1. In computers and computer networks, a configuration often refers to the specific hardware and software details in terms of devices attached, capacity or capability, and exactly what the system is made up of. 2. In networks, a configuration often means the network topology. 3. In installing ...

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95
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11answers
24k views

Apache Server Hardening

What are some best practices, recommendations, required reading for securing an Apache Server?
78
votes
9answers
17k views

Hardening Linux Server

We have already had questions on here about Hardening Apache, Hardening PHP and Securing SSH. To continue this trend I am interested in what steps people take to harden Linux servers. As in what ...
24
votes
2answers
6k views

MySQL Server Hardening

Following the hardening theme.... What are some best practices, recommendations, required reading for securing MySQL.
24
votes
2answers
6k views

Guidance for implementors of HTTPS-only sites (Server side)

The recent trend in HTTPS attacks is to attack the HTTP protocol. What should I do to increase my site's security if the only protocol I want is HTTPS? Some easy to implement ideas are Implement ...
23
votes
3answers
49k views

Secure Configuration of Ciphers/MACs/Kex available in SSH

Following on the heels of the previously posted question here, Taxonomy of Ciphers/MACs/Kex available in SSH?, I need some help to obtain the following design goals: Disable any 96-bit HMAC ...
18
votes
5answers
4k views

Where can I find a solid BURP tutorial? [closed]

I'm looking for a good resource for learning/configuring BURP. I understand the concepts behind using the framework, and have read the docs on the site, but if anyone has a solid tutorial link I ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the best way to verify the SSL configuration of my web server?

How do I ensure I have my SSL configuration setup securely?
14
votes
1answer
2k views

Strict Transport Security — max_age value

I've been wondering what max-age should the HTTP Strict Transport Security header have. Both paypal and lastpass sites leave it very low: 500 (seconds = bit over 8 minutes) market.android.com has it ...
14
votes
1answer
236 views

How safely allow users to run arbitrary JVM code on a server?

I'm planning a service that will require allowing users to run arbitrary JVM code on a server. I'm planning to sandbox the code, but I know that the JVM has traditionally had security holes, which is ...
13
votes
6answers
4k views

Is there a security risk running web apps in debug=“true”?

This is a copy of the original question on Stack Overflow which didn't get much love and is probably more relevant here: There are plenty of performance reasons why apps shouldn't be run in debug="...
12
votes
3answers
442 views

Verifying server software integrity?

I'm trying to brainstorm a security scheme for the problem of verifying server software integrity. The domain of this problem is Game Servers built on Valve's Source Dedicated Servers. These servers ...
11
votes
4answers
16k views

What do I need to configure, to make sure my software uses /dev/urandom?

When setting up a server, what configuration changes do I need to make sure that all of the software uses /dev/urandom instead of /dev/random? Some servers don't have much entropy in the entropy pool ...
11
votes
2answers
9k views

Security Concerns with TCP Forwarding

Until now I've been setting TCP Forwarding in ssh always blindly to no but searching on the net, I have trouble finding out what the actual security threat is, when allowing it. The one thing I did ...
10
votes
3answers
294 views

What is a good source for hardened base configurations

I attended B-Sides in Orlando FL where one of the speakers had mentioned a site which contains hardened configs for popular services such as apache and postfix. The author of these configs is ...
9
votes
4answers
13k views

Difference between hardening guides (CIS, NSA, DISA)

I'm researching OS hardening and it seems there are a variety of recommended configuration guides. I realize the different configuration providers supply different offerings per Operating System, but ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

How to audit web servers for resistance/vulnerability to BREACH

BREACH, a new attack on SSL that targets HTTP compression, has recently been publicly announced. I manage a few web servers. How can I audit them to check which of them are potentially vulnerable to ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

IIS and SQLServer Hardening

long story short: I'm an engineer doing development, not administration. I have no direct access to the production server, so I can only tell the administration team the best configurations for ...
7
votes
1answer
402 views

What is the status of forced HTTPS everywhere (Strict transport security) via DNS? I only see the July 2010 draft

I'm trying to find the most recent RFC on HSTS in DNS (or rather said DNSSEC), but can only find this year old one in expired draft status Where can I find the most current guidance on STS in DNS? If ...
6
votes
2answers
68 views

What kind of misconfiguration may lead to publicly accessible webserver logs?

While Googling for a few rare user agent strings and URL paths, I stumbled upon a few websites that have their webserver logs publicly accessible. Investigating further, I found that this is not an ...
5
votes
5answers
770 views

Any value in a web-server closing connections on bad requests (or bad pages)?

At least one web-server, nginx, has the ability to "close the connection without sending any headers", by configuring it to return a (nonstandard) 444 to various malformed HTTP requests. Is there any ...
5
votes
1answer
798 views

Is it safe to email the contents of your .htaccess?

If you assume that you're not on HTTPS or that, at least, the security of your connection is compromised, is it safe to email someone the contents of your site's .htaccess file? I'm a novice in this ...
5
votes
3answers
791 views

Why would configuring a Blackberry to turn radio off when charging help with security?

A friend's work Blackberry is configured so that phone and Internet access are disabled while the device is charging. I assumed this was a fault, but apparently it's a deliberate security policy. Has ...
5
votes
2answers
10k views

Disabling authentication via DSA keys in OpenSSH?

How can I disable DSA and ECDSA authentication on my server with OpenSSH 5.9? Sifting through the documentation material and doing a web search didn't yield any results - only an old bug report for ...
5
votes
2answers
186 views

Don’t use a web browser on a server?

After pulling up a Windows Server 2012 instance, I learned that google.com is riskier than I thought: It does the same for microsoft.com. There are instructions to disable "Enhanced Security ...
5
votes
2answers
287 views

Configuring election website to prevent MITM attacks

Consider an election web site that will be used for voting over the Internet. What steps should the administrator of such a web site take to provide adequate security against man-in-the-middle attacks ...
5
votes
5answers
611 views

Secure way to save password in configuration file

I'm developing a desktop application and it required connecting to a remote MySQL database server, currently I save all information (server IP, TCP port, username, password, database name) needed for ...
5
votes
4answers
581 views

Is it harmful to redirect web bugs to localhost on hosts file?

I was checking the article hosts file on Wikipedia, and I found this: Blocking access to servers of unwanted content by redirecting them to the local host (127.0.0.1) may have security ...
5
votes
1answer
400 views

What is the security impact of changing PowerShell's PSLanguageMode?

A vendor is asking me to change the PSLanguageMode from within IIS on my Exchange server(s). What potential vulnerabilities am I opening myself up to? I'm surprised to see this option present within ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Implications of using DNS Forwarders instead of Root Hints

When redesigning an organizations DNS infrastructure, the question of using Forwarders instead of Root Hints comes up. What kinds of issues should I be aware of when the admins and designers start ...
4
votes
1answer
509 views

What are the main advantages of using LibreSSL in favor of OpenSSL

What are the main advantages of using LibreSSL vs OpenSSL? As I understood LibreSSL is a fork of OpenSSL: LibreSSL is a version of the TLS/crypto stack forked from OpenSSL in 2014, with goals of ...
4
votes
1answer
422 views

Does encrypting a setting in web.config actually provide security?

Does encrypting a value in the web.config file actually provide any real protection? It seems to me that any web app can read that setting. Yes that's more work than just reading the web.config file, ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

How do I securely separate a wireless subnet from the wired network?

My setup looks like this: In the interest of security, I'd like to separate the wired network (where the Workstation is plugged in) from the wireless subnet. I don't trust some of the devices in ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

HTTPS Apache2 Information Leakage

Hello IT Security! I have Apache2 vhost with HTTPS listening on port 443, ie. https:// securesecret.com. I have another vhosts with HTTP listening on port 80, ie. http:// one.com, http:// two.com. ...
3
votes
1answer
7k views

Shall I set “RSAAuthentication yes” in sshd_config if I use only ECDSA key?

In a context of proprietary client boxes and servers, I want to limit authentication to ECDSA keys. Historically, "RSAAuthentication yes" was used to enable authentication with RSA and maybe DSA keys. ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

Whitelisting applications in Windows7

Windows 7 and Server 2008 R2 come with a security tool called Applocker. This allows admins to restrict applications to a specific white list which can be as granular as the individual application ...
3
votes
1answer
417 views

Security criteria for selecting a network switch?

I am looking to purchase a switch with 24+ ports. The set of security criteria that I should bear in mind when selecting a switch is not clear to me. I have tried to take other networking security ...
3
votes
1answer
500 views

How to remediate TLS POODLE on IIS [duplicate]

I've been struggling to understand how to completely remediate TLS POODLE on IIS 7.5. I've already disabled SSLv3 support for SSL POODLE. But according to the information that I've get from plenty of ...
3
votes
2answers
434 views

Website security checklist?

I'm building a web service (a control panel for clients) (PHP on linux apache) and trying from the design to make it the most secure as I can, Can anyone provide me with some kind of a check-list of ...
3
votes
1answer
447 views

Defend against Blind ROP

At IEEE Security & Privacy, the blind return-oriented programming attack (blind ROP) was just introduced. In some sense, this is just another variation on ROP attacks -- but the blind ROP attack ...
3
votes
1answer
249 views

PHP max_input_vars security expectations

Considering a site that handles large POST data, would it be unreasonable and dangerous to set the php.ini max_input_vars to something like 100000? I know this is a vector for DOS attacks, but don't ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Server Certification Processes

We are considering a certification process for new internal server builds before they are allowed to be placed into production. That is, the system administration team will send the server up to the ...
3
votes
1answer
402 views

Security of Openflow/SDN network

Openflow/SDN networks give a remote controller the ability to manage the behavior of network devices i.e. configurations. They can forward instruction sets to dynamically change network configuration. ...
3
votes
1answer
393 views

Checkpoint NGX IPS & NAT

how does CheckPoint R65/R70 handle IPS violations of outbound traffic from hosts that are NAT'ed? Is it necessary to include the NAT'ed IP in the exceptions list or is it sufficient to include the ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

Should I really treat memory leaks like classical bandwith dos?

I recently found that a big company use an outdated product in their file-storage servers (I got the hidden name and version). The bug is corrected in recent version, but they weren’t any cve or ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

What not to reveal of OS configuration

I thought that I should publicize all my programming on a web page so someone will hire me as a programmer. I got tempted to include not only programs but my .emacs, .bashrc, and .Xresources files. ...
2
votes
4answers
746 views

unix config scanner / compliance checks

I'm looking for a tool, that scans unix operating systems for configuration issues. E.g. a script that finds PermitRootLogin yes in the ssh config file or with other words: a script that automates ...
2
votes
2answers
880 views

up2date tools for security audit linux / centos

I'm setting up a new CentOS 6 server and am looking into some security audit tools to validate my configuration and to point out weak spots in the server. There are a lot of non up2date tools out ...
2
votes
2answers
859 views

Disable directory browsing using Apache htaccess file

TL;DR What are the risks and downsides associated with allowing Options -Indexes to work in arbitrary .htaccess files on a shared Apache web host? Context Apache web server configuration Linux ...
2
votes
2answers
637 views

OSSEC on an existing running machine

I am setting up a OSSEC on existing running machine. From my research I find that I should be running the following command to check for previous intrusion. zcat /var/log/*.gz | /var/ossec/bin/ossec-...
2
votes
2answers
715 views

Are Yubi Keys secure “out of the box” when purchased for use with Yubi Cloud?

The YubiKey personalization tool allows someone to configure a YubiKey for HOTP, challenge response, and a variety of other authentication formats. YubiKey offers a number of personalization tools ...