A Certificate Authority is the collection of hardware, software, and people responsible for issuing certificates in a hierarchical PKI. CAs may be public, as in SSL / TLS and government IDs, or private, as in corporate infrastructures. The primary responsibility of a public CA is to verify the ...

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7
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4answers
1k views

How bad it is to install another company's root certificate to your server?

Our company uses a web server with a couple of web sites on it (private and public, over HTTP and HTTPS, some low risk and some high risk including online payments or other sensitive data for example)....
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Client side ssl auth by signing with server key [duplicate]

So I followed this for setting up client ssl certs using openssl: http://drumcoder.co.uk/blog/2011/oct/19/client-side-certificates-web-apps/ It basically walks through creating a new CA key, and then ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Windows Firewall Connection Security with Certificate

I've been fiddling with the Windows firewall configuration of some computers within a VMWare based LAN (no domain). To aid in my testing and debugging, I created a small, self-hosted console ...
1
vote
3answers
130 views

Can any website secured using TLS can be impersonated using a rogue certificate issued by a rogue CA?

Any website secured using TLS can be impersonated using a rogue certificate issued by a rogue CA. This is irrespective of which CA issued the website’s true certificate and of any property of that ...
151
votes
4answers
18k views

Is there anything preventing the NSA from becoming a root CA?

There are now tons of Certification Authorities (CAs) that are trusted by default in major OS's, many of which are unrecognizable without online lookup or reference. While there have been attempts ...
1
vote
2answers
349 views

SSL Certificate Trust Model

I have been looking at the SSL Certificate Trust Model, and there is something that does not make sense. If I am correct, the trust model makes it that if there is a chain of certificates with a ...
2
votes
1answer
8k views

How to get SSL certificate of a mail server?

I need to get SSL certificate of some mail servers. I know I need to do execute following steps. Do a DNS mx query on the domain name (dig google.com mx). Use the information to download SSL ...
3
votes
2answers
441 views

Why would Comodo SSL certs have two intermediate CAs (chain length 4)?

Comodo certs such as PositiveSSL have a chain length of 4, including two intermediate CA certs. What would be the benefit to them, or to me, of this length chain instead of a chain length of 3 with a ...
0
votes
2answers
132 views

is Digital Signature vulnerable on the Internet?

We all know about how Digital Signing works. I just have some questions about vulnerability risk. At first, As I know, the Signature and the Data are separated and we can split the document into two ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Where are the anonymous/private domain validation SSL certs?

I have yet to find a CA that doesn't require personal information for DV certificates. Is this because all of the major browsers and operating systems have a policy to reject CAs that don't require ...
0
votes
2answers
230 views

How are “Certificate Signing” key usage certificates restricted to what domains they can sign?

Many big websites use their own intermediate signing certificates to generate SSL certificates for their domains. The intermediate certificates are issued by the usual root CAs but have a "Certificate ...
0
votes
1answer
476 views

Can anyone with access to root CA private key decrypt HTTPS traffic?

Can anyone with access to root CA private key decrypt HTTPS traffic of sites using certificate signed by that CA ? and if yes do he need to be man-in-the-middle or just monitoring traffic is ...
2
votes
1answer
299 views

Why are CA's now signing root certs with SHA2?

I see that CA's are now giving the option of having the root CA cert signed with SHA2. I have been told that the hashing function in a root has no security value, and is irrelevant as far as a ...
0
votes
2answers
395 views

Can Subject Alternative Name(SAN) Certificate install on different Web Server or OS?

Let say: application.house.com apache tomcat : physical server email.house.com apache tomcat : virtual finance.house.com Oracle Wallet Manager : physical server ...
10
votes
2answers
5k views

Are certificate authorities required to obey to the signature algorithm (hashing) specified in the CSR?

I was playing a little bit with signature algorithms, trying to determine which CAs among the ones I use are currently issuing SHA2 certificates. I generated a CSR specifying the SHA256 hash (either ...
3
votes
1answer
231 views

Must the distinguished subject name of an issued SSL Certificate match that of the generated Certificate Signing Request?

For example: from Issued SSL Certificate: CN = abc.com.my, OU = Room, O = House, C = MY from generated CSR: CN = abc.com.my, OU = Room , O = House, L = KL, ST = KL , C = MY Is it legal for a ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

OpenVPN: Storage location and creation of keys/certificates?

I am re-setting up some OpenVPN infrastructure to be more secure than the original and wanted some guidance. It's noted that the best security policy is to keep the Certificate Authority (CA) offline ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

What happens when certificates further up the chain expires before mine? (Equifax/GeoTrust)

I just bought a certificate from RapidSSL. Looking up the chain, I found GeoTrust who is signed by Equifax. Then I realized that the ”Equifax Secure Certificate Authority” is due to expire on 2018-08-...
0
votes
2answers
705 views

Problem with OpenSSL rejecting CA possibly due to 12 digit Serial No

I work as a tester at a VoIP software company. We've been running into a problem with using TLS to communicate with certain phones. The phones are from different manufacturers but both exhibit the ...
1
vote
1answer
334 views

How to convert SSL Certificate for mobile app?

I am in the current process of renewing my SSL cert for my website. I also have a mobile app for my site. I want to use the same cert from my website in my mobile app. How can I do this? Thanks - I ...
0
votes
2answers
143 views

Why do certificate authorities often require/use multiple intermediates?

I suppose this is related to What is an intermediate certificate authority? but I think my question is a bit different so I'll ask it anyway. Why do most modern certificate authorities (e.g. ...
9
votes
3answers
8k views

How trustable are third party root certificates?

I recently tried to use Fiddler2 from a third-party vendor Telerik. While decrypting the HTTPS traffic of my network, it asked me to install its own root certificate in my Windows operating system: ...
2
votes
2answers
146 views

Should expired compromised certificates be taken care of if the time is always correct?

I am trying to set up a CA for my company, and issuing every employee a digital certificate and a private key. I am worrying about revocation and expiration. In my case, the root certificate of CA is ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Possibility of using CA as an attack point by governmental organizations under their pressure

I was always concerned about the model of trust behind CA stuff we use . Well, for most of us, it is OK to trust them, since they are reliable organizations with a bunch of solid experience. ...
2
votes
1answer
13k views

What is the deal with Valicert SSL root certificates?

Does anyone know what the status of the "Valicert Class 2 Validation Authority" root certificate is or what's going on with Valicert in general? I've heard that that cert has been deprecated, no ...
15
votes
4answers
8k views

SSL root certificate optional?

I may have been under the wrong impression on how servers should be setup and what certificates actually get sent over during the server hello certificate message. I came across this today from ...
27
votes
1answer
53k views

Can a CSR be created in OpenSSL with SHA2?

Can a CSR be created in OpenSSL with SHA2? If so, what would the command be and what does this tell the CA, if anything? If you could create a CSR using SHA2 would it "tell" the signing CA to use it ...
4
votes
1answer
763 views

Self-signing client certificates and distributing them, is the following a sound procedure?

I have a case at hand as follows: There is a number of clients in Internet (i.e. untrusted channel), initially in hundreds but growing in numbers. There is a server doing processing related to these ...
0
votes
1answer
288 views

Is my understanding about how SSL works correct?

I've been reading about 2-way SSL or mutual auth recently, and here's what I've figured so far: Mutual auth is a way for the client to authenticate itself to the server, just like the server does to ...
0
votes
1answer
251 views

Does openssl store the certificate of the server after verification is done?

As per my understanding , openssl will verify the certificate of the server during ssl handshake , using the trusted CAs present in the CA certificate dir in the context. After the server certificate ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

CSR from IIS 8 and Keeping my Private Key a Secret

I've been trying to understand something. When you generate a CSR from IIS, how is the private key kept as a secret, or is it? Do CA's email you a certificate that includes your private key? Because ...
0
votes
1answer
166 views

Hacked Router Faking a Certificate Authority

Does a typical computer begin with any shared secret with a certificate authority when I buy it? If not, a compromised home router could fake everything and get my credit card info when I attempt to ...
-1
votes
1answer
673 views

How do SSL/TLS certificates work?

I'm trying to understand how SSL/TLS certificates work, but I'm missing something. I have obtained my current understanding from this website: http://www.moserware.com/2009/06/first-few-milliseconds-...
6
votes
2answers
537 views

How can we revoke all ssl certificates issued for our domain?

After having the hostmaster@domain.com email compromised, we found that someone issued a Domain Validated SSL certificate for our domain. Now we want to have all such certificates revoked. Is there ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to safely renew user and CA certificates in a PKI

I am currently developing my own PKI where x.509-client-certificates are issued by a public server. At the moment, the CA-public key is distributed with the binary and there are no routines for ...
4
votes
3answers
823 views

“Web of trust” for self-signed SSL certificates?

SSL certificates, generally speaking, use a "chain of trust" model - a trusted certificate authority (CA) gets proof that a company such as Amazon owns amazon.com and issues an SSL certificate. ...
2
votes
2answers
168 views

What's the mitigation strategy for when a CA's private key is stolen?

I'm new to SSL/TSL and was wondering if you could walk me through the following scenario. Scenario Let's say I am one of a thousand websites that has a certificate signed by some certificate ...
2
votes
2answers
168 views

Is there any mechanism to audit which signed certificates are unrevoked?

We are currently using EasyRSA and OpenSSL to manage our user VPN certificates for OpenVPN. The process we have in place currently is: User generates a CSR on their laptop and sends it to us to sign ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

What crypto prevents & detects “invisible” CAs? (e.g. in X509v4)

For this question, I'm calling an "invisible CA" one that Is signed by a root ca and exists as a 2nd or 3rd tier Is valid, not expired or revoked Has a different Public key than one that is ...
1
vote
2answers
337 views

determine X.509 certificate class

I am very familiar with OpenPGP but don't even use X.509 / S/MIME. I know that there are several classes for certificates (from email check to personal ID check). I would like to know how you ...
0
votes
1answer
401 views

Are “Certificate Templates” used only as a “Template” or do they validate a certificate request?

I'm trying to learn how Microsoft Certificate Templates interact with a certificate request, and can only guess that they take on one of the two/three forms: They simply help the client create a ...
3
votes
2answers
142 views

Isn't this the same as using a certification authority?

Taken from Wikipedia, here is the pretext to my question: A certificate authority (CA) is an organization that stores public keys and their owners and every party in a communication trusts this ...
0
votes
4answers
255 views

Temporarily suspending a Certificate Authority's Certiticate

The PKI RFC talks about revoking or suspending certificates. It also talks about revoking CA certs. However, I could not find anything about whether a CA or a Sub CA's certificates can be revoked or ...
2
votes
1answer
625 views

How do I get a third-party-signed ssl client certificate?

I've been given a requirement of providing a client certificate to authenticate between two application's web services. The other application (that I don't host) is requiring an SSL client certificate ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

From a trust perspective, is renewing a CA certificate the same as trusting a sub-CA?

I'm trying to understand the validation logic that would occur in the following hypothetical scenario An unpatched XP user who trusts a list of root CAs. Those CAs in particular have been renewed (...
4
votes
4answers
745 views

Why self-signed https is less trustworthy than unencrypted http?

It wouldn't be far-fetched to guesstimate that at least 50% of the web traffic can be intercepted in 2014. However, a guesstimate of active interception attacks is likely an order of magnitude lower&...
1
vote
1answer
626 views

How to Delete duplicates in CA Bundle Certificate File

I do have a big CA bundle certificate file and each time if i get request to add new certificate to the existing bundle i need to make sure it is not present already. How i can validate the duplicates....
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Can two parties sign each other's certificate and exchange without CA?

Is possible (and practical) for two users to create their own self-signed SSL certificates, exchange these certificates (perhaps in a face-to-face meeting), and then communicate with each other ...
5
votes
1answer
10k views

Android Kitkat reports: “Network May Be Monitored by an Unknown Third Party” when using non-default root CA

My company uses a private PKI to handle such scenarios such as Mutual auth (TLS) to a website using client certificates SSL web server certificates on an Intranet (once a VPN session is established.)...
1
vote
1answer
252 views

what harm can a malicious ca do?

If ca's act in the interests of an eavesdropper, what is the worst they cold do? I guess they can decrypt traffic not using perfect forward secrecy and impersonate the server. Is this the case?