Cryptography is the practice and study of logical means used to achieve information confidentiality, integrity and authenticity. It covers, among other things, encryption (making some data unreadable except for those who know a given secret element, called a key), data hashing (in particular for ...

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two encrypting / hashing case, which one is best

Thinking about these below two cases, which one is best and most secure one 1st case //key1 generated from static salt and user password, because in case attacker don't know about source code (bad ...
7
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3answers
194 views

Can RSA keys be swapped?

On a theoretical level, is there anything inherently different about public vs private keys? During RSA key generation there are two keys generated, key A and key B. Key A is private and Key B is ...
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2answers
142 views

What is truly unbreakable these days? [closed]

Just very curious, count my knowledge in cryptography, algorithms, and security in general as non-existent. Now I am aware that this might be a VERY broad question, but here it goes. What is the most ...
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1answer
99 views

is this code valid for securing passwords? [duplicate]

i was wondering if this is a secure method for a hashing password.if it is not secure please tell me what to do in order to make it secure $pass='test'//the password ...
0
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1answer
84 views

Theoretical key encryption question

I have a question regarding encryption and message sending. There are 2 hosts, A and B with their own secret key kA and kB (assuming this is not PKI). It is known that when A wants to send a message ...
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3answers
478 views

What is the correct way to make a password salt?

I've made the below function to make a completely random 64 character long hash function password_salt($password){ $salt = hash("sha512", mt_rand(1,100000) . strtotime("now") . $password . ...
125
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8answers
10k views

Why are salted hashes more secure?

I know there are many discussions on salted hashes, and I understand that the purpose is to make it impossible to build a rainbow table of all possible hashes (generally up to 7 characters). My ...
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1answer
139 views

Is it possible to insert data into UUID?

Is it possible to insert arbitrary data into UUID? Let's suppose we have an MD5\SHA hash of something... can we encode that data into a valid UUID?
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1answer
49 views

Frequency Analysis [closed]

I have started looking into Crytography, and the obvious starting point is frequency analysis. As a task for myself I thought it would be good to compile a script which could be used for perform the ...
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1answer
73 views

Root certifcate from an CA company which can be encrpyted by SoftHSM

Does anybody know a CA company which allows me to put the bought CA certficate inside SoftHSM (the same as an HSM but without any hardware, it is pure software)? Is it hard to work with the PKCS11 ...
2
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0answers
37 views

Snapchat clone: How do I secure pre-downloaded notifications so that they cannot be opened outside of the app? [duplicate]

Say I'm making a snapchat clone app for Android and iOS. Let's say that I get a snapchat from Baz. I want to pre-download the audio for this snapchat. However, as the developer, I want to secure this ...
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5answers
159 views

Snapchat clone: How do I secure pre-downloaded notifications so that they cannot be opened outside of the app?

Say I'm making a snapchat clone app for Android and iOS. Let's say that I get a snapchat from Baz. I want to pre-download the audio for this snapchat. However, as the developer, I want to secure this ...
0
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1answer
177 views

In regards to GPG4Win, what does “use NAME as default secret key”?

1- what does "use NAME as default secret key" do in Kleopatra tool options? The reason why I ask this, is I have a looooong password for my certificate. And apparently this becomes a hassle when ...
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3answers
2k views

inquiry about SHA1 with RSA for certificate signature

As you all know, plenty of X.509 Certificates use (PKCS#1 SHA1 with RSA encryption) as the Certificate Signature Algorithm for generating the signature of 2048 Bits long. We know that SHA1 hash ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Are there any fast Homomorphic Obfuscuation techniques available?

Assuming that cryptography falls into one of three areas: Awfully weak protocols and algorithms, that are trivial to break with a low amount of effort and resources Cryptographically strong ...
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2answers
184 views

Using 1-day expiration GPG keys only… any disadvantages?

From the thread Does GPG key expiration add to security? , we know that the faster the keys expire, the greater our security. The minimum expiration for a GPG key seems to be 1 day. Thus, isn't it ...
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3answers
217 views

How to hide the sensitive data from the developer of the application and the DBA of the database

I have simple situation, we are in IT center and I need to develop a simple one form 4 fields that contains a salary field, I need the programmer of our IT center could not know the salaries of other ...
0
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2answers
146 views

Does Known plaintext attacks lead to exposure of the key?

The back-story is long and boring so I will get down to the meat of the argument. I say that if a professional code breaker has a bunch of data, the encoded version of said data and the encoding ...
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4answers
420 views

Secure communication between server and client [duplicate]

I'm writing some security software, and don't want anyone to be able to intercept data as its passed from client->server, and server->client. The best way to do this is over HTTPS via SSL. However, ...
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1answer
82 views

Public Key Cryptography : Key length

While symm. crypt. has around 256 bits of a key, why does public key crypt have a key that is much longer (1000's) ???
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1answer
1k views

Describe an example of indistinguishability obfuscation or functional encryption

As described in Perfecting the Art of Sensible Nonsense, a major breakthrough in cryptography research was published in the summer of 2013: Candidate Indistinguishability Obfuscation and Functional ...
0
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1answer
222 views

Hashing Passphrase in Client-Side JavaScript Rather than Server-Side — Is it Viable?

Yet another salting-and-hashing-for-web-sites question has been left on the doormat of Information Security's StackExchange. The oft-mentioned approach for website password-handling is to use a ...
3
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1answer
46 views

Storing original length of encrypted message

Does storing the actual length of the message in metadata make an encrypted message more vulnerable to attack?
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1answer
156 views

Implementation language for crypto

I'm going to implement a small crypto lib/tool. The "do not implement crypto by yourself" rule does not apply here, since this crypto system is new and not implemented yet. ;) So the first step is the ...
2
votes
2answers
103 views

How do clients enroll using SRP?

From what I understand, one of the benefits or Secure Remote Password (SRP) is that is does not require reliance on certificate authorities. In a scenario where clients need the ability to register as ...
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1answer
150 views

RSA vs ECDSA for VANET Security

I am doing a project on Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network Security (VANET). The proposed scheme uses electronic signature as a means to authenticating the nodes. Most of the research papers I read suggested ...
9
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1answer
194 views

Securing a prediction about a future event

I want to make a prediction about a future event, but only reveal that prediction after the event occurs lest knowledge of my prediction affect the outcome. For example, suppose Alice predicts that ...
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2answers
253 views

why are the first few characters of a DSA Private Key similar?

I noticed most DSA private keys often start with the same few characters, MIIBvAIBAAKBgQD . For example, generate a private key on Ubuntu, by running: ssh-keygen -t dsa -N '' -f /tmp/id_dsa This ...
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2answers
1k views

Cryptography behind chip based credit cards (smart cards)?

Why are chips safer than magnetic stripes? The answers to the above question explain that the chip based cards can not be cloned as the "secret number" is embedded in the chip and protected by the ...
3
votes
2answers
169 views

Hashes of overlapping data - does it make them easier to crack even when neither is cracked

Say I have strings: stringA, StringB, stringC. And I make two hashes: HashA = sha256(stringA + stringB) HashB = sha256(stringB + stringC) For the sake of the argument I'm suggesting sha256 but ...
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1answer
2k views

How to Encrypt Credit Card number for storing it in sql server database according to PCI DSS Requirement?

According to PCI-DSS 3.4 Requirement: Render PAN unreadable anywhere it is stored by using the below methods: One-way hash Truncation Index tokens and pads Strong cryptography with associated ...
1
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2answers
187 views

Hashed Database: Hash Functions

Let's assume there is a database containing names and each name is hashed and the clear-text is deleted. If an attacker were to steal this database, would he/she be able to get the list of names?
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1answer
150 views

Cryptography - Perfect Secrecy [closed]

Assuming you have a block cipher that (when given a 128­-bit key) yields an instance of a true pseudorandom permutation... how can you use that block cipher within the above constraints to achieve ...
1
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1answer
204 views

Requiring 2 keys to access a content

I need to use an external service that can only be accessed by password. I don't like the idea of storing the plaintext password on the server, but AFAIK there's not much I can do. Considering this ...
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votes
1answer
144 views

What is the excellence of RSA vs my algorithm [closed]

I was wondering that what make RSA Asymmetric Cryptography Algorithm special. So I wrote a very simple algorithm that do the same work (Generate Public and Private Key) Now I want to ask you that What ...
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votes
2answers
192 views

Is AES feasible for secure hashing files? [closed]

There was already a similar topic "Why AES is not used for secure hashing, instead of SHA-x?", but it was not about files specifically, and I, personally, am not convinced by the answers in it. "AES ...
1
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3answers
121 views

How to guarantee privacy on files that I store

I want to create an Android app where users from an office (typical use) can upload scanned documents to the app backend service for later use. e.g. A lawyer want to upload a sentence ...
10
votes
2answers
461 views

Forward secrecy for kids

In the Scouts, it is popular to use secret codes to write messages (which are simple ciphers). I want to introduce Forward secrecy to the kids so they can use it with these ciphers. So, if the ...
0
votes
2answers
359 views

Google's usage of RC4

I was reading about Google's usage of RC4 and an answer on stackexchange website stated the following: I know Google uses RC4 for most of its services, and this is the reason one shouldn't keep ...
0
votes
4answers
131 views

How does an encryption key work? [closed]

I'm having trouble understanding how an encryption key works. for example: if the word was 'hello' its encrypted value could be 'GHSSDgsd2', what would happen to the encrypted value if the key was ...
0
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0answers
29 views

How does an encryption key work? [duplicate]

I'm having trouble understanding how an encryption key works. for example: if the word was 'hello' its encrypted value could be 'GHSSDgsd2', what would happen to the encrypted value if the key was ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

How to generate Initalization Vectors correctly

I'm working on a project that splits large files into several encrypted fixed-size blocks (e.g. 4KiB). Those blocks shall be used to be stored persistently on a storage device. Blocks are encrypted ...
1
vote
1answer
425 views

Help to understand secure connections and encryption using both private/public key in RSA?

I just started teaching myself cryptography, I am reading this http://www.garykessler.net/library/crypto.html to understand the basics. I am confused by Sections 3.4 and 5.3. Section 3.4 details how ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Location to store an encryption key

I'm building a secure system which stores messages on a server in a Postgresql database. The messages are stored encrypted with PHP's openssl_encrypt() function with the AES-256-CBC method. At the ...
43
votes
3answers
3k views

What kinds of encryption are _not_ breakable via Quantum Computers?

There's the recent article NSA seeks to build quantum computer that could crack most types of encryption. Now I'm not surprised by the NSA trying anything1, but what slightly baffles me is the word ...
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2answers
184 views

How secure are the GPG/PGP keyservers?

Importing a GPG key with a KeyID or fingerprint seems to rely on keyservers. Doesn't this invite man-in-the-middle attacks, in which someone would alter the keys to allow them to decrypt the data? ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

How to safely use a Key Derivation Function to secure private data - need guidance

I have some secure data created in my client app which I wish to store on the server as backup for the user. The user already has a password to authenticate with the server. The password is never ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

How can brute force scripts tell once they're found the correct key?

If you have a random block of data and you encrypt it with a key, how can a brute force script tell when it has found the correct key? Is it possible without some sort of reference to the original ...
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2answers
365 views

Is SSH secure and what are the recommended modes of operation?

Given the recent confirmation of weakened and broken encryption schemes and implementations, how does the community feel about the security of SSH? It seems there has been very little discussion ...
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1answer
123 views

Any issues with this security design for cloud storage? Server doesn't even need to know password to log someone in

I've created an algorithm I think I'm going to use for a cloud storage service I'm developing- if there are no issues or vulnerabilities with it. It's this along with TLS and forward secrecy ...