Certificate authorities verify the owner information of certificates by signing them.

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2answers
428 views

Looking for general guidance on securing web API application for client applications and users

I have a web service built with WebAPI that accepts JSON requests and responds accordingly. The core architecture is built but there isn't any authentication/authorization. After a lot of googling ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Certificate Chains When Importing Signed CSR Response

I'm interfacing with a secure web service, and authenticating using a client certificate. I'm confused about step #3 in the client configuration: Generate a private key into keystore Generate a CSR ...
2
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1answer
1k views

What Enhanced Key Usages are required for PKI infrastructure tasks? (OIDs for OSPF and CRL signing, etc)

I'm building a constrained PKI that specifies EKUs for the the entire hierarchy and want to document the OIDs required for PKI tree maintenance tasks. I understand that clients may not validate the ...
2
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1answer
2k views

SSL cert not turning green anymore

I'm running a drupal site and have asked about this issue pertaining specifically to the drupal aspect of it here. I know that the "Green" https url doesn't show up because the cert itself isn't ...
2
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3answers
1k views

What is the most secure way to do OCSP signing without creating validation loops?

I'd like to enable the most secure OCSP validation that Windows 2008 SP1 and newer support. Based on the following information, am I required to implement id-pkix-ocsp-nocheck on my OCSP ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Is there any mechanism to audit which signed certificates are unrevoked?

We are currently using EasyRSA and OpenSSL to manage our user VPN certificates for OpenVPN. The process we have in place currently is: User generates a CSR on their laptop and sends it to us to sign ...
2
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3answers
80 views

How are public key certificates updated securely?

Let's say I get a new computer that's never been connected to the internet before. The first time I connect it to the internet, is it susceptible to a mitm attack while downloading its public key ...
2
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1answer
105 views

Why does facebook php sdk (and multiple others clients) include CA bundle with a lot of CAs?

This is what facebook ships with their API php client: https://github.com/facebook/facebook-php-sdk-v4/blob/master/src/Facebook/fb_ca_chain_bundle.crt It contains dozens (hundreds?) Root CAs. But ...
2
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2answers
136 views

What is the point of certification authorities that are not trusted by browsers (=trusted by Root CAs)?

See here: https://www.cacert.org/index.php?id=1 Chrome, Firefox and Internet Explorer warn that it is not trusted, essentially making the entire thing useless. If I want some kind of ssl certificate, ...
2
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1answer
553 views

Certificate verified using two different paths

StartSSL has an intermediate certificate that they use to sign their EV certificates: sub.class4.server.ca.pem. This certificate's issuer is shown by openssl x509 to be /C=IL/O=StartCom ...
2
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2answers
142 views

Why do public key certificate “Trust anchor”? Does this introduce a single point of failure?

When you look at currently used concept of Root CA (primarily in SSL/TLS context), you can see a single-point-of-failure vulnerability, which means, if your private key is disclosed, you automatically ...
2
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1answer
574 views

Root certificate key usage (non-self-signed end entity)

This discussion does not include self-signed end entity certificates for hosts like web servers and mail servers. OpenSSL's default configuration for a CA certificate has the following keyUsage: ...
2
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1answer
453 views

Different SSL states as seen by Safari, Chrome and Firefox

Today, I visited some sites of the German DHL group. While Chrome and Safari complain about an invalid certificate of Firefox accepts it. Which one is right, which one is wrong? Which decision ...
2
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2answers
3k views

Public Key → Certificate?

Is it possible to convert a public key to a certificate using the public key only? I've seen the following, which takes a private key to form a cert request, which can then be self-signed: openssl ...
2
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1answer
214 views

Security Certificates - Tools to Generate Security Certificates

I want to create a self-signed certificate that will be installed as a trusted certificate authority. I then want to create another two certificates which are signed using the private key of the ...
2
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2answers
305 views

Forged SSL without installation of root CA, possible?

Consider visiting a secure website like Gmail. Is it possible to forge the website certificate only by having full control over the internet provider? I mean is it practically possible for a provider ...
2
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2answers
55 views

What's the mitigation strategy for when a CA's private key is stolen?

I'm new to SSL/TSL and was wondering if you could walk me through the following scenario. Scenario Let's say I am one of a thousand websites that has a certificate signed by some certificate ...
2
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4answers
264 views

Why self-signed https is less trustworthy than unencrypted http?

It wouldn't be far-fetched to guesstimate that at least 50% of the web traffic can be intercepted in 2014. However, a guesstimate of active interception attacks is likely an order of magnitude ...
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2answers
30 views

Is there a website or other resource that lists operating systems/platforms and the included root certificates?

I need to choose a certification authority (CA), to get a certificate, but I noticed that there are several of these only present in some operating systems/platforms like windows. I need to choose one ...
2
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1answer
245 views

SSL certificate chain verification

After reading many articles and watching many tutorials I decided to be specific because there are some things about SSL certificate chain verification and SSL cetificate verification in general that ...
2
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1answer
102 views

What do people mean by “top-down manner” in X.509 certificates?

What do people mean by saying that X.509 certificates work in "top-down manner"? Do they say that because CAs can do cross certifications?
2
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2answers
149 views

Can I buy a signing-valid certificate for internal use?

So now that I have to implement "secure transport" as defined by The Direct Project (not to mention reinventing a bunch of wheels, but that's another story for SO), I find myself staring down the ...
2
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3answers
239 views

Are intermediate signing certs the only secure+practical way to manage OpenVPN client certs?

My organization needs to issue (and revoke) OpenVPN client certificates for people working remotely. Our system is based on a standard OpenSSL CA setup and the easy-rsa tools, and the whole directory ...
2
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1answer
383 views

What happens to a certificate's Basic Constraints when a policy map is used?

One feature of a Basic Constraint when applied to a certificate (CA or end certificate) is that I can specify the maximum number of CAs that are permitted in the chain. I'm planning on having a 2 ...
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2answers
188 views

Why CAs instead of global fingerprint database?

Why do we use "too big to fail" CAs and the chain of trust instead of a global fingerprint database in a similar vein to how ssh works?
2
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2answers
95 views

Does it make sense that OCSP returns state for the signer CA itself

I have seen an implementation that in signature verification time searches for OCSP responses signed by the CA validating the status of the CA itself, so my question is if somewhere (maybe RFC2560) ...
2
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1answer
195 views

Any problems with UCC (multidomain) SSL certs on iOS and Windows Phones?

Are they any known issues with UCC (multidomain) SSL certs on iOS or Windows Phone? Let's say I want to have Exchange server under outlook.mycompany.com and RemoteApp Portal under ...
2
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3answers
191 views

What is the worse that could happen if a government wanted to interfere with a CA?

In our time of SOPA, PIPA and ACTA, I was wondering what could happen if a government wanted to remove the certificate of a website ? CA are companies, so they would have to obey to instructions from ...
2
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1answer
84 views

How do I get a third-party-signed ssl client certificate?

I've been given a requirement of providing a client certificate to authenticate between two application's web services. The other application (that I don't host) is requiring an SSL client certificate ...
2
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2answers
94 views

Certificate authority structure - best practices

I'm working for a company that sells software products to customers some of which do not have the resources and/or know-how to build and maintain their own CA (used for the SSL communication of our ...
2
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1answer
471 views

Active Directory - Certificate Based Authentication - Multiple certificates for user

First, I have very limited knowledge about AD. Problem: I authenticating users on AD using user certificates. I want to authenticate user on various devices (including mobile devices). Each will ...
2
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1answer
215 views

How can a trusted intranet certificate be issued if they are being phased out?

I've just seen this article regarding the phasing out of intranet names on SSL certificates. However, CAs such as this one claim to still issue them and it will be "Trusted by all popular browsers" ...
2
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1answer
121 views

Which .CER file format is more secure for purposes of an AIA record?

What file format is most appropriate or secure for the AIA record in a PKI certificate? The options I'm aware of are: DER encoded binary X.509 (.cer) Base-64 encoded X.509 (.cer) I also have the ...
2
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1answer
129 views

Curious about best start for autoresponding Certificate Authority (CA)

I am just getting started trying to implement some internal PKI ideas, where my app would need a cert to 'sign' messages. Since this is all completly internal, we have some degree of trust, and I ...
2
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1answer
864 views

What are attribute certificates? Why would someone partition a certificate by reason codes?

In "How Certificate Revocation Works" a brief mention of Attribute Certificate and Reason Code partition is made: If validated by a client that supports partitioned and indirect CRLs, the IDP ...
2
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1answer
93 views

Finding the type of SSL certificate with cURL

This is a part of curl's verbose output when connecting to the HTTPS site of Google. * Server certificate: * subject: C=US; ST=California; L=Mountain View; O=Google Inc; CN=www.google.com * ...
2
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1answer
152 views

Sending Digital Certificates

I used the makecert tool in order to create: a self-signed certificate a server certificate using the self-signed certificate a client certificate using the self-signed certificate I then ...
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5answers
2k views

How can I know that the CA certificates in my computer have not been spoofed?

As far as I know, the browser contains the certificates of several CA. When I access http://gmail.com, the site says it is Gmail, it exposes a certificate signed by one of the CA I have in my ...
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3answers
684 views

Benefits to using EV certificates with a privately hosted Certificate Authority

For companies that have implemented their own internal CA, is there any benefit to configuring that CA to issue an EV certificate? Do any SSL Proxies (like Bluecoat) mimic the EV certificate of the ...
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1answer
519 views

Why a web server HTTPS certificate can't sign its subdomain HTTPS certificates?

Why having a valid certificate for "exampe.com" I can't make a "child" certificate for "subdomain.example.com"? What insecurities will arise if browsers start allowing domain's certificates to be ...
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2answers
118 views

Is there any point to keeping a “Verified by X” image on the page for a page secured by SSL?

So, I saw this on a page: (The redacted part says the name of the entity that owns the domain) The page recently got SSL certs verified by GeoTrust. The image is on ...
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3answers
339 views

How can I get my SSL certificate signed by an CA for web application that runs on localhost

I have a web application that runs on localhost. I have a self-signed certificate for tomcat configured but when loading the website on firefox, I get a security exception. Can I get a CA to sign my ...
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3answers
272 views

Does http support encryption without https (like STARTTLS)?

Does http support encryption without https, akin to STARTTLS in smtp? This may sound like a stupid question, but just think about it. Banks require strong encryption, and cannot do business without ...
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2answers
11k views

Error code: sec_error_untrusted_issuer

I need help with a security issue concerning this code that has just been popping up recently as I visit my favorite websites. Based on some past history I KNOW something is not right, and I am not ...
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1answer
254 views

SSL Certificate framework 101: How does the browser actually verify the validity of a given server certificate? [duplicate]

Sorry I know this is a complete noob question and at the risk of posting a somewhat duplicate topic. I have a basic understanding of public/private key, hashing, digital signature... I have been ...
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1answer
2k views

How can you check the installed Certificate Authority in windows 7/8?

And know which are not default ones installed by Microsoft?
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2answers
110 views

SSL-certificates for overlapping domain regions?

Suppose, a server hosts https://www.master.com/ and thus is equipped with a (single domain) SSL certificate. Furthermore, suppose there are some web apps below master.com: ...
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1answer
251 views

Signature and Timestamp for Long Term Document Archival Question

I have a PDF document intended for long-term (many years, maybe decades) archival which I would like to digitally sign with my personal certificate to ensure its integrity. As far as I understand, I ...
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2answers
1k views

Unrecognized leaf certificate

Every 15 minutes or so I get this message in my system.log Apr 25 22:05:36 Ivans-MacBook-Pro.local apsd[194]: Unrecognized leaf certificate Apr 25 22:20:57 Ivans-MacBook-Pro.local apsd[194]: ...
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4answers
153 views

search CA for someone's public key

do CAs offer service wherein an application can request someone's public key? i am trying to do this but i am unsure if it is correct (suggestions of better ways to do it will be most appreciated): ...