Cryptography is the practice and study of logical means used to achieve information confidentiality, integrity and authenticity. It covers, among other things, encryption (making some data unreadable except for those who know a given secret element, called a key), data hashing (in particular for ...

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1answer
546 views

How to encrypt in PHP, properly?

How do I encrypt data in PHP, properly, using symmetric-key encryption? I have a message M and a secret S. I'm looking for a solution that uses cryptography properly without making any of the usual ...
2
votes
1answer
346 views

How does signing work with Elliptic Curve Crypto?

So I have read up and have a decent understanding of how the crypto works with Elliptic Curve Cryptography. I also think I have an understanding of how signing works with things like Elliptic Curve ...
2
votes
1answer
341 views

Requiring 2 keys to access a content

I need to use an external service that can only be accessed by password. I don't like the idea of storing the plaintext password on the server, but AFAIK there's not much I can do. Considering this ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Can TPM Storage Keys be Created Outside TPM?

I am interested in 'adding' preexisting keys to a TPM's storage hierarchy. An example of a desired key hierarchy can be shown as: (SRK)----->(User Storage Key)-------> User Working Key 1 ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Is it dangerous to use the same key (RSA) for both encryption (PGP) and authentication (SSH)?

Alice wants to send an encrypted message to Bob, but she also wants to connect to Carol's server. Are there any dangers associated with using the same RSA key for both PGP and SSH (other than a lack ...
1
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1answer
130 views

Need help designing an encryption workflow

Background: I'm building a .NET application, a very small part of this application allows for users to communicate with a third party application. I am designing this aspect. The third party simply ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Does WebCrypto also mandate the crypto algorithms be implemented in Javascript?

I am trying to understand what WebCrypto means. From what I understand it is - A Javascript Crypto API spec that all browsers must (hopefully) support. Am I correct? If so are the crypto algorithms ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

How to encrypt or store data so that only a pool of processes can share it on Windows?

I am writing an application T1 which is using SQLite database to store some sensitive data and i am trying to encrypt it securely. The issue i am facing is that i don't want my symmetric key to be ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

How is an epsilon of 1/1000 non-negligible?

Lately I've been studying cryptography and in the current course I'm taking we're reviewing statistical tests and how they can be used to determine if a pseudo-random generator is secure or not. ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Is the method of hardening the creation of a Cryptographically Generated Address (CGA) called hash extension

CGAs are sha1 hashes truncated to a 59 bit value. Along with a 3 bit security parameter they form a IPv6 address (more precisely the interface identifier). from wikipedia: The Sec parameter ...
0
votes
1answer
142 views

Prevent CryptoLocker on Server

A quick question, which may have a not-so-quick answer - Are there any ways to prevent files associated with CryptoLocker, to be propagated to a data server, by means of a back up? We use Cobian as ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Which stream ciphers are supported in am335x cryptographic accelerator?

I want to use cryptographic accelerator in aes cfb mode [or any other stream cipher]. According to http://e2e.ti.com/support/arm/sitara_arm/f/791/p/156983/658334 link cfb is supported in am335x. I ...
0
votes
1answer
174 views

Can you recover the password from ZipCrypto encrypted ZIP file?

I know that "legacy ZIP-crypto" is not secure and you can get at the contents of the file quite easily. Now the question is, can you also get at the password (assume this is a very long, very high ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Using RSA-SHA as/instead HMAC in OpenVPN?

While reading the manual of OpenVPN 2.3, I came across the --auth alg option. The manual says: Authenticate packets with HMAC using message digest algorithm alg. (The default is SHA1 ). HMAC is a ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

How does SHA3 (Keccak & SHAKE) compare to SHA2? Should I use non-SHAKE parameters?

Keccak is the winner of the SHA3 competition. Since Keccak is highly customizable (presumably for security/memory/time/speed tradeoffs) there does seem to be some controversy around how Keccak ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Reference Implementation for Shoup's ECIES?

ECIES is part of both ISO/IEC and IEEE. There's a interop bug between Crypto++'s ECIES and Bouncy Castle's ECIES. I know where the bug lies, and I've been trying to determine who is "right" (for some ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Offering a privacy scenario with PHP mcrypt library

first of all, sorry if my question is not clear, because English is not my first language. Anyway, let-me explain the concept I'm struggling to solve as the best solution. I have some guys, and they ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

Which keys does a bank typically exchange with a card scheme?

I'm trying to understand the different EMV-related keys that are shared between a bank who issues EMV cards and a card scheme, such as Visa or MasterCard. I understand the bank would typically ...
2
votes
0answers
111 views

Main difference between Yahalom and Needham-Schroeder key exchange protocols

I am just wondering what is the main difference between the Yahalom and Needham-Schroeder key exchange protocols? Which protocol uses less computational power?
2
votes
0answers
61 views

What flexibility does a “Third party gamma” offer to U-Prove deployment?

The U-Prove SDK has the following comment: (link) // 1: CA-RA split (a party trusted by the issuer provides the gamma value) Given that the Gamma value (if provided) overrides the Attributes value, ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

In U-Prove, what is the purpose of “Pseudonyms”, “Committed”, and “Scope” values and how are they used?

U-Prove allows for anonymous authentication and authorization without the involvement of an IdP. When a client generates a presentation proof 3 values can be optionally included, but I can't find ...
1
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0answers
14 views

Understanding Derived Unique Key Per Transaction (DUKPT) & Key Serial Numbers

I have a number of questions regarding Key Serial Numbers (KSNs) in DUKPT: KSNs are 8 - 10 bytes long. Older implementation are 8 bytes whereas newer ones are 10 bytes. Do I risk being incompatible ...
1
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0answers
10 views

Blinding to mask private key operations

Blinding is often used to mask private key operations when the underlying problem is integer factorization. For example, its used in both RSA and Rabin-Williams signature schemes. This presumes ...
1
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0answers
10 views

Checklist for Data Communication Review in ERP Solution

I am looking out for a checklist for data communication review within ERP application. I understand some of the checks would be related to digital signature, TLS/SSL use, Key Life Cycle management ...
1
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0answers
76 views

Questions about SRP algorithm

I trying to use SRP algorithm but I have some questions: Is that a good choice to use for registration and authorization SRP algorithm with SSL/TLS? And for all other transmission using just ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

Problem in understanding Blakley's Secret Sharing Scheme

I need to implement Blakley's Secret Sharing Scheme. I have read below mentioned two research papers but still unable to understand how to implement it. 1. Safeguarding cryptographic keys 2. Two ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Public keys Quality

Is there any way to test the quality of generated keys from a public key cryptosystem? I've read about the common RSA attacks, but attacking the algorithm may not mean checking if the generated keys ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Key management for hosting applications

We're looking to host a number of client applications in our environment. Some of those will use crypto, e.g. for ssl or database encryption and obviously we'll need to manage keys for that. I am ...
1
vote
0answers
197 views

RSA 4096 key size difference - “sig” and “sig 3”

Whenever I generate a new 4096 RSA key in my GPG program and export the public key to a text file, I get a text file containing a total of around 52 lines (it varies, one of them is 53 lines). ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

DTLS CertificateVerify doubt

In DTLS 1.2 RFC 6347, section 4.2.6: CertificateVerify and Finished messages have the same format as in TLS. Hash calculations include entire handshake messages, including DTLS-specific fields: ...
1
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0answers
715 views

OpenSSL: Bad Record MAC on TLS Heart Beat

I am trying to see the heartbleed bug in action with my OpenSSL server application. My server uses the OpenSSL library - openssl-1.0.1b I successfully connect with s_client (openssl-1.0.1b) to my ...
1
vote
0answers
176 views

Storing private messages in a database

I am creating a portal where users can send private messages (PMs) for a very large audience. So I want to encrypt the messages and store them in the database. But I do not want to ask the users for ...
1
vote
0answers
991 views

Brute-Force/Dictionary attack against encypted file using PBKDF2 key derivation

I have been following this very useful post by Thomas. My use case is slightly different. I am developing a mobile application which requires some sensitive data to be stored on the device in a SQLite ...
1
vote
0answers
170 views

Gladman's file encryption library = AES in counter mode with HMAC-SHA1 authentication?

I would like to use Gladman's algorithm to create AES encrypted data in JavaScript. I use the Crypto-JS library, but its performance is horrible. PBKDF2 is terribly slow, so I switched to another ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Is it possible to produce incorrect Metadata?

There is an app on xposed installer called XPrivacy for android that let's you decide what information you want your device to give a specific app and for information you don't want to give it ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Putty Event Log

Can anyone explain me the Step by step process of Key Exchange that takes place while accessing Linux machine using Putty ? I found the Event Log of Putty but the Various Key Exchange didn't make very ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Any Suggestion Exchanging shared key between process via port in untrusted machine (infected my malware)?

I am trying to get shared key between Firefox extension and a java program running in same machine. I am communicating both application via socket. My assumption is that malware is running in ...
1
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0answers
349 views

Configure Asterisk for lan with SRTP enabled SipDroid

I want to have a secured call over internet between two android phones. I have found SipDroid which is an open source SIP client for Android. And also I have followed this to install Asterisk, Dahdi ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Is there an encryption scheme that allows an auditor to view some, not all data?

I want to create an online chat room allows for privacy, freedom of speech, and for law enforcement to protect citizens from violent behavior. I think the best approach is to use Shamir secret ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

Would it take long to brute force a md5 hash like this?

1be8917510-36.51929856278002 10bce1af27-99.18403192423284 103fa11cc6-87.21158325206488 Few examples above and as you can see the pattern is: 1xxxxxxxxx-{a percentage (0-100) to 14 decimal places} ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Designing a security system for road pricing

It's my first semester with Information Security and I still feel a little lost. Sorry in advance for stupid mistakes I may have made. the examples in round brackets below are my own ideas, wrote ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

TLS fallback when only one protocol is enabled

Consider I have IE with ONLY TLS 1.2 enabled. TLS 1.0 and 1.1 are disabled. (And SSLv2,v3) I have a server that only supports TLS1.2, with 1.0 and 1.1 disabled as well. Assuming they share a ...
0
votes
0answers
103 views

Cryptographic Testing

Given an algorithm (say, AES), how to create/generate test vectors? I have tried using the NIST test vectors for AES and found it to be working fine with a package of "chilkat". Suppose, for a ...
0
votes
0answers
138 views

Client authentication with a collection of open source distributed servers

With a collection of open source distributed servers, all sharing every users data. How can the user authenticate with any server, without the passwords being compromised by a malicious server? ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Suggestion of encrypt method for short fixed size result

I'm searching for a encrypt method that receives an int variable and outputs exactly 11 hexadecimal digits. I'm starting on a existing application, that already has a database of more than 130.000 ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Infer encoding mechanism from n-grams distance

I have a series of obfuscated strings which across the set of strings have regions of high variance and regions of low variance (implying some encoding mechanism as opposed to an encryption procedure ...
0
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0answers
90 views

How does Spideroak manage encryption keys

I'm trying to understand the following from SpiderOak's engineering page (sorry I'm on a mobile phone so have no access to formatting functions like quote blocks): "SpiderOak uses a nested series of ...
0
votes
0answers
104 views

Public/Private key validation

Suppose I have this scenario: User --> Inputs License Key --> I validate it --> If success, good, move onto main window. If not, prompt the user to reenter the license key. The license key will not ...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

Payment Application Integration - Encryption or HMAC

Doing an integration with an online payment provider. Payment provider will be making a web request to my server to provide some information about the basket content. On my end there's no payment ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Mobile App Processing Debit Card Transactions

I am creating a mobile app for iPhone and Android and the respective API that will be exposed to support the operations. This operations will require the customer to type the PIN to complete the ...