An attack using every possible input to attempt to produce the correct output. Typically the method of last resort when no weakness allows the use of a more restricted input set. E.g. trying all possible (or likely) passwords, in an attempt to guess the correct one.

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Perfectly Robust Hashing Scheme, or Completely Over-Engineered?

This is going to get long, so prepare. Basis of the question is, Do all these steps improve security, or am I completely overthinking the problem? Are my assumptions/thought process valid? We all ...
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14k views

Is it possible to brute force all 8 character passwords in an offline attack?

This article states: Brute-force techniques trying every possible combination of letters, numbers, and special characters had also succeeded at cracking all passwords of eight or fewer characters. ...
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2k views

what is the fastest and cheapest way to crack this kind of hash - md5(md5($password) + salt))?

I'm looking for a program that can use any GPU (ATI\NVIDIA) and can brute force a vBulletin hash - md5(md5($password) + salt)). I have the salt and hash. the password contains the symbols - ...
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23k views

Remove Password Protection from XLS Document

Similar to what is listed here, http://datapigtechnologies.com/blog/index.php/hack-into-a-protected-excel-2007-or-2010-workbook/, is there a way to remove the password from an XLS (Excel 2003) ...
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190 views

Can a Windows or Linux password be brute-forced on a public network?

I am at a hotel that has a public network. I have a Windows machine with a wired connection to it. "Network and Sharing" has network discovery on. No folders are shared except "Users", which is shared ...
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279 views

Could using a generated key from an online service be considered a risk?

With some colleagues we're having a debate regarding the randomkeygen.com website. I do think that there is a security risk using the generated keys of this (or any of this kind) website. Why ? ...
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663 views

Is passwords with combination of different encodings super safe?

I was thinking about generating passwords with combination of English, Arabic, Chinese charac. Is this pass secure enough against brute force attacks?
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220 views

Calculate time taken to break AES key

A 256 bit AES key is required to be broken using the brute force method on a 2GHz computer. How long would it take to break the key in the best case and in the worst case situations? Assume that 1000 ...
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678 views

Can key files be brute-forced like passwords?

Let's say you use a program like Truecrypt or Keepass which allows you to have a password + key file. I understand that passwords can be brute-forced/dictionary-attacked but is the same true for key ...
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1k views

Automated URL Discovering

I built a simple server containing static files at /files/ and I'm attempting to discover them using automated tools. I'm using wfuzz to brute force on the URL but is that the only way? Is there any ...
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768 views

Why are MD5 collisions dangerous?

I understand that the MD5 algorithm isn't collision resistant, and that collisions between data of arbitrary size can be found with more efficient methods than brute-forcing. However, I have read ...
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281 views

is it easier to get the original password if you have multiple hashes of it?

Most users tipically use the same password for multiple applications. Let's say all of these applications hash the password in some way. Would it be easier for an attacker to get the original password ...
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547 views

Implementing brute force attacks on hash values in Javascript

I'm working for my bachelor thesis at the end of which I aim to implement a proof-of-concept Javascript-based hash cracker. The idea is to work like this: Users can submit a hash value along with ...
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484 views

Academic papers on GPU password cracking?

Are there any scientific papers or publications on GPU password cracking?
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205 views

Is login limiting still needed if we employ multi-factor authentication?

The status quo is that most online websites limit login attempts per IP address, or even per account since some attackers possess huge amounts of IP addresses. OWASP declares: When multi-factor ...
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4answers
403 views

Ethical brute force demo on a web login when knowing the password complexity requirements

We are currently having accounts compromised at a substantially high rate. Some in the organization believe that our password complexity requirements is enough to thwart brute force attacks. I wanted ...
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1k views

Is using Gmail's browser-based client, more secure than using IMAP?

I never use the same password twice and my passwords are always comprised of a long, random string of letters, numbers and symbols. (with an offline password manager to store each password string) ...
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535 views

How can I determine whether a website somehow protects against brute force attacks on my password? (assume I can't create an anonymous account)

After the hack of Mat Honan I studied my own laundry list of accounts I have at the numerous web sites I use. There is one fact that stands out: Many of the websites severely restrict the size and ...
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917 views

It's really that insecure to have POP3 enabled in my gmail account?

Several people are claiming that you should turn off pop3 in gmail because it allowed bruteforce attacks on the password. Doesn't Google prevent this kind of attacks? What is the truth on this ...
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24k views

How long to brute-force WPA password?

Bob has a password (for his WPA encrypted wifi) which is 8 characters, all lowercase, and not a dictionary word. Eve lives next door to Bob and wants to illegally hack his WPA. The number of ...
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1k views

Will using unicode chars in my password increase security? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Do non-keyboard characters make my password less susceptible to brute forcing? Bruteforce tries cracking the hash with every possible combination of letters. Then, If ...
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1k views

Failed RDP brute force attack from Microsoft IP address?

I use RDPGuard on my webserver. I have noticed that it blocked an IP address which seemed to originate from a Microsoft registered IP address: Process Information: Caller Process ID: 0xf78 Caller ...
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392 views

How to optimize compressed file cracking?

I'm currently doing research on cracking encrypted, compressed files (specifically: uif, zip, 7z, dmg). Looking at all the utilities out there, it seems the time it takes to crack something is ...
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920 views

How resistant is the iPhone encryption against brute-force attacks?

I just read the following paragraph in an article from the New York Times about Apple encrypting iPhones by default): Breaking the code, according to an Apple technical guide, could take “more ...
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Closely spaced failed logins in auth.log

I have a raspberry-pi (running GNU/Linux) and I recently allowed my router to forward port 22 (ssh) to the raspberry-pi so that I could log in while away from home. I then noticed a bunch of ...
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Can I brute-force a password hash even if I don't know the hash-algorithm used?

Can I brute-force a password hash even if I don't know the underlying algorithm? For example if I get hold of a database with password hashes and the used hash algorithm is unknown, like a random ...
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278 views

Better than brute-force way to find the “lowest” sha1 hash?

While pointing out a SQL injection flaw on another question, I was able to show that an arbitrary sha1 hash could be inserted into a query such that it would be taken for a real hash, and was ...
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How to setup GPU for Cracking WPA/WPA2?

I have a Dell N5110 15R Laptop that I'm planning to use for GPU based cracking of WPA/WPA2 passwords. The thing is, I'm not a really big fan of password dictionaries and rainbow tables, I'd rather ...
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414 views

Non English password dictionaries

What is a good resource for wordlists used in auditing passwords in non english languages. I have extensive wordlists in English ranging to several GB's, but can't find similar resources for other ...
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282 views

Can an attacker guess my password length from a hash? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Possible to detect password length from hash? Is doubling your password adds more security? Considering I do not provide him any personal information relating to it, are ...
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583 views

Is there an internal equivalent to fail2ban?

fail2ban is a protection against brute-force that locks a user out after a definable maximum failed login-attempts. But if a user already has access to a server with another username already fail2ban ...
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1k views

What are realistic rates for brute force hashing?

I'm trying to gauge password strength assuming that the attacker has a hash of my password. Can anyone cite some realistic contemporary rates at which someone could perform various hashes? I know most ...
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228 views

Slow down symetric encryption

I'm developing a program in Java. In one step data should be encrypted and exported in a file. As of now we are encrypting in AES-256 I want to slow down a possible brute force attack as much as ...
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4k views

How long it will take to crack a RAR password?

I wonder how long it will take to crack 16 character alphanumeric WinRAR password for a mini supercomputer. As far as I know graphic cards are preferred over CPUs to crack passwords nowadays. If we ...
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4k views

How should I defend against TightVNC brute-force attacks?

How should I defend against this type of attack? This is a tightvnc logfile excerpt from a linode cloud server running Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise) with the ubuntu-desktop package added to the bare server. ...
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70 views

Long passwords and key derivation functions

Not being a security expert, I have a rather theoratical question that I have been thinking about for quite a while now: Let's imagine an encryption software that takes a user-provided password, ...
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1answer
237 views

Is there an equation to calculate the number of instances of a series of characters exist in a given key space?

If I'm using 16-18 character-length passwords with 94 different possible values-per-character (lower alphas, upper alphas, numbers, and special characters), is there an equation I can use to calculate ...
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175 views

Slowing down repeated password attacks

I've been reading suggestions to use time-consuming formulas for checking passwords from login attempts, so that repeated attacks will be slowed down. Wouldn't it suffice to just sleep a bit in the ...
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4k views

How do you bruteforce decrypt data if you don't know what you are looking for?

If I wanted to brute-force decrypt data, I would try decrypting it with a key and see if the decryption returned nonsense. If the decryption returned meaningful data (ex. something that a natural ...
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648 views

Is a password easier to brute force if it contains a repeating pattern?

My question is different from this previous question: Does repeating one word to form a password result in a similar pattern in its encrypted format?. I'm specifically wondering about brute force ...
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2k views

how long does it take to brute force varying encryption standards?

Let's say I want to encrypt information in a database. What would be the best encryption algorithm to use and why. I was thinking AES, since it's widely used as a government standard, but if the ...
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225 views

How can Facebook possibly stop a bruteforce attack on an account?

I've been doing some research on hacking recently and I found some very interesting tutorials on brute force cracking. I have some questions to ask and I'll be using Facebook as an example. Let's say ...
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215 views

Is there any practical attack on port knocking method?

I was wondering, how can I bypass the port knocking method. Is there any public vulnerability or method for attacking port knocking services? For example: I know an SSH port is behind a port ...
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2answers
5k views

How long would it take to bruteforce an AES-128 protected pdf knowing the key is 20 letter long and that the charset is A-Z,0-9?

The question says everything, knowing that a pdf is protected using standard Adobe password encryption that comes with Acrobat Pro (which as far as i know is AES 128) how much would it take to ...
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2k views

Brute-force a passphrase, generated by `pwgen 16 -s`, of a GPG CAST5 archive

A sad story: One of our hard drives failed. While it was failing, we managed to take a quick backup. As it is our standard practice, we encrypted the backup using GPG (by however method Duplicity uses ...
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1k views

Cracking MD5 passwords with the same salt

How long would it take to crack passwords up to 10 letters long if you knew the hashes were MD5 with a salt (that you know)?
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1k views

Brute-Force GPU Password Crackers

Brute-force password cracker programs which claim GPU support include John the Ripper, ighashgpu, oclHashcat, and others. oclHashcat appears one of the more popular, but I am not sure which AMD/ATI ...
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674 views

Pointers for john the ripper rulesets

I've been pouring over the JtR ruleset documentation and making little progress. I understand how to use it to make various permutations from a given wordlist, that's fine. However, I'm trying to ...
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Cloud services - A window to outsourcing illegal activities?

Recently I was exposed to a number of stories where alleged illegal activities (for this case, we can take brute-force) are outsourced to the cloud, and are run by the cloud providers. The providers, ...
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792 views

Pen test cell-phones

A customer has asked to conduct a pen-test on the phones of employees. The target is text messages in the phones. Text messages are stored on the SIM for security reasons. Physical access to the ...