Certificate authorities verify the owner information of certificates by signing them.

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Digital Certificate Repository Integrity

I am trying to figure out if there is an automatic way to determine if a digital certificate repository has been tampered with. Does anyone know of a way to do so?
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0answers
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Extract the content of PKCS7 file in Java

I have a PKCS#7 signature that have the content‐type signed data and it embeds an XML document, and I have to extract the xml document from this PKCS7 file. Anyone know how to do that in java ??
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1answer
35 views

Certificate authority has changed for personal website - but I haven't changed anything?

I have the Certificate Patrol addon (website) installed in Firefox. While I mostly ignore the (far too many) warnings, today I saw that the certificate authority for my personal website has changed. ...
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2answers
192 views

Windows Firewall Connection Security with Certificate

I've been fiddling with the Windows firewall configuration of some computers within a VMWare based LAN (no domain). To aid in my testing and debugging, I created a small, self-hosted console ...
2
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2answers
78 views

Why is it fine for Certificates above the end-entity certificate to be SHA1 based?

I have heard about the phasing out of Sha1 based certificates for end entity use, and the steps that are outlined for chrome to display progressively more aggressive warnings for Sha1 certs not ...
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1answer
192 views

Android phone (Kitkat) lists a lot of CAs

My Android phone (Kitkat) list a LOT of CA under setting->security->Trusted credential. Does it mean that anyone who has access to any one of those private keys of those CA(s) can monitor or do "Man ...
11
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1answer
665 views

Why isn't there a certificate revocation request standard?

Say I am building a Certificate Authority software and I want to automate certificate revocation as much as possible. I know it will not be possible in some cases, like if the building where the ...
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2answers
4k views

Unrecognized leaf certificate

Every 15 minutes or so I get this message in my system.log Apr 25 22:05:36 Ivans-MacBook-Pro.local apsd[194]: Unrecognized leaf certificate Apr 25 22:20:57 Ivans-MacBook-Pro.local apsd[194]: ...
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1answer
38 views

How to trust a CA to sign a CRL but not a cert?

In my application, there are many parties that are trusted to revoke a cert (ie by signing a CRL), but are not trusted to sign (new) certs. How do I mark a CA to be trusted only for CRLs, and not for ...
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1answer
103 views

Are WoSign S/MIME certificates generated on the server side and therefore unsafe to use?

WoSign has been in the media for offering free server and client certificates. Since one of my (free) S/MIME certificate from another CA is about to expire soon after one year and WoSign offers ...
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2answers
3k views

Why does Windows Ship with Expired SSL Certificates?

I am cleaning up the certificate stores on my Windows machines, and considering which certificates I should keep, and which ones I should delete. Why does a fresh install of Windows Server 2012 R2 ...
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1answer
35 views

How to extend x509 certificate validity

I have two x509certificate, and now they are expired. What I would do is to extend the validity date of these certificates (I don't want t creat new one). Can I do this with openssl or other tools ?
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7answers
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How do I report a security vulnerability about a trusted certificate authority? [duplicate]

I stumbled across a huge security vulnerability in a Certificate Authority that is trusted by all modern browsers and computers. Specifically, I am able to get a valid signed certificate for a domain ...
5
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2answers
227 views

How does “Let's Encrypt” provide authenticity?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Let's_Encrypt https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_security#Authenticity AFAIK with "Let's Encrypt", we could create HTTPS websites with only one command. ...
0
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1answer
292 views

Can I create an SSL certificate on windows signed with the machine's certificate?

From MMC > Certificates I can see there's a certificate for the current machine under 'Trusted Root Certification Authorities > Certficates'. e.g. on my workstation called 'RoryWorkstation1' there's a ...
4
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1answer
70 views

distributing SSL certificates?

I'm only familiar with SSL certificates in a simple-use case: I've installed them to websites, Windows servers, and a few Linux servers. I'm now faced with the task of securing every possible device ...
5
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2answers
315 views

Are there any downsides to using Let's Encrypt for a website's SSL certificates?

On the advantages side, I see several benefits to using the Let's Encrypt service (e.g., the service is free, easy to setup, and easy to maintain). I'm wondering what, if any, are the disadvantages to ...
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2answers
485 views

Can a wifi provider decrypt HTTPS usind MITM without users noticing? [duplicate]

As a router, can I send forged certificates, and intercept requests to CA and return responses that they are valid. So I could MITM all https traffic, and spy on my users?
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0answers
35 views

How get X509 certificate's full cert chain programatically? [migrated]

Imagine I have p12 container of private key and public certificate. When I export p12 public cert to separate .cer file with Java keytool I may click to .cer file and see full cert chain. How may I ...
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0answers
37 views

Delete certificate from user local store using script [migrated]

I manage to delete a certificate using a script with command : certutil -delstore -v -enterprise CA "Certificate CN" But unfortunately, it only works if this certificate was first added using the ...
4
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1answer
93 views

Why did browsers deprecate 1024-bit RSA, but retain SHA-1?

I was reading Mozilla's security blog Phasing out Certificates with 1024-bit RSA Keys. Effectively, some browsers are deprecating 1024-bit RSA for CAs and Subordinate CAs because the certificate must ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Create OpenVPN/easy-rsa certificate from public key only

I have been using easyrsa to generate client certificates for my application using the method described here. The build-client-full command generates a fresh private key for each client. This is what ...
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2answers
76 views

Is there any use in an AIA Extension in a Certificate directly issued by a Root CA?

While most documentation I've read states that there is no requirement to have the AIA extension in a self-signed Root certificate (logical enough), I can't find anything that tells me not to do so in ...
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3answers
778 views

What if someone steals a Certificate authority's private key? [duplicate]

What if someone could steal a Certificate authority's private key? I know this will (probably) never happen, but what would happen to the certificates that were already signed with this private key? ...
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2answers
147 views

Does Convergence solve the problem of hacked CAs?

My question is about the Firefox AddOn Convergence. So my question is if it is possible for convergence to observe that a phishing-site which is verified by fake Certificate because a hacker of a CA ...
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2answers
116 views

Is using a self signed certificate safer than a free ssl certificate? [duplicate]

I have a personal website/email server, basically for my own self learning use. I am using CACert (http://www.cacert.org/) for my SSL certificate as advised in a tutorial. I have no clue about ...
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9answers
676 views

How does SSL/TLS PKI work?

We have lots of questions that address portions of SSL/TLS as it relates to PKI, but none of them seem to bring everything together. A canonical answer that we can point people to I think would be ...
9
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1answer
456 views

What are the problems with creating an own CA for intranet?

In the comments to Creating my own CA for an intranet several people strongly advise against creating your own CA for an intranet. Especially: don't do it. Nope. Bad idea. Buy $10 CA signed ...
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1answer
45 views

Using a minimal set of certificate authoraties

It been known for quite a while now that SSL is more of a security-illusion than a real one. As it's not completely useless, and there's no real alternative at moment (though convergence looks ...
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1answer
112 views

How does driver install with an expired cert?

I'm working on making a silent installer of WinpkFilter driver. In my silent installation, I'm always getting a (not so silent) prompt that says "Windows can't verify the publisher of this driver ...
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2answers
936 views

How are digital certificates compared?

I have read about SSL and TLS; I know how RSA works and why digital certificates are necessary (more or less), but I am curious about how we prevent a fake digital certificate. The operating system ...
0
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1answer
96 views

Analyzing a TLS connection?

Suppose I want a secure TLS communication between me and myschool.edu. Which of the following should I trust to preserve confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity. Here are the options and my ...
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4answers
8k views

Are there technical disadvantages in using free ssl certificates?

Note this question is related, except this one is about free SSL certs. There are providers who are offering totally free entry-level SSL certs (like StartSSL). I was wondering if they are ...
4
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1answer
119 views

Sites are signed with an incorrect VeriSign Class 3 G5 CA

Previously today, I encountered a SSL error trying to access twitter.com in Chrome. Investigating the issue, I encountered the same error accessing discussions.apple.com. Most other HTTPS sites were ...
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2answers
53 views

Is there any possibility that a trusted CA can perform a man in middle attack? [duplicate]

Is there any possibility that a trusted CA can perform a man in middle attack? Since the CA certificate is installed and trusted by the browser it will never raise a warning message. Hope my doubt ...
2
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3answers
42 views

Methods for immediate certificate signing

I'm an absolute newbie in the enterprise CSR and certificate generation process. So kindly point out any obvious silliness in the question. Is it possible to completely automate the process of CSR ...
3
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1answer
63 views

How to detect whether a CA used EV for a certificate using openssl

I want to download the certificate of a particular hostname and detect whether the CA used EV (extended validation) when issuing it. So far I was not able to find anything that identifies certificates ...
6
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1answer
237 views

Should I install my subordinate Certificate Authority on the domain controller? Why?

I must install a PKI in my organization. I work in a windows environment. I already set an offline CA. I must now install a subordinate CA. I have the choice between installing the subordinate CA on a ...
1
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1answer
59 views

Private CA and client server authentication

I have a private application - that has one server and many clients and I want to use two way authentication(AKA client auth) I use Tomcat server and java keytool to create TLS certificates. If I ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Why aren't the TLD registries the TLS CAs?

Here's one thing I don't understand - why is it possible for a Chinese organization to forge an SSL certificate for an American website and the other way round? What led to a design decision of ...
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2answers
117 views

Difference between Certificate pinning and public key pinning

I understand what pinning is. I had read about Certificate pinning and I appreciated it's use case. But today I learned pinning can be of two types - pin the certificate or pin the public key ...
3
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1answer
199 views

Secure Connection between two mobile (Android and/or iOS) devices

I've a Device A which will communicate with multiple devices on a network (BLE and/or NFC). All the devices will be handled a Token upon authentication which somehow needs to be transferred over to ...
5
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2answers
246 views

Is cacert.org more harmful than self-signing?

I don't understand the https security model attempted upon me by The OpenBSD Journal (undeadly.org). Instead of using self-signed certificates for https like they did in the past, they for a while ...
9
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1answer
570 views

Should I use a Certificate Revocation List?

I've been trying to provide security to my API. I will issue certificates to my clients to access my API through a TLS channel. So it'll be a SSL-Client Authentication. I'm wondering, should I use ...
3
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4answers
143 views

Should name constraints be present on a subordinate CA issued to an organization?

I was looking at Google's Internet Authority G2. Its a subordinate CA (critical, CA:TRUE, pathlen:0) certified by GeoTrust. The dump is below. Presumably, GeoTrust certified that CA for Google so ...
11
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3answers
3k views

Why is my Positive SSL certificate deemed insecure by Google Chrome? [duplicate]

We run a website over HTTPS with a wildcard certificate from Positive SSL. Today, when I opened Google Chrome (v. 42.0.2311.90 m) and navigated to the site, I noticed a red cross through the https ...
2
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1answer
113 views

Security Structure of an API

I've been developing a web application and APIs for 8 months. I implemented OAuth 2.0 client credentials for authentication. And now I have to implement TLS to my APIs. I've been dealing with SSL/TLS ...
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2answers
6k views

Why is Symantec/Verisign CA appearing as an invalid authority? [closed]

Typical browsing to www.BankOfAmerica.com got me an ERR_CERT_AUTHORITY_INVALID error. This was with an up-to-date production version of Google Chrome for Mac. I tried with Safari, and got the same ...
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1answer
1k views

TLS 39 month certificate limit and Chrome's NET::ERR_CERT_VALIDITY_TOO_LONG error

Late last year the CA/Browser Forum decided to limit the maximum valid term of TLS/SSL certificates issued after 1 April 2015. After this time, as the official guidelines put it.. CAs SHALL NOT ...
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2answers
6k views

How is an X509 certificate signer verified?

Lets say I create a self-signed X509 certificate A and use it to issue certificate B. I put certificate A in my trusted root authorities so that all certificates signed by it are accepted. My question ...