Certificate authorities verify the owner information of certificates by signing them.

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8
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3answers
2k views

What are the risks of a localhost signed cerificate?

In our company we have an internal CA certificate for signing various things including the proxied (MITM'd) HTTPS connections. Suppose we use this CA to sign a key for "localhost" for use in ...
17
votes
1answer
15k views

Configure SSL Mutual (Two-way) Authentication

A lot of tutorials, a lot of pages, a lot of question and they differ in implementation of this issue "Configure SSL Mutual (Two-way) Authentication". I have to do it with Linux, and I don't know from ...
2
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1answer
240 views

Sending Digital Certificates

I used the makecert tool in order to create: a self-signed certificate a server certificate using the self-signed certificate a client certificate using the self-signed certificate I then ...
2
votes
1answer
355 views

Security Certificates - Tools to Generate Security Certificates

I want to create a self-signed certificate that will be installed as a trusted certificate authority. I then want to create another two certificates which are signed using the private key of the ...
1
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1answer
5k views

The request was aborted: Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel Exception

Let me explain my situation. I created a self-signed certificate and installed it in the Trusted Root Certification Authorities section in MMC. I then created two certificates using the self-signed ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Creation and deployment of self-signed certificates for a two-machine scenario

Let us assume that I have two computers: client server Now, in the server computer, I set up a legacy ASMX web service which will going to be used by the client. Before the client can connect to ...
11
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2answers
1k views

What does having an internal two-tier PKI protect against?

There are a lot of Best Practice documents that recommend having an offline Root CA and an Enterprise Subordinate CA that is signed by the root, for an internal Microsoft AD Certificate Services ...
2
votes
2answers
579 views

Looking for general guidance on securing web API application for client applications and users

I have a web service built with WebAPI that accepts JSON requests and responds accordingly. The core architecture is built but there isn't any authentication/authorization. After a lot of googling ...
1
vote
1answer
815 views

Why a web server HTTPS certificate can't sign its subdomain HTTPS certificates?

Why having a valid certificate for "exampe.com" I can't make a "child" certificate for "subdomain.example.com"? What insecurities will arise if browsers start allowing domain's certificates to be ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Certificate authorities for a PKI

Some people think the certificate authorities for a PKI should be the government, but others think certificate authorities should be private entities, such as banks, corporations, or schools. What are ...
5
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1answer
12k views

What is updated with “Update Root Certificates” enabled? What is the equivalent in Windows 2008R2?

What root certificates are/are not updated when the following checkbox is checked? Additional questions If I manually remove a root certificate, will this service replace that very certificate? ...
1
vote
1answer
248 views

How to have Thunderbird include a root certificate?

An eMail signed via S/MIME also contains the X.509 certificate chain containing the public key in order to directly verify the signature (assuming its issuing CA is deemed trustworthy). The chain does ...
2
votes
2answers
825 views

distribution mechanisms for CRLs

From the X.509 RFC: DistributionPoint ::= SEQUENCE { distributionPoint [0] DistributionPointName OPTIONAL, reasons [1] ReasonFlags OPTIONAL, cRLIssuer ...
2
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1answer
3k views

Certificate Chains When Importing Signed CSR Response

I'm interfacing with a secure web service, and authenticating using a client certificate. I'm confused about step #3 in the client configuration: Generate a private key into keystore Generate a CSR ...
5
votes
1answer
241 views

Security and authentication problem

We have a sample scenario and we would like to receive some feedback and some solutions regarding possible security schemes. First of all, lets imagine a real world scenario: Imagine that a user ...
6
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2answers
3k views

How to use a Yubikey NEO (or any OpenPGP card or GnuPG in general) to sign X.509 CSRs?

Since the Yubikey NEO can be used as an OpenPGP card (see here) with three 2048 bit RSA keys, I thought about creating a CA from one of its public keys. Since the private key cannot be extracted ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Does a CA need to have the same type of key as the certificates it is signing? RSA / Elliptic Curve (EC/ECDH/ECDSA)

I am making a CA that I hope to be able to sign RSA and Elliptic Curve-capable (EC) keys with. I was wondering if the best approach was: CA with RSA keys capable of signing RSA and EC CSRs CA with ...
5
votes
3answers
314 views

What is a reasonable expiry for user authentication certificates?

This question is about a nearly decentralized P2P system with a centralized certificate authority where users can authenticate and receive a certificate on their public key and then can authenticate ...
13
votes
4answers
14k views

How are Chrome and Firefox validating SSL Certificates?

How are Chrome and Firefox validating SSL Certificates? Are they requesting data from an SSL certification website, like GeoTrust, to validate the certificate received from the web server?
62
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10answers
12k views

Why do we not trust an SSL certificate that expired recently?

Every SSL certificate has an expiration date. Now suppose some site's certificate expired an hour ago or a day ago. All the software by default will either just refuse to connect to the site or issue ...
5
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1answer
664 views

Certification authority only for certain domains

Is it possible to make a certification authority certificate (even unsigned), which only allow to sign certificates for specific domain(s)?
2
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1answer
2k views

What Enhanced Key Usages are required for PKI infrastructure tasks? (OIDs for OSPF and CRL signing, etc)

I'm building a constrained PKI that specifies EKUs for the the entire hierarchy and want to document the OIDs required for PKI tree maintenance tasks. I understand that clients may not validate the ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Protecting against SSL Strip [duplicate]

I've read you can attack connections using tools like sslstrip, if you are on the same network. So what ensures that our SSL connections remain safe? Does it depend on the cert strength? Do you ...
5
votes
1answer
457 views

For a desktop application, why use an SSL certificate from a trusted authority?

When a web browser connects to a server and downloads an SSL certificate, a third-party trusted authority ensures that the client is talking to the host that it's looking for. If the host uses a ...
0
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1answer
370 views

Does S/MIME provide means to propagate a certificate's revocation?

Can a revocation certificate for an old X.509 certificate be attached to an email in addition to a replacement certificate in such a way that the client user does not have to manually intervene? Or ...
2
votes
3answers
387 views

Are intermediate signing certs the only secure+practical way to manage OpenVPN client certs?

My organization needs to issue (and revoke) OpenVPN client certificates for people working remotely. Our system is based on a standard OpenSSL CA setup and the easy-rsa tools, and the whole directory ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Is it possible to create a self signed certificate authority?

Would it be possible to create a legitimate certificate with the CA bit set? I dont have a usecase associated with this, I'm merely curious. To explain my question : Suppose I sign a public ...
2
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1answer
1k views

How does a developer interact with Microsoft Certificate *Web Services*

Microsoft Certificate Web Services is a HTTPS web service (WS-Trust) that has no Kerberos dependency and can be used on a variety of devices. This is new in Windows 2008 and is separate from the ...
3
votes
2answers
200 views

SSL Certificate Signing by a CA

Per my understanding about SSL's, a user has to send his CSR to a CA (Verisign) to get it signed, and Verisign will send the sign X.509 certificate in return. What I don't understand is what, ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

How can an “alternate” or duplicate HTTPS certificate be used in an attack?

Inspired by an old question from PulpSpy, I'm trying to think of whether this is a significant weakness in the Certificate Authority system. Here are the attack methods that I think would work - ...
7
votes
2answers
539 views

What kind of certificate do I need to be able to sign my own subdomain certificates?

We are making a web-based application that will be installed in intranets as a virtual machine image (we send the user a CD with the virtual machine image, user runs it in a VMWare/VirtualBox/...). ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

What damage could be done if a malicious certificate had an identical “Subject Key Identifier”?

I'm looking at the the Subject Key Identifier attribute of a CA certificate and am trying to understand the role it plays in validation and infer how validating client software could get it wrong. ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What should a CRL file name look like when “new” and “delta” CRLs are generated?

I suspect my Windows 20012 Certificate Server CRL revocation configuration is incorrect every time I generate a new CRL or a new Delta, only a maximum of 3 files are generated. When I created the ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Is it a good idea to generate certificate-specific CRLs? What is this technique called?

Suppose I create 3 certificates with the following CRLs Cert1 http://crl.server.com/batch1/root1.crl Cert2 http://crl.server.com/batch2/root2.crl Cert3 ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the most secure way to do OCSP signing without creating validation loops?

I'd like to enable the most secure OCSP validation that Windows 2008 SP1 and newer support. Based on the following information, am I required to implement id-pkix-ocsp-nocheck on my OCSP ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Is an AIA or CRL useful / required at the Root CA if that Root is used to cross certify another PKI?

Suppose I have several independent PKIs that are used Two internal PKIs: One with SHA1 support the other with Suite B algorithms. A partner who I trust and have a policy map with. Since both my ...
3
votes
1answer
630 views

What happens to a certificate's Basic Constraints when a policy map is used?

One feature of a Basic Constraint when applied to a certificate (CA or end certificate) is that I can specify the maximum number of CAs that are permitted in the chain. I'm planning on having a 2 ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What OID Issuance Policies are appropriate for SmartCard and Browser Certificates?

I'm investigating issuance policies for SMIME and Browser certificates with different levels of assurance. For the purposes of S/MIME and Browser certificates, should I even use an assurance policy? ...
4
votes
2answers
449 views

What is the severity of a fake certificate?

I'm not a security specialist, thus reading this Google Blog post about a fake *.google.com certificate, raises a lot of concerns, if anyone can impersonate a website, especially a google website, my ...
2
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2answers
195 views

Why CAs instead of global fingerprint database?

Why do we use "too big to fail" CAs and the chain of trust instead of a global fingerprint database in a similar vein to how ssh works?
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Self-signed certificates usage for code signing purposes

if a self-signed certificate is trusted by the client's certificate store, then it should be fine to be used, since the client trusts the issuer of the certificate as it does any other trusted CA ...
1
vote
1answer
447 views

When distributing a CRL over HTTP, what is the optimal refresh time? What logic affects this decision?

When distributing a CRL over HTTP, what is the optimal cache and max age settings (etc) for this distribution mechanism? Related information on a different answer Consider using HTTP instead ...
2
votes
3answers
539 views

Server Certificates, certificate authority, and servers

I currently have a valid wildcard certificate installed on OS X 10.8.2 server. To make sure we know what I'm talking about the cert is *.domain.com (example only) I'd love to use this to secure as ...
5
votes
3answers
609 views

Issuing SSL certificates for device automation software package without domain names

We are developing the automation software for Windows which communicates with the certain devices via our own private connection protocol. That software package consists of several server (including ...
7
votes
7answers
5k views

What is the danger of hosting your SSL certificate yourself?

I have Active Directory Certificate Services on my server, which makes it possible for me to deliver an SSL certificate for the websites hosted on the same server. I know that normally, I need to ...
0
votes
1answer
7k views

How to create trusted chain of certificates if I have the last certificate?

Good day. During last two weeks i had been trying to create my xmpp client app which will be connect to the xmpp server via TLS(because server it's using) My server is: telnet xmpp.odnoklassniki.ru ...
1
vote
0answers
137 views

Why not buy cheap SSL certificates? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is there any technical security reason not to buy the cheapest SSL certificate you can find? The comparison in Godaddy's website, makes it clear: they're just cheaper ...
5
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2answers
330 views

Why firefox shows some connections are not secure?

I am using internet by connecting mobile phone to my laptop using usb. From yesterday,my browser (firefox) shows for all most all website. Why this happen? How can i solve this?
4
votes
2answers
179 views

What is the state of the Windows Update certificate after Flame?

May 28, The Flame malware is discovered in Iran and by Kaspersky Labs. June 5, Dan Goodin (Ars Technica) points out that Flame had hijacked WindowsUpdate, spreading signed malware through that ...
2
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1answer
131 views

Which .CER file format is more secure for purposes of an AIA record?

What file format is most appropriate or secure for the AIA record in a PKI certificate? The options I'm aware of are: DER encoded binary X.509 (.cer) Base-64 encoded X.509 (.cer) I also have the ...