A piece of data used in public key cryptography that contains identifying information (i.e. email address or web address), a hash of a public key, and a digital signature that authenticates the data in the certificate.

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1answer
62 views

Is it possible to restrict a client-side certificate (for web auth) valid only for a given site name?

If I have 2 websites, a.example.com and b.example.com. Those sites use TLS and SNI, and require client authentication with certificates created with my own CA. The use case is that some clients have ...
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0answers
36 views

Proxpy- certificate issue

I am using proxpy, a proxy server written in Python. It comes with its certificates and after installing one of the certificates in Firefox, I got 'Connection is untrusted'. Any help in this regard ...
4
votes
3answers
268 views

What part of TLS specifies how to verify a certificate chain

I have sometimes run into a situation where I see a root CA certificate which is set to expire sooner than the intermediate CA certificate. My question is - if you were interested in keeping your ...
4
votes
2answers
95 views

How should I document my Public Key Infrastructure?

I'm preparing to document a 3 tier PKI (with multiple second level policy CAs) and want to create a document that is useful, technical, and not too overwhelming to the non-PKI expert. I suppose the ...
0
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1answer
75 views

What is the purpose of the CA-BUNDLE on a webserver?

So I purchase a certificate from DigiCert. The process goes like this: Generate private key and CSR on web server. Submit CSR to DigiCert. Get a signed certificate back as well as their root ...
2
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1answer
354 views

Intercepting HTTPS Android app traffic

I'm trying to intercept Android application traffic from my Android phone....Basically what worked before was that i had simply installed fiddler proxy on my PC, exported the root certificate (and ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Why do Certificate Authorites cross-sign each other?

A Certificate Authority (CA) issues digital certificates to certify the ownership of a public key by the named subject of the certificate. What is the rationale for CAs cross-signing each other (i.e. ...
3
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4answers
231 views

How can I set my server to only accept requests from my own client app? (similar to SSL Client Certificates)

I'd like to have my server APIs only accept requests from my own app, to prevent other "rogue" clients of my service. As i understand it, the way to do this would be with a "client certificate" that ...
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2answers
134 views

How do certificates stop this man in the middle attack?

Alice and Bob are trying to set up a secure conversation, but unknown to them in the middle is Eve, who can intercept and modify all packets sent between them. The communication goes as follows: ...
8
votes
6answers
646 views

Easy explanation of SSL client certificates for a developer

I've been thinking about using client certificates for my web apps, desperately hoping for security-conscious users to put their private key on HSMs so they don't get stolen even if the machine is ...
2
votes
2answers
209 views

If your company/university requires you to install root certificates what protects you from man in the middle attacks?

Let's say that I'm on a university (or company) network that requires you to install a root certificate to connect to their website. Now let's say that you trust these people but not anybody else. Is ...
0
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1answer
66 views

Is it possible for a successful domain hijacker to fraudulently use the certificate issued to the real owner of the domain name?

In other words, while visiting https://www.mybank.com, for example, can I always trust the site as long as I click the padlock in the address bar of my browser and find no problem with the ...
27
votes
4answers
2k views

Can any CA sign any domain?

Can any CA sign any cert for any domain? If the answer is yes, what prevents having two different CAs creating a valid cert for the same domain? Does that mean that the whole TLS security has the ...
0
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2answers
199 views

P12 - Extract public part (certificate) without knowing the p12 password

I would like to extract the public part of a revoked P12 which doesn't belong to me. I can't open it with KeyStore Explorer because I am prompted for the password, is it possible with OpenSSL ? The ...
1
vote
2answers
165 views

Are there other roots of trust on my computer aside from these 46 root certificates?

I've heard many people imply that modern browsers and OSes trust a myriad of root certificates. The implication is that it is impossible to ensure the private keys of all of the root certificates ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Is an SSL/TLS HTTPS certificate 'fingerprinting' attack possible?

If you download a friend's site's unique HTTPS root certificate (independent of default browser-shipped ones), or you simply make a 'permanent exception' to an obscure self-signed cert, in Firefox, I ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

Can CA issue a certificate without CSR?

My question is if the CA can generate a private/public keypair on behalf of the requestor and sign it with its own private key? Is there any standard way or protocol to distribute such a ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Using digital certificates in digital signatures

Please could anybody explain to me how certificates are used with digital signatures? I understand difference between certificates and signatures. It is clear. Digital certificates are used to ...
4
votes
3answers
44 views

Certificate Issuer is Network Company

I simply want to know if is this normal, abnormal, deceptive, illegal, etc... I am at work. When I bring up a certificate for most domains, I get a very standard certificate. When I bring one up for ...
4
votes
1answer
37 views

Mail Signing Certificate – What are the impacts when revocated?

Suppose I open a signed mail on 1st January 2000, signature is OK. What about this two cases : 1) If next CRL is to be published one week later, I found it strange that it is “probably” valid until ...
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vote
2answers
304 views

Does Renewing SSL certificate change its thumbprint / Fingerprint

I would like to know, if renewing a SSL certificate will change my thumbprint? The certificate has expired. If it can be same then under what conditions can it remain same. Many thanks in advance.
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Is client cert authentication with a 3rd party PKI cert any safer than using self-signed?

I am working on a small M2M project (a few hundred nodes connected to a single cloud server), and want to use client certificate authentication, with each client getting its own unique cert at ...
101
votes
6answers
9k views

I can't access websites that use HTTPS, instead getting the message “your connection is not private”!

I found myself suddenly unable to access websites that use HTTPS, so I contacted my service provider, and they asked me to install a certificate in the Trusted Root Certificate Authorities store. But ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

Current standard of authentification

What is the current standard of authentification? I thought it is server and client authentification. But I typed for e.g. https://www.google.com/ and checked the packages in wireshark. And there ...
1
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1answer
61 views

Digital signatures and weak hash functions

There was this question in last year's exam. The teacher claims that answer b) (in boldface below) is correct. Attacks are constantly being performed on digital signatures which use weak hash ...
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1answer
117 views

Generating x509 PEM files for testing PEM parser

I need to test a parser of PEM formatted certificates. Thus, I need to generate many variations including variations that are invalid for various reasons. Obviously I can use openssl or a library like ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Obtain X.509 Certificate Fingerprint from Certificate Info

I would like to obtain the SHA1/MD5 fingerprint of an X.509 certificate in order to compare it with the one presented by a server before connecting. However, I currently don't have access to the ...
0
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1answer
71 views

Storage on Root CA and intermediate CA certificate on Embedded device

Regarding the storing of Root CA certificates on an Embedded device Setup Explaination: 1. An embedded device which is a CLIENT on the network 2. There is a SERVER which connects to the CLIENT on ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Website Implementing https site w/ self signed certs and CA

Q: How best to handle the issue of security warnings for a website using certificates from its own CA (ie, selfsigned)? I am some what torn on how to do this - I have a number of implementaiton ...
5
votes
1answer
52 views

Protecting information in TLS client certificates

If I understood correctly, when using TLS with client authentication, the client certificate is transmitted to the server in plain text. The client certificate might include personal information, ...
2
votes
2answers
142 views

Does Ephemeral Diffie-Hellman require a certificate?

In Ephemeral Diffie-Hellman, the key pair is generated every time. In practice, does this mean I never need a certificate? Or that means I need a new cert every single time?
4
votes
2answers
117 views

Why not generate a client SSL with expiration date in very distant future?

In case of server SSL certificate it is issued by a CA which can then recall it until it expired and also the CA typically collects a fee for each certificate so it is interested in certificates ...
2
votes
2answers
373 views

haproxy with client certificate authentication signed by 'common' CA

Excuse me if I posted this here wrongly, I know the question is partly about haproxy itself. I am setting up haproxy as an SSL terminator/load balancer in front of an API that we need to expose over ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Wildcard SSL and EV SSL

Is it possible to mix a Wildcard SSL for subdomains and an EV SSL for the www and non-www domain? I know that an EV SSL can't have a wildcard. Example: hello.test.com -> wildcard ssl ...
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2answers
167 views

In detail, how does SSL offloading/acceleration/termination work?

What is the in-depth working mechanism of SSL offloading/termination? I could not find literature that would dive deep enough into the subject. Assume the following example, where a intends to ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

Openssl adding a telephone number or cell number to the distinguished_name

In the openssl.cnf file, I see fields like countryName, stateOrProvinceName etc which are typically present in the distinguished_name. Where can I get a list of fields which can be added to the ...
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votes
1answer
27 views

What if I have an address-based certificate and a domain based certificate loading HTTPs resources in the background

What if I have an address-based certificate and a domain based certificate loading HTTPs resources in the background, will this change the Lock-Logo in the Browser Address bar? Does an address based ...
0
votes
1answer
115 views

What does this mismatching SSL certificate hint at?

I'm currently visiting China, and I use a well known VPN service for both my laptop and my phone. Every now and then, I get certificate errors when using my phone when I'm connected to a VPN, but ...
0
votes
1answer
196 views

Can I create an SSL certificate on windows signed with the machine's certificate?

From MMC > Certificates I can see there's a certificate for the current machine under 'Trusted Root Certification Authorities > Certficates'. e.g. on my workstation called 'RoryWorkstation1' there's a ...
2
votes
2answers
177 views

Why gpg-signed files differ every time

I signed the same file producing a separate file for the signatures, and I noticed that every file is signed with a different signature. I don't get it. Shouldn't it always be signed with the same ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

How does firefox know when to display a green bar?

Recently I've been working on creating a self signed CA and had some success. Now I have a working CA with valid CRL server. The root CA has been deployed to all of my devices and had no problem. ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

Check signature when next CRL will be published after end of validity of certificate

My situation looks like this: I have to verify signature on document. For this I will wait when next CRL will be published to check that involved certificate was not revoked. But what if certificate ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Installing a CA only for specific domains

For many reasons, it's often convenient for organizations to have their own CA (self-signed or otherwise). As I understand it, adding the CA certificate to a OS or browser will make it trust the ...
0
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0answers
56 views

Self-signed certificates, CA and stacking

I have a server running a number of virtual hosts. I have setup as a "self-CA" and then created and signed certs for each of the virtual hosts. In running the SSL labs testing, it always complains ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Multi-Function SSL Digital Certificate

Is there a problem with using a single SSL certificate for both SSL/TLS/HTTPS communication as well as to sign (external) digital timestamp certificates? Other than the obvious: if one key is ...
0
votes
2answers
75 views

How do certificates work in protecting against a man-in-the-middle attack? [duplicate]

As I understand it, if Alice and Bob wants to communicate securely, they must first agree on the protocols that will be used. Then they must confirm that they are indeed communicating with each other. ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Difference between SSL versions and TLS versions? [duplicate]

Can anyone tell me the different versions of SSL and TLS? Someone says that SSL 1.0 was never released or never exist and other says that SSL 3.0 = TLS 1.0? Can anyone please clarify? Actually I am ...
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0answers
86 views

Distribute S/MIME public keys and CA cert for email security

I have my own CA. I want to distribute S/MIME certificates for 10 different users. I saw S/MIME keyservers from http://wiki.cacert.org/KeyServers, but I don't want to use public servers. What is the ...
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1answer
55 views

SSL with client certificate authentication

can somebody explain to me if for example i use Server certificate, with 2048bit keys and client certificate with only 512bit strength, does this use in any way affect the security of the established ...
1
vote
1answer
216 views

How can I convert a Windows certificate into a PEM format, that includes the chain + root?

I need to import a certificate into a Cisco Ironport for Web SSL inspection. The only input format supported is PEM. Based on my research the PEM format does support all certificates in the chain, ...