A piece of data used in public key cryptography that contains identifying information (i.e. email address or web address), a hash of a public key, and a digital signature that authenticates the data in the certificate.

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Self-signed certificates, CA and stacking

I have a server running a number of virtual hosts. I have setup as a "self-CA" and then created and signed certs for each of the virtual hosts. In running the SSL labs testing, it always complains ...
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2answers
69 views

How do certificates work in protecting against a man-in-the-middle attack? [duplicate]

As I understand it, if Alice and Bob wants to communicate securely, they must first agree on the protocols that will be used. Then they must confirm that they are indeed communicating with each other. ...
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24 views

Difference between SSL versions and TLS versions? [duplicate]

Can anyone tell me the different versions of SSL and TLS? Someone says that SSL 1.0 was never released or never exist and other says that SSL 3.0 = TLS 1.0? Can anyone please clarify? Actually I am ...
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80 views

What registrars support *.onion TLD as a Subject Alternative Name, and how does validation work?

I'm interested in obtaining a .onion TLD in my SAN name from a public CA. Which Public CAs support .onion TLDs and what is the validation process like (e.g. Whois isn't available for ToR) Update: ...
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52 views

Can't get my SSL CA to work with Apache

So I have an SSL enabled website running on Apache2. https://eamorr.com (I get a warning in my browser, as expected) I have a config file for this website at: ...
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1answer
1k views

Should the thumbprint be SHA2 in addition to the Signature Hash Algorithm?

I'm looking at a Windows PKI and see that the Thumbprint is SHA1, while the Signature is SHA2 (SHA256). Is this an acceptable configuration? Should I recommend that the client update to SHA2 for a ...
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119 views

How to add basicConstraints extention to a self signed certificate

Using openssl to create a self signed certificate. The certificate needs to have the Basic Constraints value defined and showing in the cert but I can't seem to be finding the right location to modify ...
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99 views

Why is the public key extracted from the CSR different than the one extracted from the associated certificate?

I am playing around with pyopenssl. I am trying to extract the public key from a CSR and to check if it is the same than the one I find in the associated certificate. There is a small difference ...
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40 views

Question regarding SSL / TLS / Certificates in general [duplicate]

for the last two days I played around a bit with nginx's SSL configuration. A question came up: I created asymmetric key using $ openssl req -x509 -sha256 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:4096 -keyout ...
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38 views

Do iOS applications have access to the certificates installed?

As the title says, I'm curious if a generic iOS application can access/retrieve the certificates installed in the device (e.g., via a management profile) Thanks
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54 views

Attack Vector for Wildcard Cert

So I am looking to the security risks of WildCard Certs, in a previous post most of the questions were answered however I have one follow up question for that. In my instance I use DigiCert, so ...
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2answers
83 views

How are “Certificate Signing” key usage certificates restricted to what domains they can sign?

Many big websites use their own intermediate signing certificates to generate SSL certificates for their domains. The intermediate certificates are issued by the usual root CAs but have a "Certificate ...
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59 views

What certificate attributes can I check to verify if an issuer is correct?

Apologies if this is a duplicate question. I thought I saw this discussed earlier but couldn't find the thread when searching. What attribute can I check to verify if I have the correct ...
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24 views

Installer digital signature timestamp inconsistency

I just noticed that the digital signature on an old installer EXE is expired (it's LibreOffice from May 2013, and I'm pretty sure it was valid when I installed it). Investigating further, the time ...
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2answers
334 views

Problem with OpenSSL rejecting CA possibly due to 12 digit Serial No

I work as a tester at a VoIP software company. We've been running into a problem with using TLS to communicate with certain phones. The phones are from different manufacturers but both exhibit the ...
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24 views

Certificate Errors on Network and Desktop Icons Freeze

What causes a screen on all devices on the same network to temporarily lock up and display certificate errors? After accessing Facebook; I have received a certificate error on both the student laptop ...
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97 views

Problems implementing Authority Information Access in a certificate

I am implementing SSL certificates for internal use in an application. Due to the nature of this app, I'm basically implementing my own CA. I have created a self-signed cert for the CA to issue ...
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1answer
105 views

EAP-TLS fragmentation implementation

I am trying to build an EAP-TLS client. The handshake I have to deal with involves receipt of fragmented messages from the RADIUS server. As a part of the client reply, I have to construct a ...
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139 views

Openssl command line: How to get “Policy: X509v3 Any Policy” in a certificate I am generating through openssl

I am trying to generate a certificate through openssl which has the following line X509v3 Certificate Policies: Policy: X509v3 Any Policy But I end up getting X509v3 Certificate Policies: ...
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1answer
123 views

Updating Root/Intermediate Certificates over NDES/SCEP

In attempts to setup our first instance of NDES/SCEP in the wild on Cisco routers we have run into a concern. Currently our organization has a three tier PKI. We have an AD CS server on the third ...
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1answer
179 views

SSL decryption without installing a certificate on each client

Given a proxy performing MITM SSL decryption and inspection, is it possible to install a wildcard certificate (*.domain.com) on the proxy signed by a root CA (such as VeriSign or GoDaddy) such that ...
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47 views

How to gather/verify certificate data with limited information (Issuer, Serial, CN)

I asked this question in the "programming" section, Here. However it may be a simple answer for someone familiar with the security of certificates. The basic premise is I have a large table with ...
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54 views

Changing the string format of Burp generated certificates

The certificate verification in a piece of software I'm poking uses UTF-8 encoded strings to verify the certificate's host name. Certificates generated by Burp suite, however, use the custom type ...
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1answer
549 views

Trusted Certificate Authorities - how do they work?

microsoft.com for example can use a Verisign Certificate for their domain. What are the chances that an attacker could ask verisign for a m1crosoft.com domain and get approved? It is very simillar, ...
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1answer
149 views

Secure Communication Between .Net Application and Website

Recently, We developed an application that we want it's users to pay for a monthly subscription in order to use it. So the first thing that came to our minds how to implement a secure way for our ...
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1answer
582 views

Convert RSA SSH public key file into x509 certificate

I have a RSA SSH public key which I have converted from a x509 certificate and I want to be able to convert the SSH key back into a x509 certificate to compare the values with the original ...
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1answer
372 views

In regards to GPG4Win, what does “use NAME as default secret key”?

1- what does "use NAME as default secret key" do in Kleopatra tool options? The reason why I ask this, is I have a looooong password for my certificate. And apparently this becomes a hassle when ...
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2answers
247 views

How to detect authenticity Of Client and Server Certificate?

How its possible to detect authenticity Of Client and Server Certificate. For example, If server A has certificate and someone C stolen its certificate and send it to B then How we decide that it's ...
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1answer
959 views

OpenSSL get key length of all certs [closed]

I am trying to ensure that all certificates in a chain for a host have a key length of 2048 bits. Using openssl s_client, only the key length for that host's cert is given, is there a simple way to ...
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1answer
93 views

how does IE or chrome verifies certificate? [duplicate]

If the HTTPS webserver uses self signed certificate, the web browser warns the user as follow. http://www.sslshopper.com/assets/images/iis7/iis7-self-signed-certificate-8-certificate-not-trusted.png ...
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21 views

Error 150 (net::ERR_SSL_PINNED_KEY_NOT_IN_CERT_CHAIN): The server's certificate appears to be a forgery [duplicate]

Can you tell me shortly how to fix this problem in Chrome? Error 150 (net::ERR_SSL_PINNED_KEY_NOT_IN_CERT_CHAIN): The server's certificate appears to be a forgery
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1answer
78 views

Determine the Identity of Caller

Let me explain my situation. I have a provider which is made up of a registration page and a web service. Online vendors (clients) register with the provider by providing details such as username, ...
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2answers
61 views

Is the lack of an IP address in the AN field of an SSL certificate a vulnerability?

When accessing a HTTPS site by IP address, if the IP address is not in the alternate names field, the browser will throw an error about the certificate not matching. Would this be considered a low ...
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2answers
97 views

user identity certificate

I want to create a new scheme for user identification, like X.509 certificates, but not X.509. Is it possible to use this new certificate over the existing Internet? and if yes, what are basic ...
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2answers
692 views

Generate openSSL certificates from within C code using commands?

This is an openSSL command for generating a private key and a certificate, openssl req -out CSR.csr -new -newkey rsa:2048 -nodes -keyout privateKey.key The question I have is whether there is some ...
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2answers
180 views

Installing self-made cert as trusted CA on windows?

I'm looking into using mitm-proxy, but part of the process of filtering/snooping SSL is that you must generate and install a root cert as a trusted CA, so that mitm-proxy can generate and throw out ...
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1answer
127 views

XER encoded X.509 certs [closed]

Would anyone happen to have an example of an XER encoded X.509 certificate so I can play around with it? Thanks!
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2answers
489 views

Request/Creating a Code Signing Certificate

I have need for a code signing certificate which is trusted by a CA in the windows domain. How do I request/create this certificate? Do I have to request a code signing certificate on the ...
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1answer
26 views

Fido U2F Public keys in registration response

What is the deference between the two public keys: user public key (2nd element in Token response) user public key inside signature in U2F Token response for registration ?
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1answer
34 views

Choosing right way to secure access to server access via socket

I have an application running on a server, that has an exposed socket to the Internet to communicate with client that is/are application(s) on a phone. How would one go about properly securing the ...
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0answers
37 views

Your connection is not private - delete certificate/security exception? [closed]

I am trying to browse to a certain url and it gives me this error: "Your connection is not private" I understand I need an SSL certificate for that site. Well I got one for the site, but now I need ...
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1answer
23 views

What if I have an address-based certificate and a domain based certificate loading HTTPs resources in the background

What if I have an address-based certificate and a domain based certificate loading HTTPs resources in the background, will this change the Lock-Logo in the Browser Address bar? Does an address based ...
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1answer
62 views

How do server know the CSR sender is approved client?

Suppose have a server provide a POST url to send CSR. The response certificate then will be used for later SSL client-cert auth connection. The prblem is anyone can POST a CSR to the server and then ...
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1answer
113 views

VPN security/compromise

I want to get a VPN with one of the known providers. I don't know much about VPNs but I know they issue certificates which you download and it authenticates the connection and basically gives access. ...
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1answer
224 views

How does SSL client authentication work?

I read the RFC document, it mentioned that there are some kinds of client certificate type. So I don't understand what does this type mean. For a instance, one type named rsa_fixed_ecdh, it said, the ...
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1answer
69 views

Fiddler Can decrypt https traffic

So apparently, a software called fiddler is able to very easily decrypt secure https traffic with a click of a few buttons: http://docs.telerik.com/fiddler/Configure-Fiddler/Tasks/DecryptHTTPS I ...
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2answers
107 views

How do certificates stop this man in the middle attack?

Alice and Bob are trying to set up a secure conversation, but unknown to them in the middle is Eve, who can intercept and modify all packets sent between them. The communication goes as follows: ...
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1answer
59 views

Can OCSP stapling reduce or eliminate the weaknesses inherrent with OCSP? [closed]

Specifically, the problems with OCSP that Adam Langley talks about here?
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2answers
178 views

Using my own encryption instead of https in app

I am writing a program that uses a webserver as a backend for communication between different users. Is it okay to use my own encryption (such as ...
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3answers
357 views

PHP web application security [closed]

I am building a PHP web application, that needs enhanced security, due to the fact that it contains very sensitive information (in a database). I think that I want to use self-signed SSL ...