A piece of data used in public key cryptography that contains identifying information (i.e. email address or web address), a hash of a public key, and a digital signature that authenticates the data in the certificate.

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Amazon cert SHA-1 signed?

I just checked Amazon's certificate and it shows it is SHA-1 signed. But Chrome does not show any warnings, like it does (the red cross) for other websites with SHA-1 signed certificates. Am I ...
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1answer
39 views

Is it possible to issue a certificate with different attributes than in .csr?

Is it possible to issue a certificate with different attributes than in certificate siging request? I have a keypair and I generated a cert. request with extra attributes. Can the CA/RA or anybody ...
2
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2answers
69 views

Is encryption application credentials using certificate encryption good practice?

I'm working on a small web application. The web application needs access to a database, so the application needs access to a database username and password. The application runs in an environment ...
61
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6answers
42k views

Does https prevent man in the middle attacks by proxy server?

There is a desktop client A connecting to website W in a https connection A --> W Somehow between A and W, there is a proxy G. A --> G --> W In this case, will G be able to get the ...
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1answer
514 views

Questions about self-signed Certificates' Fingerprints and Client-Server Interaction through SSL

I have some questions about how the fingerprint function is performed. First of all, I have some knowledge about cryptography. However it seems to do not be good enough to understand hundreds of ...
4
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2answers
57 views

Are the rules used to validate certificates in the major browsers documented anywhere?

I'm trying to get a certificate that's good for two subdomains. Essentially, the TLS equivalent of the human-level logical cert "*.*.example.com". I've tried: Name constraints: these work in the ...
2
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2answers
234 views

What exactly is meant by serverAuth and clientAuth

I'm building a network that will allow employees and customers to access the company systems. To that end I'm using a Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 7.0 server as a firewall/authentication server. ...
4
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2answers
61 views

Understanding Digital Certification as as a whole starting from a normal http request

I am very new to security and i do not come from an IT background. Please pardon me if i ask some very simple and questions that don't make sense. I am trying to understand the difference between ...
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1answer
44 views

Managing/Deploying a code signature certificate - Java Applet

I wonder how to manage/deploy a code signature certificate used by the JVM in a corporate context. Suppose you signed a Java applet (executed in browser by corporate users), how to deal with the ...
2
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1answer
34 views

New certificate but what about the keys?

One of our SSL certificates has expired and along with that so has the keys. I have a re-newed certificate but no re-newed keys. The posting Should I change the private key when renewing a ...
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1answer
11 views

How to see absolute difference between DV and OV certificates? [duplicate]

I know that browsers show no difference to the user between OV and DV certificates, but what is a sure way to find out if a certificate IS or ISNT an OV certificate? Also, are there any technical ...
2
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4answers
531 views

Why self-signed https is less trustworthy than unencrypted http?

It wouldn't be far-fetched to guesstimate that at least 50% of the web traffic can be intercepted in 2014. However, a guesstimate of active interception attacks is likely an order of magnitude ...
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1answer
80 views

How can I demonstrate that 3 independent root CAs validated my domain?

I am concerned about the hacking of a root CA and want to buy 3 SSL certs from completely different providers who will independently validate my identity. Then at presentation time, I will send all 3 ...
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2answers
79 views

Why is Facebook planning to drop support for SHA-1 encrypted sites, when they themselves use a SHA-1 certificate?

I noticed this problem when I implemented the Facebook Like Button plugin on my website, and got this error in my browser console: Hmm, I'm assuming that Firefox is talking about the last request, ...
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4answers
2k views

Cloudflare's free SSL options require trusting them; what could they do to change that?

Cloudflare offers 3 free SSL options: Flexible SSL, Full SSL, and Full Strict SSL. The article “CloudFlare’s great new features and why I won’t use them” explores the shortcomings of the Flexible and ...
0
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1answer
50 views

Is algorithm used to sign defined by certificate?

Using pfx certificate to sign or cypher, the algorithm used (rsa-1_5, rsa-oaep-mgf1p, etc) is defined inside pfx certificate? Certificate has information about algorithms used? Or it's totally ...
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3answers
1k views

Digital Signature and Verification?

AFAIK , When Alice wants to write a message to Bob -- she uses Bob's public key and encrypt the message - and then Bob - using his private key - use to decrypt it. So public key is used to decrypt ...
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3answers
122 views

Conflict between cipher-suite and certificate

When capturing my SSL session (using Chrome) I have noticed that the server chose TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 (0xc02b) as the cipher-suite and the certificate signedcertificate signature ...
60
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4answers
48k views

What certificates are needed for multi-level subdomains?

I'm working on a web site with a several levels of subdomains. I need to secure all of them with SSL, and I'm trying to determine the correct certificate strategy. Here's what I need to secure: ...
7
votes
4answers
328 views

Renew digital certificate

If I have deployed a digital certificate on a webserver and if it needs to be renewed then what steps do I need to follow? Will I need to generate a new longer public key private key pair? Why do ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Getting a certificate warning for one email but not another

When I log into outlook.com using Chrome browser, I get a certificate warning for one account but not another. One says my connection is private, the other says it "may not be private". Here are the ...
5
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1answer
3k views

ECDHE_RSA and gmail

I'm using Chrome on Ubuntu Linux to connect to Gmail. The connection info says that ECDHE_RSA is used for the https symmetric key exchange. Based on my understanding of TLS and Gmail, my client ...
5
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2answers
2k views

How do I make or get computer certificates to use with IPSEC user authentication on Windows?

I am having trouble and need some direction using computer certificates with Windows 7 firewall IP Security rules, using certificates only for user authentication. I can get everything to work ...
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0answers
33 views

Certificate Transparency, TLS Extension method of serving SCT's

I was curious about how to supply certificate transparency from my web server. There are 3 ways certificate transparency information can be delivered to the client's browser (Source: ...
2
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2answers
253 views

Windows Firewall Connection Security with Certificate

I've been fiddling with the Windows firewall configuration of some computers within a VMWare based LAN (no domain). To aid in my testing and debugging, I created a small, self-hosted console ...
2
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1answer
54 views

Why not use same certificate for webserver TLS and Signing in SAML?

I have read a bit about configuring shibboleth, and recommendations for SAML at internet2 I get the point that a certificate does not have to be signed when used for SAML, because actually only the ...
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3answers
148 views

SHA-1 deprecation and self-signed certificates

I am confusing regarding SHA-1 deprecation. We use self-signed certificates signed with SHA1 and the expiration is after 1 January 2017. According to this blog: ...
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1answer
67 views

Certificate expiry validation - in what stage?

I'm implementing certificate expiry validation for a client. I'm not sure about the following. Is there a standard/popular implementation regarding the order of validation- Check if the ...
4
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2answers
50 views

Are X.509 nameConstraints on certificates supported on OS X?

I have the following "chain" of certificates on a test machine right now: A self-signed CA cert, in my Keychain and trusted & trusted by Firefox. A CA cert with with the following, X509v3 Name ...
84
votes
11answers
21k views

Is there any technical security reason not to buy the cheapest SSL certificate you can find?

While shopping for a basic SSL cert for my blog, I found that many of the more well-known Certificate Authorities have an entry-level certificate (with less stringent validation of the purchaser's ...
5
votes
3answers
471 views

P12 - Extract public part (certificate) without knowing the p12 password

I would like to extract the public part of a revoked P12 which doesn't belong to me. I can't open it with KeyStore Explorer because I am prompted for the password, is it possible with OpenSSL ? The ...
9
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1answer
8k views

SSL Certificate framework 101: How does the browser actually verify the validity of a given server certificate? [duplicate]

Sorry I know this is a complete noob question and at the risk of posting a somewhat duplicate topic. I have a basic understanding of public/private key, hashing, digital signature... I have been ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Server sends RST after receiving Client Hello when binding certain certificate

The server environment: Windows Server 2012 R2 + IIS8.5. We are testing three self-signed certificates created by: C#(System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates), makecert+pvk2pfx and openssl ...
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10answers
5k views

Can an HTTPS site be malicious or unsafe?

I know it's possible for a computer to be infected just by visiting a website. I also know that HTTPS websites are secure. To my understanding, "secure" here refers to "immune to MITM attacks", but ...
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3answers
61 views

Can a website that uses https be absolutely reliable? [duplicate]

Https websites cover some security requirements and certify the author, but how can we be sure that an author of such an https website is not malicious?
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0answers
21 views

How to disable some ciphers in nsSSL3ciphers command? [migrated]

Referring to Sun Directory Server Man Page Reference, can anybody tell whether - or + is really needed for scenario? I need to: enable only TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA, and disable ...
5
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1answer
517 views

Point several HTTPS domains to the same web server

We are currently running a SaaS over HTTPS(abc.net) and one of our clients(xyz.com) wants to do some custom branding. The client xyz.com will have their own subdomain xyz.abc.net which looks like its ...
0
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1answer
49 views

Relationship between SSL cert database and that at the CA site

Say I am using a trusted third party CA site to manage my cert. I created a new cert called CertA at the CA web interface, downloaded the signed cert and use it on my web server. Some time later I ...
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2answers
149 views

How is this SSL spoofing possible?

Here is a description of a seemingly successful SSL certificate spoof: https://cryptostorm.org/viewtopic.php?f=67&t=8713 The session is initiated by pointing a newly-opened icedove window ...
0
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1answer
113 views

What to do in case of a weak certificate on my bank's website?

My bank's website, while always having had a 'green lock' in the address bar doesn't have this anymore. I then called the bank with a phone number I found on the same website, and asked that the ...
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0answers
21 views

Relationship between the validity of license of an accredited CA (certificate authority and the validity of it's certificate? [duplicate]

To more clear, let's see my example: As I know, in Korea, the validity of a CA's license is only 2 years, but the validity of this CA's certificate is 10 years. Why is the valid time of the license ...
23
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4answers
32k views

Expired SSL Certificate Implications

What are the security implications of an expired SSL certificate? For example if an SSL certificate from a trusted CA has expired will the communication channel continue to remain secure?
4
votes
2answers
342 views

Can an eavesdropper detect the use of a TLS client-side certificate?

Basically what the above says, assuming the eavesdropper must be completely passive, and cannot connect to the server to check if the server requires a client certificate.
67
votes
4answers
21k views

Are all SSL Certificates equal?

After running a few tests from Qualsys' SSL Labs tool, I saw that there were quite significant rating differences between a GoDaddy and VeriSign certificate that I have tested against. Are all SSL ...
2
votes
3answers
48 views

PKI usage in a cluster; per application instance or per application?

I'm having a cluster with nodes (let's call them A and B for the sake of example) running identical micro services (1, 2 and 3 - so the application 2 running on node A is called A2). The applications ...
4
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1answer
1k views

ADFS: Verify requests from relying party

In ADFS, serveral certificates are used. This is explained (very clearly) on this page: ...
9
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2answers
187 views

What real life scenarios require separate end user certificates for Signing and Identity?

Based on this question, I'm interested in any rational argument that would support the idea of maintaining separate signing and authentication certificates. Conventional logic & wisdom says there ...
4
votes
2answers
254 views

Is it OK to create a new SSL certificate before the old one expires?

Over the past year I have created multiple SSL certificates that are all valid for a year. In a week or so, the first will expire. I thought it would be practical if all my certificates would have the ...
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0answers
8 views

How to get CSR Value from KeyChain Access [migrated]

So...probably a dumb question but I followed the instructions here And I'm trying to upload my CSR to digicert where the format is suppose to look like this -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE REQUEST----- ...
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0answers
3 views

How to submit IIS created CSR to StartSSL certificate provider? [migrated]

I'm in process of setting IIS server up with free SSL certitificate from StartSSL. I'm new in this domain. StartSSL seems to be legit to me. My question is regarding point 7 on there website The ...