A piece of data used in public key cryptography that contains identifying information (i.e. email address or web address), a hash of a public key, and a digital signature that authenticates the data in the certificate.

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SSL Communication and Proxy

Let us say that I have a client and a server communicating using SSL. If a hacker sets up a proxy between the client and the server, will he be able to decrypt the data which is being sent?
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1answer
86 views

Determine the Identity of Caller

Let me explain my situation. I have a provider which is made up of a registration page and a web service. Online vendors (clients) register with the provider by providing details such as username, ...
3
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1answer
201 views

Clarification on Digital Certificates

I used the makecert tool to create: self-signed certificate client certificate These are the commands I used: makecert -n "CN=MatthewCA" -r -sv MatthewCA.pvk MatthewCA.cer **for self signed ...
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1answer
326 views

Sending Digital Certificates

I used the makecert tool in order to create: a self-signed certificate a server certificate using the self-signed certificate a client certificate using the self-signed certificate I then ...
2
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1answer
503 views

Security Certificates - Tools to Generate Security Certificates

I want to create a self-signed certificate that will be installed as a trusted certificate authority. I then want to create another two certificates which are signed using the private key of the ...
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1answer
8k views

The request was aborted: Could not create SSL/TLS secure channel Exception

Let me explain my situation. I created a self-signed certificate and installed it in the Trusted Root Certification Authorities section in MMC. I then created two certificates using the self-signed ...
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1answer
908 views

are organizations that receive certificates considered “end entities” in a PKI?

I am trying to understand the term end-entity. Does this term just mean anybody that plays a role in a PKI system that is not a CA? So if I request a certificate from A who is a CRL issuer for ...
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3k views

Creation and deployment of self-signed certificates for a two-machine scenario

Let us assume that I have two computers: client server Now, in the server computer, I set up a legacy ASMX web service which will going to be used by the client. Before the client can connect to ...
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2answers
2k views

How do I make or get computer certificates to use with IPSEC user authentication on Windows?

I am having trouble and need some direction using computer certificates with Windows 7 firewall IP Security rules, using certificates only for user authentication. I can get everything to work ...
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1answer
236 views

How does a function certificate work?

Say that we have a client / server solution (written in .NET). If we want to use a certificate for the TCP communication, is it enough to use one function/service certificate to encrypt communication ...
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3answers
1k views

Self signed certificates for https

Where I work, currently for internal sites, self signed certificates are being used. In Firefox, the info regarding the certificate are displayed: site domain: example.com Owner: Site doesn't supply ...
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4answers
5k views

Man-in-the-middle Blue Coat proxy SSL or what?

I have just discovered that my workplace has enabled some new features in the Blue Coat network proxy. It seems like all HTTPS certificates in Chrome on Windows are being issued by this internal ...
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2answers
697 views

SSL: How to send generated client certificate from server to avoid MITM?

The question I have is simply how do I prevent a MiTM attack on a certificate once the server side creates a new one and tries to send it to a client? Does the certificate get encrypted by rsa and ...
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1k views

Generate openSSL certificates from within C code using commands?

This is an openSSL command for generating a private key and a certificate, openssl req -out CSR.csr -new -newkey rsa:2048 -nodes -keyout privateKey.key The question I have is whether there is some ...
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1answer
9k views

SSL Cert Types and Key Usage

I want to use OpenSSL to create a CSR and submit it to my CA (which uses Microsoft PKI) and receive certificates that can be used for both Server Auth and Client Auth. I'm not clear on a couple of ...
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0answers
168 views

SANS Forensic Course -worth it? [closed]

I'm a Security Student at Pennsylvania State University and I am considering taking FOR408 through SANS this summer in Pittsburgh (not far from my home). I really want this to help me stand out in my ...
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2answers
725 views

Looking for general guidance on securing web API application for client applications and users

I have a web service built with WebAPI that accepts JSON requests and responds accordingly. The core architecture is built but there isn't any authentication/authorization. After a lot of googling ...
4
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2answers
141 views

Using SSL Certification in Multiple Locations

I have some issues with respect to using SSL Certificates. I have a website hosted in UK and I also have an organisation in South Africa hosting my company application online for web access. The ...
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1answer
3k views

Does Java's implementation of OCSP and CRL checking handle intermediate CAs?

I've read that Java provides OCSP and CRL checking for CertPaths via: Security.setProperty("ocsp.enable", "true"); System.setProperty("com.sun.security.enableCRLDP", "true"); Do these implementations ...
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3answers
9k views

How do I diagnose client-side SSL errors?

Often on my home network I get random SSL certificate errors when I visit certain well-known sites. Today it was a Google SSL error, where Google apparently tried to identify itself as *.icloud.com. ...
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1answer
591 views

generating RSA keys through the browser

HTML5 has the element that sends an SPKAC to the server (as I understand it). But how do you do it in IE? One CA's websites gives me the following prompt: This Web site is attempting to perform a ...
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1answer
575 views

x509: must the signature algorithm and public key algorithm match?

I'm having trouble getting Firefox to send an encrypted message using a certificate, and I've found that the only difference between this one and others that work fine are that this one has a DSA ...
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1answer
1k views

Would introducing client certificates for a mobile app improve security?

I have developed a REST API which has been configured to only operate over HTTPS. The sole purpose of this API (at least for the moment) is to operate as the backend entry point for a mobile ...
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1answer
2k views

Can I use any ssl certificate to sign and encrypt AS2 message?

I'm absolutely new to this topic of ssl certificates, so please be patient with me. My task is to install an AS2 communication with some business partner. Therefore we need message signing and ...
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1answer
5k views

Certificate Chains When Importing Signed CSR Response

I'm interfacing with a secure web service, and authenticating using a client certificate. I'm confused about step #3 in the client configuration: Generate a private key into keystore Generate a CSR ...
2
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2answers
730 views

Create a SSL certificate and sign it with a personal certificate which in turn is signed by a certificate authority [duplicate]

I have a personal certificate which is signed by a certificate authority. This certificate is unrestricted with respect to its allowed purposes. Is it possible to create a SSL server certificate on my ...
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1answer
3k views

ECDHE_RSA and gmail

I'm using Chrome on Ubuntu Linux to connect to Gmail. The connection info says that ECDHE_RSA is used for the https symmetric key exchange. Based on my understanding of TLS and Gmail, my client ...
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4answers
1k views

certificate usage for signing and encryption

I have a question for basic operating with certificates in emails and pdfs. Im familiar with public key cryptography. The scenario: In my scenario I want to send a confidential email to a person A ...
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2answers
2k views

How to test for OCSP?

I have to test OCSP feature on a SSL server. Since it is a pretty standard feature now, I was looking around for tips on test plans/setting up OCSP responder etc?
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1answer
212 views

Authentication by Signing or MAC?

I'm still new to security, so I'm sorry if this question doesn't make sense or if I'm completely off base with something. I've got some messages I want to encrypt (probably with AES-256-CBC) and send ...
5
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3answers
1k views

Why are SSL certificates valid only from a certain date?

Each SSL certificate is valid starting from a specific date and up to the expiration date. What's the point in that "valid from" date? Why do we want a certificate to only be valid after a specific ...
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3answers
3k views

Anything to do about old gpg keys?

Quite A few years ago (in middle school) I created some gpg keys, published them to a keyserver, etc. because I was l33test kid on the block. Now I have gone through a few new computers and OS's, ...
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1answer
1k views

Choosing an SSL certificate provider

Does it make any difference which provider I get my SSL/TLS certificate from? In particular, what are the pros and cons getting an SSL certificate from Verisign vs getting one from Thawte? Which one ...
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3answers
5k views

What elliptic curves are supported by browsers?

Wireshark'ed Firefox 3 request. Their names are nowhere documented. Elliptic curve: secp256r1 (0x0017) Elliptic curve: secp384r1 (0x0018) Elliptic curve: secp521r1 (0x0019) What are the supported ...
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1answer
590 views

What are those nul bytes doing in Certificate Subject CN?

While doing some research with SSL certificates, I found some weird certificates containing nul bytes in their Subject field. One example is www.refah - bank.ir (did the Iranian government fake this ...
4
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1answer
159 views

How powerful are top Verisign executives?

I believe that VeriSign has issued a big share of world's SSL certificates. Many corporations and governments use them. Is it possible for a person that has access to Verisign private keys to sneak a ...
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2answers
7k views

How to set “Not Before” value to past when creating certificate request

We have lots of embedded TLS clients on the field. TLS Servers must be authenticated. Because long power cuts may reset clock of those devices, we have requirement to use certificates with validity ...
3
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1answer
605 views

Internal CA for Digital Signature Solution - PKI Based

I'm trying to set up a digital signature solution which would work with a internal PKI. We have considered Microsoft Certificate Services, but we don't want to rule out any other option to set up a ...
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1answer
468 views

How effective is Activesync Certificate revocation using CRL or OCSP

We determined that a number of our account lockout issues are related to Activesync devices using old/expired passwords. One way to remedy an account lockout issue is to issue and deploy certificates ...
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1answer
7k views

Enhanced Key Usage vs. Extended Key Usage

I've seen both the terms Enhanced Key Usage and Extended Key Usage, and both were abbreviated as EKU. Do both refer to the same extension or property?
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10answers
20k views

Why do we not trust an SSL certificate that expired recently?

Every SSL certificate has an expiration date. Now suppose some site's certificate expired an hour ago or a day ago. All the software by default will either just refuse to connect to the site or issue ...
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1answer
1k views

Certification authority only for certain domains

Is it possible to make a certification authority certificate (even unsigned), which only allow to sign certificates for specific domain(s)?
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2answers
5k views

HTTPS verification failed - get certificate information iPad/iPhone

I went to log onto my bank's internet banking website this morning using Google Chrome browser on my iPad. I get the red error message of death. I can't figure out why. It's happening on both my ...
8
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1answer
3k views

Why do X.509 certificates have “Key Usage” attribute?

I can find their values and all details in the RFC, but I cannot find why it was decided to have this attribute in certificates, instead of leaving them to be multipurposes. Is there a reasoning ...
13
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1answer
7k views

Which properties of a X.509 certificate should be critical and which not?

RFC5280's section 4.2 states Each extension in a certificate is designated as either critical or non-critical. A certificate-using system MUST reject the certificate if it encounters ...
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1answer
700 views

How to troubleshoot why Thunderbird rejects a PKCS#12 certificate with “Could not verify this certificate for unknown reasons”?

After playing around a bit with openssl, I created a PKCS12 certificate which imports flawlessly in Firefox while Thunderbird "Could not verify this certificate for unknown reasons". Talk about a ...
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2answers
20k views

Error code: sec_error_untrusted_issuer

I need help with a security issue concerning this code that has just been popping up recently as I visit my favorite websites. Based on some past history I KNOW something is not right, and I am not ...
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2answers
369 views

certificate based network authentication

In certificate based network authentication, is the user tied to just the system the certificate has been installed on such that if he tries to authenticate using another system access is denied?
2
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1answer
1k views

What is the difference between `extendedKeyUsage` and an application policy?

In some Microsoft articles like http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc731792%28v=ws.10%29.aspx, I find some confusing statements like Application policies are sometimes called extended key ...
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2answers
5k views

Protecting against SSL Strip [duplicate]

I've read you can attack connections using tools like sslstrip, if you are on the same network. So what ensures that our SSL connections remain safe? Does it depend on the cert strength? Do you ...