Certificate authorities verify the owner information of certificates by signing them.

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2
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1answer
28 views

Website Implementing https site w/ self signed certs and CA

Q: How best to handle the issue of security warnings for a website using certificates from its own CA (ie, selfsigned)? I am some what torn on how to do this - I have a number of implementaiton ...
0
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2answers
41 views

Is there a Standard Verification process for Certificate Authorities to follow?

So the premise of the question is to quantify the risk of wild card certificates versus regular certificates. From my research the greatest fundamental danger of wild card certificates is the ...
0
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1answer
72 views

Can I create an SSL certificate on windows signed with the machine's certificate?

From MMC > Certificates I can see there's a certificate for the current machine under 'Trusted Root Certification Authorities > Certficates'. e.g. on my workstation called 'RoryWorkstation1' there's a ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Re-Use Client Certifactes

I have a legacy web application where user are identified and authenticated with client certificates. Now, customer wants to use the same client certificate to authenticate against a newly created web ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Will Let's Encrypt require SNI from the operators?

I'm curious if anyone knows whether the upcoming Let's Encrypt initiative would effectively require SNI. What I mean is, with the proliferation of the cloud, almost every web-site owner, even with ...
3
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1answer
44 views

Installing a CA only for specific domains

For many reasons, it's often convenient for organizations to have their own CA (self-signed or otherwise). As I understand it, adding the CA certificate to a OS or browser will make it trust the ...
0
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0answers
42 views

Self-signed certificates, CA and stacking

I have a server running a number of virtual hosts. I have setup as a "self-CA" and then created and signed certs for each of the virtual hosts. In running the SSL labs testing, it always complains ...
-1
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1answer
70 views

Android phone (Kitkat) list A LOTS of CA under setting->security->Trusted credential,

My Android phone (Kitkat) list a LOTS of CA under setting->security->Trusted credential, does it mean that anyone who has accessed to anyone of those private keys of those CA(s) can monitor or do "Man ...
5
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1answer
101 views

How does “Let's Encrypt” provides authenticity?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Let's_Encrypt https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_security#Authenticity AFAIK with "Let's_Encrypt", we could create HTTPS websites with only one command. ...
0
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2answers
56 views

How do certificates work in protecting against a man-in-the-middle attack? [duplicate]

As I understand it, if Alice and Bob wants to communicate securely, they must first agree on the protocols that will be used. Then they must confirm that they are indeed communicating with each other. ...
0
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2answers
35 views

Security of certificate when using DNSSEC

When setting up secure server, it is suggested not to use self-signed certs and instead to be signed by a CA. Of course, post-Snowden we now know that there may be problems with CA's that could allow ...
2
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2answers
53 views

Is it possible to use an open collection of default SSL certificates for my browser?

Browsers and OSes come with a set of default SSL certificates for well known organizations, such as root certificates from CAs. I understand that the trust model is as follows: I pick (actually my ...
0
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0answers
36 views

Can't get my SSL CA to work with Apache

So I have an SSL enabled website running on Apache2. https://eamorr.com (I get a warning in my browser, as expected) I have a config file for this website at: ...
1
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0answers
19 views

Setup local Certificate Authority & integrate with SCEP

I want setup local Certificate Authority and issue X.509 certificates under my CA. In order to achieve this I am exploring following options such as: OpenSSL/OpenCA BouncyCastle Cryptographic APIs ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

PKI - Why Root CA is in intermediate CA section?

I can't understand why, when I accept to "install" a custom self signed Root CA on IE browser, the root certificate ends up in the "intermediate CA" section, rather than in "Root CA" section in the ...
4
votes
1answer
77 views

PKI Installation

I must install a PKI in my organization. I work in a windows environment. I already set an offline CA. I must now install a subordinate CA. I have the choice between installing the subordinate CA on a ...
0
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2answers
32 views

Installing and updating a CA certificate on a client

I am trying to implement a system where a client can download application packages from a server to install/update them on the client. I suppose that the client is something like a platform on an ...
0
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2answers
179 views

Security of SSL certificates bought via resellers

There are many SSL certificate resellers - some are well known enterprises with good reputation (e.g. domain name registrars) while others are small and unknown companies. It is clear that resellers ...
0
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1answer
55 views

Is a SSL CA signed certificate necessary when connecting with IP Address?

I'm currently creating a socket server, and would like to encrypt communications. The thing is, the client will connect directly to the ip without any DNS. (Every user will know the Server's IP ...
47
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1answer
3k views

Why does Windows Ship with Expired SSL Certificates?

I am cleaning up the certificate stores on my Windows machines, and considering which certificates I should keep, and which ones I should delete. Why does a fresh install of Windows Server 2012 R2 ...
0
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1answer
123 views

Should the thumbprint be SHA2 in addition to the Signature Hash Algorithm?

I'm looking at a Windows PKI and see that the Thumbprint is SHA1, while the Signature is SHA2 (SHA256). Is this an acceptable configuration? Should I recommend that the client update to SHA2 for a ...
0
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0answers
41 views

Is ADCS overkill just to replace self-signed certs?

Several of our internal applications are either not using SSL certificates, or are using self-signed certificates. I wanted to utilize ADCS to create a trusted, internal-only root CA that our browsers ...
1
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2answers
76 views

What kind of SSL certificate do I need? [duplicate]

I am making a web site which can be considered similar to Reddit in some ways. I need to implement a sign up form so I will store informations about the users. My idea is to store the username, ...
0
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2answers
49 views

Certificates - What about signing again Intermediate CA certificates?

I an thinking about this issue and it is hard to estimate technical impacts. For any relevant reasons, one want to modify one the x509 field of an intermediate CA. This intermediate CA was signed by ...
0
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1answer
98 views

MITM faking certificates

I am looking at the theory behind MITM attacks in order to see some unencrypted packets from the 3DS. From research here is what I understand so far: 3DS > Proxy > Nintendo server I am going to try ...
3
votes
2answers
83 views

Corporate PKI - SHA1 deprecation

Here is the context. Suppose you have a corporate PKI with : AC_Root (offline in safe store - SHA1 signature) SubRootA and SubrootB (offline in safe store - SHA1 signature) SubSubRootC, SubSubRootD, ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Add certificate authority to one browser only

For testing purposes, I'd like to add a "CA" to the list of trusted-CA's of one browser - and use it only for testing. I want to make sure that it won't get added to the computer's trusted CA list. ...
1
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1answer
116 views

How will SHA1 deprecation affect SHA1 roots in OS/Browser trust stores.

I understand the SHA1 deprecation policy applies to CA's issuing SHA2 end-entity certs and intermediates starting Jan 2017 but how will this policy affect the actual root certificates in OS/Browser ...
1
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2answers
111 views

Will CA's still validate internal IP's in SSL certs?

Just wondering what Certificate Authority (CA) policy is nowadays on validating someone's internal IP address in a certificate? I have heard that some CA's used to do this but won't anymore.
8
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4answers
863 views

How bad it is to install another company's root certificate to your server?

Our company uses a web server with a couple of web sites on it (private and public, over HTTP and HTTPS, some low risk and some high risk including online payments or other sensitive data for ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Client side ssl auth by signing with server key [duplicate]

So I followed this for setting up client ssl certs using openssl: http://drumcoder.co.uk/blog/2011/oct/19/client-side-certificates-web-apps/ It basically walks through creating a new CA key, and then ...
1
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2answers
75 views

Windows Firewall Connection Security with Certificate

I've been fiddling with the Windows firewall configuration of some computers within a VMWare based LAN (no domain). To aid in my testing and debugging, I created a small, self-hosted console ...
1
vote
3answers
76 views

Can any website secured using TLS can be impersonated using a rogue certificate issued by a rogue CA?

Any website secured using TLS can be impersonated using a rogue certificate issued by a rogue CA. This is irrespective of which CA issued the website’s true certificate and of any property of that ...
127
votes
4answers
14k views

Is there anything preventing the NSA from becoming a root CA?

There are now tons of Certification Authorities (CAs) that are trusted by default in major OS's, many of which are unrecognizable without online lookup or reference. While there have been attempts ...
1
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2answers
111 views

SSL Certificate Trust Model

I have been looking at the SSL Certificate Trust Model, and there is something that does not make sense. If I am correct, the trust model makes it that if there is a chain of certificates with a ...
0
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1answer
200 views

How to get SSL certificate of a mail server?

I need to get SSL certificate of some mail servers. I know I need to do execute following steps. Do a DNS mx query on the domain name (dig google.com mx). Use the information to download SSL ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

Why would Comodo SSL certs have two intermediate CAs (chain length 4)?

Comodo certs such as PositiveSSL have a chain length of 4, including two intermediate CA certs. What would be the benefit to them, or to me, of this length chain instead of a chain length of 3 with a ...
0
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2answers
82 views

is Digital Signature vulnerable on the Internet?

We all know about how Digital Signing works. I just have some questions about vulnerability risk. At first, As I know, the Signature and the Data are separated and we can split the document into two ...
6
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2answers
296 views

Where are the anonymous/private domain validation SSL certs?

I have yet to find a CA that doesn't require personal information for DV certificates. Is this because all of the major browsers and operating systems have a policy to reject CAs that don't require ...
0
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2answers
65 views

How are “Certificate Signing” key usage certificates restricted to what domains they can sign?

Many big websites use their own intermediate signing certificates to generate SSL certificates for their domains. The intermediate certificates are issued by the usual root CAs but have a "Certificate ...
0
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1answer
141 views

Can anyone with access to root CA private key decrypt HTTPS traffic?

Can anyone with access to root CA private key decrypt HTTPS traffic of sites using certificate signed by that CA ? and if yes do he need to be man-in-the-middle or just monitoring traffic is ...
0
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1answer
163 views

Why are CA's now signing root certs with SHA2?

I see that CA's are now giving the option of having the root CA cert signed with SHA2. I have been told that the hashing function in a root has no security value, and is irrelevant as far as a ...
0
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2answers
154 views

Can Subject Alternative Name(SAN) Certificate install on different Web Server or OS?

Let say: application.house.com apache tomcat : physical server email.house.com apache tomcat : virtual finance.house.com Oracle Wallet Manager : physical server ...
0
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0answers
44 views

What certificate attributes can I check to verify if an issuer is correct?

Apologies if this is a duplicate question. I thought I saw this discussed earlier but couldn't find the thread when searching. What attribute can I check to verify if I have the correct ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Are certificate authorities required to obey to the signature algorithm (hashing) specified in the CSR?

I was playing a little bit with signature algorithms, trying to determine which CAs among the ones I use are currently issuing SHA2 certificates. I generated a CSR specifying the SHA256 hash (either ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Must the distinguished subject name of an issued SSL Certificate match that of the generated Certificate Signing Request?

For example: from Issued SSL Certificate: CN = abc.com.my, OU = Room, O = House, C = MY from generated CSR: CN = abc.com.my, OU = Room , O = House, L = KL, ST = KL , C = MY Is it legal for a ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

OpenVPN: Storage location and creation of keys/certificates?

I am re-setting up some OpenVPN infrastructure to be more secure than the original and wanted some guidance. It's noted that the best security policy is to keep the Certificate Authority (CA) offline ...
8
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2answers
339 views

What happens when certificates further up the chain expires before mine? (Equifax/GeoTrust)

I just bought a certificate from RapidSSL. Looking up the chain, I found GeoTrust who is signed by Equifax. Then I realized that the ”Equifax Secure Certificate Authority” is due to expire on ...
0
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2answers
219 views

Problem with OpenSSL rejecting CA possibly due to 12 digit Serial No

I work as a tester at a VoIP software company. We've been running into a problem with using TLS to communicate with certain phones. The phones are from different manufacturers but both exhibit the ...
1
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1answer
87 views

How to convert SSL Certificate for mobile app?

I am in the current process of renewing my SSL cert for my website. I also have a mobile app for my site. I want to use the same cert from my website in my mobile app. How can I do this? Thanks - I ...