it is recommended to physically protect the system. But in case stolen laptops where intruder have physical access to TPMs. What are the security ...
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2k views

Where can a virus or other malware “hide” on common PC and Mac hardware?

I'm looking for a detailed list of locations that viruses can "hide" in modern hardware even after a reboot. Some things that come to mind include Boot BIOS/Firmware CPU Microcode Connected PCI ...
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557 views

Sourcing hardware that is least likely to contain backdoors

I understand that CPU silicon (for example) is scrutinized for backdoors but there are other aspects of a computer system that may "leak data" to the outside world unbeknownst to the owner regardless ...
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1answer
282 views

How does virtualisation (IaaS) protect from CPU microcode updates and firmware changes?

Is it safe to assume that it's impossible for CPU Microcode updates and firmware updates to be initiated from a guest VM? What software or hardware technologies protect my guest OS from altering or ...
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1answer
173 views

Award BIOS Security

How can I secure an Award BIOS from being flashed or attacked by a remote attacker? Are there other types of BIOS that are more secure?
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618 views

What is disk encryption worth? Threat of proprietary Bios, SMM, optionrom, TPM etc?

Supposing there is private/secret data on a machine (i.e a x86 arch) the most reasonable thing to me would be to encrypt this data, so to protect it. I understand that the purpose of ...
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2answers
9k views

Bypassing the BIOS password

Are there any reliable methods that allow an attacker to bypass a BIOS password, or alter BIOS settings without entering the password? A few ideas come to mind: The old battery trick (remove ...
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2answers
6k views

What does HP DriveLock do to your password?

While looking at various hard drive encryption methods, I discovered that HP's "DriveLock" is not quite the standard ATA security system. While I did get confirmation from HP that it does indeed use ...
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Is multi-factor authentication supported by any current bios?

Is multi-factor authentication supported by any current bios'es? Update What I want to do is to make it impossible to go into the bios setup without both a password and another factor. It would ...
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Is the Raspberry Pi vulnerable to injection beyond the SD Card?

I understand that it is possible for a code to be crafted for a given hardware/firmware to inject a virus that would not be removed by a wipe of the hard disk. Video card, and BIOS are examples of a ...