An attack using every possible input to attempt to produce the correct output. Typically the method of last resort when no weakness allows the use of a more restricted input set. E.g. trying all possible (or likely) passwords, in an attempt to guess the correct one.

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Storing Social Security Numbers in a Database

I'm developing an online application that needs the user's social security number. The application won't be processed on the web server so I'll be using an asymmetric key. So a compromised web server ...
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1answer
290 views

Brute force attack [closed]

I'm trying to make a simple script (brute force attack) on Joomla to try if it works. #! /usr/bin/python import re #regex import urllib import urllib2 x = urllib2.urlopen("http://www.demosite.center/...
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625 views

'http_login' metasploit module isn't able to Brute Force the target. Any suggestions? [closed]

I'm trying to Brute force the http Basic authentication on the domain pentesteracademylab.appspot.com The complete path is pentesteracademylab.appspot.com/lab/webapp/basicauth I'm using the ...
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1answer
969 views

how to get cookies from aspx site to use it with hydra

I've been playing around with Hydra and .aspx site and I've hit a bit of a snag - Hydra responds letting me know that the first 16 passwords in my password list are correct when none of them are. ...
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37 views

THC-Hydra - one good pass = shows all valid [duplicate]

As in title. I'm testing my router security and I came up with problem. hydra 192.168.0.1 http-get-form "/:un=^USER^&pw=^PASS^:User Name or Password is incorrect." -L usernames -P passwords ...
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5k views

Linux Hydra issue - random correct password success

I have an issue with Hydra when I use it. I have tried the same command lines given in guides directly supported by the Damn Vulnerable Web Application (DVWA) v1.8. Ok so.. here is my attempt output....
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1answer
2k views

Brute Forcing Domain Controller

I have a MS-Server2K3 domain controller that also serves as a Exchange server. Due to recent network speed loss and issues I began looking at event logs and noticed an exceptionally large number of ...
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1answer
1k views

Distributed IMAP-Dictionary-Attack-Tool?

I have a client with a hacked IMAP-Account, and the attacker(s) made thousands of password-attempts, probably with a fixed set of passwords, from different IPs before they got in. After successful ...
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3answers
3k views

Number of AES-256 operations per second on a maximized Cray XE6

How many FLOPs does one AES-256 operation take in ECB mode? How many AES-256 operations in ECB mode can a maximized Cray XE6 perform per second? Cray states that it can be scaled to over 1 million ...
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3answers
98 views

How does encryption force a processor to “pause”?

I'm often told that encryption forces processors to "make a pause" when performing the math to decrypt a hash, which is why brute forcing can take so long. I don't understand what it means for a ...
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2answers
715 views

Bruteforce Passphrase of Dictionary Words

Consider the all lowercase passphrase: "lazy fox haggles treaty" Assume all four words are in a dictionary of 2000. Bruteforcing word combinations, how long does it take to crack this password at ...
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2answers
5k views

What are the methods to crack WPA and WPA2? [closed]

Is there any method other than brute force and dictionary attacks to break WPA and WPA2?
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1answer
38 views

Is HTTP POST insecure?

Is it possible to perform a MITM attack or even bruteforce a HTTP POST? If so how does one perform an attack and how can a developer protect his/her site from such an attack?
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1answer
377 views

When bruteforcing a WiFi network password, Can that admin see it?

When bruteforcing a captured packet containing the encrypted password, can the owner/admin of the router see each auth attempt? I'm assuming you just encrypt each passphrase in the dictionary file and ...
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1answer
249 views

Can a botnet be used to effectively break encryption keys?

Can a botnet amass and coordinate enough computing power to break encryption keys that are typically considered to be secure (through brute force)? If this is the case, do we need to make our ...
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1answer
13k views

Cracking a web form based logon with hydra [closed]

How do I have to use hydra on a web form? What I have done so far: I already successfully used hydra on a folder with an HTTP authentication: http://localhost/test/authtest/ with user admin and ...
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1answer
153 views

Brute force a hard drive when most of the password is known

I need to access a hard drive that is encrypted with LUKS. The password provided is incorrect, however it is only incorrect by a character or so. The password itself is very strong and above 30 ...
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2answers
86 views

Library or service for rate limiting credit card transactions by IP [closed]

I have a simple product ordering form. A hacker is attempting to validate stolen credit card numbers by making two orders per minute with a bot. 99% of the orders are declined but some are completed....
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4answers
191 views

Confidentiality of file hashes

Context: I have a directory full of sensitive company files. I want to compare these files with a colleague at a remote location, without the need for a secure connection. Is it safe for me to ...
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2answers
122 views

How do you overcome the problem of the salt being public and known by the attacker? [duplicate]

I believe that when adding a salt to the password you need to store the values so you can compute the hash again. But, what does happen if the attacker get the salt? How is it possible to add value ...
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1answer
75 views

Is encryption less resistant to brute-forcing compared to hashing?

I understand that a hashing algorithm like bcrypt uses several rounds of hashing to make it computationally expensive for a brute-force attack. How does encryption work against a brute-force attack? I ...
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3answers
28k views

How long will it take to crack a 10-15 character winrar password? [closed]

Ok, long story short, I'm currious how long it would take an agency to crack a 10-15 character winrar password. The file names in the archive are also scrambled including a word at the start and ...
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2answers
300 views

Cracking a password Protected pdf file using John the ripper

What exactly happens after I provide the hash from the pdf file to John for cracking the password? Does John extract just the password hash from the file and work on it, or is there something else?
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1answer
91 views

Can a brute force attack be certainly prevented on a unix/linux shell?

I've been getting kind of curious about computer security. I know brute force has been discussed a fair bit on Stack, but I want to elaborate a bit by asking, "Is it possible to /certainly/ stop ...
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1answer
68 views

Can an old fashioned crypt encrypted file be brute forced, if so how?

If I encrypt a file using the old Unix/Linux crypt() function, how can it be decrypted or attacked? I understand how a password file (for example) is attacked, you guess passwords, run them through ...
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1answer
131 views

Ignoring collision and (second) pre-image resistance, what makes a cryptographic hash function strong?

With regards to resistance against dictionary and brute-force attacks to "crack" hashes containing passwords, what determines the resistance of a cryptographic hash function? Since collision ...
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1answer
119 views

Why doesn't SSH use a better algorithm for encrypting keys?

According to the answers in this question, SSH still uses a very basic algorithm for encrypting keys with a passphrase, which can be attacked at a rate of billions tries per second using dedicated ...
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2answers
2k views

Bruteforcing blowfish

I am quite new to encryption and recently played around with blowfish (openssl's implemenation). I am using a 23 character password (case-sensitive alphanumeric random). I estimate the entropy to be ...
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1answer
221 views

What is the best way to generate a password/pin like string using brute force method? [closed]

I have a string of 7 characters. I'm supposed to generate all the combinations. But some combinations are more likely than others, I would like the more likely ones to be generated first. If I ...
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1answer
2k views

Hydra gives wrong answers

Problem: Hydra keeps giving me incorrect passwords every time. I'm using brute-force via Hydra to guess the correct password on a certain website. First of all I used BurpSuite to intercept the page ...
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2answers
54 views

How would I brute-force a Bitlocker recovery key?

I have imaged a hard disk and used passware, but to no avail - it says Encryption key External key, and not the actual key. How do you think I would go about brute forcing it? Lets assume I had ...
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1answer
195 views

Why IOS on IPhone cannot be brute-forced programatically? [duplicate]

I am interested in the recent Apple case where FBI wants to get access, but they say it's not technically possible other than creating a new OS (or I guess just modifying the existing one). More ...
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1answer
293 views

How to brute-force WPA-2 password of specific set of characters using oclHashcat?

I want to test oclHashcat on a WPA-2 PSK password of length 8 containing only characters in the set {a-z, A-Z, 0-9}. To do this I have already captured the handshake in a .cap file and converted it ...
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1answer
122 views

Prevent brute force attacks on web publishing logins

Presumably, if someone tries to brute force into your website's control panel at your web host's site - they will be throttled/locked-out etc. But what about the web publishing logins (Web-Deploy, ...
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2answers
528 views

Brute force time estimation - random sequence

I would like to ask if there are 2^1000 possibilities to choose from, how long would it take go through them all on average? (in terms of min, hours or years) Note: This is not necessary related to ...
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2answers
4k views

Scan all possible files on server (Brute force Filenames)

I'm not sure if I'm right here, but I just wanted to know if there is a tool that scans all possible filename combinations on a server and tells you what filenames the server responded to. So it would ...
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1answer
2k views

How to use multiple charsets in hashcat

I wanted to use a brute force attack on hashcat but WPA/WPA2 networks are 8-64 characters long and they have multiple possibilities of a password. I was wondering if there was a way to use multiple ...
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1answer
916 views

THC Hydra 16 Valid Passwords? [duplicate]

So when i do hydra -l Admin -P "rockyou.txt" -s 80 192.168.13.1 http-get / it doesnt work for me, it says all 16 passwords are valid, but none of them works, can anyone help me with this? I tried ...
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3answers
294 views

User Account Guessing [duplicate]

I'm doing some research on user account guessing, and wanted to ask a question about some "bad practices". My thought is generally this is a trade-off between great user functionality/UX and security....
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2answers
242 views

Showing CAPTCHA

I'd like to show a CAPTCHA to prevent brute forcing attempts, but I was thinking of showing it whenever a user fails for an invalid username/password combination after X attempts, regardless of ...
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1answer
82 views

Find hash-function if original and hash are given? [duplicate]

I was thinking whether or not you can find the hash function(s) used if you have the original message and the hash. So assume that no salt is used during the hashing process, just multiple hashing and ...
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1answer
2k views

Testing Basic Authentication with ncrack

I'm conducting some basic pen testing against a page protected with Basic Authentication. I've sucessfully tested with Medusa and Hydra but am struggling to get the syntax correct for ncrack. The ...
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1answer
50 views

Does restarting an encrypted session increase security and deter attacks?

When a user initiates a SSH connection for example, keys are exchanged and a session is established with a new "passphrase" each time. If an attacker were to attempt to brute force this connection, ...
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1answer
62 views

Retrieve password of an encrypted hard drive [on hold]

I have a hard drive that uses hardware encryption. After not using it for a while, I have forgotten a code which is needed to reset the drive, but doesn't give access to any data. The window for this ...
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1answer
81 views

Robots trying to login to Azure VM when SSH port is closed in manager

I have many robots trying to do SSH login in a Azure VM. In the resource manager SSH is disabled but attacker IPs are public, as you can see below, where I copy a log for auth.log (I have an Ubuntu ...
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1answer
32 views

Attacking encrypted storage vs attacking memory [duplicate]

I want to create a generative password manager. Generative password managers generate passwords based on seeds such as the master password and the website's URL. In contrast, most password managers ...
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0answers
38 views

Tool/Python script to generate word list [duplicate]

Is there a tool or specific Python script to performs the following to generate a word list: able to set minimum amount of letters such as 8 able to set maximum amount of letters such as 15 use ...
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23 views

Cyrus-Imap (v2.3.16) local logon attack

CentOS-6.7 Cyrus-IMAP-2.3.16 The host inet07.hamilton.harte-lyne.ca is our IMAP server host. It offers imap and pop3 publicly. I uses local accounts (/etc/passwd) for imap/pop3 authentication only....
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0answers
36 views

What is a straightforward way to brute force CLI applications?

This is a question to maybe more CTF-experienced guys among you. I wonder how you generally brute force a simple CLI application. For example if you have an application which tells you a user's data ...
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0answers
101 views

Hydra command for cracking a webpage which uses <span> tag for failed login attempts

I'm trying to for crack a simple webform for testing hydra in Kali. When the webpage encounters a wrong username and password combination it pops up a message using the following html code:: <tr&...