A piece of data used in public key cryptography that contains identifying information (i.e. email address or web address), a hash of a public key, and a digital signature that authenticates the data in the certificate.

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1answer
547 views

Point several HTTPS domains to the same web server

We are currently running a SaaS over HTTPS(abc.net) and one of our clients(xyz.com) wants to do some custom branding. The client xyz.com will have their own subdomain xyz.abc.net which looks like its ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Relationship between SSL cert database and that at the CA site

Say I am using a trusted third party CA site to manage my cert. I created a new cert called CertA at the CA web interface, downloaded the signed cert and use it on my web server. Some time later I ...
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1answer
171 views

What to do in case of a weak certificate on my bank's website?

My bank's website, while always having had a 'green lock' in the address bar doesn't have this anymore. I then called the bank with a phone number I found on the same website, and asked that the ...
0
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2answers
162 views

How is this SSL spoofing possible?

Here is a description of a seemingly successful SSL certificate spoof: https://cryptostorm.org/viewtopic.php?f=67&t=8713 The session is initiated by pointing a newly-opened icedove window ...
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0answers
21 views

Relationship between the validity of license of an accredited CA (certificate authority and the validity of it's certificate? [duplicate]

To more clear, let's see my example: As I know, in Korea, the validity of a CA's license is only 2 years, but the validity of this CA's certificate is 10 years. Why is the valid time of the license ...
4
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2answers
362 views

Can an eavesdropper detect the use of a TLS client-side certificate?

Basically what the above says, assuming the eavesdropper must be completely passive, and cannot connect to the server to check if the server requires a client certificate.
5
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3answers
331 views

Is it OK to create a new SSL certificate before the old one expires?

Over the past year I have created multiple SSL certificates that are all valid for a year. In a week or so, the first will expire. I thought it would be practical if all my certificates would have the ...
5
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4answers
2k views

Self-signed certificates not working over Internet?

My self-signed certificates are not working over Internet. What can be the problems? Here are the setup details: I have a Windows Virtual Machine in Azure with IIS, and a self-signed certificate ...
4
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2answers
141 views

Are X.509 nameConstraints on certificates supported on OS X?

I have the following "chain" of certificates on a test machine right now: A self-signed CA cert, in my Keychain and trusted & trusted by Firefox. A CA cert with with the following, X509v3 Name ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Security implications of CA signed SSL cert for local development

Curious to know the security implications and potential risks involved with getting a CA signed cert for localdev.mydomain.com, and issuing it to all the developers who might need to spin up a local ...
0
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0answers
973 views

Does Microsoft Edge (Spartan) share Cookies, Cache, Passwords, or TLS Certificates with Internet Explorer?

Windows 10 was released with a new browser called Microsoft Edge. Interestingly, Internet Explorer is also installed on the same default install. Given that Chrome and Firefox tend to separate their ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Setting up a wildcard certificate, question about generating CSR?

I have registered a new domain for a project. The hosting is actually done by a vendor. I have set the nameservers according to the vendors specs. Now they are requiring the cert in PFX format. ...
42
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3answers
8k views

My friend revealed both private and public keys for his server. How serious is this?

A friend of mine managed to expose both id_rsa and id_rsa.pub file from his server via apache. I mentioned to him that this is serious security issue but he brushed this off like it was no big deal. ...
0
votes
3answers
208 views

Conflict between cipher-suite and certificate

When capturing my SSL session (using Chrome) I have noticed that the server chose TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 (0xc02b) as the cipher-suite and the certificate signedcertificate signature ...
3
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1answer
88 views

Browsers root CA accepted, countries and checking fingerprints

This is a question derived from several others, and I can not comment on those, so it is not duplicated, please read: In some related questions some users comment that: "They wouldn't ...
1
vote
2answers
97 views

What exactly is IE / Chrome checking when I view the “certification path” tab on cert connection details?

When I bring up certificate details for a web page in IE or Chrome, I have the option to view the certificate hierarchy (under a tab called "Certification Path"). Here's an example for ...
24
votes
5answers
2k views

What prevents a man in the middle from requesting a certificate for your server?

Let's say you have a server at shop.example.com and you are requesting a certificate from some trusted CA like Comodo (they say they'll issue it within few minutes online). First of all, how can ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

Is there an official standard and/or name for PEM certificate bundles?

This is a question that's not really about security proper. It's about security/crypto nomenclature. It's been bugging me a bit, so here goes: I know two approaches for bundling related ...
0
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2answers
234 views

How to identify which root CA does the client certificate use?

How can we identify which root CA client used when there are multiple root CAs on the server? We can compare the public keys of the client certificate and the root certificate but if we have many ...
3
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2answers
127 views

Internet Explorer - Advanced Properties for Trusted Root Certificates

If you go to IE -> Internet Options -> Content -> Certificates -> Trusted Root Certification Authorities. Now Click on some CA certificates and click on Advanced You can add properties to the ...
2
votes
2answers
211 views

Should I update my SHA-1 certificates? If so, how?

Q: Should I update my SHA-1 certificates? If so, how? Recently I noticed the "https:" has a red strike-through and warning in Chrome, but only on certain websites. Apparently this has been ...
4
votes
1answer
117 views

How should certificates be shared between a proxy and a frontend?

At work, I've been asked to look into creating a reference topology for a WebSocket chat application, which includes a proxy between the web-facing frontend server and the backend. At the moment, I am ...
4
votes
1answer
348 views

Why does COMODO have 5 root certificates on a new Apple laptop?

Why does Apple include 5 COMODO root certs in OS X? There's "AddTrust {Class 1, External, Public, Qualified} CA Root" and also "COMODO Root Certificate". Why isn't one enough, if it's owned by a ...
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votes
1answer
46 views

A collection of tests and demos for security headers and TLS configurations [closed]

There are (or have been) various websites designed to educate and provide examples on good / bad configurations of security headers and TLS configurations (e.g. https://badssl.com/) I want to build a ...
0
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2answers
111 views

Unable to “trust” self-signed certificate

I am currently running a setup that interfaces with many appliances running HTTP servers (running on Windows Embedded). The connections I use are HTTPS connections. My problem is, every time I open ...
8
votes
4answers
739 views

What Country, State and City should I choose when requesting an SSL certificate?

I am really confused about the country, state and city I should select when submitting an SSL certificate. Should I provide the location of my servers or my current home address?I can always reissue a ...
8
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1answer
96 views

“Manually” verify a certificate

I want to 'manually' verify a certificate and the first step in doing so, I accessed paypal.com and obtained the following RSA modulus and signature value. modulus = ...
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1answer
2k views

What are these two certificates I need to install - external CA root certificate

I have to install 2 certificates on a computer and I am a little puzzled by the certificates. The first certificate has these details: Issuer: CN = AddTrust External CA Root OU = AddTrust External ...
2
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0answers
69 views

OAuth2 Authorization and Resource server certificates

I'm implementing a custom IAuthorizationServerHost using DotNetOpenAuth library. Example implementation uses two certificates for CreateAccessToken (see Listing 6): public AccessTokenResult ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

Using Different Algorithms in Single PKI

Assume the following Public Key Infrastructure: |Root CA (RSA) |-Sub CA (RSA) |-Sub CA (ECC) Is there any rational that explains why this would not be an acceptable implementation? Is the ...
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2answers
203 views

What if the Local Windows Cert Store is Compromised?

The diagram below illustrates chaining digital certificates up to a publicly trusted Root Certificate: I have been researching how trusted root authorities (such as GlobalSign or Verisign) are used ...
28
votes
2answers
4k views

Is it safe to send SSL certificates via email?

I just ordered a cheap Comodo PositiveSSL Certificate via a UK reseller, and I was rather surprised to find that the following files were emailed to me automatically, in a zip file: Root CA ...
2
votes
2answers
225 views

OpenSSL x509: Is there an order in subjectName fields?

Is there an order to respect in subjectName field when creating a x509 certificate with OpenSSL command? In other words, what are all possibilities of displaying subjectName of x509 certificate in ...
10
votes
2answers
242 views

What real life scenarios require separate end user certificates for Signing and Identity?

Based on this question, I'm interested in any rational argument that would support the idea of maintaining separate signing and authentication certificates. Conventional logic & wisdom says there ...
5
votes
2answers
106 views

How do I prepare for Certificate Authority end of business?

We are deploying a security solution which uses certificates to validate documents. These certificates are issued by our government-authorized CA. What if in a distant future, the CA who provided us ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Should self signed wildcard certs be used?

I think this is more urban legend around where I work than anything. I do not see anything in RFC 2459 that specifically says whether or not they should be used or if there are any known problems with ...
2
votes
4answers
166 views

SSL encryption process and its security

I know the basics of SSL encryption and how certificates work, but there are some points that are not clear to me regarding the SSL security: If there is a intercepting proxy between the web server ...
4
votes
1answer
283 views

Can't get rid of “Your connection to website is encrypted with obsolete cryptography”

In my Nginx config I have: ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2; ssl_ciphers ...
5
votes
4answers
824 views

Why are there very expensive and cheap SSL same type certificates? [duplicate]

I am about to launch an online shopping site (currently running http) and I was thinking heavily of moving to SSL which includes a green bar, because this is very important. However, when I first ...
5
votes
2answers
73 views

Understanding digitial certifications

q1) Does that mean that every time information is exchanged, both the original data + digital certification is sent? Meaning data + signature for each and every exchange. q2) Can any kind soul here ...
2
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3answers
308 views

How does a CA send a digital certificate?

I would like to know after approving the Certificate signing request, does the Certificate Authority send the Digital certificate to the applicant by converting the digital certificate to PEM format ...
7
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1answer
473 views

How does the OpenSSL Alternative chains certificate forgery (CVE-2015-1793) attack work?

The security advisory for the issue can be found here: https://www.openssl.org/news/secadv_20150709.txt OpenSSL Security Advisory [9 Jul 2015] Alternative chains certificate forgery ...
6
votes
2answers
86 views

Issuing certificates to two departments from same ROOT CA so one does not trust the other

Scenario: We have two departments within IT; Say Department-OLD and Department-NEW. A single internal PKI environment exists and a root CA (singular) is trusted by All endpoints. Problem: ...
0
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0answers
234 views

Implications of IP Address as Subject Alt Name in certificates

Are there specific known negative security implications of including the IP address of a server as a Subject Alternate Name in the server's certificate?
5
votes
1answer
258 views

Is my ISP trying to impersonate google?

Everything has been well for years and today I wake up with this: A warning on EM Client (also got the same on my iPhone) that the certificate for googleapis.com isn't valid. And the certificate ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Is it possible to use obtained wildcard certificate on more than one server?

We are using two Debian servers in our company (with apache 2 as httpd) and our services are split between those two of them. One server has the website, the other has some minor sites under ...
1
vote
1answer
567 views

How to know if certificate is self-signed

How do I find out if a certificate is self-signed or authorized by CA? Somewhere I read that self-signed subject and issuer will be same, is it correct?
2
votes
2answers
198 views

Gmail X.509 certificate chain

I have asked about this on several forums but never got a straight answer. If the root certificate on a certificate chain has a different fingerprint to the root certificate available for download on ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Why am I getting the message that Security Stack Exchange is only partially encrypted? [closed]

I realize that this is an information website but it does concern me a bit that I'm getting the message that this website does not supply ownership information. Does this mean that my posts can be ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

Multiple Versions of SSL Signing Certificate

I was checking out the SSL chain on onlineaccess.ncsecu.org because a network glitch made me paranoid. Both Firefox and IE on my computer have this chain: onlineaccess.ncsecu.org Serial number ...