A piece of data used in public key cryptography that contains identifying information (i.e. email address or web address), a hash of a public key, and a digital signature that authenticates the data in the certificate.

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Server not requesting for certificate in SSL handshake

I have one windows service and web service trying to make a web service call over TLS. I have setup the certificates in MMC and I am able to successfully connect using the web service. However, when ...
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2answers
1k views

Client Authentication by certificates in Google APP Engine java

I am writing an application in Google APP Engine java which authenticate the user by its certificate. I have created a self signed certificate using keytool at client side. I also enable the HTTPS ...
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399 views

Invalid Certificate when adding Gmail account to Apple Mail

Trouble seemed to start after upgrading to OS X 10.9. I stopped receiving email in an account I'd set up over a year ago. I removed the account and when I attempted to add it again, I was served a ...
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1answer
444 views

Wireshark Decode HTTPS Root Certificate

I'm currently dealing with a "Sniffy" java application. Well I can see it connecting to some kind of server using HTTPS. I would like to see what its sending or getting over HTTPS. i have read some ...
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1answer
1k views

X.509 certificate attack (small sha1 private key)

I've got a X.509 certificate, created by an unknown CA. The only thing I know is that the private key is very short, so I can retrive the private key. Is there any program I can use? The used ...
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591 views

How do I constrain Windows Smartcards for AD Authentication so that “anyExtendedKeyUsage” is not implied?

This document describes how there are 3 ways to constrain a SmartCard certificate The Enhanced Key Usage field defines one or more purposes for which the public key may be used. RFC 5280 states ...
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225 views

Authentication methods without trusting 3rd parties unless explicitly indicated

The plan is to have a situation in which no third parties have to be trusted unless you explicitly indicate so. For example CA's are only used when the contact explicitly added the CA as a trusted ...
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2answers
1k views

Issuing browser certificates to Chrome and Firefox with Microsoft CA

Most companies use IE with an ActiveX control to create a CSR and submit it to the CA for approval. Since many browsers either block or don't support ActiveX controls, how can I enroll them using a ...
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3 views

Are there any security disadvantages of using production SSL certificate in non-prod environments?

My client has a wildcard certificate *.thierdomain.com that they are using for half a dozen of production web sites. For each of theses sites there are duplicates in several environments, dev, qa, ...
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3 views

Windows server 2012 R2 - delay before certificates start working [migrated]

I have this weird unexplained delay before the certificates i put in my servers start actually working it goes something like this: I add the certificates snap-in to mmc to manage the computer ...
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25 views

Windows Firewall Connection Security with Certificate (2) [migrated]

I have a similar problem as the question with the same title from last October. On a Windows Server 2008 machine, using Windows Firewall's Connection Security rules, I need to establish an IPsec ...
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8 views

Protocol for signing and timestamping documents for e-archive system

we are building system for storing PDF file for long term in database. Before we store PDF file in database we have to: - convert PDF to PDF/A - digitally sign PDF - timestamp it What we don't ...
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26 views

Tomcat Client authentication

I want to make sure that my webapp is secured: I have a tomcat server - and defined the connector to use clientAuth="true". In my trust store there is only the certificate of my CA (self signed). ...
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51 views

Windows Server 2008 R2 - SHA2 based Cipher Suites [migrated]

I am currently in the process of upgrading the SSL certificates for various websites that I manage from SHA1 to SHA2 compatible certificates. To date we have always used 'RSA' as the key exchange ...
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22 views

SSL Handshakes and authentication? [duplicate]

I was just wondering if someone could explain the complete process of SSL handshake with certificates, public - private keys and MAC exchange. And in which cases does the Certificate warnings arise ...
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1answer
44 views

CSR signing follow up question

This is a follow up question , after getting a signed certificate from one CA. researched a lot , but no luck. After getting the CA reply, While downloading the certificate, it popped up saying ...
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40 views

Certificate verification

I work on a desktop application which generates Security certificates. The Business use of these certificates is - they will be used as an authentication and authorization mechanism to enable users to ...
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1answer
60 views

How do SSL certificates become compromised after expiring [duplicate]

I'm reading into security issues surrounding SSL, and one of that has come up is certificate expiration. The general idea is that once a certificate expires, the site is insecure. What is the ...
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25 views

What is the minimum acceptable time for “Freshest CRL” to be updated?

I'm working with MSFT CA, and not sure if this behavior is the same across all CAs, but when I run certutil -CRL, the base revocation cert is updated weekly, and the Freshest CRL (the differential) ...
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97 views

Getting Certificate KeyContainerName to initialize CspParameters

How can I get the name of a Key Container that's in a smart card required for initialization of CspParameters? CspParameters^ cspa = gcnew CspParameters(ProviderType, ProviderName, keyContainerName, ...
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64 views

How to associate an oAuth token with a particular user. Is this possible?

We have HTTP Rest services and SignalR (aka Web sockets, server send events, etc) for cases in which we need to push data from the server to the Web UI . We are currently using the built in tools that ...
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0answers
37 views

Additional security for services hosted on a 2FA or Multi-Factor Authenticated Network

I am aiming to lock down a web service that accesses other services and has a publicly facing UI. I have a hosted service on a network that requires 2-factor authentication to access. This service's ...
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1answer
77 views

What is the purpose of the CA-BUNDLE on a webserver?

So I purchase a certificate from DigiCert. The process goes like this: Generate private key and CSR on web server. Submit CSR to DigiCert. Get a signed certificate back as well as their root ...
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2answers
79 views

Check signature when next CRL will be published after end of validity of certificate

My situation looks like this: I have to verify signature on document. For this I will wait when next CRL will be published to check that involved certificate was not revoked. But what if certificate ...
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56 views

Self-signed certificates, CA and stacking

I have a server running a number of virtual hosts. I have setup as a "self-CA" and then created and signed certs for each of the virtual hosts. In running the SSL labs testing, it always complains ...
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2answers
75 views

How do certificates work in protecting against a man-in-the-middle attack? [duplicate]

As I understand it, if Alice and Bob wants to communicate securely, they must first agree on the protocols that will be used. Then they must confirm that they are indeed communicating with each other. ...
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24 views

Difference between SSL versions and TLS versions? [duplicate]

Can anyone tell me the different versions of SSL and TLS? Someone says that SSL 1.0 was never released or never exist and other says that SSL 3.0 = TLS 1.0? Can anyone please clarify? Actually I am ...
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91 views

What registrars support *.onion TLD as a Subject Alternative Name, and how does validation work?

I'm interested in obtaining a .onion TLD in my SAN name from a public CA. Which Public CAs support .onion TLDs and what is the validation process like (e.g. Whois isn't available for ToR) Update: ...
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57 views

Can't get my SSL CA to work with Apache

So I have an SSL enabled website running on Apache2. https://eamorr.com (I get a warning in my browser, as expected) I have a config file for this website at: ...
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1answer
1k views

Should the thumbprint be SHA2 in addition to the Signature Hash Algorithm?

I'm looking at a Windows PKI and see that the Thumbprint is SHA1, while the Signature is SHA2 (SHA256). Is this an acceptable configuration? Should I recommend that the client update to SHA2 for a ...
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146 views

How to add basicConstraints extention to a self signed certificate

Using openssl to create a self signed certificate. The certificate needs to have the Basic Constraints value defined and showing in the cert but I can't seem to be finding the right location to modify ...
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114 views

Why is the public key extracted from the CSR different than the one extracted from the associated certificate?

I am playing around with pyopenssl. I am trying to extract the public key from a CSR and to check if it is the same than the one I find in the associated certificate. There is a small difference ...
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40 views

Question regarding SSL / TLS / Certificates in general [duplicate]

for the last two days I played around a bit with nginx's SSL configuration. A question came up: I created asymmetric key using $ openssl req -x509 -sha256 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:4096 -keyout ...
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39 views

Do iOS applications have access to the certificates installed?

As the title says, I'm curious if a generic iOS application can access/retrieve the certificates installed in the device (e.g., via a management profile) Thanks
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64 views

Attack Vector for Wildcard Cert

So I am looking to the security risks of WildCard Certs, in a previous post most of the questions were answered however I have one follow up question for that. In my instance I use DigiCert, so ...
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2answers
98 views

How are “Certificate Signing” key usage certificates restricted to what domains they can sign?

Many big websites use their own intermediate signing certificates to generate SSL certificates for their domains. The intermediate certificates are issued by the usual root CAs but have a "Certificate ...
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69 views

What certificate attributes can I check to verify if an issuer is correct?

Apologies if this is a duplicate question. I thought I saw this discussed earlier but couldn't find the thread when searching. What attribute can I check to verify if I have the correct ...
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25 views

Installer digital signature timestamp inconsistency

I just noticed that the digital signature on an old installer EXE is expired (it's LibreOffice from May 2013, and I'm pretty sure it was valid when I installed it). Investigating further, the time ...
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2answers
377 views

Problem with OpenSSL rejecting CA possibly due to 12 digit Serial No

I work as a tester at a VoIP software company. We've been running into a problem with using TLS to communicate with certain phones. The phones are from different manufacturers but both exhibit the ...
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25 views

Certificate Errors on Network and Desktop Icons Freeze

What causes a screen on all devices on the same network to temporarily lock up and display certificate errors? After accessing Facebook; I have received a certificate error on both the student laptop ...
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103 views

Problems implementing Authority Information Access in a certificate

I am implementing SSL certificates for internal use in an application. Due to the nature of this app, I'm basically implementing my own CA. I have created a self-signed cert for the CA to issue ...
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1answer
124 views

EAP-TLS fragmentation implementation

I am trying to build an EAP-TLS client. The handshake I have to deal with involves receipt of fragmented messages from the RADIUS server. As a part of the client reply, I have to construct a ...
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0answers
153 views

Openssl command line: How to get “Policy: X509v3 Any Policy” in a certificate I am generating through openssl

I am trying to generate a certificate through openssl which has the following line X509v3 Certificate Policies: Policy: X509v3 Any Policy But I end up getting X509v3 Certificate Policies: ...
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1answer
146 views

Updating Root/Intermediate Certificates over NDES/SCEP

In attempts to setup our first instance of NDES/SCEP in the wild on Cisco routers we have run into a concern. Currently our organization has a three tier PKI. We have an AD CS server on the third ...
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1answer
194 views

SSL decryption without installing a certificate on each client

Given a proxy performing MITM SSL decryption and inspection, is it possible to install a wildcard certificate (*.domain.com) on the proxy signed by a root CA (such as VeriSign or GoDaddy) such that ...
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1answer
153 views

Secure Communication Between .Net Application and Website

Recently, We developed an application that we want it's users to pay for a monthly subscription in order to use it. So the first thing that came to our minds how to implement a secure way for our ...
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1answer
610 views

Convert RSA SSH public key file into x509 certificate

I have a RSA SSH public key which I have converted from a x509 certificate and I want to be able to convert the SSH key back into a x509 certificate to compare the values with the original ...
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1answer
393 views

In regards to GPG4Win, what does “use NAME as default secret key”?

1- what does "use NAME as default secret key" do in Kleopatra tool options? The reason why I ask this, is I have a looooong password for my certificate. And apparently this becomes a hassle when ...
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2answers
254 views

How to detect authenticity Of Client and Server Certificate?

How its possible to detect authenticity Of Client and Server Certificate. For example, If server A has certificate and someone C stolen its certificate and send it to B then How we decide that it's ...
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1answer
989 views

OpenSSL get key length of all certs [closed]

I am trying to ensure that all certificates in a chain for a host have a key length of 2048 bits. Using openssl s_client, only the key length for that host's cert is given, is there a simple way to ...