A piece of data used in public key cryptography that contains identifying information (i.e. email address or web address), a hash of a public key, and a digital signature that authenticates the data in the certificate.

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Read SSL Certs with user process

I am running my own server, on which I have different services (Nginx etc.). All these (internet) services are / should be secured with SSL (offcialy signed). The key files / certificates are located ...
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1answer
43 views

How do server know the CSR sender is approved client?

Suppose have a server provide a POST url to send CSR. The response certificate then will be used for later SSL client-cert auth connection. The prblem is anyone can POST a CSR to the server and then ...
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2answers
51 views

PKI expired and renewed, do my correspondents have to do anything?

My PKI certificate (Digital ID for email from Symantec, issuer is "VeriSign Client External Certification Authority - G3") expired after 1 year and so I have renewed it. Do the people I correspond ...
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36 views

Do iOS applications have access to the certificates installed?

As the title says, I'm curious if a generic iOS application can access/retrieve the certificates installed in the device (e.g., via a management profile) Thanks
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68 views

Uploading pfx certificate to Azure

In order to use SSL with a custom domain in Azure Websites you must upload a pfx file with your certificate and private key to Azure. What are the ramifications of trusting Azure with the private ...
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1answer
52 views

What is public key pinning [closed]

How does public key pinning work and what problem does it solve?
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4answers
744 views

Why the symmetric key is added to the message?

Yesterday in my class we learnt how to send a message from Alice to Bob with the achieved goals of confidentiality, integrity and authenticity. In order to have a better performance we use a hybrid ...
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1answer
89 views

How to get SSL certificate of a mail server?

I need to get SSL certificate of some mail servers. I know I need to do execute following steps. Do a DNS mx query on the domain name (dig google.com mx). Use the information to download SSL ...
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2answers
107 views

Why would Comodo SSL certs have two intermediate CAs (chain length 4)?

Comodo certs such as PositiveSSL have a chain length of 4, including two intermediate CA certs. What would be the benefit to them, or to me, of this length chain instead of a chain length of 3 with a ...
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37 views

Attack Vector for Wildcard Cert

So I am looking to the security risks of WildCard Certs, in a previous post most of the questions were answered however I have one follow up question for that. In my instance I use DigiCert, so ...
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2answers
515 views

Website Certificate Revocation check - Big deal? [duplicate]

As I was about to make payment for my flight ticket, I noticed something strange with the British Airways website's SSL cert. My browser (Google Chrome) was unable to check whether the certificate has ...
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1answer
78 views

Know certificate signing algorithm of a remote site using OpenSSL

I have been trying to know the "Certificate Signing Algorithm" ( SHA1 with RSA etc.) using openssl. To start with I tried to see the cerificate using following command, but it also does not show up ...
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2answers
237 views

Where are the anonymous/private domain validation SSL certs?

I have yet to find a CA that doesn't require personal information for DV certificates. Is this because all of the major browsers and operating systems have a policy to reject CAs that don't require ...
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2answers
54 views

How are “Certificate Signing” key usage certificates restricted to what domains they can sign?

Many big websites use their own intermediate signing certificates to generate SSL certificates for their domains. The intermediate certificates are issued by the usual root CAs but have a "Certificate ...
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1answer
51 views

SSL - Main and Child servers network

There is an embedded device which acts a client. It communicates to a server via POST method whenever it has any data to be transmitted to the server. Embedded device: 1. Acts a Client 2. Does not ...
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5answers
154 views

Are most MiTM attacks done to impersonate web sites, or simply decrypt traffic?

The more I read about impersonating web sites the more I get confused. Does an attacker need the private key of the server in order to impersonate a website or does having the private key simply give ...
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1answer
71 views

Does client certificate do any encryption in https connection? [duplicate]

In Https connection asymmetric encryption (with Server certificate) is used during handshake and to create symmetric keys. Am I right that in this case client certificate does no encryption? The ...
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2answers
183 views

Self-signed certificates and internal cURL requests

I'm using an internal API for some commercial software we purchased and it recommends using SSL when utilizing the API; it uses cURL to achieve this and hence the user, pass and key will all be passed ...
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1answer
105 views

Recommended Key Usage for a client certificate

My program has the following flow: a client sends a CSR to server, the server sends back a client certificate and after that the client communicate with the server to a path that requires a ...
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1answer
125 views

Can anyone with access to root CA private key decrypt HTTPS traffic?

Can anyone with access to root CA private key decrypt HTTPS traffic of sites using certificate signed by that CA ? and if yes do he need to be man-in-the-middle or just monitoring traffic is ...
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1answer
132 views

Why are CA's now signing root certs with SHA2?

I see that CA's are now giving the option of having the root CA cert signed with SHA2. I have been told that the hashing function in a root has no security value, and is irrelevant as far as a ...
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4answers
860 views

HTTPS self signed certficiate for personal website

I want to make my Synology NAS accessible over the internet. When I create my own certificate and import this on all my devices (PC, Laptop, Smartphone, Tablet, etc.) is this as secure as buying a ...
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1answer
134 views

Can't I forge an SSL certificate? [duplicate]

I read What's keeping a malicious man in the middle server from forging a valid certificate?, but when the client goes to verify the certificate, can't an attacker intercept that connection and say ...
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2answers
150 views

Does a self-signed certificate offer more protection than a public key?

I'm having a hard time finding the practical benefits of transmitting a self-signed certificate over simply a public key. I understand that a self-signed certificate proves the integrity of the public ...
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1answer
343 views

openssl ECDHE-RSA… cipher suite selected while using RSA server cert and ECDSA client cert

The scene: s_server using RSA certificate. s_client using ECC-ECDSA certificate. Client authentication is required (option -Verify set on s_server) Cipher-suite selected after handshake is ...
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2answers
194 views

What does 2^77.1 calls presented in a SHA1 attack mean?

Regarding the SHA 1 deprecation, I found this information here: http://blogs.technet.com/b/srd/archive/2013/11/12/security-advisory-2880823-recommendation-to-discontinue-use-of-sha-1.aspx I know ...
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1answer
73 views

What does verified file in windows mean? And does it guarantee related files?

Often when I run a .exe file in Windows, a small box pops up that shows that file is from a verified publisher (e.g Microsoft) or in other case, unknown publisher. I know public key encryption can ...
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39 views

Signed an executable; appears as unsigned on VMs?

I signed my binary with a certificate issued by GoDaddy. It seems that myself and everyone I could get to test it for me confirms that it is indeed signed (much like signtool verify) However, when I ...
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38 views

What certificate attributes can I check to verify if an issuer is correct?

Apologies if this is a duplicate question. I thought I saw this discussed earlier but couldn't find the thread when searching. What attribute can I check to verify if I have the correct ...
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1answer
155 views

How will SHA1 deprecation affect internal CA's?

I am hearing that the SHA1 Deprecation notices from MS/CHROME only apply to certs that are a part of a public trusted root program. This makes one believe that IE will have new logic built in to allow ...
6
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1answer
141 views

How do systems protect against a stolen code-signing certificate after the certificate expires?

Imagine this scenario: 1st December 2014 - a certificate is stolen and used to sign malware with 2014-12-01 timestamp. 15th December 2014 - the certificate is revoked. Malware will be prevented from ...
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3answers
1k views

Trying to understand why signatures in root certs “are not used”?

Taken from here: Don't worry if the root certificate uses SHA1; signatures on roots are not used (and Chrome won't warn about them. Why are the signatures not used? Are not root certificates ...
3
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2answers
163 views

What role do hashes play in TLS/SSL certificate validation?

After coming across this question in the Hot Network Questions section and reading the related blog post by Google, I'm starting to become curious as to what role these hash functions play in TLS/SSL ...
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3answers
2k views

Is SHA1 weak for SSL?

I noticed that today after I scanned a site on the Qualys SSL Labs site that SSL ciphersuites which use SHA1 are now highlighted as being "Weak". It seems this has just happened; I scan sites pretty ...
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1answer
56 views

Does the SSL/TLS client certificate “hash over all previous messages” step hash the entire TCP packets or just data?

We have which uses TLS client certificates as it's authentication mechanism between client and server. There is an IT department which wants to run this app through a firewall/proxy device of some ...
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1answer
738 views

Are certificate authorities required to obey to the signature algorithm (hashing) specified in the CSR?

I was playing a little bit with signature algorithms, trying to determine which CAs among the ones I use are currently issuing SHA2 certificates. I generated a CSR specifying the SHA256 hash (either ...
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1answer
129 views

What is stopping me from replaying an SSL certificate?

Say I have the SSL certificate for google.com. I intercept it, edit the certificate with my own domain name and public key and use it to intercept all traffic to google.com. What mechanisms exist in ...
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1answer
61 views

Secure way to pass client certificate to the client2

Our product is comprised of two servers. We would like to authenticate one server to the main server by means of client certificate. I assume that we should ask the customers (who purchase the ...
26
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3answers
2k views

Is there a security issue in using the same certificate for all a company's services?

We are a small startup. One of our products is a B2B web service, accessible through its https://service.example.com canonical URL. For testing purposes, that service also runs on different ...
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0answers
21 views

Installer digital signature timestamp inconsistency

I just noticed that the digital signature on an old installer EXE is expired (it's LibreOffice from May 2013, and I'm pretty sure it was valid when I installed it). Investigating further, the time ...
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2answers
71 views

How secure are SSL client certificate authentications? [duplicate]

As far as I understand it's possible to issue SSL certificates, which could be used by clients for authentication. So in theory only users with valid certificates would be able to access a certain web ...
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2answers
176 views

Problem with OpenSSL rejecting CA possibly due to 12 digit Serial No

I work as a tester at a VoIP software company. We've been running into a problem with using TLS to communicate with certain phones. The phones are from different manufacturers but both exhibit the ...
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9answers
4k views

Can an HTTPS site be malicious or unsafe?

I know it's possible for a computer to be infected just by visiting a website. I also know that HTTPS websites are secure. To my understanding, "secure" here refers to "immune to MITM attacks", but ...
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1answer
62 views

Why do certificate authorities often require/use multiple intermediates?

I suppose this is related to What is an intermediate certificate authority? but I think my question is a bit different so I'll ask it anyway. Why do most modern certificate authorities (e.g. ...
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23 views

Certificate Errors on Network and Desktop Icons Freeze

What causes a screen on all devices on the same network to temporarily lock up and display certificate errors? After accessing Facebook; I have received a certificate error on both the student laptop ...
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3answers
1k views

How trustable are third party root certificates?

I recently tried to use Fiddler2 from a third-party vendor Telerik. While decrypting the HTTPS traffic of my network, it asked me to install its own root certificate in my Windows operating system: ...
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1answer
96 views

VPN security/compromise

I want to get a VPN with one of the known providers. I don't know much about VPNs but I know they issue certificates which you download and it authenticates the connection and basically gives access. ...
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60 views

Problems implementing Authority Information Access in a certificate

I am implementing SSL certificates for internal use in an application. Due to the nature of this app, I'm basically implementing my own CA. I have created a self-signed cert for the CA to issue ...
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2answers
80 views

Should expired compromised certificates be taken care of if the time is always correct?

I am trying to set up a CA for my company, and issuing every employee a digital certificate and a private key. I am worrying about revocation and expiration. In my case, the root certificate of CA is ...
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1answer
129 views

Why OpenVPN is using both certificates and DH?

I am reading about OPENVPN and I am a little bit confused. In the OPENVPN howto website, there is a step by step setup guide for generating certificates and diffie-hellman (DH) params. However, I cant ...