Certificate authorities verify the owner information of certificates by signing them.

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1answer
114 views

Why does facebook php sdk (and multiple others clients) include CA bundle with a lot of CAs?

This is what facebook ships with their API php client: https://github.com/facebook/facebook-php-sdk-v4/blob/master/src/Facebook/fb_ca_chain_bundle.crt It contains dozens (hundreds?) Root CAs. But ...
2
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2answers
131 views

Certificate authority structure - best practices

I'm working for a company that sells software products to customers some of which do not have the resources and/or know-how to build and maintain their own CA (used for the SSL communication of our ...
1
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3answers
394 views

How can I get my SSL certificate signed by an CA for web application that runs on localhost

I have a web application that runs on localhost. I have a self-signed certificate for tomcat configured but when loading the website on firefox, I get a security exception. Can I get a CA to sign my ...
1
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1answer
65 views

Are there other ways for a CA to have their certificates included in a browser?

From what I understand, the certificate authorities (CAs) have to get their root certificate included in the browser. What if the root certificate of a particular CA is not included in the web ...
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0answers
34 views

How to gather/verify certificate data with limited information (Issuer, Serial, CN)

I asked this question in the "programming" section, Here. However it may be a simple answer for someone familiar with the security of certificates. The basic premise is I have a large table with ...
1
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1answer
151 views

What is the advantage of buying an SSL certificate from the CA rather than a reseller?

I am trying to do some research on SSL certificates, and I've come across a number of reseller sites such as GoGetSSL, which offer certificates at much lower prices than what you would pay if you ...
0
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4answers
120 views

Can a certification authority sign another CA's certs?

Disclaimer: I have low knowledge of X.509 and PKI, so I would appreciate an answer that is not entirely technical, i.e. by using real-life example scenarios.) I was searching for information ...
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0answers
46 views

MS Certificate Services, SCEP and Domain Credentials

I'm reading about Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol (SCEP)2 vulnerabilities from CSS's The Use of the Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol (SCEP) and Untrusted Devices. The paper discusses a ...
0
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0answers
34 views

Changing the string format of Burp generated certificates

The certificate verification in a piece of software I'm poking uses UTF-8 encoded strings to verify the certificate's host name. Certificates generated by Burp suite, however, use the custom type ...
3
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1answer
50 views

Windows - service account default certificate store

I am writing a web app that connects to external web services. The external web services serve an intermediate certificate signed by Thawte SGC CA - G2. When I setup IIS to run the web app using ...
2
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2answers
182 views

What happens if the CA has knowledge of private keys?

In a classic PKI scenario, the certificate authority receives signing requests generated by an end-user which owns the keychain, and thus has his private key secret. Consider a scenario in which the ...
0
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1answer
183 views

How to become an internationally recognized certificate authority (CA)?

What's the procedure a certificate authority (CA) must follow to get internationally recognized, like Verisign or GlobalSign?
3
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2answers
116 views

SSL Wildcard certificate to issue anther certificates

Let's say, that I buy an *.example.com SSL certificate. I want now to generate subcertificates and include the *.example.com certificate in a trust path: host1.example.com, with an alternate name ...
1
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0answers
36 views

Is the root CA certificate required in the .crt file? [duplicate]

I am setting up SSL on Nginx with a free StartSSL certificate. Based on the instructions given on this StartSSL page I created a unified certificate containing the CA's root certificate, Intermediate ...
1
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2answers
2k views

Unrecognized leaf certificate

Every 15 minutes or so I get this message in my system.log Apr 25 22:05:36 Ivans-MacBook-Pro.local apsd[194]: Unrecognized leaf certificate Apr 25 22:20:57 Ivans-MacBook-Pro.local apsd[194]: ...
2
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1answer
376 views

SSL Certificate framework 101: How does the browser actually verify the validity of a given server certificate? [duplicate]

Sorry I know this is a complete noob question and at the risk of posting a somewhat duplicate topic. I have a basic understanding of public/private key, hashing, digital signature... I have been ...
3
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3answers
156 views

Risk in buying SSL cert from non well-know party

Let say I knew a guy is selling SSL cert in a very cheap price, assume they will generate a real and valid cert for me, since I need to submit my CSR to them and they pass to th CA, are there any ...
0
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1answer
79 views

Will the recently found OpenSSL vulnerability Heartbleed affect my public site for which I obtained an SSL certificate from a CA? [duplicate]

I had generated the CSR with OpenSSL. Do I need to regenerate a new CSR with no vulnerability due to OpenSSL in order to obtain a new certificate from a CA?
3
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2answers
105 views

Is the Common Name mandatory for digital certificates?

I'm working on a project, where we use the Common Name as a certificate's basic identifier. However, importing certificates without the Common Name fails. What's the default way to use digital ...
0
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1answer
160 views

Trusted Certificate Authorities - how do they work?

microsoft.com for example can use a Verisign Certificate for their domain. What are the chances that an attacker could ask verisign for a m1crosoft.com domain and get approved? It is very simillar, ...
2
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2answers
146 views

What is the point of certification authorities that are not trusted by browsers (=trusted by Root CAs)?

See here: https://www.cacert.org/index.php?id=1 Chrome, Firefox and Internet Explorer warn that it is not trusted, essentially making the entire thing useless. If I want some kind of ssl certificate, ...
5
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2answers
300 views

When you buy a certificate, does the certificate authority have (a copy of) the private key?

I always assumed that the process for getting a (trusted, not self-signed) certificate was more or less like this: You generate a public and private key pair From this key pair you generate a ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Certificate extensions - specific constraints

I have question about extensions of certificate and what specific extension should I use in my situation. The problem is following: I have a CA and I want that CA will issue certificate only for ...
2
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1answer
603 views

Active Directory - Certificate Based Authentication - Multiple certificates for user

First, I have very limited knowledge about AD. Problem: I authenticating users on AD using user certificates. I want to authenticate user on various devices (including mobile devices). Each will ...
2
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1answer
101 views

Finding the type of SSL certificate with cURL

This is a part of curl's verbose output when connecting to the HTTPS site of Google. * Server certificate: * subject: C=US; ST=California; L=Mountain View; O=Google Inc; CN=www.google.com * ...
2
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3answers
319 views

Does http support encryption without https (like STARTTLS)?

Does http support encryption without https, akin to STARTTLS in smtp? This may sound like a stupid question, but just think about it. Banks require strong encryption, and cannot do business without ...
2
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1answer
807 views

Certificate verified using two different paths

StartSSL has an intermediate certificate that they use to sign their EV certificates: sub.class4.server.ca.pem. This certificate's issuer is shown by openssl x509 to be /C=IL/O=StartCom ...
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0answers
52 views

Deploying software that requires X.509 certificates

I have a self-hosted WCF application, with a server application running on the server (obviously) and a client application that will be installed on the users PC. Up until this point I have been ...
0
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3answers
360 views

SSL Certificate for an email server

I am completely new to SSL/TLS and would appreciate any help you guys could give me. To give you some background info, our company website is hosted externally by our ISP, however our email is ...
2
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2answers
162 views

Why do public key certificate “Trust anchor”? Does this introduce a single point of failure?

When you look at currently used concept of Root CA (primarily in SSL/TLS context), you can see a single-point-of-failure vulnerability, which means, if your private key is disclosed, you automatically ...
0
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2answers
126 views

SSL can stop MiTMs … but on the long run, can it really? [duplicate]

SSL uses CAs which sign certificates for the domains after they validate that the person requesting is truly the owner and by a public/private key pair a encrypted connection is achieved which cant be ...
12
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2answers
524 views

How can I prevent that my users get a certificate issued for my domain on my behalf?

I have a domain, where some other users have access to upload files, use email, use XMPP, etc. How can I prevent that these users go to a certificate authority and get a certificate for my domain? ...
5
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1answer
672 views

google certificates correct CA [closed]

I view certificates of https://www.google.com.ua/ So I thought, when requesting via cURL, if I point by CURLOPT_CAINFO to those certificates (GeoTrust Global CA and Google Internet Authority G2 in ...
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0answers
46 views

Does Active Directory Certificate Services support Card Verifiable Certificates?

Does Active Directory Certificate Services support accepting requests for, and generation of, Card Verifiable Certificates (TR-03110)? If so, in which version of Windows Server was the functionality ...
8
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4answers
1k views

What Trusted Root Certification Authorities should I trust? [duplicate]

After two recent Slashdot articles (#1 #2) about questionable Root Certificates installed on machines, I decided to take a closer look at what I have installed on my machines. (I use current versions ...
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0answers
65 views

Certificate authorities: history and registration

CA's are a key part of the internet's infrastructure few people are aware of. SSL was mostly hacked together at Netscape in 1995. I'd like to understand more about the organizational structure of CA's ...
1
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1answer
42 views

In a 3 tier (or more) PKI, is it permissible that a Name Constraint only be defined on the middle tier?

I'm working with an Issuing CA that doesn't support name constraints that are defined at a higher level. Assuming that it issues certificates that are compliant with the Name Constraints that are ...
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0answers
52 views

Cetificate Pinning. How do we handle the situation where a website is visited for the first time?

What I essentially mean to ask is, how is the scenario where a user who visits a website for the first time (the certificate for the website is not pinned in the browser) handled ? Additionally how is ...
0
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1answer
276 views

Is it safe to accept the security certificate from AOL chat? [closed]

Is it safe to accept the security certificate from AOL chat? Did they recently change their certificates? These images are from Pidgin.
3
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3answers
195 views

Why does the RFC 5280 dictate the CAs not to issue certificates with negative serial numbers?

I have tried to issue a certificate beginning with 8 to F but I have found it is impossible, mostly due to the RFC: The serial number MUST be a positive integer assigned by the CA to each ...
1
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1answer
72 views

Root certifcate from an CA company which can be encrpyted by SoftHSM

Does anybody know a CA company which allows me to put the bought CA certficate inside SoftHSM (the same as an HSM but without any hardware, it is pure software)? Is it hard to work with the PKCS11 ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Internal code-signing certificate on Windows

I'm looking to improve defense-in-depth on a system, primarily by closing some holes in injected DLLs. Certain applications installed on the system cause helper DLLs (e.g. shell extensions, BHOs, ...
1
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1answer
183 views

automatic connection from LSASS to different IPs. Is this the usual behavior?

I'm using windows 7. firefox 22. connecting through a regular residential wifi router. In the last month I've noticed that when I connect to the internet and once in a while my firewall indicates me ...
10
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1answer
185 views

Where does a Hyper-V guest get its entropy when generating a certificate authority key pair?

According to findings by the EFF's SSL observatory, there are "tens of thousands of keys that offer effectively no security due to weak random number generation algorithm." My understanding of that ...
6
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5answers
289 views

Why are private certificates not trusted?

When we go to websites that have generated certificates themselves you see this red screen that says do not go there!: However when it is trusted by some companies it's all good. So I have a couple ...
2
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2answers
128 views

Is Certificate pinning different from CA pinning?

I am trying to understand if pinning a certificate essentially means pinning the CA or if they are different how so ?
2
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1answer
710 views

Root certificate key usage (non-self-signed end entity)

This discussion does not include self-signed end entity certificates for hosts like web servers and mail servers. OpenSSL's default configuration for a CA certificate has the following keyUsage: ...
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2answers
187 views

Is authorisation with token secure?

I have a general security question: Let's say there is a client-server application with authorisation by login and password using a secure connection between server and client (https). User can have ...
0
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1answer
126 views

List of certificate authorities in browsers and mobile platforms [duplicate]

Is there a list of certificate authorities installed in popular browsers and mobile platforms? I am considering a few alternatives for an SSL certificate, and I would like to make sure that the one ...
2
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1answer
257 views

How can a trusted intranet certificate be issued if they are being phased out?

I've just seen this article regarding the phasing out of intranet names on SSL certificates. However, CAs such as this one claim to still issue them and it will be "Trusted by all popular browsers" ...