A piece of data used in public key cryptography that contains identifying information (i.e. email address or web address), a hash of a public key, and a digital signature that authenticates the data in the certificate.

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id-ce-cRLDistributionPoints ASN.1 / DER encoding question

I have a file - test.pem - with the following contents: -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- MBIwEKAOoAwwCqMIMAZhBEFCQ0Q= -----END CERTIFICATE----- openssl asn1parse -inform PEM -in test.pem -i returns the ...
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25 views

Certificate validation Local DNS hosts file

I've a question regarding a certificate validation error I'm getting. I'm performing an https request from one machine to another (windows machines). On the destination machine I've configured a ...
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44 views

sftp first connection before exchange cert

If a client connects for the first time to a server via SFTP, the first connection before receiving the server certificate is transmitted in the clear?Let me explain: it is assumed that the client ...
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79 views

Faking and injecting cryptographic certificates

Suppose as an attacker I provide a fake certificate to a user.A warning pops up on her window but she decides to continue anyways.Is my fake certificate now added in her browser's trusted certificate ...
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46 views

Tomcat Client authentication

I want to make sure that my webapp is secured: I have a tomcat server - and defined the connector to use clientAuth="true". In my trust store there is only the certificate of my CA (self signed). ...
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16 views

Number of certificates in a PKCS#12 archive

Is there command to find the number of certificates in a PKCS#12 archive? I have the .pfx file sent by a client but need to find out how many certificates it contains. I don't need any of the ...
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54 views

Combining wildcard and subdomain-specific SSL certificates

Not quite sure which Google terms to use to find the answer, so I thought I'd ask it here, presented as a scenario: Say you have a corporate entity (Example Co) with a wildcard SSL cert issued for ...
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113 views

How does driver install with an expired cert?

I'm working on making a silent installer of WinpkFilter driver. In my silent installation, I'm always getting a (not so silent) prompt that says "Windows can't verify the publisher of this driver ...
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115 views

Create certificate without private key with OpenSSL

I know that OpenSSL requires the CSR to be signed for a reason: to assure CSR validity, the fact that it was requested by the actual private key owner of the attached public key. It is absolutely ...
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67 views

Current standard of authentification

What is the current standard of authentification? I thought it is server and client authentification. But I typed for e.g. https://www.google.com/ and checked the packages in wireshark. And there ...
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56 views

Obtain X.509 Certificate Fingerprint from Certificate Info

I would like to obtain the SHA1/MD5 fingerprint of an X.509 certificate in order to compare it with the one presented by a server before connecting. However, I currently don't have access to the ...
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88 views

Storage on Root CA and intermediate CA certificate on Embedded device

Regarding the storing of Root CA certificates on an Embedded device Setup Explaination: 1. An embedded device which is a CLIENT on the network 2. There is a SERVER which connects to the CLIENT on ...
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208 views

Security of SSL certificates bought via resellers

There are many SSL certificate resellers - some are well known enterprises with good reputation (e.g. domain name registrars) while others are small and unknown companies. It is clear that resellers ...
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112 views

Is my sha1 SSL cert safe if they expire before 2016?

According to the Google [1], if my SSL cert expire after 2016 and at some points they will show a warning. But, if all my cert expired before 2016, so I assume no action need to be taken to prevent ...
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51 views

How to change the expiration time for the pkcs certificate?

I have an application (which I'm testing), in which I create some services. These services are accessible via libraries i.e java and python apis. In order to authenticate the api calls, the ...
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459 views

Mac OS X : Certificates signed by company trusted CA cannot be verified

I'm trying to setup a keychain on Apache Tomcat that contains a server certificate that was signed by a custom root ca certificate. (not sure if custom is the right word here, but it's a root ...
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1k views

How to get SSL certificate of a mail server?

I need to get SSL certificate of some mail servers. I know I need to do execute following steps. Do a DNS mx query on the domain name (dig google.com mx). Use the information to download SSL ...
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455 views

Self-signed certificates and internal cURL requests

I'm using an internal API for some commercial software we purchased and it recommends using SSL when utilizing the API; it uses cURL to achieve this and hence the user, pass and key will all be passed ...
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217 views

Why are CA's now signing root certs with SHA2?

I see that CA's are now giving the option of having the root CA cert signed with SHA2. I have been told that the hashing function in a root has no security value, and is irrelevant as far as a ...
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105 views

Why do certificate authorities often require/use multiple intermediates?

I suppose this is related to What is an intermediate certificate authority? but I think my question is a bit different so I'll ask it anyway. Why do most modern certificate authorities (e.g. ...
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153 views

Typical mistakes when implementing digital signatures?

I am looking for a list of typical mistakes someone can make when implementing digital signatures for a software. And of course why they are mistakes and how an attacker could take advantage of them. ...
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200 views

Is my understanding about how SSL works correct?

I've been reading about 2-way SSL or mutual auth recently, and here's what I've figured so far: Mutual auth is a way for the client to authenticate itself to the server, just like the server does to ...
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123 views

Does openssl store the certificate of the server after verification is done?

As per my understanding , openssl will verify the certificate of the server during ssl handshake , using the trusted CAs present in the CA certificate dir in the context. After the server certificate ...
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186 views

How does Matrix SSL perform certificate validation?

We use a custom app which uses Matrix SSL (client side) to perform certificate validation on MAC and Linux systems. My question is, does Matrix SSL keep a cert store cache of intermediate and trusted ...
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1k views

client SSL authentication .pem file and .crt files

So I have minimal knowledge of security really but I'm a primary developer on an application which handles some sensitive data that we want to be secure. The application communicates with one other ...
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270 views

Testing Digital Signature Verification

I'm testing a system which involves updating a database using files sent from external parties. These files sent from external parties are basically just large flat files to update a database. The ...
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61 views

Can two parties sign each other's certificate and exchange without CA?

Is possible (and practical) for two users to create their own self-signed SSL certificates, exchange these certificates (perhaps in a face-to-face meeting), and then communicate with each other ...
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90 views

Is it possible to create a SMIME only PKI that *can't* be used for SSL?

Assume I have a Root CA that I want to share with hostile untrusted 3rd parties. Then constrain this root using specific EKUs at the root. OID=1.3.6.1.5.5.7.3.4 ; Secure Email Next, ...
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113 views

list of PKCS7 certificate file extensions

RSA (the company) devises and publishes the public key cryptography standards. In those standards PKCS #7 is a standard which defines how to encrypt and sign messages using PKI. PKCS#7 defines a ...
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692 views

Trusted Certificate Authorities - how do they work?

microsoft.com for example can use a Verisign Certificate for their domain. What are the chances that an attacker could ask verisign for a m1crosoft.com domain and get approved? It is very simillar, ...
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37 views

Certificate extensions - specific constraints

I have question about extensions of certificate and what specific extension should I use in my situation. The problem is following: I have a CA and I want that CA will issue certificate only for ...
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106 views

Good reason to continue using fraudulent certificate?

A relative of mine used a favorites link to login to yahoo. The favorite link is https://de.mg40.mail.yahoo.com/neo/launch? However, this link uses a fraudulent certificate. Visiting the Yahoo ...
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3k views

SSL Certificate for an email server

I am completely new to SSL/TLS and would appreciate any help you guys could give me. To give you some background info, our company website is hosted externally by our ISP, however our email is ...
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343 views

X509 Certificate Thumbprint

Does an issued X509 certificate have a thumbprint (hash) included as one of the items in the X509 certificate?
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121 views

How to modify a certificate using getTBSCertificate() method

I want to show that if I modify one bit or byte from a given X509 certificate the signature verification results false (because this modification results different hash value from the certificate). ...
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990 views

Private Key and Public Key Serial Number and Thumbprints

Are the private key Serial numbers and thumbprints the same as the corresponding public key Serial numbers and thumbprints for certificates (X509Certificates, Base64-encoded X.509), and are these good ...
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207 views

Why not use client certificates for premaster key generation

The question is about a very specific SSL handshake scenario. I understand that some servers may request client certificates in order to authenticate connecting clients. However, as far as I can ...
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400 views

Server not requesting for certificate in SSL handshake

I have one windows service and web service trying to make a web service call over TLS. I have setup the certificates in MMC and I am able to successfully connect using the web service. However, when ...
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402 views

Invalid Certificate when adding Gmail account to Apple Mail

Trouble seemed to start after upgrading to OS X 10.9. I stopped receiving email in an account I'd set up over a year ago. I removed the account and when I attempted to add it again, I was served a ...
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462 views

Wireshark Decode HTTPS Root Certificate

I'm currently dealing with a "Sniffy" java application. Well I can see it connecting to some kind of server using HTTPS. I would like to see what its sending or getting over HTTPS. i have read some ...
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1k views

X.509 certificate attack (small sha1 private key)

I've got a X.509 certificate, created by an unknown CA. The only thing I know is that the private key is very short, so I can retrive the private key. Is there any program I can use? The used ...
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610 views

How do I constrain Windows Smartcards for AD Authentication so that “anyExtendedKeyUsage” is not implied?

This document describes how there are 3 ways to constrain a SmartCard certificate The Enhanced Key Usage field defines one or more purposes for which the public key may be used. RFC 5280 states ...
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228 views

Authentication methods without trusting 3rd parties unless explicitly indicated

The plan is to have a situation in which no third parties have to be trusted unless you explicitly indicate so. For example CA's are only used when the contact explicitly added the CA as a trusted ...
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1k views

Issuing browser certificates to Chrome and Firefox with Microsoft CA

Most companies use IE with an ActiveX control to create a CSR and submit it to the CA for approval. Since many browsers either block or don't support ActiveX controls, how can I enroll them using a ...
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How to generate “CRL numbers” for X.509 CRL

(Context: I'm working a process to publish a CRL periodically -- eg once every day.) With standard X.509 certificates, "serial numbers" are required to be positive integers, but they do not need to ...
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Extract the content of PKCS7 file in Java

I have a PKCS#7 signature that have the content‐type signed data and it embeds an XML document, and I have to extract the xml document from this PKCS7 file. Anyone know how to do that in java ??
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What is the cheapest kind of SSL cert I need for multiple sites on multiple servers? [duplicate]

Quick SSL question What is the cheapest kind of ssl cert I need? I have two servers, one windows vps with a static IP and another linux reseller with 2 domains attached and a shared IP. Ideally ...
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2answers
104 views

Authenticating Hotmail's certificate and connection security

I've recently received the following error message from hotmail.com (or live.com) after I have logged in using Chrome browser, consistent using different accounts and computers (regardless of 2FA or ...
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error code -207 during import of certificate using GnuTLS [migrated]

I try to import a certificate, to process it in my C++ code. What am I doing wrong? Here are the steps I perform in my code: I initiate with gnutls_global_init() I get a FILE-type opject into my ...
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Update certificate in Outlook contacts [migrated]

How can I update an encryption security in Outlook contacts? I got an email signed with an updated certificate by someone who is already in my contacts with an expired certificate. If I REPLY to ...