An attack using every possible input to attempt to produce the correct output. Typically the method of last resort when no weakness allows the use of a more restricted input set. E.g. trying all possible (or likely) passwords, in an attempt to guess the correct one.

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8
votes
2answers
124 views

What concrete parameters can I change to make my passphrase-protected private gpg key more secure

There are several questions which discuss the resistance of passphrase-protected private gpg keys against brute force attacks. It seems, this kind of discussion could go on forever. Rather than ...
14
votes
5answers
1k views

What is the difference between login throttling and temporary account lockout? [closed]

I am currently working on the redesign of a login page. I have initially suggested that login be throttled whereby pauses (incremental - in number of seconds) are introduced between each failed login ...
1
vote
0answers
3k views

Linux Hydra issue - random correct password success

I have an issue with Hydra when I use it. I have tried the same command lines given in guides directly supported by the Damn Vulnerable Web Application (DVWA) v1.8. Ok so.. here is my attempt ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Long passwords and key derivation functions

Not being a security expert, I have a rather theoratical question that I have been thinking about for quite a while now: Let's imagine an encryption software that takes a user-provided password, ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Can everyone find the pictures one sends over whatsapp?

I was trying out a whatsapp compatible chat application on my laptop. Someone sent me a picture and I received a link to that picture on the whatsapp server. Everyone who visits the link can see the ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Why hydra doesn't return a valid username&password with a valid supplied username&password [migrated]

I'm just trying out hydra to test this case. I have php file running with apache web server named 'index.php' as following: <?php $login = 'admin'; $password = 'r00t'; ?> <html> ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Reporting an IP address

This morning while checking /var/log/secure to troubleshoot an issue with my Centos VPS, I found that there has been too many SSH bruteforce attempts from 54.93.174.60 for the past couple of days. I ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Cracking WPA2 using Intel HD Graphics GPU [migrated]

I use Linux Kali and yesterday have captured a WPA handshake of my network. I want to crack it's password - but my CPU with aircrack-ng checks only about 2000 keys per second. In my laptop I have got ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Can a botnet be used to effectively break encryption keys?

Can a botnet amass and coordinate enough computing power to break encryption keys that are typically considered to be secure (through brute force)? If this is the case, do we need to make our ...
4
votes
1answer
697 views

Can this be a DoS Attack?

When I'm checking my log, I found like 15k events of " PAM service(sshd) ignoring max retries; 6 > 3 " I know this might be normal, and considered as Brute-Force attack, but can it be classified as ...
1
vote
2answers
131 views

Why is the brute force search time for hashing algorithms 2^(num_bits / 2)?

I noticed that the brute force times (the time it takes to find a message that hashes to a given hash) of various hashing algorithms seems to be 2^(num_bits / 2). For example, people say that brute ...
3
votes
1answer
252 views

Perfectly Robust Hashing Scheme, or Completely Over-Engineered?

This is going to get long, so prepare. Basis of the question is, Do all these steps improve security, or am I completely overthinking the problem? Are my assumptions/thought process valid? We all ...
-2
votes
2answers
65 views

Strength of WPA passwords

How long would it take to crack an 8 letter (latin alphabet, lowercase) password of a WPA PSK network? Is it in reach of a single PC running hashCat?
1
vote
4answers
148 views

Is there any defense against Brute-Force done on a local encrypted file?

Let me start off by saying I don't know very much about encryption, hashing, cracking, etc. I'm just a typical computer enthusiasts, programmer and researcher with many questions. So, I've discovered ...
0
votes
0answers
206 views

Is the password “Z” more secure than the password “a”? [duplicate]

Okay, I guess it's not possible to call one-letter-passwords "secure" - so let's compare ZZZZZZZZZZ with aaaaaaaaaa. Both are using the same character pool [A-z], so the number of combinations for a ...
5
votes
1answer
298 views

Wordpress Brute Force Attacker knows real admin Username -

I've noticed a brute force attempt on several different Wordpress installs that know the right admin user name for those respective sites... It seems very strange that the hacker would be able to ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Is there any practical attack on port knocking method?

I was wondering, how can I bypass the port knocking method. Is there any public vulnerability or method for attacking port knocking services? For example: I know an SSH port is behind a port ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Can the aproximated date on which a given Encryption Algorithm will become prone to brute force be predicted?

I have a very elementary understanding about encryption so this question may have false assumptions, Lets take an encryption algorithm that is impractical to break through bruteforce with today's ...
2
votes
4answers
133 views

One-Time-Passwords resist against bruteforce attacks? Immune Alternative?

Does a One-Time-Password like Google Authenticator or YubiKey protect against brute force attacks with unlimited computer power? If not, what algorithems are immune to bruteforce attacks against ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

How do you bruteforce decrypt data if you don't know what you are looking for?

If I wanted to brute-force decrypt data, I would try decrypting it with a key and see if the decryption returned nonsense. If the decryption returned meaningful data (ex. something that a natural ...
3
votes
1answer
408 views

Closely spaced failed logins in auth.log

I have a raspberry-pi (running GNU/Linux) and I recently allowed my router to forward port 22 (ssh) to the raspberry-pi so that I could log in while away from home. I then noticed a bunch of ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

How can hackers guess passwords (using dictionary attack or brute force) without being locked out?

Nowadays almost every website you want to register in; is asking you to create a complicated password...But why cant we use simple passwords? I am just wondering because in case of multiple wrong ...
6
votes
5answers
27k views

How to generete dictionary for brute force attack?

I need to crack my own password. Advantage is that I know possible characters and maximum length. What I need is to create dictionary for brute force attack. Dictionary should contain all the combos ...
0
votes
2answers
110 views

Bruteforcing blowfish

I am quite new to encryption and recently played around with blowfish (openssl's implemenation). I am using a 23 character password (case-sensitive alphanumeric random). I estimate the entropy to be ...
1
vote
1answer
581 views

Bruteforce using crunch and Aircrack (custom starting number?)

I'm trying to do a Bruteforce attack on a handshake taken from my wireless network that is not WPS enabled. The reason I'm doing it is because I'm testing how strong a 10 digit phone number is as a ...
-2
votes
4answers
11k views

Brute-force an SSH-login that has only a 4-letter password

Suppose, you know that a certain computer is only protected by such a short password, then you could just try every possible combination easily. How would a script look like, that tries to crack that ...
3
votes
1answer
474 views

How resistant is the iPhone encryption against brute-force attacks?

I just read the following paragraph in an article from the New York Times about Apple encrypting iPhones by default): Breaking the code, according to an Apple technical guide, could take “more ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

Why don't sites implement a system where a wrong password causes a 3 second delay?

I am into bitcoin right now, and the password threats scare me a little... Not so much for me, because I use LastPass and generate new passwords at 20 characters and it includes symbols, upper and ...
8
votes
4answers
987 views

Can anti-CSRF token prevent bruteforce attack?

I am not much experienced with brute force attacks but I was wondering Suppose, you have a website www.example.com and you want to do brute force attack on that login form but that login form is ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the differences between dictionary attack and brute force attack?

Can someone explain the major differences between a Brute force attack and a Dictionary attack. Does the term rainbow table has any relation with these?
-1
votes
1answer
226 views

How to prevent ddos and brute-force attack by restricting IP's on Wordpress website

I want to make wp-login.php and/or wp-admin accessible only from one country. If I want wp-login.php access only from USA then my approach from .htaccess is like below <Files wp-login.php> ...
0
votes
1answer
210 views

THC Hydra 16 Valid Passwords? [duplicate]

So when i do hydra -l Admin -P "rockyou.txt" -s 80 192.168.13.1 http-get / it doesnt work for me, it says all 16 passwords are valid, but none of them works, can anyone help me with this? I tried ...
16
votes
6answers
2k views

Is there a brute-force attack similar to what they demonstrate in movies [duplicate]

Since I was a teenager (that's 20 years ago) and till now-days you see movies with professionals stealing a super-computer and use it to crack a password or a home security system using brute-force (I ...
4
votes
6answers
4k views

How can I generate custom brute-force dictionaries?

I have found during testing that companies often use variations of their names for critical passwords (for example Microsoft's password might be M1cr0s0f+ or m1cros0ft etc etc). So if I gave it the ...
-1
votes
1answer
125 views

Is there a benefit to encrypting a file multiple times? [duplicate]

If I had to store a text file with some confidential information on the cloud, would encrypting the file multiple times (say, 3) with different passwords using WinRAR (AES with a 256 bit key) provide ...
-1
votes
1answer
89 views

Where can I find good word list for MySQL 5? [closed]

I wonder where can I find good collections of dictionaries which can be used for MySQL 5 dictionary attack? I just need MySQL 5 word lists / dictionaries. I found a lot of MD5, SHA1, etc. but not ...
-3
votes
2answers
148 views

Time it takes to crack a password on site like yahoo [closed]

I have a question. If you were using a password brute force/dictionary attack utility on a site like yahoo or another site, how long would it take to crack a password like Jah13Wootiang if Wootiang is ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Temporarily save failed logins password hashes for using against brute force attack

My question is about online brute force attacks, that try to authenticate in the website. 1) For the first case if the requests are coming from the same ip, I think this are relatively easy as after ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Why do so many cracking attempts originate from China?

I recently put a Linux server online and it didn't take long until I had the first attempts to brute-force the SSH login. It's not that I am worried about that - I trust the security of my server. But ...
6
votes
4answers
23k views

Bruteforce on 10 characters length WPA2 password

I'm trying to hack my own WPA2 network for learning purposes. I have the *.cap file generated by aircrack-ng tools after a WPA handshake. I've tested by including my own password and a bunch of ...
-4
votes
7answers
857 views

Are passwords made up from concatenating a few foreign words better than shorter random characters? [duplicate]

Does it make sense to insert a foreign word into a paraphrase to mitigate against brute force? For example: "pussiMeansCatInEskimo" "caballoMeansHorse" "CatIsGatto" "SalopeMeansBitch" ...
1
vote
2answers
489 views

Brute force alphanumeric password using JohnTheRipper

I recently recovered a zip archive with some files I need access to, but I can't remember the password. All I can remember is that the password was short (around 3-4 characters), and contained only ...
1
vote
2answers
99 views

do ISPs implement security measures?

For example, if a user is receiving a denial of service attack, with huge amounts of packets being sent to him to disrupt his service, will the ISP notice and stop the offending traffic? Another ...
-1
votes
4answers
75 views

Confidentiality of file hashes

Context: I have a directory full of sensitive company files. I want to compare these files with a colleague at a remote location, without the need for a secure connection. Is it safe for me to ...
0
votes
3answers
161 views

Safety of Password Hashing Using bcrypt Done on Client Side

I am currently using a technique where I send the username/password in cleartext (using https) to the server, which then does bcrypt and compares to the db. Standard practice. It is considered safe. ...
0
votes
3answers
118 views

User Account Guessing [duplicate]

I'm doing some research on user account guessing, and wanted to ask a question about some "bad practices". My thought is generally this is a trade-off between great user functionality/UX and ...
-1
votes
1answer
199 views

Cracking a 6-character alphanumeric password Windows dialog box

To put this problem in context, I have a touch monitor screen whose firmware program is protected by a password. The firmware program is downloaded over RS232 via a Windows utility program provided ...
4
votes
8answers
263 views

Does it take longer to brute force a password starting with z than one starting with a?

I was wondering about the following: If someone tries to get my password with Brute Force, will a password starting with "a" guessed faster than one starting with "z" ? In this case assume the ...
4
votes
4answers
463 views

Hashing a key: less entropy than the key itself

A web API needs to store a 'key' for authentication, in much the same fashion as a password but at 128 characters. My concern is that the salted SHA1 hash for the key has less entropy than the key ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Showing CAPTCHA

I'd like to show a CAPTCHA to prevent brute forcing attempts, but I was thinking of showing it whenever a user fails for an invalid username/password combination after X attempts, regardless of ...