A Certificate Authority is the collection of hardware, software, and people responsible for issuing certificates in a hierarchical PKI. CAs may be public, as in SSL / TLS and government IDs, or private, as in corporate infrastructures. The primary responsibility of a public CA is to verify the ...

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3
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1answer
50 views

SHA 1 no impact to root certificate

I ran a scan on a server and the results of the authentication for digital certificate was as follows : Certificate 1 (root) signature algorithm: Sha256withRSA Certificate 2 (chain of trust) ...
1
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1answer
43 views

which the field represents digital signature value of CA in a certificate?

Normally CA signs the certificate with its private key and produces digital signature of it.The digital signature value will be displayed in certificate. My question is what is the field name that ...
4
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2answers
49 views

What is the difference between Digital certification revocation and retiring?

Certificate management tools use options called revocation and retiring digital certificates.Can someone explain what is the difference between both?
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0answers
76 views

HTTPS: Same certificate, different public key

I have a web server, Debian, and the site uses a HTTPS cert from Thawte. The root certificate meant to be on top of my verification chain is also on the server, in /etc/ssl/certs, because the APT ...
3
votes
0answers
126 views

Modify Certificate Subject using OpenSSL x509 Command

I'm building a CA based on the OpenSSL command line tools. I don't want to use the openssl ca tool and its file based database though, instead I create certificates using the openssl x509 tool ...
4
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2answers
251 views

Certificate Chain - intermediate and root certificate - installed required?

Recently I bought a SSL cert from comodo for my domain - orakoha.com After submitting the CSR etc, domain control verification etc, I am issued with a zip file containing 4 document which I believe ...
4
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2answers
85 views

Does client send request to CA when SSL handshaking?

In other words, if Certificate Authority goes down, does this mean that all HTTPS sites that purchased SSL certs from this CA will also become unavailable?
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2answers
83 views

understanding client certificate - pfx on the general

Today I am given a pfx and told to access a website. I have absolutely no idea what was given to me initially, so please kindly confirm my understanding on a general level 1) the pfx is a container ...
1
vote
2answers
66 views

Subdomains on a multidomain EV SSL [closed]

I have a domain https://joshmurray.eu/ which has a Standard SSL certificate. I also have two subdomains: http://one.joshmurray.eu/ and http://two.joshmurray.eu/. I wish to upgrade my SSL certificate ...
0
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2answers
41 views

Files related/required to a digital certificate

I am new to digital certification and I am trying to understand it as well as get my domain certified. I know this question may be broad, but can someone give me a general idea of the usage of the ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

What are the steps to take after adding an invalid certificat authority?

in order to pay my bills online internet , I have to go through the website for my internet provider , type the login and password then I redirect to a page your connection is not private i proceed to ...
1
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0answers
40 views

Approved Certificate Authorities for certification/compliance with HIPAA, PCI etc

Are there any requirements in PCI or HIPAA, or other security standards that may impact general government, payment processing, healthcare, that would disqualify any CA vendors that are trusted by the ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Is a CA obligated to issue a certificate for a proven legitimate request?

As hinted at in Does any technology prevent a CA unilaterally revoking a certificate?, I'm a little uncomfortable with the possibility that CAs effectively licensing a website to operate (given the de ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Local certification authority and certificate chain

I know that I can set up a local certification authority for a local network. I can issue certificates for all the devices in my network, and as long as they trust me, they can use such certificates ...
11
votes
2answers
802 views

Is using HTTP for OCSP a potential vulnerability? [duplicate]

While inspecting my CA-approved cert, I noticed the following oddities: Extensions/CRL Distribution Points: Not Critical URI: http://crl2.alphassl.com/gs/gsalphasha2g2.crl Extensions/Authority ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Are Free SSL/TLS Certificates Trustworthy ? Can Cert Providers Snoop On Traffic? [duplicate]

I know nothing about encryption, SSL, TLS, certificates and have come across several companies offering free SSL/TLS certificates. How trustworthy are these offers? Why would I want to adopt this ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

SSL negotiating too low a protocol?

I'm trying to diagnose a potential SSL/TLS problem between a Mac client and a Windows server. I have generated my own root cert and signed a cert for the server, and installed the root cert on the ...
15
votes
6answers
2k views

What's the point of the CA?

So a Certificate Authority certifies that a website corresponds to a given organization. Why is this necessary? When I interact with a business or organization, I do it one of a couple ways: I ...
11
votes
2answers
859 views

How long can X.509 certificate chains be?

Usually, I only see certificate chains with a root CA, an intermediate one, and a third one for the particular SSL/TLS website; but can X.509 certificate chains be deeper than 3 levels? Is there a ...
4
votes
2answers
93 views

Good way to obtain an EV SSL certificate for personal use? [closed]

I would like to obtain some sort of digital certificate for personal use. I would like to use this for encrypting and signing e-mails, digitally signing contracts, and for providing authentication of ...
3
votes
2answers
146 views

Can a CN-only certificate bypass a name constraint if the CA goes rogue?

I am trying to cross-certify an internal issuer certificate, adding a name constraint for our domain. However, it seems that an attacker could bypass this protection by putting the desired host name ...
1
vote
0answers
177 views

MQTT (Mosquitto) certificate SSL23_GET_CLIENT_HELLO:unknown protocol [closed]

I'm been desperately trying to get my MQTT clients to connect to my MQTT broker which is set up with a certificate from a CA. To be able to get the CA certificate, I've used the letsencrypt python ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

What is the purpose of SSL Certificate Authority (CA)?

What is the purpose of an SSL Certificate Authority? How would a CA prevent dishonestcompany.com from doing something dishonest? What does the CA signing of the SSL/TLS cert for dishonestcompany....
0
votes
0answers
101 views

When connection is slow, all sites provide certificate for same domain name

My home connection is sometimes very slow - or non-existent at all. I have not found the cause of the problem yet. Generally, rebooting the router works. Sometimes, when the connection becomes slow, ...
0
votes
2answers
134 views

How In-House Certificate Authority works (e.g. EJBCA)

I have a simple (dumb?) question with respect to EJBCA. I have been exploring how In-house CAs work and issue certificates. However, I am not able to understand who will be trusted on the top level in ...
6
votes
2answers
867 views

How does an attack on a digital signature work?

In our IT Security class we have been told that you need CA's to prevent attacks on a digital signature. Sadly, our docent didn't elaborate how such attack would be performed - I can only guess that ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

What is the difference between a certificate, a signature and a thumbprint in case of windows exe/binaries?

I am trying to understand the difference between signature , thumbprint and certificate in context of windows executable and binaries. I looked up on internet before posting this question but I did ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

Reissuing certificates with SHA-2

I recently setup my own CA, and imported the CA cert into devices across the company. I then deployed certificates to our various servers, etc.. All using SHA-1 signatures (the default in the tool I ...
1
vote
1answer
164 views

TinyCA missing CRL information in root and leaf certificates

I setup a new CA using TinyCA. When creating the CA i used an internal host name for the crl url exactly as follows: http://myserver.com/crl.pem And I have exported the CRL to that location, and I ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

How Do I Create a Production Client Authentication Certificate for Azure Key Vault?

I am learning about Azure Key Vault, and one of the scenarios it supports is certificate authentication, which you can read about here. The samples do a great job of explaining how to make a self-...
83
votes
4answers
11k views

What prevents me from buying a SSL certificate for a domain I don't control?

Can I simply build a webserver, make its hostname "google.com", create a CSR off that server, and send that to a Certificate Authority for signing? Let's say I pick the cheapest and dodgiest outfit I ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

What does browser do when it queries xxx.example.com and it gets a certificate for yyy.example.com(top level domain is same)?

The question is actually about what level of validations browser does when it gets certificates of some other domains like case 1: Accessing abc.google.com and got def.google.com case 2: Accessing *....
3
votes
2answers
136 views

When should I renew certification authority?

What is best practice in renewing certification authorities? I mean when should I renew certification authority? For example, suppose I have the following setup: 1. Root CA with validity of 30 years ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

How do the eduroam WPA-Enterprise 802.1X certificates look like?

As outlined in another answer, the official eduroam WiFi profiles available from https://cat.eduroam.org/ (verified for uWaterloo and uOttawa), as well as sample official instructions of the ...
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votes
1answer
41 views

SSL cert and region performance [closed]

I was asked to find the best available SSL cert for deploying a global solution in which performance is critical. But... does it really matter who is going to be the CA? AFAIK (never set up SSL ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

What can a trusted certificate do?

I am doing some reading about security on mobile applications because I found an article about Man in the Middle Attacks. I saw in that article and in many other places (including security....
19
votes
7answers
6k views

Why are self signed certificates not trusted and is there a way to make them trusted?

I have locally made a Root CA certificate. I used the CA cert to sign the IA cert and used the IA cert to sign the server certificate. When I try to access the local server which uses the server ...
4
votes
1answer
110 views

Should my company change the internal Root CA hash method from SHA-1 to SHA-2?

My company have a Root Certificate Authority which is installed on a Windows Server 2003 and uses SHA-1 as hash method. We will migrate to Windows Server 2012. Checking the root certificates of my ...
3
votes
2answers
53 views

Question about SSL certificate and third party server

I have a system which consume web-services from a public server on Internet (but the data are not public) I have to provide credentials in Basic Auth to get the data, that is why we use SSL. The ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Windows certificate verification with timestamping

I have been trying to replicate the behaviour of the Digital Signatures tab on windows file properties. I'm using WinVerifyTrust api and X509Certificates namespace to achieve my goal. I've managed to ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Re-sign Certificate Using Different Hashing Algorithm

Consider a certificate used by a Certification Authority. This is currently hashed using SHA-1. I'd like to keep the same public/private key for this, but hash it using SHA-256. By hash it I mean hash ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

SSL self-signed certificates in development vs acquired cert in production?

I am a developer, I have created self-signed certificates before for my work. This time, I am involved up until going live with the whole app (usually there was someone else in charge of this). ...
4
votes
3answers
203 views

Why are root certificate authorites allowed to issue certficates for any domain?

Why are certificate authorites allowed to issue certificates trusted by browsers for any domain name? Doesn't that imply that one highjacked root certificate authority can issue trusted fake ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

How to avoid writing .pem while signing a csr?

I am using following command to sign a certificate, openssl ca \ -in client.csr \ -keyfile server.key \ -cert server.crt \ -outdir ./some_dir \ ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Validation client certificate for site in iis

Input: I send client certificate to client. He uses it to work with my web application which works in IIS. I installed CA certificate (which was used to create client certificate) on web server. AFAIK ...
7
votes
3answers
418 views

what do you do when an ssl certificate expires and your app uses ssl pinning?

I originally posted this question on StackOverflow, but reposted here due to lack of responses. I am trying to decide if it's a good idea to do ssl pinning in my iOS game that uses a server to ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Why does SubjectAltName not turn up in my CSR?

Does the CSR generated contains the SubjectAltName I have configured the openssl.cnf file to support extensions and when i dump the CSR i can see subject is available not the SubjectAltName This is ...
2
votes
2answers
138 views

Self-signed cert - how it works

I am new to SSL / digital certificates / signatures. What I know is that a digital signature must be verified/decrypted using the public key. So a cert that is signed by a CA must be verified/...
0
votes
2answers
138 views

SSL digital certificate process - high level

I am a project manager and is touching on an IT project consisting of the usual 3 tier - web/client - middleware - database. In this case, I have an web server and needs to implement SSL ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Mutual Authentication and Authorisation with Certificates from various CAs

Edit: Having read this question and answer I have a bit more of an understanding. My question now then, is: can I use a certificate that a user has had signed by a registered CA such as VeriSign, ...