A piece of data used in public key cryptography that contains identifying information (i.e. email address or web address), a hash of a public key, and a digital signature that authenticates the data in the certificate.

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2answers
30 views

client SSL authentication .pem file and .crt files

So I have minimal knowledge of security really but I'm a primary developer on an application which handles some sensitive data that we want to be secure. The application communicates with one other ...
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1answer
18 views

EAP-TLS fragmentation implementation

I am trying to build an EAP-TLS client. The handshake I have to deal with involves receipt of fragmented messages from the RADIUS server. As a part of the client reply, I have to construct a ...
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1answer
51 views

How to force browsers to accepte all further SSL certificates

I am using the last versions of IE, Firefox and Google Chrome web browsers on Windows 8. How can force these browsers to accept automatically the SSL certificates of any website I will visit ? I know ...
2
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2answers
105 views

When visiting an HTTPS page for the first time, why isn't there a prompt for the certificate?

I installed a fresh Windows 7. I wonder why when I visit website using HTTPS, I do not get asked to accept their certificate like shown on this picture:
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1answer
25 views

generating extensions request in a PKCS#10 request using C# and CertENrollLib

I have to add extensions to a certificate request ( CSR ) in such a way that I respect a given structure. Namely this one On the left is the structure I must respect for the chalenge password, on the ...
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1answer
31 views

How to safely renew user and CA certificates in a PKI

I am currently developing my own PKI where x.509-client-certificates are issued by a public server. At the moment, the CA-public key is distributed with the binary and there are no routines for ...
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1answer
45 views

PDF Digital Signature [closed]

I got free certificate from Comodo and installed on my Windows. Now I'm trying to sign PDF document using this certificate, but get message: "signature validity is unknown": Why is this? How I can ...
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1answer
64 views

Windows - Revoked Binaries

I find it hard to believe that the majority of Windows system files aren't signed. I don't know whether my disbelief comes from naivety, or because Windows is used within secure environments worldwide ...
7
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1answer
73 views

What considerations should apply for self service Renewing, Revoking, or Unrevoking a certificate?

I need to design a self service portal for renewing, revoking, and unrevoking a certificate and have come up with the following rules*: Renewal Certificates have a short term validity and need to ...
1
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1answer
49 views

Questions about self-signed Certificates' Fingerprints and Client-Server Interaction through SSL

I have some questions about how the fingerprint function is performed. First of all, I have some knowledge about cryptography. However it seems to do not be good enough to understand hundreds of ...
0
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1answer
26 views

What is the difference between openssl and mkcert and IIS self signed certificate

What is the difference between openssl and mkcert. Which one should I prefer. I want to create an IIS hosted WCF service. Which one should I use to create an SSL certificate. Also, there is another ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Is there any mechanism to audit which signed certificates are unrevoked?

We are currently using EasyRSA and OpenSSL to manage our user VPN certificates for OpenVPN. The process we have in place currently is: User generates a CSR on their laptop and sends it to us to sign ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Client Authentication Certificate Not Expiring, but “parent” cert IS

So I have a client-authencation cert installed on client PCs, which doesn't expire for 5 more years. Unfortunately, the cert on our gateway which is used to validate the client cert, expires this ...
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1answer
48 views

Testing Digital Signature Verification

I'm testing a system which involves updating a database using files sent from external parties. These files sent from external parties are basically just large flat files to update a database. The ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

What should a client verify after getting a client certificate?

I have a client that generates a csr, sends it to a server, the server then sign it and return the certificate as a String. the String is then decoded to a x509Certificate (using Bouncycastle's ...
0
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2answers
30 views

determine X.509 certificate class

I am very familiar with OpenPGP but don't even use X.509 / S/MIME. I know that there are several classes for certificates (from email check to personal ID check). I would like to know how you ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

How to encode a username in PKIX certificate?

I was reading through RFC 5280, PKIX Certificate and CRL Profile, Section 4.2.1.6, Subject Alternative Name: The subject alternative name extension allows identities to be bound to the subject ...
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2answers
97 views

My certificate seems fine but my TLS fails (Cert not validated)

I set up my certificate for my mail server at https://mail.travelstreamer.com/ I exported my certificate as described in my mail servers documentation and pointed to it in the server settings. The ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Are “Certificate Templates” used only as a “Template” or do they validate a certificate request?

I'm trying to learn how Microsoft Certificate Templates interact with a certificate request, and can only guess that they take on one of the two/three forms: They simply help the client create a ...
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0answers
20 views

How can I export private key from a certificate chain? [migrated]

I create a keystore and from that keysore I generate a CSR file and when I receive Signed Certificate from CA, I imported root and intermediate certificates to my keystore and finally my signed ...
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3answers
45 views

Simplifying SMIME by re-using the Public & Private key across email accounts

I need to simplify (at the cost of security features) an SMIME deployment. How can I generate a CSR that reuses the same public and private key for more than one email address? In other words, I ...
1
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0answers
35 views

Generate a public key certificate signed by CA with OpenSSL [migrated]

I am working on a webservice that requires a signature in the sent and received messages. After sending a certificate request to the entity that will consume the webservice, they sent me (in addition ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Save to setup localhost.example.com to test wildcard SSL?

I have a domain with a wildcard SSL certificate (i.e. "*.example.com"). I also develop using WAMP setups, which I would like to be able to test HTTPS on. There are several tutorials on how to setup a ...
3
votes
2answers
83 views

Isn't this the same as using a certification authority?

Taken from Wikipedia, here is the pretext to my question: A certificate authority (CA) is an organization that stores public keys and their owners and every party in a communication trusts this ...
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0answers
23 views

Is it possible to merge my certificate (.crt) with my private key to export as a Base-64 encoded X.509 (.CER) [migrated]

I am very clueless when it comes to certificates/security and the like so please excuse my ignorance. I purchased a certificate and it was sent to me. I generated the CSR using the java keytool. I ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

How do I get a third-party-signed ssl client certificate?

I've been given a requirement of providing a client certificate to authenticate between two application's web services. The other application (that I don't host) is requiring an SSL client certificate ...
5
votes
3answers
231 views

Protecting the Java keystore with a weak password, what's the risk?

From my understanding, the Java keystore contains certificate information, but this information is public (i.e. other machine certificates which you want the local machine to trust). Is there ...
4
votes
3answers
138 views

From a trust perspective, is renewing a CA certificate the same as trusting a sub-CA?

I'm trying to understand the validation logic that would occur in the following hypothetical scenario An unpatched XP user who trusts a list of root CAs. Those CAs in particular have been renewed ...
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0answers
56 views

Is a android app signing certificate unique?

The Certificates that are used to sign Android applications are generated by the user and not checked or signed by any authority. They are RSA or DSA Certificates and as i read on ...
1
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1answer
75 views

Is keystore file(server.jks), my private key file?

My task is to convert .p7b to .pfx. It would be great, if you could provide me some pointers. Below are the steps I did to generate .p7b file. I generated jks(java keystore) file using below ...
1
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1answer
93 views

x509 serial number - hex or decimal

When I run the openssl command openssl x509 -noout -text -in certname on different certs, on some I get a serial number which looks like this. Serial Number: 256 (0x100) On others, I get one ...
2
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0answers
22 views

1.3.6.1.5.5.7.1.12 Logotype extension - how can it be generated from openssl command line

If you look at this subCA Certificate from Verisign http://www.tbs-certificats.com/FAQ/en/495.html?p=en/495.html It has the following field 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.1.12: ...
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0answers
31 views

Openssl command line: How to get “Policy: X509v3 Any Policy” in a certificate I am generating through openssl

I am trying to generate a certificate through openssl which has the following line X509v3 Certificate Policies: Policy: X509v3 Any Policy But I end up getting X509v3 Certificate Policies: ...
3
votes
4answers
256 views

Why self-signed https is less trustworthy than unencrypted http?

It wouldn't be far-fetched to guesstimate that at least 50% of the web traffic can be intercepted in 2014. However, a guesstimate of active interception attacks is likely an order of magnitude ...
1
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1answer
33 views

How to Delete duplicates in CA Bundle Certificate File

I do have a big CA bundle certificate file and each time if i get request to add new certificate to the existing bundle i need to make sure it is not present already. How i can validate the ...
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votes
1answer
60 views

How does SSL client authentication work?

I read the RFC document, it mentioned that there are some kinds of client certificate type. So I don't understand what does this type mean. For a instance, one type named rsa_fixed_ecdh, it said, the ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Can two parties sign each other's certificate and exchange without CA?

Is possible (and practical) for two users to create their own self-signed SSL certificates, exchange these certificates (perhaps in a face-to-face meeting), and then communicate with each other ...
20
votes
5answers
2k views

Are login “certificates” more secure than standard username + password authentication?

I just opened a new bank account which comes with internet banking. Unlike the others I have used so far, this one requires a personal certificate (a .p12 file stored on my computer) + password for ...
0
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3answers
91 views

Multiple SSL server certificates

I am sort of new to SSL. During a SSL connection establishment, I see that the server is sending multiple certificates. Can someone help me to understand why the server is sending multiple ...
4
votes
1answer
565 views

Android Kitkat reports: “Network May Be Monitored by an Unknown Third Party” when using non-default root CA

My company uses a private PKI to handle such scenarios such as Mutual auth (TLS) to a website using client certificates SSL web server certificates on an Intranet (once a VPN session is ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

Public e-mail Encryption Certificate

I'm quite new to this, so don't be too hard on me. I'm currently using the CipherMail MTA to generate e-mail encryption certificates. I created an own CA and public and private keys for our contact ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Is SCEP safe if I use a different long and complex password per enrollment, and validate it against expected parameters?

I'm considering using SCEP to enroll iPads and other devices in my network. The iOS configuration profile allows me to configure a different password for each device. Is it valid, and safe for me to ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Diffie-Hellman certificate verify message

On the RFC 6101, about "Certificate Verify", I read that: "This message is used to provide explicit verification of a client certificate. This message is only sent following any client ...
2
votes
3answers
55 views

Are Extended Validation certificates any more secure than regular ones?

Or are they just an attempt to get you to pay more money to a CA because it tells your browser to show the address bar in green with your organization's name? Also, what are the technical details ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Is it possible to create a SMIME only PKI that *can't* be used for SSL?

Assume I have a Root CA that I want to share with hostile untrusted 3rd parties. Then constrain this root using specific EKUs at the root. OID=1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.4 ; Secure Email Next, ...
1
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2answers
39 views

SSL Server Certificate optional

In RFC 6101 (Of SSLv3), In page 22 ServerHello Certificate is marked with * which means optional or situation-dependent messages that are not always sent. It means that Certificate is optional in ...
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2answers
59 views

Authentication through digital certificates plus signature

While studying X.509 certificates, I've found that authentication is safer if I associate/combine one or more certificates with each signed message (certificate + signed message). The receiver of ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

How does the SSL connection protocol work with self-signed certificate?

I'm using the self-signed certificate, but I don't know how this protocol works. I connect two apps with a socket SSL and it works fine. The server is a Python app and the client is an Android app. I ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Resign root CA as SUB?

Imagine I have a Microsoft root offline ca running since half year, but suddenly I want to include it in my company hierarchy, resigning it with the company official root, But I need both continue ...
1
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2answers
47 views

Security risk of Microsoft AD Certificate Services?

We have an internal CA server for our domain located at http://cert_srvr.local.domain/certsrv/certrqxt.asp. This server runs Microsoft Active Directory Certificate Services. When I went to the ...