A piece of data used in public key cryptography that contains identifying information (i.e. email address or web address), a hash of a public key, and a digital signature that authenticates the data in the certificate.

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2
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2answers
217 views

If your company/university requires you to install root certificates what protects you from man in the middle attacks?

Let's say that I'm on a university (or company) network that requires you to install a root certificate to connect to their website. Now let's say that you trust these people but not anybody else. Is ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Is it possible for a successful domain hijacker to fraudulently use the certificate issued to the real owner of the domain name?

In other words, while visiting https://www.mybank.com, for example, can I always trust the site as long as I click the padlock in the address bar of my browser and find no problem with the ...
27
votes
4answers
2k views

Can any CA sign any domain?

Can any CA sign any cert for any domain? If the answer is yes, what prevents having two different CAs creating a valid cert for the same domain? Does that mean that the whole TLS security has the ...
0
votes
2answers
282 views

P12 - Extract public part (certificate) without knowing the p12 password

I would like to extract the public part of a revoked P12 which doesn't belong to me. I can't open it with KeyStore Explorer because I am prompted for the password, is it possible with OpenSSL ? The ...
1
vote
2answers
195 views

Are there other roots of trust on my computer aside from these 46 root certificates?

I've heard many people imply that modern browsers and OSes trust a myriad of root certificates. The implication is that it is impossible to ensure the private keys of all of the root certificates ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Is an SSL/TLS HTTPS certificate 'fingerprinting' attack possible?

If you download a friend's site's unique HTTPS root certificate (independent of default browser-shipped ones), or you simply make a 'permanent exception' to an obscure self-signed cert, in Firefox, I ...
3
votes
2answers
114 views

Can CA issue a certificate without CSR?

My question is if the CA can generate a private/public keypair on behalf of the requestor and sign it with its own private key? Is there any standard way or protocol to distribute such a ...
2
votes
2answers
103 views

Using digital certificates in digital signatures

Please could anybody explain to me how certificates are used with digital signatures? I understand difference between certificates and signatures. It is clear. Digital certificates are used to ...
4
votes
3answers
45 views

Certificate Issuer is Network Company

I simply want to know if is this normal, abnormal, deceptive, illegal, etc... I am at work. When I bring up a certificate for most domains, I get a very standard certificate. When I bring one up for ...
4
votes
1answer
39 views

Mail Signing Certificate – What are the impacts when revocated?

Suppose I open a signed mail on 1st January 2000, signature is OK. What about this two cases : 1) If next CRL is to be published one week later, I found it strange that it is “probably” valid until ...
1
vote
2answers
407 views

Does Renewing SSL certificate change its thumbprint / Fingerprint

I would like to know, if renewing a SSL certificate will change my thumbprint? The certificate has expired. If it can be same then under what conditions can it remain same. Many thanks in advance.
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Is client cert authentication with a 3rd party PKI cert any safer than using self-signed?

I am working on a small M2M project (a few hundred nodes connected to a single cloud server), and want to use client certificate authentication, with each client getting its own unique cert at ...
102
votes
6answers
10k views

I can't access websites that use HTTPS, instead getting the message “your connection is not private”!

I found myself suddenly unable to access websites that use HTTPS, so I contacted my service provider, and they asked me to install a certificate in the Trusted Root Certificate Authorities store. But ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

Current standard of authentification

What is the current standard of authentification? I thought it is server and client authentification. But I typed for e.g. https://www.google.com/ and checked the packages in wireshark. And there ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Digital signatures and weak hash functions

There was this question in last year's exam. The teacher claims that answer b) (in boldface below) is correct. Attacks are constantly being performed on digital signatures which use weak hash ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Generating x509 PEM files for testing PEM parser

I need to test a parser of PEM formatted certificates. Thus, I need to generate many variations including variations that are invalid for various reasons. Obviously I can use openssl or a library like ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Obtain X.509 Certificate Fingerprint from Certificate Info

I would like to obtain the SHA1/MD5 fingerprint of an X.509 certificate in order to compare it with the one presented by a server before connecting. However, I currently don't have access to the ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Storage on Root CA and intermediate CA certificate on Embedded device

Regarding the storing of Root CA certificates on an Embedded device Setup Explaination: 1. An embedded device which is a CLIENT on the network 2. There is a SERVER which connects to the CLIENT on ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Website Implementing https site w/ self signed certs and CA

Q: How best to handle the issue of security warnings for a website using certificates from its own CA (ie, selfsigned)? I am some what torn on how to do this - I have a number of implementaiton ...
5
votes
1answer
56 views

Protecting information in TLS client certificates

If I understood correctly, when using TLS with client authentication, the client certificate is transmitted to the server in plain text. The client certificate might include personal information, ...
2
votes
2answers
176 views

Does Ephemeral Diffie-Hellman require a certificate?

In Ephemeral Diffie-Hellman, the key pair is generated every time. In practice, does this mean I never need a certificate? Or that means I need a new cert every single time?
4
votes
2answers
124 views

Why not generate a client SSL with expiration date in very distant future?

In case of server SSL certificate it is issued by a CA which can then recall it until it expired and also the CA typically collects a fee for each certificate so it is interested in certificates ...
2
votes
3answers
490 views

haproxy with client certificate authentication signed by 'common' CA

Excuse me if I posted this here wrongly, I know the question is partly about haproxy itself. I am setting up haproxy as an SSL terminator/load balancer in front of an API that we need to expose over ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

Wildcard SSL and EV SSL

Is it possible to mix a Wildcard SSL for subdomains and an EV SSL for the www and non-www domain? I know that an EV SSL can't have a wildcard. Example: hello.test.com -> wildcard ssl ...
1
vote
2answers
219 views

In detail, how does SSL offloading/acceleration/termination work?

What is the in-depth working mechanism of SSL offloading/termination? I could not find literature that would dive deep enough into the subject. Assume the following example, where a intends to ...
2
votes
1answer
210 views

Openssl adding a telephone number or cell number to the distinguished_name

In the openssl.cnf file, I see fields like countryName, stateOrProvinceName etc which are typically present in the distinguished_name. Where can I get a list of fields which can be added to the ...
-1
votes
1answer
27 views

What if I have an address-based certificate and a domain based certificate loading HTTPs resources in the background

What if I have an address-based certificate and a domain based certificate loading HTTPs resources in the background, will this change the Lock-Logo in the Browser Address bar? Does an address based ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

What does this mismatching SSL certificate hint at?

I'm currently visiting China, and I use a well known VPN service for both my laptop and my phone. Every now and then, I get certificate errors when using my phone when I'm connected to a VPN, but ...
0
votes
1answer
306 views

Can I create an SSL certificate on windows signed with the machine's certificate?

From MMC > Certificates I can see there's a certificate for the current machine under 'Trusted Root Certification Authorities > Certficates'. e.g. on my workstation called 'RoryWorkstation1' there's a ...
2
votes
2answers
186 views

Why gpg-signed files differ every time

I signed the same file producing a separate file for the signatures, and I noticed that every file is signed with a different signature. I don't get it. Shouldn't it always be signed with the same ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

How does firefox know when to display a green bar?

Recently I've been working on creating a self signed CA and had some success. Now I have a working CA with valid CRL server. The root CA has been deployed to all of my devices and had no problem. ...
0
votes
2answers
93 views

Check signature when next CRL will be published after end of validity of certificate

My situation looks like this: I have to verify signature on document. For this I will wait when next CRL will be published to check that involved certificate was not revoked. But what if certificate ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Installing a CA only for specific domains

For many reasons, it's often convenient for organizations to have their own CA (self-signed or otherwise). As I understand it, adding the CA certificate to a OS or browser will make it trust the ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Self-signed certificates, CA and stacking

I have a server running a number of virtual hosts. I have setup as a "self-CA" and then created and signed certs for each of the virtual hosts. In running the SSL labs testing, it always complains ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Multi-Function SSL Digital Certificate

Is there a problem with using a single SSL certificate for both SSL/TLS/HTTPS communication as well as to sign (external) digital timestamp certificates? Other than the obvious: if one key is ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

How do certificates work in protecting against a man-in-the-middle attack? [duplicate]

As I understand it, if Alice and Bob wants to communicate securely, they must first agree on the protocols that will be used. Then they must confirm that they are indeed communicating with each other. ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Difference between SSL versions and TLS versions? [duplicate]

Can anyone tell me the different versions of SSL and TLS? Someone says that SSL 1.0 was never released or never exist and other says that SSL 3.0 = TLS 1.0? Can anyone please clarify? Actually I am ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Distribute S/MIME public keys and CA cert for email security

I have my own CA. I want to distribute S/MIME certificates for 10 different users. I saw S/MIME keyservers from http://wiki.cacert.org/KeyServers, but I don't want to use public servers. What is the ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

SSL with client certificate authentication

can somebody explain to me if for example i use Server certificate, with 2048bit keys and client certificate with only 512bit strength, does this use in any way affect the security of the established ...
1
vote
1answer
265 views

How can I convert a Windows certificate into a PEM format, that includes the chain + root?

I need to import a certificate into a Cisco Ironport for Web SSL inspection. The only input format supported is PEM. Based on my research the PEM format does support all certificates in the chain, ...
0
votes
0answers
97 views

What registrars support *.onion TLD as a Subject Alternative Name, and how does validation work?

I'm interested in obtaining a .onion TLD in my SAN name from a public CA. Which Public CAs support .onion TLDs and what is the validation process like (e.g. Whois isn't available for ToR) Update: ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Is it possible to use an open collection of default SSL certificates for my browser?

Browsers and OSes come with a set of default SSL certificates for well known organizations, such as root certificates from CAs. I understand that the trust model is as follows: I pick (actually my ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Can't get my SSL CA to work with Apache

So I have an SSL enabled website running on Apache2. https://eamorr.com (I get a warning in my browser, as expected) I have a config file for this website at: ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Setup local Certificate Authority & integrate with SCEP

I want setup local Certificate Authority and issue X.509 certificates under my CA. In order to achieve this I am exploring following options such as: OpenSSL/OpenCA BouncyCastle Cryptographic APIs ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

PKI - Why Root CA is in intermediate CA section?

I can't understand why, when I accept to "install" a custom self signed Root CA on IE browser, the root certificate ends up in the "intermediate CA" section, rather than in "Root CA" section in the ...
1
vote
1answer
219 views

Import certificate into Windows key store [closed]

I am using nShield HSM for signing with MS application/pdf and my own .Net Application. My steps for your information: Create PKCS11 key pairs Create a MSCAPI container Import PKCS11 key into the ...
0
votes
2answers
208 views

Security of SSL certificates bought via resellers

There are many SSL certificate resellers - some are well known enterprises with good reputation (e.g. domain name registrars) while others are small and unknown companies. It is clear that resellers ...
1
vote
0answers
124 views

Connecting to postgres with SSL

I need help understanding some basics about the postgres database server and SSL. I am developing a Windows desktop application that will connect to a postgres database, in single user mode, with both ...
4
votes
1answer
221 views

Multi Domain SSL for different ip? [closed]

i have 5 domains(example.com,example2.net...) hosted on separate servers. is possible to use one Multi domain SSL certificate for these domain ?
49
votes
2answers
3k views

Why does Windows Ship with Expired SSL Certificates?

I am cleaning up the certificate stores on my Windows machines, and considering which certificates I should keep, and which ones I should delete. Why does a fresh install of Windows Server 2012 R2 ...