A piece of data used in public key cryptography that contains identifying information (i.e. email address or web address), a hash of a public key, and a digital signature that authenticates the data in the certificate.

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x509 serial number - hex or decimal

When I run the openssl command openssl x509 -noout -text -in certname on different certs, on some I get a serial number which looks like this. Serial Number: 256 (0x100) On others, I get one ...
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2answers
278 views

What is the purpose of HTTPS GET vs POST requests when certificate pinning?

I have a mobile app which uses public key pinning to make sure that I only connect to servers from my CA. This works great with https, and it makes it so that nobody can really proxy my server and ...
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3k views

PHP encrypt and decrypt with certificate

I am trying to think of the best way to encrypt and decrypt a message between two servers. I have found a lot of examples where people simply use a secret and PHP's mcrypt... ...
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Why IE/Windows forces you to install self-signed certificates as root CA to make them work?

In old versions of IE/Windows you could install a self-signed certificate for a web site and it just worked: the warnings disappeared. In more recent versions (and with Chrome) this just didn't work. ...
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706 views

OpenID without SSL certificate

Is it wise to use OpenID (from Google or Yahoo) to log-into a website instead of a username+password login if that website doesn't have an SSL certificate installed? Just to make things clear, ...
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38 views

Certificate validation Local DNS hosts file

I've a question regarding a certificate validation error I'm getting. I'm performing an https request from one machine to another (windows machines). On the destination machine I've configured a ...
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100 views

Analyzing a TLS connection?

Suppose I want a secure TLS communication between me and myschool.edu. Which of the following should I trust to preserve confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity. Here are the options and my ...
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97 views

Can I use a CA certificate for two ways (mutual) authentication

I cannot get an answer from a CA company for this question. I have to implement two ways SSL authentication between my server and my users computers. Users should access to my several API securly. I ...
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185 views

How do I convert a GPG certificate to a CRT certificate that can be imported into Windows Certificate Manager?

I have a GPG certificate from someone used for email -----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK----- Version: GnuPG/MacGPG2 v2.0.14 (Darwin) I would like to import that into Windows Certificate Manager So ...
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325 views

How to generate self-signed EV SSL Certificate?

I configured XAMPP / Windows on my laptop so that this URL: https://www.supersite.com/ points to XAMPP / localhost rather look elsewhere. I basically generated a self-signing certificate, imported ...
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78 views

Is there any way to check the certificates in a client's root CA store?

When a client connected to a web server, is there any way the check to see what root CAs the client has? Edit: Could I use JavaScript to send a GET or POST request to the server, providing a ...
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128 views

Begin of Certificate/ End of Certificate dash “-----”

What significance does the dash "-" holds along with the line -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- or -----END CERTIFICATE-----. I checked multiple docs and linked RFC's as well but could not find the ...
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142 views

Do all non-CA certs have to be End Entity certs?

Still learning the differences between certs. Can someone explain? The internet has so far been surprising not lucid in describing certificates. *EDIT to clarify EE
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Is digital certificate with 'issued to' field as *.example.com valid?

Came across a Digital Certificate which has issued to field *.example.com Is this a valid certificate?
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140 views

MITM faking certificates

I am looking at the theory behind MITM attacks in order to see some unencrypted packets from the 3DS. From research here is what I understand so far: 3DS > Proxy > Nintendo server I am going to try ...
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2answers
98 views

Why does IP address need to be listed as a DNS name in SAN/UCC certs?

I have heard that when creating a CSR that if you want to validate an IP address that you should list the IP as a "DNS" name and not "IP Address". I have actually had to re-create CSR's like this to ...
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81 views

What is public key pinning [closed]

How does public key pinning work and what problem does it solve?
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274 views

Can anyone with access to root CA private key decrypt HTTPS traffic?

Can anyone with access to root CA private key decrypt HTTPS traffic of sites using certificate signed by that CA ? and if yes do he need to be man-in-the-middle or just monitoring traffic is ...
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136 views

What would cause a server to only send over 1 SSL certificate to a client? [closed]

We have a secure server that seems to only be sending over the identity certificate. Running the hostname through Qualys says that only 1 cert was provided. The intermediate had to be downloaded on ...
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274 views

Reverse proxy sharing one certificate for multiple servers using Subject Alternative Name

The following is a scenario for an attack where one website can impersonate another. I am told (including by this answer) that it's impossible, but I would like to understand exactly what prevents it. ...
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128 views

Windows - Revoked Binaries

I find it hard to believe that the majority of Windows system files aren't signed. I don't know whether my disbelief comes from naivety, or because Windows is used within secure environments worldwide ...
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187 views

Save to setup localhost.example.com to test wildcard SSL?

I have a domain with a wildcard SSL certificate (i.e. "*.example.com"). I also develop using WAMP setups, which I would like to be able to test HTTPS on. There are several tutorials on how to setup a ...
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600 views

Security weaknesses in using RSA encrypted MD5 hash of certificate content

Suppose you have an Internet banking site based on a secure web server running the HTTPS protocol via port 443. The server authenticates itself to clients through an X.509 certificate signed by a ...
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RESTful web service and SSL certificate

We have a server that provides RESTful services to our application server. It runs on Amazon Elastic Beanstalk and mapped with a domain name and SSL certificate registered at GoDaddy. It ran ...
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Verify Certificate is revoked by CRL

I set up a CA and signed some cert request. I revoke them by: openssl ca -config config.cnf -revoke cert.pem I update CRL by: openssl ca -config config.cnf -gencrl -out crl/crl.pem ...
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194 views

Certificate request - why does the requester have to create a private key?

If remember right, then before I send a CSR (Certificate signing request) to the CA, I have to create private and public keys. Then I use the public key to encrypt my personal details before I send ...
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68 views

Downloading list of pinned certificates

I'm thinking about implementing certificate pinning in a mobile app. The app will need to connect to several secure sites. Rather than having to update the app every time one of their certificates ...
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404 views

Accepting an untrusted security certificate?

What is the risk of accepting an untrusted site security certificate in your browser if you're not entering any data, but merely browsing the site?
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556 views

Is it safe to accept the security certificate from AOL chat? [closed]

Is it safe to accept the security certificate from AOL chat? Did they recently change their certificates? These images are from Pidgin.
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116 views

Different certificate information for the same website?

Apologies for the funny title, I'll try to give a better explanation here :) I have just noticed something weird with regards to a website certificate: if I go to https://www.anobii.com/login using ...
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282 views

Advantage Mutual authentication over PSK [duplicate]

I have a client - server setup with TLS communication. I want to be sure of mutual authentication. The safety that certificates can offer assumes that the private key that links to the certificate ...
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3k views

Grey vs Green padlock in address bar - technical difference [duplicate]

What is a technical difference between "grey padlock" and "green padlock" in URL bar in browsers? As an example we can take: Green padlock: Bank of America Grey padlock: Google Search Both of ...
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329 views

How does ssl prevent MITM attacks [duplicate]

My understanding of how it works : A victim asks for the public key of a server. The attacker just forwards this request. The server now responds with a certificate which contains the Public key. The ...
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Problems with intermediate ssl certificates and ssl proxy

I'm currently implementing a SSL-proxy, and have run into some problems regarding certificates. We have a offline "Company Root CA", and an online "Company intermediate CA". On the proxy I have ...
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How to test for OCSP?

I have to test OCSP feature on a SSL server. Since it is a pretty standard feature now, I was looking around for tips on test plans/setting up OCSP responder etc?
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176 views

Can IE be made to imitate the behavior of Chrome's KeyGen element?

Is there any way I can repurpose existing ActiveX controls or functionality to get IE to work with the KeyGen element? Assistance getting Safari to work with this optional HTML5 spec would be ...
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URIs in the subjAltName X.509 extension

The subjAltTag extension for X.509 certificates can take in domain names, email addresses, URIs, etc. I was playing around with an X.509 whose subjAltTag had just a URI in it doesn't seem to work. ...
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315 views

id-ce-cRLDistributionPoints ASN.1 / DER encoding question

I have a file - test.pem - with the following contents: -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- MBIwEKAOoAwwCqMIMAZhBEFCQ0Q= -----END CERTIFICATE----- openssl asn1parse -inform PEM -in test.pem -i returns the ...
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31 views

Is there an official standard and/or name for PEM certificate bundles?

This is a question that's not really about security proper. It's about security/crypto nomenclature. It's been bugging me a bit, so here goes: I know two approaches for bundling related ...
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66 views

Unable to “trust” self-signed certificate

I am currently running a setup that interfaces with many appliances running HTTP servers (running on Windows Embedded). The connections I use are HTTPS connections. My problem is, every time I open ...
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95 views

Faking and injecting cryptographic certificates

Suppose as an attacker I provide a fake certificate to a user.A warning pops up on her window but she decides to continue anyways.Is my fake certificate now added in her browser's trusted certificate ...
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61 views

Tomcat Client authentication

I want to make sure that my webapp is secured: I have a tomcat server - and defined the connector to use clientAuth="true". In my trust store there is only the certificate of my CA (self signed). ...
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17 views

Number of certificates in a PKCS#12 archive

Is there command to find the number of certificates in a PKCS#12 archive? I have the .pfx file sent by a client but need to find out how many certificates it contains. I don't need any of the ...
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56 views

Combining wildcard and subdomain-specific SSL certificates

Not quite sure which Google terms to use to find the answer, so I thought I'd ask it here, presented as a scenario: Say you have a corporate entity (Example Co) with a wildcard SSL cert issued for ...
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121 views

How does driver install with an expired cert?

I'm working on making a silent installer of WinpkFilter driver. In my silent installation, I'm always getting a (not so silent) prompt that says "Windows can't verify the publisher of this driver ...
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136 views

Create certificate without private key with OpenSSL

I know that OpenSSL requires the CSR to be signed for a reason: to assure CSR validity, the fact that it was requested by the actual private key owner of the attached public key. It is absolutely ...
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2answers
68 views

Current standard of authentification

What is the current standard of authentification? I thought it is server and client authentification. But I typed for e.g. https://www.google.com/ and checked the packages in wireshark. And there ...
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64 views

Obtain X.509 Certificate Fingerprint from Certificate Info

I would like to obtain the SHA1/MD5 fingerprint of an X.509 certificate in order to compare it with the one presented by a server before connecting. However, I currently don't have access to the ...
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89 views

Storage on Root CA and intermediate CA certificate on Embedded device

Regarding the storing of Root CA certificates on an Embedded device Setup Explaination: 1. An embedded device which is a CLIENT on the network 2. There is a SERVER which connects to the CLIENT on ...
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Security of SSL certificates bought via resellers

There are many SSL certificate resellers - some are well known enterprises with good reputation (e.g. domain name registrars) while others are small and unknown companies. It is clear that resellers ...