1. In computers and computer networks, a configuration often refers to the specific hardware and software details in terms of devices attached, capacity or capability, and exactly what the system is made up of. 2. In networks, a configuration often means the network topology. 3. In installing ...

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85
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15answers
19k views

Apache Server Hardening

What are some best practices, recommendations, required reading for securing an Apache Server?
66
votes
9answers
12k views

Hardening Linux Server

We have already had questions on here about Hardening Apache, Hardening PHP and Securing SSH. To continue this trend I am interested in what steps people take to harden Linux servers. As in what ...
22
votes
2answers
4k views

MySQL Server Hardening

Following the hardening theme.... What are some best practices, recommendations, required reading for securing MySQL.
20
votes
2answers
3k views

Guidance for implementors of HTTPS-only sites (Server side)

The recent trend in HTTPS attacks is to attack the HTTP protocol. What should I do to increase my site's security if the only protocol I want is HTTPS? Some easy to implement ideas are Implement ...
18
votes
5answers
2k views

Where can I find a solid BURP tutorial? [closed]

I'm looking for a good resource for learning/configuring BURP. I understand the concepts behind using the framework, and have read the docs on the site, but if anyone has a solid tutorial link I ...
18
votes
2answers
26k views

Secure Configuration of Ciphers/MACs/Kex available in SSH

Following on the heels of the previously posted question here, Taxonomy of Ciphers/MACs/Kex available in SSH?, I need some help to obtain the following design goals: Disable any 96-bit HMAC ...
12
votes
3answers
361 views

Verifying server software integrity?

I'm trying to brainstorm a security scheme for the problem of verifying server software integrity. The domain of this problem is Game Servers built on Valve's Source Dedicated Servers. These servers ...
12
votes
2answers
312 views

What is the best way to verify the SSL configuration of my web server?

How do I ensure I have my SSL configuration setup securely?
11
votes
6answers
2k views

Is there a security risk running web apps in debug=“true”?

This is a copy of the original question on Stack Overflow which didn't get much love and is probably more relevant here: There are plenty of performance reasons why apps shouldn't be run in ...
9
votes
2answers
4k views

Security Concerns with TCP Forwarding

Until now I've been setting TCP Forwarding in ssh always blindly to no but searching on the net, I have trouble finding out what the actual security threat is, when allowing it. The one thing I did ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Strict Transport Security — max_age value

I've been wondering what max-age should the HTTP Strict Transport Security header have. Both paypal and lastpass sites leave it very low: 500 (seconds = bit over 8 minutes) market.android.com has it ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How to audit web servers for resistance/vulnerability to BREACH

BREACH, a new attack on SSL that targets HTTP compression, has recently been publicly announced. I manage a few web servers. How can I audit them to check which of them are potentially vulnerable to ...
7
votes
4answers
7k views

What do I need to configure, to make sure my software uses /dev/urandom?

When setting up a server, what configuration changes do I need to make sure that all of the software uses /dev/urandom instead of /dev/random? Some servers don't have much entropy in the entropy pool ...
7
votes
3answers
232 views

What is a good source for hardened base configurations

I attended B-Sides in Orlando FL where one of the speakers had mentioned a site which contains hardened configs for popular services such as apache and postfix. The author of these configs is ...
7
votes
1answer
333 views

What is the status of forced HTTPS everywhere (Strict transport security) via DNS? I only see the July 2010 draft

I'm trying to find the most recent RFC on HSTS in DNS (or rather said DNSSEC), but can only find this year old one in expired draft status Where can I find the most current guidance on STS in DNS? If ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

IIS and SQLServer Hardening

long story short: I'm an engineer doing development, not administration. I have no direct access to the production server, so I can only tell the administration team the best configurations for ...
5
votes
5answers
535 views

Any value in a web-server closing connections on bad requests (or bad pages)?

At least one web-server, nginx, has the ability to "close the connection without sending any headers", by configuring it to return a (nonstandard) 444 to various malformed HTTP requests. Is there any ...
5
votes
3answers
697 views

Why would configuring a Blackberry to turn radio off when charging help with security?

A friend's work Blackberry is configured so that phone and Internet access are disabled while the device is charging. I assumed this was a fault, but apparently it's a deliberate security policy. Has ...
5
votes
2answers
235 views

Configuring election website to prevent MITM attacks

Consider an election web site that will be used for voting over the Internet. What steps should the administrator of such a web site take to provide adequate security against man-in-the-middle attacks ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Difference between hardening guides (CIS, NSA, DISA)

I'm researching OS hardening and it seems there are a variety of recommended configuration guides. I realize the different configuration providers supply different offerings per Operating System, but ...
5
votes
4answers
508 views

Is it harmful to redirect web bugs to localhost on hosts file?

I was checking the article hosts file on Wikipedia, and I found this: Blocking access to servers of unwanted content by redirecting them to the local host (127.0.0.1) may have security ...
5
votes
1answer
363 views

mcollective Review and Security Considerations

The use of PuppetLab's mcollective is being planned by my company's SysOps team. I will be reviewing their use of the tool and implementation of the system. At this point I don't have a lot of ...
5
votes
1answer
289 views

What is the security impact of changing PowerShell's PSLanguageMode?

A vendor is asking me to change the PSLanguageMode from within IIS on my Exchange server(s). What potential vulnerabilities am I opening myself up to? I'm surprised to see this option present within ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Implications of using DNS Forwarders instead of Root Hints

When redesigning an organizations DNS infrastructure, the question of using Forwarders instead of Root Hints comes up. What kinds of issues should I be aware of when the admins and designers start ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Disabling authentication via DSA keys in OpenSSH?

How can I disable DSA and ECDSA authentication on my server with OpenSSH 5.9? Sifting through the documentation material and doing a web search didn't yield any results - only an old bug report for ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I securely separate a wireless subnet from the wired network?

My setup looks like this: In the interest of security, I'd like to separate the wired network (where the Workstation is plugged in) from the wireless subnet. I don't trust some of the devices in ...
3
votes
1answer
180 views

Does encrypting a setting in web.config actually provide security?

Does encrypting a value in the web.config file actually provide any real protection? It seems to me that any web app can read that setting. Yes that's more work than just reading the web.config file, ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

PHP max_input_vars security expectations

Considering a site that handles large POST data, would it be unreasonable and dangerous to set the php.ini max_input_vars to something like 100000? I know this is a vector for DOS attacks, but don't ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Server Certification Processes

We are considering a certification process for new internal server builds before they are allowed to be placed into production. That is, the system administration team will send the server up to the ...
3
votes
1answer
364 views

Security of Openflow/SDN network

Openflow/SDN networks give a remote controller the ability to manage the behavior of network devices i.e. configurations. They can forward instruction sets to dynamically change network configuration. ...
3
votes
1answer
292 views

Checkpoint NGX IPS & NAT

how does CheckPoint R65/R70 handle IPS violations of outbound traffic from hosts that are NAT'ed? Is it necessary to include the NAT'ed IP in the exceptions list or is it sufficient to include the ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

HTTPS Apache2 Information Leakage

Hello IT Security! I have Apache2 vhost with HTTPS listening on port 443, ie. https:// securesecret.com. I have another vhosts with HTTP listening on port 80, ie. http:// one.com, http:// two.com. ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

What not to reveal of OS configuration

I thought that I should publicize all my programming on a web page so someone will hire me as a programmer. I got tempted to include not only programs but my .emacs, .bashrc, and .Xresources files. ...
2
votes
4answers
446 views

unix config scanner / compliance checks

I'm looking for a tool, that scans unix operating systems for configuration issues. E.g. a script that finds PermitRootLogin yes in the ssh config file or with other words: a script that automates ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Whitelisting applications in Windows7

Windows 7 and Server 2008 R2 come with a security tool called Applocker. This allows admins to restrict applications to a specific white list which can be as granular as the individual application ...
2
votes
2answers
782 views

up2date tools for security audit linux / centos

I'm setting up a new CentOS 6 server and am looking into some security audit tools to validate my configuration and to point out weak spots in the server. There are a lot of non up2date tools out ...
2
votes
2answers
167 views

Website security checklist?

I'm building a web service (a control panel for clients) (PHP on linux apache) and trying from the design to make it the most secure as I can, Can anyone provide me with some kind of a check-list of ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Is it common for all hard / USB drives to be accessible to everyone on a network?

Every PC can map to any other PC's hard drive(s) / USB drive(s) on the network where I work. When I realized this I thought it was odd. All one needs to do is access the (Start) button then type ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

Disable all SSH security mechanisms for a private subnet

So I'm running a private subnet where there is no internet connectivity, I understand the grave danger of running an ssh server on the internet without security. In short I would like to be able to ...
2
votes
2answers
418 views

OSSEC on an existing running machine

I am setting up a OSSEC on existing running machine. From my research I find that I should be running the following command to check for previous intrusion. zcat /var/log/*.gz | ...
2
votes
2answers
476 views

Are Yubi Keys secure “out of the box” when purchased for use with Yubi Cloud?

The YubiKey personalization tool allows someone to configure a YubiKey for HOTP, challenge response, and a variety of other authentication formats. YubiKey offers a number of personalization tools ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Uploading files through an HTTPS web application

We have a client facing web site. A certificate is required to land on the login page, where upon you then need a username and a password to further login. System has Apache servers acting as load ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

DMZ and LAN data exchange - what direction should connections be made?

When configuring services in the DMZ to exchange data with the internal LAN which scenario would be more secure: DMZ service pushes data to LAN service or LAN service pulls data from DMZ ...
2
votes
1answer
926 views

Encrypting configuration on shared IIS7 hosting that uses load balancing

When hosting a site on a cluster (or cloud configuration) we need to specify a Machine Key in the web.config file. This is needed to keep the machines in sync (often the first encounter with this is ...
2
votes
3answers
536 views

rancid like tool for config files [closed]

I need to be able to watch directories on our servers, and track changes to files as part of our audit compliance. I have adjusted auditd to watch the directories, and send all writes and attribute ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How should I configure a Citrix Netscaler to protect against HTTP, TCP, or UDP flood attacks?

I have a Citrix Netscaler and want to configure the appliance appropriately so that it can protect my hosts from a DDOS. Is this something I can do here, or must I take action on the host itself?
2
votes
0answers
23 views

In DNSSec, are Delegation Signer Records always SHA-1?

I'm creating a RSA/SHA-512 Zone Signing Key and Key Signing Key at Dynect Managed DNS (corporate offering) The Delegation Signer Record that was created is SHA1. Should I be concerned about this?
2
votes
0answers
96 views

How does Travis CI protect itself against being used for attacks?

Travis CI allows anyone to run any code on their servers by checking it into GitHub. How do they ensure that someone isn't taking advantage of their servers to launch an attack or other malicious ...
1
vote
2answers
374 views

Seeking advice on how to build a box to brute force hashes? [closed]

I work in a startup security firm, and I need to build a GPU-based to brute force password/hashes, which can be used to validate password strength and test hashing algorithms. I expect some high ...
1
vote
3answers
217 views

USGCB on a non-networked computer

We will be getting some data that needs to be kept in accordance with USGCB regulations. Our intent was to keep it secure by storing and using it on a non-networked computer, but the regulations seem ...