A piece of data used in public key cryptography that contains identifying information (i.e. email address or web address), a hash of a public key, and a digital signature that authenticates the data in the certificate.

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18
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1answer
1k views

Why would the BBC web site always ask for a personal certificate, and how do I avoid giving it away?

After installing a CAcert personal certificate, every time I land on the BBC weather site it asks me to identify myself with a certificate. Why would any non-malicious web site do that unless I've ...
1
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1answer
37 views

IE11 on windows 8.1 and ssl fallback

I'm having problems with SSL certs and my SSL accelerator. I have a Sonicwall SSL-R and it only supports SSLv2, SSLv3, and TLS1.0. I have it configured to decode SSL with SSLv3 as the TLS1.0 ...
7
votes
1answer
65 views

How can I verify if a website revoked its old SSL certificate keys? [duplicate]

Through reading from multiple sources and watching Security Now's How the Heartbleeds, I have come to the understanding that the following procedure is recommended to be safe from the Heartbleed ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

Certificate Revocation List

There are many fields on a certificate revocation list (CRL) like Algorithm, Parameters, Issuer Name, This update date, Next update date, user certificate serial #, etc. While I understand the purpose ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Is Google Chrome Extension access to SSL certificate validation output possible?

I want to develop an extension which will stop an user from proceeding to any banking site (configurable by user) if a proxy like paros is seating in between sending fake certificate to user. My ...
1
vote
2answers
290 views

Self-signed SSL certificate on chromebook (and android)

I am having the following problem on both my android phone and on my chromebook. I'm running a website on an internal server (10.3.3.3) using nginx with a self-signed ssl certificate. Since it is just ...
1
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2answers
61 views

SSL cert minimize downtime key rotation strategy

As you already know, due to the heartbleed bug, we need to perform re-keying on our web servers (>10), before I do that, I want to check if my proposed strategy is a proper way or not a. Generate a ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

list of PKCS7 certificate file extensions

RSA (the company) devises and publishes the public key cryptography standards. In those standards PKCS #7 is a standard which defines how to encrypt and sign messages using PKI. PKCS#7 defines a ...
1
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1answer
55 views

What's the use of certificate on Load Balancer and Keystore on Service?

Consider a scenario where my service is using a keystore made of self signed cerificate and the load balancer which is balancing traffic for service is binded with a CA approved certificate. I would ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Which Browsers support TACK?

TACK is an IETF draft that allows certificate pinning for a TLS web server, provided the clients' bowsers support it. Unlike the certificate pinning feature available with HSTS preloading, the ...
2
votes
2answers
167 views

After heartbleed, how can you safely distribute new certs?

It's been a while since I studied key distribution, so I may have some fundamental misunderstanding.. From what I remember, man in the middle attacks can't occur during cert distribution because the ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

How would you know a certificate/private key if you extracted it from RAM? Or would you?

Related to, of course, the heartbleed vulnerability, I've been reading the news about the worst case scenario for this attack being the extraction of the SSL private key, because, of course, this ...
2
votes
1answer
269 views

How to configure Browser to detect revoked certificates?

In the context of the Heartbleed bug I would like to make sure that I can detect if someone tries to do a MITM attack with a stolen certificate, which since has been revoked. The problem is that ...
3
votes
2answers
48 views

Is the Common Name mandatory for digital certificates?

I'm working on a project, where we use the Common Name as a certificate's basic identifier. However, importing certificates without the Common Name fails. What's the default way to use digital ...
4
votes
2answers
414 views

Single domain SSL certificates, actually support 2 subdomains?

While browsing for SSL certificates, specifically domain validation type (the cheapest), I noticed that they advertise as valid for a single domain/subdomain, but then I noticed that they are valid ...
1
vote
2answers
77 views

Where to find or purchase non-SSL certificates

I hope this is the right stackexchange - if not, please advise. As to the actual question: have a system we've developed that makes heavy use of asymmetric cryptography in various different ways ...
3
votes
0answers
159 views

Does heartbleed have any effect if OpenSSL was only used to generate the certificate [duplicate]

Edit: Please follow the above link to the original. I have a self-signed certificate which is use to sign other certificates that I issued. This is all done with an affected version of OpenSSL. ...
0
votes
0answers
2k views

browser extensions to show Heartbleed vulnerability? [closed]

Is there any way to use a browser extension on Firefox or Chrome that shows whether a TLS session is vulnerable to HeartBleed (server uses openssl) and whether the certificate was issued prior to the ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Question about the Perspectives add-on, is this dangerous?

When I visited Google and Facebook, and then clicked on the Perspectives add-on button to check the certificate information, I saw this:     What does this mean? Shouldn't it have ...
2
votes
3answers
164 views

How can I know when a certificate was created?

I want to know whether my various providers changed their certificate because of Heartbleed, or they are using an old vulnerable certificate. How can I know that? Is the "valid from" date also the ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Trusted Certificate Authorities - how do they work?

microsoft.com for example can use a Verisign Certificate for their domain. What are the chances that an attacker could ask verisign for a m1crosoft.com domain and get approved? It is very simillar, ...
1
vote
2answers
34 views

Should every SAML identity provider provide a unique public certificate to the service provider?

When accepting public keys from someone setting up an identity provider for access to resources protected by a service provider using SAML 2.0, do you absolutely need to have a unique certificate? Is ...
1
vote
1answer
241 views

Would there be MITM attack even fix the heartbleed vulnerability? [closed]

I have read this post askbuntu, the step to fix the heartbleed vulnerability almost: 1. upgrade openssl. 2. generte new keys. 3. revoke the old certificates. Some posts say attackers may have got ...
0
votes
2answers
133 views

PHP encrypt and decrypt with certificate

I am trying to think of the best way to encrypt and decrypt a message between two servers. I have found a lot of examples where people simply use a secret and PHP's mcrypt... ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Certificate services will not start with “server is offline” error [closed]

I have a subordinate CA. The Enterprise root service was uninstalled from the network by accident and then migrated to a new box using the same key. This new server has a different server name. It ...
3
votes
2answers
235 views

When you buy a certificate, does the certificate authority have (a copy of) the private key?

I always assumed that the process for getting a (trusted, not self-signed) certificate was more or less like this: You generate a public and private key pair From this key pair you generate a ...
14
votes
3answers
4k views

What vulnerabilities could be caused by a wildcard SSL cert?

In a comment on this answer, AviD says: "There are numerous security issues with wildcard SSL certs." So, what are the problems? I understand that the same private key is being used in multiple ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Certificate extensions - specific constraints

I have question about extensions of certificate and what specific extension should I use in my situation. The problem is following: I have a CA and I want that CA will issue certificate only for ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Active Directory - Certificate Based Authentication - Multiple certificates for user

First, I have very limited knowledge about AD. Problem: I authenticating users on AD using user certificates. I want to authenticate user on various devices (including mobile devices). Each will ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

How secure is PKCS #12

I need to move user cryptographic identity between several user devices. In the operating system I have only one option: use password-protected PKCS #12 to import the identity to the OS secure store. ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Finding the type of SSL certificate with cURL

This is a part of curl's verbose output when connecting to the HTTPS site of Google. * Server certificate: * subject: C=US; ST=California; L=Mountain View; O=Google Inc; CN=www.google.com * ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Accepting an untrusted security certificate?

What is the risk of accepting an untrusted site security certificate in your browser if you're not entering any data, but merely browsing the site?
27
votes
11answers
3k views

How feasible is it for a CA to be hacked? Which default trusted root certificates should I remove?

This question has been revised & clarified significantly since the original version. If we look at each trusted certificate in my Trusted Root store, how much should I trust them? What factors ...
1
vote
3answers
106 views

Does http support encryption without https (like STARTTLS)?

Does http support encryption without https, akin to STARTTLS in smtp? This may sound like a stupid question, but just think about it. Banks require strong encryption, and cannot do business without ...
1
vote
3answers
142 views

Https forms on tens of domains

What is the optimal way (cost-wise, too) to secure page forms (https) on a large number of domains&subdomains? Are certificates required for all domains? Is putting all the page forms on a single ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Certificate verified using two different paths

StartSSL has an intermediate certificate that they use to sign their EV certificates: sub.class4.server.ca.pem. This certificate's issuer is shown by openssl x509 to be /C=IL/O=StartCom ...
12
votes
1answer
62k views

How do I clear cached credentials from my Windows Profile?

Windows seems to be saving my credentials for a variety of applications (terminal servers, etc) and I'd like to purge this data. How can I backup and purge this data?
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Public keys without the certificates

There are two clients and a server. Each client generates an RSA key pair and uploads public key to the server. The server associates the public key with the user identifier that is specified during ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Deploying software that requires X.509 certificates

I have a self-hosted WCF application, with a server application running on the server (obviously) and a client application that will be installed on the users PC. Up until this point I have been ...
0
votes
3answers
99 views

SSL Certificate for an email server

I am completely new to SSL/TLS and would appreciate any help you guys could give me. To give you some background info, our company website is hosted externally by our ISP, however our email is ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Good reason to continue using fraudulent certificate?

A relative of mine used a favorites link to login to yahoo. The favorite link is https://de.mg40.mail.yahoo.com/neo/launch? However, this link uses a fraudulent certificate. Visiting the Yahoo ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

My WCF application uses 2 way certificate message encryption - does it still need SSL?

I have a WCF service configured to use two-way certificate authentication on the messages. The server is also locked down through a firewall to only allow traffic from a single IP:Port that the ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

How can you prevent employees of your company from creating valid ssl certs? [duplicate]

When registering for an SSL cert, I was able to validate that I "owned" the domain I was creating the cert for by having a valid @domain.com email address. If I worked for a large company, say ...
321
votes
3answers
113k views

How does SSL work?

How does SSL work? I just realised we don't actually have a definitive answer here, and it's something worth covering. I'd like to see details in terms of: A high level description of the protocol. ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Secure Communication Between .Net Application and Website

Recently, We developed an application that we want it's users to pay for a monthly subscription in order to use it. So the first thing that came to our minds how to implement a secure way for our ...
5
votes
2answers
299 views

VPNs vulnerable to MiTM because ANY certificate goes

I spoke to a sysadmin in a business center today who intended to basically perform a MiTM (as he called it) on every connection in his network because people in his office building are using VPNs and ...
4
votes
3answers
528 views

How do you verify a certificate belongs to a domain?

I'm using PHP and trying to verify a SSL certificate belongs to the SMTP domain/IP I'm connecting to. Currently I can verify the certificate is valid using the following code $resource = fsockopen( ...
4
votes
1answer
233 views

google certificates correct CA [closed]

I view certificates of https://www.google.com.ua/ So I thought, when requesting via cURL, if I point by CURLOPT_CAINFO to those certificates (GeoTrust Global CA and Google Internet Authority G2 in ...
1
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0answers
33 views

Does Active Directory Certificate Services support Card Verifiable Certificates?

Does Active Directory Certificate Services support accepting requests for, and generation of, Card Verifiable Certificates (TR-03110)? If so, in which version of Windows Server was the functionality ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Is there any way to restrict multiple access to my server at the same time using one client certificate?

My Server is Windows 2008. Mr. X is accessing my web server using Mr. X's certificate. In that time, an outsider is also trying to access my server using Mr. X's certificate (somehow he got it). Is ...