A piece of data used in public key cryptography that contains identifying information (i.e. email address or web address), a hash of a public key, and a digital signature that authenticates the data in the certificate.

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Know certificate signing algorithm of a remote site using OpenSSL

I have been trying to know the "Certificate Signing Algorithm" ( SHA1 with RSA etc.) using openssl. To start with I tried to see the cerificate using following command, but it also does not show up ...
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2answers
1k views

Where are the anonymous/private domain validation SSL certs?

I have yet to find a CA that doesn't require personal information for DV certificates. Is this because all of the major browsers and operating systems have a policy to reject CAs that don't require ...
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2answers
177 views

How are “Certificate Signing” key usage certificates restricted to what domains they can sign?

Many big websites use their own intermediate signing certificates to generate SSL certificates for their domains. The intermediate certificates are issued by the usual root CAs but have a "Certificate ...
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1answer
65 views

SSL - Main and Child servers network

There is an embedded device which acts a client. It communicates to a server via POST method whenever it has any data to be transmitted to the server. Embedded device: 1. Acts a Client 2. Does not ...
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5answers
397 views

Are most MiTM attacks done to impersonate web sites, or simply decrypt traffic?

The more I read about impersonating web sites the more I get confused. Does an attacker need the private key of the server in order to impersonate a website or does having the private key simply give ...
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1answer
219 views

Does client certificate do any encryption in https connection? [duplicate]

In Https connection asymmetric encryption (with Server certificate) is used during handshake and to create symmetric keys. Am I right that in this case client certificate does no encryption? The ...
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2answers
701 views

Self-signed certificates and internal cURL requests

I'm using an internal API for some commercial software we purchased and it recommends using SSL when utilizing the API; it uses cURL to achieve this and hence the user, pass and key will all be passed ...
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2answers
3k views

Recommended key usage for a client certificate

My program has the following flow: a client sends a CSR to server, the server sends back a client certificate and after that the client communicates with the server to a path that requires a ...
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1answer
388 views

Can anyone with access to root CA private key decrypt HTTPS traffic?

Can anyone with access to root CA private key decrypt HTTPS traffic of sites using certificate signed by that CA ? and if yes do he need to be man-in-the-middle or just monitoring traffic is ...
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1answer
283 views

Why are CA's now signing root certs with SHA2?

I see that CA's are now giving the option of having the root CA cert signed with SHA2. I have been told that the hashing function in a root has no security value, and is irrelevant as far as a ...
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4answers
4k views

HTTPS self signed certficiate for personal website

I want to make my Synology NAS accessible over the internet. When I create my own certificate and import this on all my devices (PC, Laptop, Smartphone, Tablet, etc.) is this as secure as buying a ...
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1answer
723 views

Can't I forge an SSL certificate? [duplicate]

I read What's keeping a malicious man in the middle server from forging a valid certificate?, but when the client goes to verify the certificate, can't an attacker intercept that connection and say ...
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2answers
283 views

Does a self-signed certificate offer more protection than a public key?

I'm having a hard time finding the practical benefits of transmitting a self-signed certificate over simply a public key. I understand that a self-signed certificate proves the integrity of the public ...
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1answer
2k views

openssl ECDHE-RSA… cipher suite selected while using RSA server cert and ECDSA client cert

The scene: s_server using RSA certificate. s_client using ECC-ECDSA certificate. Client authentication is required (option -Verify set on s_server) Cipher-suite selected after handshake is ...
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2answers
257 views

What does 2^77.1 calls presented in a SHA1 attack mean?

Regarding the SHA 1 deprecation, I found this information here: http://blogs.technet.com/b/srd/archive/2013/11/12/security-advisory-2880823-recommendation-to-discontinue-use-of-sha-1.aspx I know ...
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1answer
138 views

What does verified file in windows mean? And does it guarantee related files?

Often when I run a .exe file in Windows, a small box pops up that shows that file is from a verified publisher (e.g Microsoft) or in other case, unknown publisher. I know public key encryption can ...
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0answers
58 views

Signed an executable; appears as unsigned on VMs?

I signed my binary with a certificate issued by GoDaddy. It seems that myself and everyone I could get to test it for me confirms that it is indeed signed (much like signtool verify) However, when I ...
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2answers
349 views

How will SHA1 deprecation affect internal CA's?

I am hearing that the SHA1 Deprecation notices from MS/CHROME only apply to certs that are a part of a public trusted root program. This makes one believe that IE will have new logic built in to allow ...
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1answer
577 views

How do systems protect against a stolen code-signing certificate after the certificate expires?

Imagine this scenario: 1st December 2014 - a certificate is stolen and used to sign malware with 2014-12-01 timestamp. 15th December 2014 - the certificate is revoked. Malware will be prevented from ...
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3answers
1k views

Trying to understand why signatures in root certs “are not used”?

Taken from here: Don't worry if the root certificate uses SHA1; signatures on roots are not used (and Chrome won't warn about them. Why are the signatures not used? Are not root certificates ...
4
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2answers
2k views

What role do hashes play in TLS/SSL certificate validation?

After coming across this question in the Hot Network Questions section and reading the related blog post by Google, I'm starting to become curious as to what role these hash functions play in TLS/SSL ...
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3answers
7k views

Is SHA1 weak for SSL?

I noticed that today after I scanned a site on the Qualys SSL Labs site that SSL ciphersuites which use SHA1 are now highlighted as being "Weak". It seems this has just happened; I scan sites pretty ...
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1answer
165 views

Does the SSL/TLS client certificate “hash over all previous messages” step hash the entire TCP packets or just data?

We have which uses TLS client certificates as it's authentication mechanism between client and server. There is an IT department which wants to run this app through a firewall/proxy device of some ...
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2answers
4k views

Are certificate authorities required to obey to the signature algorithm (hashing) specified in the CSR?

I was playing a little bit with signature algorithms, trying to determine which CAs among the ones I use are currently issuing SHA2 certificates. I generated a CSR specifying the SHA256 hash (either ...
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1answer
202 views

What is stopping me from replaying an SSL certificate?

Say I have the SSL certificate for google.com. I intercept it, edit the certificate with my own domain name and public key and use it to intercept all traffic to google.com. What mechanisms exist in ...
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1answer
271 views

Secure way to pass client certificate to the client2

Our product is comprised of two servers. We would like to authenticate one server to the main server by means of client certificate. I assume that we should ask the customers (who purchase the ...
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3answers
2k views

Is there a security issue in using the same certificate for all a company's services?

We are a small startup. One of our products is a B2B web service, accessible through its https://service.example.com canonical URL. For testing purposes, that service also runs on different ...
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2answers
123 views

How secure are SSL client certificate authentications? [duplicate]

As far as I understand it's possible to issue SSL certificates, which could be used by clients for authentication. So in theory only users with valid certificates would be able to access a certain web ...
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2answers
614 views

Problem with OpenSSL rejecting CA possibly due to 12 digit Serial No

I work as a tester at a VoIP software company. We've been running into a problem with using TLS to communicate with certain phones. The phones are from different manufacturers but both exhibit the ...
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10answers
5k views

Can an HTTPS site be malicious or unsafe?

I know it's possible for a computer to be infected just by visiting a website. I also know that HTTPS websites are secure. To my understanding, "secure" here refers to "immune to MITM attacks", but ...
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2answers
121 views

Why do certificate authorities often require/use multiple intermediates?

I suppose this is related to What is an intermediate certificate authority? but I think my question is a bit different so I'll ask it anyway. Why do most modern certificate authorities (e.g. ...
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3answers
7k views

How trustable are third party root certificates?

I recently tried to use Fiddler2 from a third-party vendor Telerik. While decrypting the HTTPS traffic of my network, it asked me to install its own root certificate in my Windows operating system: ...
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1answer
206 views

VPN security/compromise

I want to get a VPN with one of the known providers. I don't know much about VPNs but I know they issue certificates which you download and it authenticates the connection and basically gives access. ...
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2answers
120 views

Should expired compromised certificates be taken care of if the time is always correct?

I am trying to set up a CA for my company, and issuing every employee a digital certificate and a private key. I am worrying about revocation and expiration. In my case, the root certificate of CA is ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Why OpenVPN is using both certificates and DH?

I am reading about OPENVPN and I am a little bit confused. In the OPENVPN howto website, there is a step by step setup guide for generating certificates and diffie-hellman (DH) params. However, I cant ...
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2answers
759 views

ECDSA ciphers and forward secrecy question about key exchange

I have heard that with forward secrecy that the ECDSA ciphers generate different keys for "each session" because they are not dependent on the private key of the server. My question is how is "each ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Possibility of using CA as an attack point by governmental organizations under their pressure

I was always concerned about the model of trust behind CA stuff we use . Well, for most of us, it is OK to trust them, since they are reliable organizations with a bunch of solid experience. ...
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3answers
5k views

Free second-level domain SSL certificate [closed]

With CAcert.org losing trust in browsers and OSs and StartSSL providing only top-level domain certificates, are there any free SSL certificates providers for second-level domains?
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1answer
159 views

What would cause a server to only send over 1 SSL certificate to a client? [closed]

We have a secure server that seems to only be sending over the identity certificate. Running the hostname through Qualys says that only 1 cert was provided. The intermediate had to be downloaded on ...
11
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1answer
394 views

How should I store and secure self-signed certificates?

I'm fairly certain I shouldn't commit certificates into source control. Even if the repository is private and only authenticated coworkers (for example) have access to it. That would allow for ...
3
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2answers
700 views

What is the difference between EV-SSL certificates and Normal SSL certificates? [duplicate]

Recently while looking at several banking URLs I can see the domain name with security certificate at address bar and normal locker security certificate at address bar. Have a look at the screenshots: ...
3
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1answer
415 views

ECDSA/RSA certificates and cipher selection

In this image can someone tell me if a standard RSA certificate can support the EC*_RSA ciphers listed? If so do you create the typical RSA keys when you are creating the CSR? Also I am fairly ...
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2answers
10k views

This certificate has an invalid digital signature

I am trying to learn securing wcf service using ssl. I found this website and I am following the steps. ...
2
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1answer
10k views

What is the deal with Valicert SSL root certificates?

Does anyone know what the status of the "Valicert Class 2 Validation Authority" root certificate is or what's going on with Valicert in general? I've heard that that cert has been deprecated, no ...
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1answer
40 views

Choosing right way to secure access to server access via socket

I have an application running on a server, that has an exposed socket to the Internet to communicate with client that is/are application(s) on a phone. How would one go about properly securing the ...
10
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4answers
6k views

SSL root certificate optional?

I may have been under the wrong impression on how servers should be setup and what certificates actually get sent over during the server hello certificate message. I came across this today from ...
2
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2answers
193 views

How does iOS prevent unauthorised code from running?

I'm just wondering. How does iOS prevent someone from executing code on their device that isn't from Apple or downloaded from the App Store? Also what exactly, does a Jailbreak do to allow ...
3
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2answers
538 views

Why is a CSR hashed?

What are the use cases for defining something other than the default SHA1 hash in a CSR? Is it to protect the digital signature, public/private keys? What is it protecting exactly?
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1answer
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Can a CSR be created in OpenSSL with SHA2?

Can a CSR be created in OpenSSL with SHA2? If so, what would the command be and what does this tell the CA, if anything? If you could create a CSR using SHA2 would it "tell" the signing CA to use it ...
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1answer
169 views

Would it be possible to use cookie to store SSL Client Certificate?

Lately, I was reading that article about SSL client certificate. Why is nobody using SSL Client Certificate? The answer was to that question was : In the current state, this excellent idea is ...