An attack using every possible input to attempt to produce the correct output. Typically the method of last resort when no weakness allows the use of a more restricted input set. E.g. trying all possible (or likely) passwords, in an attempt to guess the correct one.

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Writing your own John the Ripper module

I have a script in C, which is able to determine the password of certain data. It uses HMAC and RC4 algorithms to encrypt the given password and then compares that later to the given data. If they ...
3
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0answers
283 views

Can an attacker guess my password length from a hash? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Possible to detect password length from hash? Is doubling your password adds more security? Considering I do not provide him any personal information relating to it, are ...
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3answers
743 views

Is there an internal equivalent to fail2ban?

fail2ban is a protection against brute-force that locks a user out after a definable maximum failed login-attempts. But if a user already has access to a server with another username already fail2ban ...
2
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1answer
2k views

What are realistic rates for brute force hashing?

I'm trying to gauge password strength assuming that the attacker has a hash of my password. Can anyone cite some realistic contemporary rates at which someone could perform various hashes? I know most ...
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2answers
238 views

Slow down symetric encryption

I'm developing a program in Java. In one step data should be encrypted and exported in a file. As of now we are encrypting in AES-256 I want to slow down a possible brute force attack as much as ...
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3answers
2k views

how long does it take to brute force varying encryption standards?

Let's say I want to encrypt information in a database. What would be the best encryption algorithm to use and why. I was thinking AES, since it's widely used as a government standard, but if the ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Is a large encrypted file more secure than a small one?

Does encrypting a large file and subsequently having to decrypt a large file make it more secure than a small one when attempting to brute force it? If you have to brute force a 25GB file and a 250MB ...
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1answer
5k views

How long it will take to crack a RAR password?

I wonder how long it will take to crack 16 character alphanumeric WinRAR password for a mini supercomputer. As far as I know graphic cards are preferred over CPUs to crack passwords nowadays. If we ...
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3answers
5k views

How should I defend against TightVNC brute-force attacks?

How should I defend against this type of attack? This is a tightvnc logfile excerpt from a linode cloud server running Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise) with the ubuntu-desktop package added to the bare server. ...
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1answer
119 views

How much does knowing the zxcvbn password strength help an attacker?

On an answer to the question How critical is it to keep your password length secret?, Mike Ounsworth commented that by storing the zxcvbn-calculated entropy of a password you make it easier for an ...
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1answer
87 views

Long passwords and key derivation functions

Not being a security expert, I have a rather theoratical question that I have been thinking about for quite a while now: Let's imagine an encryption software that takes a user-provided password, ...
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2answers
9k views

How long would it take to bruteforce an AES-128 protected pdf knowing the key is 20 letter long and that the charset is A-Z,0-9?

The question says everything, knowing that a pdf is protected using standard Adobe password encryption that comes with Acrobat Pro (which as far as i know is AES 128) how much would it take to ...
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1answer
359 views

Is there an equation to calculate the number of instances of a series of characters exist in a given key space?

If I'm using 16-18 character-length passwords with 94 different possible values-per-character (lower alphas, upper alphas, numbers, and special characters), is there an equation I can use to calculate ...
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2answers
214 views

Slowing down repeated password attacks

I've been reading suggestions to use time-consuming formulas for checking passwords from login attempts, so that repeated attacks will be slowed down. Wouldn't it suffice to just sleep a bit in the ...
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2answers
5k views

How do you bruteforce decrypt data if you don't know what you are looking for?

If I wanted to brute-force decrypt data, I would try decrypting it with a key and see if the decryption returned nonsense. If the decryption returned meaningful data (ex. something that a natural ...
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2answers
787 views

Is a password easier to brute force if it contains a repeating pattern?

My question is different from this previous question: Does repeating one word to form a password result in a similar pattern in its encrypted format?. I'm specifically wondering about brute force ...
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1answer
323 views

Is there any practical attack on port knocking method?

I was wondering, how can I bypass the port knocking method. Is there any public vulnerability or method for attacking port knocking services? For example: I know an SSH port is behind a port ...
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1answer
2k views

Brute-force a passphrase, generated by `pwgen 16 -s`, of a GPG CAST5 archive

A sad story: One of our hard drives failed. While it was failing, we managed to take a quick backup. As it is our standard practice, we encrypted the backup using GPG (by however method Duplicity uses ...
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1answer
2k views

Cracking MD5 passwords with the same salt

How long would it take to crack passwords up to 10 letters long if you knew the hashes were MD5 with a salt (that you know)?
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1answer
2k views

Hydra bruteforce and JSON

I am having problems with Hydra and a JSON payload. The login request (intercepted with Fiddler), is the following: POST http://architectureservice.test.com/api/v1/login HTTP/1.1 Host: ...
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1answer
1k views

Brute-Force GPU Password Crackers

Brute-force password cracker programs which claim GPU support include John the Ripper, ighashgpu, oclHashcat, and others. oclHashcat appears one of the more popular, but I am not sure which AMD/ATI ...
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1answer
748 views

Pointers for john the ripper rulesets

I've been pouring over the JtR ruleset documentation and making little progress. I understand how to use it to make various permutations from a given wordlist, that's fine. However, I'm trying to ...
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2answers
225 views

Cloud services - A window to outsourcing illegal activities?

Recently I was exposed to a number of stories where alleged illegal activities (for this case, we can take brute-force) are outsourced to the cloud, and are run by the cloud providers. The providers, ...
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1answer
839 views

Pen test cell-phones

A customer has asked to conduct a pen-test on the phones of employees. The target is text messages in the phones. Text messages are stored on the SIM for security reasons. Physical access to the ...
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4answers
602 views

One-Time-Passwords resist against bruteforce attacks? Immune Alternative?

Does a One-Time-Password like Google Authenticator or YubiKey protect against brute force attacks with unlimited computer power? If not, what algorithems are immune to bruteforce attacks against ...
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2answers
137 views

Are repeating random patterns weaker than non repeating random patterns?

Which would be harder to crack: a password comprising of n characters randomly selected or a password comprising of x randomly selected characters repeated m times so that m*x=n. For example: ...
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1answer
152 views

Username Enumeration as a Threat

I have found a Username Enumeration Vulnerability through which I am able to determine whether a particular user is registered with that site. While trying to brute force, after 5 attempts it asks for ...
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1answer
172 views

Given a hash, salt, charset and password length, how do you get the password without brute-forcing it?

I got that question on an exercise and I'm not sure what to answer. Without conventional brute-forcing and without a rainbow table, how could I find out the password? An improved brute-force ...
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1answer
849 views

How large RSA-keys could the worlds combined computer power factorize in reasonable time?

If you combined every microprocessor on earth into one humongous computational cluster, how large RSA-keys could you factor in reasonable time (lets say a few years)? I know from reading the answers ...
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2answers
916 views

Can you crack a Mailinator “Alternate Inbox Name?”

From their FAQ: What are "Alternate Inbox Names" ? There are 2 ways to get email into any given inbox. When you check an inbox, listed at the top is the Alternate Inbox name. Emailing that alternate ...
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2answers
209 views

ASLR in Ubuntu 11.10

In many of the exploits I see nowadays, brute forcing is a common method of bypassing ASLR on 32 bit machines. However, many of these exploits crash the current process, for example, PHP. Isn't the ...
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1answer
7k views

How to use http-get-form in THC-Hydra?

I've been messing with Hydra (Brute Force) to solve the "Damn Vulnerable Web App" brute force section but the problem is when I use http-get-form it said: Warning: child 1 seems to have died, ...
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1answer
53 views

Avoid brute-force enumeration of customers in a SaaS application

I'm involved in the development of a SaaS application. We host the application for different customers. A customer is a company. Each customer gets access to their hosted instance of the application ...
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2answers
321 views

Temporarily save failed logins password hashes for using against brute force attack

My question is about online brute force attacks, that try to authenticate in the website. 1) For the first case if the requests are coming from the same ip, I think this are relatively easy as after ...
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0answers
95 views

Why does Hydra not stop when it finds a password? [closed]

Why does Hydra 8.1 not stop when it finds a password? I am using the -P option with a file that has over 5 Million passwords in it and the correct SSH password is located at approx. line 2100, but ...
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0answers
4k views

Linux Hydra issue - random correct password success

I have an issue with Hydra when I use it. I have tried the same command lines given in guides directly supported by the Damn Vulnerable Web Application (DVWA) v1.8. Ok so.. here is my attempt ...
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4answers
18k views

Brute-force an SSH-login that has only a 4-letter password

Suppose, you know that a certain computer is only protected by such a short password, then you could just try every possible combination easily. How would a script look like, that tries to crack that ...
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1answer
424 views

Use brute force to mitigate brute force

Just an idea I had, and I am sure there is a lot of material about this subject, so I am looking for a pointer as to where I can find more information. My idea is this... When storing a password in ...
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2answers
560 views

Known password length, brute force character in place?

We all know that brute forcing is a very slow process and trying all unnecessary possibilities is dumb. By knowing the password length, we can skip trying possibilities of other password lengths and ...
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5answers
350 views

Is there something similar to DNSBL's for protecting against forceful browsing?

I want to protect a couple of Apache webservers against forceful browsing. Lately there have been multiple scans querying for non-existent applications on them like phpMyAdmin, notably known for their ...
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1answer
454 views

Reporting an IP address

This morning while checking /var/log/secure to troubleshoot an issue with my Centos VPS, I found that there has been too many SSH bruteforce attempts from 54.93.174.60 for the past couple of days. I ...
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2answers
171 views

do ISPs implement security measures?

For example, if a user is receiving a denial of service attack, with huge amounts of packets being sent to him to disrupt his service, will the ISP notice and stop the offending traffic? Another ...
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2answers
390 views

Seeking advice on how to build a box to brute force hashes? [closed]

I work in a startup security firm, and I need to build a GPU-based to brute force password/hashes, which can be used to validate password strength and test hashing algorithms. I expect some high ...
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2answers
2k views

Brute force alphanumeric password using JohnTheRipper

I recently recovered a zip archive with some files I need access to, but I can't remember the password. All I can remember is that the password was short (around 3-4 characters), and contained only ...
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2answers
305 views

In what situations can a hacker try to break passwords millions of times? [duplicate]

I keep reading about situations where a hacker could "easily" brute force a password (most recent example) but I'm confused about when some has an opportunity to do this kind of thing. If it is a ...
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1answer
905 views

How bruteforce works code wise

I was wondering how bruteforce methods work from a code level. How does the code get access to a login page for example and insert information into the necessary fields? And is the code able to ...
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4answers
933 views

Our logs showing a lot of SSH brute force attacks originating on Port 11

this forum has been brilliant so far. Just wondering if I can get a bit more help: Can I get some info on a large amount of SSH brute force attacks originating from port 11 on the external host over ...
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2answers
295 views

Session Hijacking through sessionId brute-forcing possible?

cookies usually contain a sessionId to keep track of a logged user. What would prevent a malicious user to forge millions of requests with random sessionIds and send them to a server, hoping to ...
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3answers
476 views

Brute Force In Order Or Random?

Which is faster, on average to find the original plain text of a hash: brute force in-order, or with random plaintexts?
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2answers
1k views

Password Protected Zip: if attacker had one file, can use it to decrypt all files?

Consider a folder containing the following files: (file1.txt, file2.doc, file3.pdf) all zipped and password protected, if attacker had one of these file, can use it for decrypting all without knowing ...