A Certificate Authority is the collection of hardware, software, and people responsible for issuing certificates in a hierarchical PKI. CAs may be public, as in SSL / TLS and government IDs, or private, as in corporate infrastructures. The primary responsibility of a public CA is to verify the ...

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14 views

Should CAs refrain from declaring HSTS policies that cover CRL hosts?

CRLs are usually not served over HTTPS, which makes sense. Further, according to this related answer, some clients may refuse to follow HTTPS URLs when validating certificates. Now, suppose a ...
0
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1answer
34 views

Strange CA certificate prompt

My network went down for a minute today, then this window popped up: Can someone here clarify this for me? I was using firefox. I had google, youtube and outlook open. My name isn't even close to ...
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1answer
20 views

Use externally generated CA cert to sign CSR's in OpenSSL

I wondering if it is at all possible to use an externally generated root CA ( and by external I mean an internal root CA that was created using another tool) and use it with OpenSSL to sign a CSR? ...
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0answers
44 views

How do I find out what CA credentials certificates are OK to disable? [on hold]

I need help with figuring what is OK to disable on my certificate's and what does Hong Kong really need to be there for?
2
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1answer
52 views

Can a DNS “route” change cause an SSL certificate error?

What I mean by "route change": As a working example, mysite.example.net is set up as: mysite.example.net. 3600 IN CNAME some-other-site.elsewhere.com. ...
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0answers
17 views

How can I use unique PKI from host to client [on hold]

I have hundreds of machines i would like to have unique credentials/certs on. I also have a even more cell phones i need to run diagnostics on the machines. Is there a way i can do this? I will also ...
6
votes
3answers
262 views

what do you do when an ssl certificate expires and your app uses ssl pinning?

I originally posted this question on StackOverflow, but reposted here due to lack of responses. I am trying to decide if it's a good idea to do ssl pinning in my iOS game that uses a server to ...
8
votes
2answers
10k views

What damage could be done if a malicious certificate had an identical “Subject Key Identifier”?

I'm looking at the the Subject Key Identifier attribute of a CA certificate and am trying to understand the role it plays in validation and infer how validating client software could get it wrong. ...
1
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1answer
82 views

Standard for securing web server to client connections via HTTPS on the local area network

I am trying to set up some kind of secure client to web server connection that takes place entirely on local area networks, but I'm having trouble understanding what the recommended best practice is. ...
4
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2answers
4k views

Windows Firewall Connection Security with Certificate

I've been fiddling with the Windows firewall configuration of some computers within a VMWare based LAN (no domain). To aid in my testing and debugging, I created a small, self-hosted console ...
18
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2answers
891 views

How can I prevent that my users get a certificate issued for my domain on my behalf?

I have a domain, where some other users have access to upload files, use email, use XMPP, etc. How can I prevent that these users go to a certificate authority and get a certificate for my domain? ...
3
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0answers
44 views

How to use openssl ca with prime256v1?

I am new on encryptation world, and reading about this, mostly websites say to use the prime256v1 for better performance and security. After some days testing, finally I get my openssl CA structure ...
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3answers
32k views
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1answer
232 views

How does a Certificate Private Key get transferred on import / export?

I am fairly new to certificates in general and have setup my own standalone CA for testing purposes. I have noticed some interesting behavior of private keys which I'm trying to find some ...
3
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1answer
375 views

How to generate keystore for root signed certificate?

I need to create keystore and truststore with root signed certificates. I have these files (at this step they are identical for client and for server): client_cert.pem client_prv_key.pem ...
0
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1answer
253 views

Creating root CA to issue certificates programatically

I have to generate a self signed root CA and use it to issue to certificates programatically. I am new to security and certificates and I think I am missing some pieces required to make the whole ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Is or was it possible to register a wildcard certificate to third level subdomain?

The use of a null byte in a certificate cn is very well known… and I saw this code in a popular smtp server (who obviously thought it didn’t worth to use the gnutls or openssl for doing that kind of ...
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1answer
46 views

Creating self-signed certificate for localhost and trusting fully

As an accompanyment to a web application we plan to have a node application running as a windows service running on the client computer. This will run a small web server which will listen on port XXXX ...
4
votes
2answers
65 views

Trusting the “subject” of an x509 certificate

A bit of background. Our organization is working on a document format that will be ingested by our software. We're using the CMS format to verify the integrity (by validating the signature). The CMS ...
1
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1answer
90 views

Letsencrypt not valid in Firefox or PHP, but valid in Chromium

I just moved one of my websites to https, using Letsencrypt. I am using Linux, and my Chromium correctly verifies website certificate, but Firefox shows it as invalid. I also have an API on the ...
28
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4answers
40k views

Expired SSL Certificate Implications

What are the security implications of an expired SSL certificate? For example if an SSL certificate from a trusted CA has expired will the communication channel continue to remain secure?
7
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4answers
5k views

Clarifying self-signed certificates vs root certificate authority

I hope someone can help me understand some fundamentals on SSL certificates that I've had trouble picking up from docs, Wikipedia, and just about everywhere else on the internet. I'm working on an ...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

Why are short-lived certificates so rare?

Let's encrypt recently left beta and limits the maximal life-time of certificates to 90 days and recommends 60 days. Now whenever I start talking about the issues of certificate revocation (e.g. OCSP ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

SSL certificate and price difference [closed]

After reading this discussion, Why are there very expensive and cheap SSL same type certificates? I surfed over the internet “Symantec Secure Site Pro with EV SSL Certificates”. I found something ...
15
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5answers
2k views

What is the difference between http and https with a self-signed SSL certificate?

A colleague of mine has told me he doesn't see why there is a warning when visiting a HTTPS website with a self-signed certificate saying that the security may be compromised, but there is no warning ...
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1answer
32 views

How is PKCS#10 and x509 related?

I'm unable to make sense of them using the RFCs. Can anyone help? When I use this function, http://www.pyopenssl.org/en/stable/api/crypto.html#x509req-objects , am I creating a PKCS#10 format CSR?
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1answer
59 views

How to determine effective trust chain for cert on MacOS X?

I'm seeing some curious issues with cert verification for an Issuer: Entrust - L1K cert that was issued and is in use (per inspection of the cert in Chrome and Firefox) for an internal site here. I ...
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0answers
28 views

How to provide our customers ability to self service client certificate creation?

We have an API for B2B customers to access our platform. We require each B2B customer to have a client certificate. This is not the URL SSL certificate (https). The CN of each customer's client ...
3
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1answer
30 views

SHA 1 no impact to root certificate

I ran a scan on a server and the results of the authentication for digital certificate was as follows : Certificate 1 (root) signature algorithm: Sha256withRSA Certificate 2 (chain of trust) ...
71
votes
4answers
28k views

Are all SSL Certificates equal?

After running a few tests from Qualsys' SSL Labs tool, I saw that there were quite significant rating differences between a GoDaddy and VeriSign certificate that I have tested against. Are all SSL ...
4
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2answers
37 views

What is the difference between Digital certification revocation and retiring?

Certificate management tools use options called revocation and retiring digital certificates.Can someone explain what is the difference between both?
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1answer
33 views

which the field represents digital signature value of CA in a certificate?

Normally CA signs the certificate with its private key and produces digital signature of it.The digital signature value will be displayed in certificate. My question is what is the field name that ...
1
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0answers
67 views

HTTPS: Same certificate, different public key

I have a web server, Debian, and the site uses a HTTPS cert from Thawte. The root certificate meant to be on top of my verification chain is also on the server, in /etc/ssl/certs, because the APT ...
3
votes
0answers
72 views

Modify Certificate Subject using OpenSSL x509 Command

I'm building a CA based on the OpenSSL command line tools. I don't want to use the openssl ca tool and its file based database though, instead I create certificates using the openssl x509 tool ...
14
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4answers
7k views

SSL root certificate optional?

I may have been under the wrong impression on how servers should be setup and what certificates actually get sent over during the server hello certificate message. I came across this today from ...
4
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2answers
132 views

Certificate Chain - intermediate and root certificate - installed required?

Recently I bought a SSL cert from comodo for my domain - orakoha.com After submitting the CSR etc, domain control verification etc, I am issued with a zip file containing 4 document which I believe ...
4
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2answers
76 views

Does client send request to CA when SSL handshaking?

In other words, if Certificate Authority goes down, does this mean that all HTTPS sites that purchased SSL certs from this CA will also become unavailable?
8
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1answer
14k views

SSL certificate chain verification

After reading many articles and watching many tutorials I decided to be specific because there are some things about SSL certificate chain verification and SSL cetificate verification in general that ...
1
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2answers
65 views

understanding client certificate - pfx on the general

Today I am given a pfx and told to access a website. I have absolutely no idea what was given to me initially, so please kindly confirm my understanding on a general level 1) the pfx is a container ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Subdomains on a multidomain EV SSL [closed]

I have a domain https://joshmurray.eu/ which has a Standard SSL certificate. I also have two subdomains: http://one.joshmurray.eu/ and http://two.joshmurray.eu/. I wish to upgrade my SSL certificate ...
0
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2answers
40 views

Files related/required to a digital certificate

I am new to digital certification and I am trying to understand it as well as get my domain certified. I know this question may be broad, but can someone give me a general idea of the usage of the ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

What are the steps to take after adding an invalid certificat authority?

in order to pay my bills online internet , I have to go through the website for my internet provider , type the login and password then I redirect to a page your connection is not private i proceed to ...
1
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0answers
34 views

Approved Certificate Authorities for certification/compliance with HIPAA, PCI etc

Are there any requirements in PCI or HIPAA, or other security standards that may impact general government, payment processing, healthcare, that would disqualify any CA vendors that are trusted by the ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Is a CA obligated to issue a certificate for a proven legitimate request?

As hinted at in Does any technology prevent a CA unilaterally revoking a certificate?, I'm a little uncomfortable with the possibility that CAs effectively licensing a website to operate (given the de ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Local certification authority and certificate chain

I know that I can set up a local certification authority for a local network. I can issue certificates for all the devices in my network, and as long as they trust me, they can use such certificates ...
11
votes
2answers
779 views

Is using HTTP for OCSP a potential vulnerability? [duplicate]

While inspecting my CA-approved cert, I noticed the following oddities: Extensions/CRL Distribution Points: Not Critical URI: http://crl2.alphassl.com/gs/gsalphasha2g2.crl Extensions/Authority ...
1
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2answers
119 views

What is the purpose of SSL Certificate Authority (CA)?

What is the purpose of an SSL Certificate Authority? How would a CA prevent dishonestcompany.com from doing something dishonest? What does the CA signing of the SSL/TLS cert for ...
0
votes
2answers
132 views

is Digital Signature vulnerable on the Internet?

We all know about how Digital Signing works. I just have some questions about vulnerability risk. At first, As I know, the Signature and the Data are separated and we can split the document into two ...
15
votes
6answers
2k views

What's the point of the CA?

So a Certificate Authority certifies that a website corresponds to a given organization. Why is this necessary? When I interact with a business or organization, I do it one of a couple ways: I ...
0
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1answer
82 views

Are Free SSL/TLS Certificates Trustworthy ? Can Cert Providers Snoop On Traffic? [duplicate]

I know nothing about encryption, SSL, TLS, certificates and have come across several companies offering free SSL/TLS certificates. How trustworthy are these offers? Why would I want to adopt this ...