Certificate authorities verify the owner information of certificates by signing them.

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3
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1answer
397 views

Internal code-signing certificate on Windows

I'm looking to improve defense-in-depth on a system, primarily by closing some holes in injected DLLs. Certain applications installed on the system cause helper DLLs (e.g. shell extensions, BHOs, ...
3
votes
1answer
652 views

How can a trusted intranet certificate be issued if they are being phased out?

I've just seen this article regarding the phasing out of intranet names on SSL certificates. However, CAs such as this one claim to still issue them and it will be "Trusted by all popular browsers" ...
3
votes
1answer
268 views

unexpected thumbprint when connecting via remote desktop - what now?

I have an Amazon EC2 instance in a VPC. I have not logged into it for some time, so I used the Amazon EC2 CLI with ec2-get-console-output to check what the thumbprint should be when I connect. To my ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What should a CRL file name look like when “new” and “delta” CRLs are generated?

I suspect my Windows 20012 Certificate Server CRL revocation configuration is incorrect every time I generate a new CRL or a new Delta, only a maximum of 3 files are generated. When I created the ...
3
votes
1answer
228 views

Secure Connection between two mobile (Android and/or iOS) devices

I've a Device A which will communicate with multiple devices on a network (BLE and/or NFC). All the devices will be handled a Token upon authentication which somehow needs to be transferred over to ...
3
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0answers
188 views

How secure is HTTP basic authentication over SSL? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is BASIC-Auth secure if done over HTTPS? I want to set up a web server on a computer at home which will basically do no more than send the browser a file which contains ...
2
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6answers
4k views

How can I know that the CA certificates in my computer have not been spoofed?

As far as I know, the browser contains the certificates of several CA. When I access http://gmail.com, the site says it is Gmail, it exposes a certificate signed by one of the CA I have in my ...
2
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3answers
556 views

Server Certificates, certificate authority, and servers

I currently have a valid wildcard certificate installed on OS X 10.8.2 server. To make sure we know what I'm talking about the cert is *.domain.com (example only) I'd love to use this to secure as ...
2
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4answers
1k views

Does http support encryption without https (like STARTTLS)?

Does http support encryption without https, akin to STARTTLS in smtp? This may sound like a stupid question, but just think about it. Banks require strong encryption, and cannot do business without ...
2
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3answers
262 views

Do on-demand SSL certificates exist?

A few days ago, I visited an SSL protected website. Since Safari complained about the SSL-certificate, I did a short inspection: The certificate was issued by GoDaddy in just the minute I ...
2
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2answers
101 views

Should expired compromised certificates be taken care of if the time is always correct?

I am trying to set up a CA for my company, and issuing every employee a digital certificate and a private key. I am worrying about revocation and expiration. In my case, the root certificate of CA is ...
2
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2answers
88 views

Why is it fine for Certificates above the end-entity certificate to be SHA1 based?

I have heard about the phasing out of Sha1 based certificates for end entity use, and the steps that are outlined for chrome to display progressively more aggressive warnings for Sha1 certs not ...
2
votes
4answers
193 views

How safe is SSL on an untrusted computer and network?

In situations where the consumer doesn't trust/control the workstation and the network, can consumer safely do potentially sensitive activities (like making a payment or transferring confidential ...
2
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2answers
198 views

What happens if the CA has knowledge of private keys?

In a classic PKI scenario, the certificate authority receives signing requests generated by an end-user which owns the keychain, and thus has his private key secret. Consider a scenario in which the ...
2
votes
2answers
236 views

What is the point of certification authorities that are not trusted by browsers (=trusted by Root CAs)?

See here: https://www.cacert.org/index.php?id=1 Chrome, Firefox and Internet Explorer warn that it is not trusted, essentially making the entire thing useless. If I want some kind of ssl certificate, ...
2
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3answers
1k views

Public key Infrastructure

Here the MD5 hash is being encrypted with the private key of the sender. But I read in a paper that private key is only used for signing and not encrypting. Is the image wrong or can private key ...
2
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2answers
930 views

distribution mechanisms for CRLs

From the X.509 RFC: DistributionPoint ::= SEQUENCE { distributionPoint [0] DistributionPointName OPTIONAL, reasons [1] ReasonFlags OPTIONAL, cRLIssuer ...
2
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3answers
1k views

What is the most secure way to do OCSP signing without creating validation loops?

I'd like to enable the most secure OCSP validation that Windows 2008 SP1 and newer support. Based on the following information, am I required to implement id-pkix-ocsp-nocheck on my OCSP ...
2
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3answers
526 views

Clarifying self-signed certificates vs root certificate authority

I hope someone can help me understand some fundamentals on SSL certificates that I've had trouble picking up from docs, Wikipedia, and just about everywhere else on the internet. I'm working on an ...
2
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2answers
230 views

Why would Comodo SSL certs have two intermediate CAs (chain length 4)?

Comodo certs such as PositiveSSL have a chain length of 4, including two intermediate CA certs. What would be the benefit to them, or to me, of this length chain instead of a chain length of 3 with a ...
2
votes
1answer
6k views

What is the deal with Valicert SSL root certificates?

Does anyone know what the status of the "Valicert Class 2 Validation Authority" root certificate is or what's going on with Valicert in general? I've heard that that cert has been deprecated, no ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Is there any mechanism to audit which signed certificates are unrevoked?

We are currently using EasyRSA and OpenSSL to manage our user VPN certificates for OpenVPN. The process we have in place currently is: User generates a CSR on their laptop and sends it to us to sign ...
2
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4answers
410 views

Why self-signed https is less trustworthy than unencrypted http?

It wouldn't be far-fetched to guesstimate that at least 50% of the web traffic can be intercepted in 2014. However, a guesstimate of active interception attacks is likely an order of magnitude ...
2
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3answers
129 views

Are Extended Validation certificates any more secure than regular ones?

Or are they just an attempt to get you to pay more money to a CA because it tells your browser to show the address bar in green with your organization's name? Also, what are the technical details ...
2
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3answers
938 views

How can I get my SSL certificate signed by an CA for web application that runs on localhost

I have a web application that runs on localhost. I have a self-signed certificate for tomcat configured but when loading the website on firefox, I get a security exception. Can I get a CA to sign my ...
2
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2answers
245 views

Is Certificate pinning different from CA pinning?

I am trying to understand if pinning a certificate essentially means pinning the CA or if they are different how so ?
2
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1answer
2k views

How does an offline CA revoke certificates?

If an RSA private key of a root CA is stored offline, how does it revoke certificates it signs? From looking at OpenSSL config the default_crl_days option seems to indicate that a CRL must be ...
2
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2answers
611 views

Looking for general guidance on securing web API application for client applications and users

I have a web service built with WebAPI that accepts JSON requests and responds accordingly. The core architecture is built but there isn't any authentication/authorization. After a lot of googling ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Certificate Chains When Importing Signed CSR Response

I'm interfacing with a secure web service, and authenticating using a client certificate. I'm confused about step #3 in the client configuration: Generate a private key into keystore Generate a CSR ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

What Enhanced Key Usages are required for PKI infrastructure tasks? (OIDs for OSPF and CRL signing, etc)

I'm building a constrained PKI that specifies EKUs for the the entire hierarchy and want to document the OIDs required for PKI tree maintenance tasks. I understand that clients may not validate the ...
2
votes
3answers
427 views

Forged SSL without installation of root CA, possible?

Consider visiting a secure website like Gmail. Is it possible to forge the website certificate only by having full control over the internet provider? I mean is it practically possible for a provider ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

SSL cert not turning green anymore

I'm running a drupal site and have asked about this issue pertaining specifically to the drupal aspect of it here. I know that the "Green" https url doesn't show up because the cert itself isn't ...
2
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2answers
142 views

Difference between Certificate pinning and public key pinning

I understand what pinning is. I had read about Certificate pinning and I appreciated it's use case. But today I learned pinning can be of two types - pin the certificate or pin the public key ...
2
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2answers
244 views

If your company/university requires you to install root certificates what protects you from man in the middle attacks?

Let's say that I'm on a university (or company) network that requires you to install a root certificate to connect to their website. Now let's say that you trust these people but not anybody else. Is ...
2
votes
1answer
575 views

CSR from IIS 8 and Keeping my Private Key a Secret

I've been trying to understand something. When you generate a CSR from IIS, how is the private key kept as a secret, or is it? Do CA's email you a certificate that includes your private key? Because ...
2
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2answers
130 views

Authentication through digital certificates plus signature

While studying X.509 certificates, I've found that authentication is safer if I associate/combine one or more certificates with each signed message (certificate + signed message). The receiver of ...
2
votes
3answers
124 views

How are public key certificates updated securely?

Let's say I get a new computer that's never been connected to the internet before. The first time I connect it to the internet, is it susceptible to a mitm attack while downloading its public key ...
2
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1answer
175 views

Why does facebook php sdk (and multiple others clients) include CA bundle with a lot of CAs?

This is what facebook ships with their API php client: https://github.com/facebook/facebook-php-sdk-v4/blob/master/src/Facebook/fb_ca_chain_bundle.crt It contains dozens (hundreds?) Root CAs. But ...
2
votes
2answers
531 views

Why do public key certificate “Trust anchor”? Does this introduce a single point of failure?

When you look at currently used concept of Root CA (primarily in SSL/TLS context), you can see a single-point-of-failure vulnerability, which means, if your private key is disclosed, you automatically ...
2
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1answer
954 views

Different SSL states as seen by Safari, Chrome and Firefox

Today, I visited some sites of the German DHL group. While Chrome and Safari complain about an invalid certificate of Firefox accepts it. Which one is right, which one is wrong? Which decision ...
2
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1answer
398 views

Security Certificates - Tools to Generate Security Certificates

I want to create a self-signed certificate that will be installed as a trusted certificate authority. I then want to create another two certificates which are signed using the private key of the ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

HTTPS client certificates for server-to-server

Say you have two servers with certificates proving their domains (e.g. for use with HTTPS). Can one of these servers use their certificate as a client certificate when talking to the other, so that ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Possibility of using CA as an attack point by governmental organizations under their pressure

I was always concerned about the model of trust behind CA stuff we use . Well, for most of us, it is OK to trust them, since they are reliable organizations with a bunch of solid experience. ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

What's the mitigation strategy for when a CA's private key is stolen?

I'm new to SSL/TSL and was wondering if you could walk me through the following scenario. Scenario Let's say I am one of a thousand websites that has a certificate signed by some certificate ...
2
votes
1answer
235 views

How do I get a third-party-signed ssl client certificate?

I've been given a requirement of providing a client certificate to authenticate between two application's web services. The other application (that I don't host) is requiring an SSL client certificate ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Is there a website or other resource that lists operating systems/platforms and the included root certificates?

I need to choose a certification authority (CA), to get a certificate, but I noticed that there are several of these only present in some operating systems/platforms like windows. I need to choose one ...
2
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2answers
433 views

Certificate authorities: history and registration

CA's are a key part of the internet's infrastructure few people are aware of. SSL was mostly hacked together at Netscape in 1995. I'd like to understand more about the organizational structure of CA's ...
2
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1answer
186 views

What do people mean by “top-down manner” in X.509 certificates?

What do people mean by saying that X.509 certificates work in "top-down manner"? Do they say that because CAs can do cross certifications?
2
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2answers
285 views

Can I buy a signing-valid certificate for internal use?

So now that I have to implement "secure transport" as defined by The Direct Project (not to mention reinventing a bunch of wheels, but that's another story for SO), I find myself staring down the ...
2
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3answers
420 views

Are intermediate signing certs the only secure+practical way to manage OpenVPN client certs?

My organization needs to issue (and revoke) OpenVPN client certificates for people working remotely. Our system is based on a standard OpenSSL CA setup and the easy-rsa tools, and the whole directory ...