A piece of data used in public key cryptography that contains identifying information (i.e. email address or web address), a hash of a public key, and a digital signature that authenticates the data in the certificate.

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2answers
235 views

Typical mistakes when implementing digital signatures?

I am looking for a list of typical mistakes someone can make when implementing digital signatures for a software. And of course why they are mistakes and how an attacker could take advantage of them. ...
4
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1answer
732 views

Self-signing client certificates and distributing them, is the following a sound procedure?

I have a case at hand as follows: There is a number of clients in Internet (i.e. untrusted channel), initially in hundreds but growing in numbers. There is a server doing processing related to these ...
1
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2answers
180 views

SSL for only parts of a website… How does it work?

I understand that CAs issue certificates based on common names (CNs) like www.amazon.com and that certs are not based on URLs like www.amazon.com/stuff. How is it that when I go to www.amazon.com, it ...
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1answer
406 views

Reverse proxy sharing one certificate for multiple servers using Subject Alternative Name

The following is a scenario for an attack where one website can impersonate another. I am told (including by this answer) that it's impossible, but I would like to understand exactly what prevents it. ...
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2answers
298 views

Can an individual get an extended validation certificate?

I am not saying I am actually going to buy one but I am wondering if an individual can get an Extended Validation SSL certificate? I know this is intended for companies / organisations but would this ...
8
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1answer
2k views

ADFS: Verify requests from relying party

In ADFS, serveral certificates are used. This is explained (very clearly) on this page: http://blogs.technet.com/b/adfs/archive/2007/07/23/adfs-certificates-ssl-token-signing-and-client-authentication-...
0
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1answer
286 views

Is my understanding about how SSL works correct?

I've been reading about 2-way SSL or mutual auth recently, and here's what I've figured so far: Mutual auth is a way for the client to authenticate itself to the server, just like the server does to ...
0
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1answer
240 views

Does openssl store the certificate of the server after verification is done?

As per my understanding , openssl will verify the certificate of the server during ssl handshake , using the trusted CAs present in the CA certificate dir in the context. After the server certificate ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Bitdefender Antivirus SSL Cert substitution

I am using Bitdefender AV 2013 ed and I have noticed that when the Scan SSL is enabled in the configuration BD will use a local certificate, as mentioned here. This modifies the cert chain with BD as ...
-2
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1answer
74 views

Can OCSP stapling reduce or eliminate the weaknesses inherrent with OCSP? [closed]

Specifically, the problems with OCSP that Adam Langley talks about here?
4
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1answer
1k views

CSR from IIS 8 and Keeping my Private Key a Secret

I've been trying to understand something. When you generate a CSR from IIS, how is the private key kept as a secret, or is it? Do CA's email you a certificate that includes your private key? Because ...
0
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2answers
315 views

How does Matrix SSL perform certificate validation?

We use a custom app which uses Matrix SSL (client side) to perform certificate validation on MAC and Linux systems. My question is, does Matrix SSL keep a cert store cache of intermediate and trusted ...
1
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2answers
377 views

How do proxy servers protect their SSL certificates?

Suppose that there is a http proxy server outside the firewall of an organization hosting a web server. All client connections to the web server happen through this proxy. The client negotiates SSL ...
7
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2answers
621 views

How are browsers able to find and construct an alternate trusted chain path?

We had a web server that had the wrong SSL certs installed yet the browser was able to find another trusted path to a root and supply the page properly over HTTPS. We also have proprietary software ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Server + Client certificate vs Server certificate + Client password

There are three different ways how TLS (1.2) can be used: server and client authenticate, only the server authenticates or neither authenticates. If neither server nor client authenticates using a ...
1
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2answers
4k views

client SSL authentication .pem file and .crt files

So I have minimal knowledge of security really but I'm a primary developer on an application which handles some sensitive data that we want to be secure. The application communicates with one other ...
0
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1answer
318 views

EAP-TLS fragmentation implementation

I am trying to build an EAP-TLS client. The handshake I have to deal with involves receipt of fragmented messages from the RADIUS server. As a part of the client reply, I have to construct a ...
0
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1answer
813 views

How to force browsers to accepte all further SSL certificates

I am using the last versions of IE, Firefox and Google Chrome web browsers on Windows 8. How can force these browsers to accept automatically the SSL certificates of any website I will visit ? I know ...
1
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2answers
193 views

When visiting an HTTPS page for the first time, why isn't there a prompt for the certificate?

I installed a fresh Windows 7. I wonder why when I visit website using HTTPS, I do not get asked to accept their certificate like shown on this picture:
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1answer
1k views

How to safely renew user and CA certificates in a PKI

I am currently developing my own PKI where x.509-client-certificates are issued by a public server. At the moment, the CA-public key is distributed with the binary and there are no routines for ...
0
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1answer
873 views

PDF Digital Signature [closed]

I got free certificate from Comodo and installed on my Windows. Now I'm trying to sign PDF document using this certificate, but get message: "signature validity is unknown": Why is this? How I can ...
0
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1answer
149 views

Windows - Revoked Binaries

I find it hard to believe that the majority of Windows system files aren't signed. I don't know whether my disbelief comes from naivety, or because Windows is used within secure environments worldwide ...
8
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1answer
142 views

What considerations should apply for self service Renewing, Revoking, or Unrevoking a certificate?

I need to design a self service portal for renewing, revoking, and unrevoking a certificate and have come up with the following rules*: Renewal Certificates have a short term validity and need to ...
1
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1answer
762 views

Questions about self-signed Certificates' Fingerprints and Client-Server Interaction through SSL

I have some questions about how the fingerprint function is performed. First of all, I have some knowledge about cryptography. However it seems to do not be good enough to understand hundreds of ...
0
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1answer
600 views

What is the difference between openssl and mkcert and IIS self signed certificate

What is the difference between openssl and mkcert. Which one should I prefer. I want to create an IIS hosted WCF service. Which one should I use to create an SSL certificate. Also, there is another ...
2
votes
2answers
163 views

Is there any mechanism to audit which signed certificates are unrevoked?

We are currently using EasyRSA and OpenSSL to manage our user VPN certificates for OpenVPN. The process we have in place currently is: User generates a CSR on their laptop and sends it to us to sign ...
2
votes
2answers
226 views

Client Authentication Certificate Not Expiring, but “parent” cert IS

So I have a client-authencation cert installed on client PCs, which doesn't expire for 5 more years. Unfortunately, the cert on our gateway which is used to validate the client cert, expires this ...
0
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1answer
551 views

Testing Digital Signature Verification

I'm testing a system which involves updating a database using files sent from external parties. These files sent from external parties are basically just large flat files to update a database. The ...
1
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1answer
185 views

What should a client verify after getting a client certificate?

I have a client that generates a csr, sends it to a server, the server then sign it and return the certificate as a String. the String is then decoded to a x509Certificate (using Bouncycastle's ...
1
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2answers
318 views

determine X.509 certificate class

I am very familiar with OpenPGP but don't even use X.509 / S/MIME. I know that there are several classes for certificates (from email check to personal ID check). I would like to know how you ...
0
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2answers
332 views

How to encode a username in PKIX certificate?

I was reading through RFC 5280, PKIX Certificate and CRL Profile, Section 4.2.1.6, Subject Alternative Name: The subject alternative name extension allows identities to be bound to the subject ...
1
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2answers
5k views

My certificate seems fine but my TLS fails (Cert not validated)

I set up my certificate for my mail server at https://mail.xxxx.com/ I exported my certificate as described in my mail servers documentation and pointed to it in the server settings. The certificate ...
0
votes
1answer
389 views

Are “Certificate Templates” used only as a “Template” or do they validate a certificate request?

I'm trying to learn how Microsoft Certificate Templates interact with a certificate request, and can only guess that they take on one of the two/three forms: They simply help the client create a ...
1
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3answers
126 views

Simplifying SMIME by re-using the Public & Private key across email accounts

I need to simplify (at the cost of security features) an SMIME deployment. How can I generate a CSR that reuses the same public and private key for more than one email address? In other words, I ...
0
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1answer
328 views

Save to setup localhost.example.com to test wildcard SSL?

I have a domain with a wildcard SSL certificate (i.e. "*.example.com"). I also develop using WAMP setups, which I would like to be able to test HTTPS on. There are several tutorials on how to setup a ...
3
votes
2answers
141 views

Isn't this the same as using a certification authority?

Taken from Wikipedia, here is the pretext to my question: A certificate authority (CA) is an organization that stores public keys and their owners and every party in a communication trusts this ...
2
votes
1answer
588 views

How do I get a third-party-signed ssl client certificate?

I've been given a requirement of providing a client certificate to authenticate between two application's web services. The other application (that I don't host) is requiring an SSL client certificate ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Protecting the Java keystore with a weak password, what's the risk?

From my understanding, the Java keystore contains certificate information, but this information is public (i.e. other machine certificates which you want the local machine to trust). Is there ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

From a trust perspective, is renewing a CA certificate the same as trusting a sub-CA?

I'm trying to understand the validation logic that would occur in the following hypothetical scenario An unpatched XP user who trusts a list of root CAs. Those CAs in particular have been renewed (...
1
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0answers
157 views

Is a android app signing certificate unique?

The Certificates that are used to sign Android applications are generated by the user and not checked or signed by any authority. They are RSA or DSA Certificates and as i read on crypt.stackexchange....
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Is keystore file (server.jks), my private key file?

My task is to convert .p7b to .pfx. It would be great, if you could provide me some pointers. Below are the steps I used to generate the .p7b file: I generated a .jks (java keystore) file using ...
0
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1answer
2k views

x509 serial number - hex or decimal

When I run the openssl command openssl x509 -noout -text -in certname on different certs, on some I get a serial number which looks like this. Serial Number: 256 (0x100) On others, I get one ...
1
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0answers
218 views

1.3.6.1.5.5.7.1.12 Logotype extension - how can it be generated from openssl command line

If you look at this subCA Certificate from Verisign http://www.tbs-certificats.com/FAQ/en/495.html?p=en/495.html It has the following field 1.3.6.1.5.5.7.1.12: 0_.].[0Y0W0U..image/gif0!0.0...+......
0
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1answer
331 views

How to get “Policy: X509v3 Any Policy” in a certificate generated with OpenSSL?

I am trying to generate a certificate through OpenSSL which has the following line X509v3 Certificate Policies: Policy: X509v3 Any Policy But I end up getting X509v3 Certificate Policies: ...
4
votes
4answers
700 views

Why self-signed https is less trustworthy than unencrypted http?

It wouldn't be far-fetched to guesstimate that at least 50% of the web traffic can be intercepted in 2014. However, a guesstimate of active interception attacks is likely an order of magnitude lower&...
1
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1answer
600 views

How to Delete duplicates in CA Bundle Certificate File

I do have a big CA bundle certificate file and each time if i get request to add new certificate to the existing bundle i need to make sure it is not present already. How i can validate the duplicates....
-1
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1answer
681 views

How does SSL client authentication work?

I read the RFC document, it mentioned that there are some kinds of client certificate type. So I don't understand what does this type mean. For a instance, one type named rsa_fixed_ecdh, it said, the ...
0
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1answer
89 views

Can two parties sign each other's certificate and exchange without CA?

Is possible (and practical) for two users to create their own self-signed SSL certificates, exchange these certificates (perhaps in a face-to-face meeting), and then communicate with each other ...
22
votes
5answers
3k views

Are login “certificates” more secure than standard username + password authentication?

I just opened a new bank account which comes with internet banking. Unlike the others I have used so far, this one requires a personal certificate (a .p12 file stored on my computer) + password for ...
1
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3answers
718 views

Multiple SSL server certificates

I am sort of new to SSL. During a SSL connection establishment, I see that the server is sending multiple certificates. Can someone help me to understand why the server is sending multiple ...