A piece of data used in public key cryptography that contains identifying information (i.e. email address or web address), a hash of a public key, and a digital signature that authenticates the data in the certificate.

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Grey vs Green padlock in address bar - technical difference [duplicate]

What is a technical difference between "grey padlock" and "green padlock" in URL bar in browsers? As an example we can take: Green padlock: Bank of America Grey padlock: Google Search Both of ...
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1k views

Client Authentication by certificates in Google APP Engine java

I am writing an application in Google APP Engine java which authenticate the user by its certificate. I have created a self signed certificate using keytool at client side. I also enable the HTTPS ...
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497 views

How to authenticate to racoon with a certificate chain if only the root CA is known

I'm trying to setup IPsec using x509 certificates on Linux. I'm using racoon for that task. I've come to the point where the authentication works fine if I keep every link of the certificate chain on ...
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3k views

Windows' default certificate store for intermediate vs trusted root certificates - my self signed root CA cert goes to 'intermediate' by default?

Is it possible to create self-signed root CA certificate that Windows will import to Trusted Root by default instead of Intemediate certificate store ? Obviously, it won't do it without the big giant ...
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817 views

Why is malwarebytes.org's SSL certificate from someone else?

I tried downloading and updating malwarebytes from https://www.malwarebytes.org but their certificate seems to be incorrect. This is the warning: This is probably not the site you are looking for! ...
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Certificate authentication with jQuery's ajax() function

I need to sync with my server with the client certificate abc.pfx which is generated by the server using Ajax. How do I send my certificate with Ajax object. Can I do this certificate authentication ...
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134 views

SSL Communication and Proxy

Let us say that I have a client and a server communicating using SSL. If a hacker sets up a proxy between the client and the server, will he be able to decrypt the data which is being sent?
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681 views

How to troubleshoot why Thunderbird rejects a PKCS#12 certificate with “Could not verify this certificate for unknown reasons”?

After playing around a bit with openssl, I created a PKCS12 certificate which imports flawlessly in Firefox while Thunderbird "Could not verify this certificate for unknown reasons". Talk about a ...
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497 views

How do I import a PKSC#12 private key into Java 5 (which may require PKCS#7)

I have a newer private key I have to import into an older server. How do I take a newer PKCS12 cert and import it into an older version of java that uses a different format?
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554 views

signatureAlgorithm vs. tbsCertificate -> signature

From the X.509 RFC: Certificate ::= SEQUENCE { tbsCertificate TBSCertificate, signatureAlgorithm AlgorithmIdentifier, signature BIT STRING } TBSCertificate ::= ...
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523 views

When distributing a CRL over HTTP, what is the optimal refresh time? What logic affects this decision?

When distributing a CRL over HTTP, what is the optimal cache and max age settings (etc) for this distribution mechanism? Related information on a different answer Consider using HTTP instead ...
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238 views

Certificate security in intranet environment?

We have this topology in our company: A new rule says that each document being sent by Outlook should be encrypted. We decided using PGP. We already have a certificate (self-signed). The problem ...
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3k views

RSA encryption : How to create “.arm” certificate file for Public key?

I am required to store a certificate as ".arm" file only for a public key that is intended for use in RSA Encryption. I am currently able to generate the public key as ".key" file. P.S I am new to ...
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566 views

Purpose and Uses of Root SSL Certificates

I'm trying to wrap my head around the technical inner-workings of SSL and one of the last things I'm choking with is the concept of "root" SSL certificates (as opposed to "non-root"?!?). When and ...
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2answers
355 views

Using digital signatures to identify users

Consider the following requirement: Bob should be able to verify that a payment request came from Alice. The above is in simple terms the basic idea, however, in reality Alice would be user A of ...
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7k views

What are the OIDs (KU and EKU) necessary for Smart Card Authentication in Windows?

MSFT smart card authentication is listed in PKINIT RFC 4556 however I don't see any OIDs listed. Based on this and this KB article the EKU section of the certificate should contain "Client ...
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354 views

X509 mutual authentication: is there a security flaw?

On the client side, my application accepts the server's certificate in case of the client certificate being signed by this server cert. Is this correct or may it be dangerous? Is it better to ask a ...
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124 views

Viable way to authenticate certificate without a web of trust?

For SSL certificates we have a web-of-trust principle. If we are allowed to make alterations to the certificate format, are there viable ways to automatically or semi-automatically authenticate the ...
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Certificate Setup Over Many Remote Resources

Imagine that you have a web app that needs to talk to a central api server with its purchased certificate. This server provides a token to the web app to be used to authenticate and talk to another ...
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45 views

Re-sign Certificate Using Different Hashing Algorithm

Consider a certificate used by a Certification Authority. This is currently hashed using SHA-1. I'd like to keep the same public/private key for this, but hash it using SHA-256. By hash it I mean hash ...
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87 views

HTTPS client “pairing”

I've been redirected here from SuperUser, I hope the question is appropriate. I need to restrict usage of a certain site to a limited number of customers. More than that, actually: I would like to ...
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2answers
61 views

wordpress server certificate does not match url

When visiting a WordPress blog using HTTPS Chrome gives me a warning that the domain on the certificate (*.wordpress.com) does not match the URL (someguysblog.com). This seems to be a known issue. So ...
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65 views

Is it safe to publish my development private key?

For my development environment, the following three SSL files allow me to access my application from https://localhost on my local machine. Private key: server.key Certificate signing request: ...
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What Are Good Code Signing Environment Guidelines? [closed]

Take this scenario as an example: An organization has a few build servers that periodically check out source from a repository and builds everything. When a build finishes the binaries are code signed ...
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144 views

Client authentication successful when using a pfx with Java, fails using OpenSSL. Why?

I've been trying to troubleshoot issues with client authentication and am seeing different behaviour when connecting from a Java application vs OpenSSL. A third party has provided me with a pfx, I've ...
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46 views

Using Keytool to export and change password of certificate in a KeyStore

I'd like to use Keytool to export a certificate from my KeyStore. I'd also like to change the certificate password, is it possible? What I thought should be done is one of the following: 1. Changing ...
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39 views

Automatically ensure that a site's certificate (authority) has not changed

My Situation : I've setup my own certificate authority, and generated a certificate for a server used primarily internally. As I understand it, I can configure my browsers/computers to trust the ...
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74 views

Safe to store encrypted data with (password protected) pfx file

I have created a self signed certificate using Powershell's New-SelfSignedCertificate, with the intention of encrypting and storing a username / password in public. Specifically using - ...
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124 views

What are WiFi certificates used for? What are they?

Recently my university updated the certificates for authenticating on their WiFi network. I was hesitant to accept it because I wasn't sure what accepting it entailed or even what it was and what ...
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73 views

What does it mean to “sign with a certificate”? [duplicate]

As part of the SSL handshake, the server responds to the browser with 2 things - The server's public key Some metadata, like what version of SSL is being used, the cipher algorithm being used, ...
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56 views

Certificate-verification in TLS

Out of curiosity I wonder why in the Handshake Protocol of TLS there is an explicit message, i.e. CertificateVerify, that serves to verify that the client is indeed the owner of the certificate he ...
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84 views

Is algorithm used to sign defined by certificate?

Using pfx certificate to sign or cypher, the algorithm used (rsa-1_5, rsa-oaep-mgf1p, etc) is defined inside pfx certificate? Certificate has information about algorithms used? Or it's totally ...
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203 views

What if the Local Windows Cert Store is Compromised?

The diagram below illustrates chaining digital certificates up to a publicly trusted Root Certificate: I have been researching how trusted root authorities (such as GlobalSign or Verisign) are used ...
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76 views

sftp first connection before exchange cert

If a client connects for the first time to a server via SFTP, the first connection before receiving the server certificate is transmitted in the clear?Let me explain: it is assumed that the client ...
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66 views

Is there a PKCS certificate format that signs ASCII data?

Is there a PKCS #x already out there that was designed to sign ASCII data and protect it from manipulation? I was originally guided to PKCS #7, but based on posts here it looks like the data is not ...
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397 views

Create OpenVPN/easy-rsa certificate from public key only

I have been using easyrsa to generate client certificates for my application using the method described here. The build-client-full command generates a fresh private key for each client. This is what ...
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101 views

Machine certificates for accessing a web app in IIS only from an specific PC client

We have an ASP.NET web app running in IIS, with about 200 users, some are inside our LAN and other ones are outside our LAN. Every user has a userid account and a password to login. Besides those ...
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411 views

Determine private key size using public certificate [duplicate]

I have a public certificate in a PEM (.pem) file -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- MIICsjCCAZqgAwIBAgIJAMA1YIQ2JLXDMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBQUAMBExDzANBgNV ... 29V/R9RZOoSBHDzGPL84wm4qojMuwQ== ...
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34 views

TLS Certificates only for Clients

I'm aware that sites like StartSSL use Client-Certificates, I opened mine in Firefox and it showed me: "SSL-Client-Certificate", "E-Mail-Receiver-Certificate", "E-Mail-Signer-Certificate". Now I'm ...
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162 views

Why deploy a .p12 client certificate bundled with a root CA?

I have been asked to connect to a government agency secure site that uses client certificates to authenticate its clients. I received by email an encrypted client certificate as a PKCS#12 file and by ...
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Protecting the root ca bundle

Applications (e.g. Firefox) often include a root ca bundle file containing trusted certificates. How can I protect those files from malicious agents trying to modify them? I think signing is not an ...
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228 views

How to be sure laptop's trusted certificates are safe

I have a Windows 8.1 Lenovo laptop. The evil Superfish app and certificate have been removed. My laptop has 36 certificates in certmgr.msc current user\third-party root certification ...
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108 views

Digital signatures and weak hash functions

There was this question in last year's exam. The teacher claims that answer b) (in boldface below) is correct. Attacks are constantly being performed on digital signatures which use weak hash ...
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184 views

Generating x509 PEM files for testing PEM parser

I need to test a parser of PEM formatted certificates. Thus, I need to generate many variations including variations that are invalid for various reasons. Obviously I can use openssl or a library like ...
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116 views

SSL with client certificate authentication

can somebody explain to me if for example i use Server certificate, with 2048bit keys and client certificate with only 512bit strength, does this use in any way affect the security of the established ...
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572 views

How can I convert a Windows certificate into a PEM format, that includes the chain + root?

I need to import a certificate into a Cisco Ironport for Web SSL inspection. The only input format supported is PEM. Based on my research the PEM format does support all certificates in the chain, ...
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1answer
382 views

Import certificate into Windows key store [closed]

I am using nShield HSM for signing with MS application/pdf and my own .Net Application. My steps for your information: Create PKCS11 key pairs Create a MSCAPI container Import PKCS11 key into the ...
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75 views

Should a private key be protected by a password even if the software using it needs to know that password?

We have an embedded device running a web server. That web server uses HTTPS and so has a private certificate which is embedded on the device. Right now we are unsure if this private key should be ...
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To trust, or not to trust? Adding exceptions to the Trusted Certificates List in (firefox) Light

I recently installed the Light (a more compact forking of Firefox). I started getting the "This Connection is Untrusted" error, which got me wondering: when should I add an exception to the list of ...
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Forcing EAP-TLS 1.2 authentication with FreeRadius and OpenSSL

Been working with TLS DHECE certificate based handshake with a FreeRADIUS server and WPA_supplicant - both running OpenSSL 1.0.1j FIPS. Afer watching the Wireshark traffic, I notice that the client ...