Defense is the use of security countermeasures to protect the integrity of the information assets in an IT system and/or infrastructure.

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198
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3answers
46k views

CRIME - How to beat the BEAST successor?

With the advent of CRIME, BEAST's successor, what possible protection is available for an individual and/or system owner in order to protect themselves and their users against this new attack on TLS?
77
votes
12answers
11k views

What is different about being targeted by a professional attacker?

It is often said that security tools such as firewalls, antivirus programs, etc. are only effective against random, untargeted attacks. If you are specifically targeted by an intentional, professional ...
53
votes
15answers
3k views

Why do law-abiding citizens need strong security?

The layman's counter-argument I run in to for any complaint about inadequate security seems to always take the form: You don't need security if you aren't doing something illegal. This kind of ...
22
votes
3answers
2k views

NoScript: How to determine which sites/scripts to whitelist?

NoScript is a great plug-in, both for security and for ad blocking. However, I've found it's not always easy to figure out what scripts need to be permitted on certain pages, to be able to use the ...
19
votes
5answers
60k views

What can a hacker do with an IP address?

I have an internet connection with a static IP address. Almost all staff in my office know this IP address. Should I take any extra care to protect myself from hackers?
19
votes
5answers
2k views

Should I let a user know they have entered an unknown username or email address?

On my website I have a password reset page that users can use if they have forgotten their password. On this page they can enter their username or their email address and hit "reset" which will send ...
18
votes
1answer
3k views

Guidance for implementors of HTTPS-only sites (Server side)

The recent trend in HTTPS attacks is to attack the HTTP protocol. What should I do to increase my site's security if the only protocol I want is HTTPS? Some easy to implement ideas are Implement ...
16
votes
4answers
5k views

Options when defending against SSLstrip?

I'm wondering, does anyone have any suggestions to defend against SSLstrip particularly?
15
votes
6answers
5k views

My IP address (with a NAS) is targeted by a hacker. What to do? Should I be worried?

I've noticed, based on the logging of my NAS, that my IP address is targeted by a hacker. I already took action by automaticly ban the IP address permanently after five unsuccesful login attemps. ...
12
votes
8answers
1k views

Randomizing MAC addresses on bootup

Since it is possible to set custom MAC addresses, wouldn't it make sense to have a new one as often as possible/convenient (i.e. on bootup)? It would seem that is useful to both attacker and victim ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

How effective are anti-virus products against real-world threats?

In a recent interview† with Dave Kennedy, he in passing pegged the average effectiveness of anti-virus products as detecting approximately 3% to 5% of current active threats. While AV comparisons ...
11
votes
2answers
618 views

What role does clock synchronization play in SSL communcation

We've recently implemented WS Trust security over SSL for our client / server communications. Our application is used by thousands of our customers, spread out all over the world. One of the ...
10
votes
7answers
1k views

How does formal verification guarantee secure, error-free code?

I've read that code is formally verified by constructing a mathematical model of the code, and then a formal proof is provided to demonstrate that this model meets certain requirements. How does ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Recommend Keylogger for Ubuntu?

I purchased a new laptop recently, and I'm working on hardening it. Specifically, I'm interested in increasing my chances of recovering the machine in the event that it's ever stolen. The system ...
9
votes
1answer
841 views

Do any Exchange hardening guidelines recommend disabling OWA Webready? Should they?

For the fourth time in over a year, Exchange OWA has put our internal network at risk due to a remote code execution flaw that exists on the server runtime. This risk is compounded by the fact ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a best practice to handle vulnerability scanning attempts?

We've found a number of attempts to access non-existent pages in our IIS logs, specifically a lot of variations on phpMyAdmin URLs. My kneejerk reaction would be to block these IPs, but I have a ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

Is the US military secret network SIPRNet physically or cryptographicaly separated/secured?

I've read the Wikipedia articles on SIPRNet and NIPRNet (which are pretty light on details) and they are supposed to be considered separate. At the network level, are they technologically ...
7
votes
4answers
489 views

What kind of IT security applications do you guys run on your laptop/desktop?

I know a lot of people run different security applications on their laptops/desktops. I use Little Snitch on my Macbook Pro. I like to know where my applications are sending data and where I am ...
7
votes
1answer
808 views

Have any viruses leveraging the GPU been discovered in the wild? What is the mitigation?

This news article from 2010 discusses how a GPU can be used by a virus to avoid detection by common anti-malware/anti-virus software. The idea is to obfuscate the virus payload and leverage the GPU's ...
7
votes
5answers
507 views

How to prevent pay per show/click abuse?

We have a webapp. 3rd party websites put our banners on their pages (banner is a snippet of HTML). They are paid for it using "Pay per click" or "Pay per show" methods. So 3rd party website's owners ...
7
votes
3answers
146 views

Server Infection: post-cleanup best practices

I've read through How do I deal with a compromised server? and have followed the steps to cleaning-up/mitigating any future damage. I'm just wondering if there are any post-clean up steps that are ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What can a hacker do when he has physical access to a system?

I mean, I'm a tech guy here in my region (not a hacker...). When I sit in the front of another person's PC, I notice a little fear about what I can do in the system. It's obvious that I will not ...
6
votes
2answers
181 views

Where can I “hide” easter eggs for students learning about Linux security?

I feel like this isn't the best place to ask this (since there's no single right answer), but I can't think of a better place. If you have a better recommendation, could you please recommend it and I ...
6
votes
1answer
408 views

What are some good ways to secure personal computers

I see that many topics here are related to securing data, equipment at an enterprise level. Good advice includes stuff like blocking all unused ports, allowing only whitelisted traffic and installing ...
6
votes
1answer
992 views

Hadoop security, isolation, and hardening

This is a multiple part question, which all really come back to the main question: How best to protect data in a Hadoop (wikipedia) cluster. (Current version, vanilla main-branch distro - ...
6
votes
2answers
186 views

Are temporary blocks sufficient response to network probes?

We have the option of using an automatic blocking feature of our firewall to temporarily block the source IPs of network probes. It is fast and automatic, and it expires after a set amount of time. ...
5
votes
4answers
372 views

Automating Social Engineering Prevention

Being an advocate for DIO (defensive information operations), I have always been concerned about social engineering and its relation to server security. Giving administrative access to staff members ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Is it better to choose a single vendor or multiple vendors

A discussion came up at work recently and a debate ensued regarding choosing a vendor. Several people were of the opinion that it is smarter and easier to choose a single security vendor for all our ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

When, exactly, should old password reset tokens be deleted?

I'm trying to figure out best practices for working with password reset tokens. Say a user initiates the password reset process and the are emailed the reset token and we store a hashed copy in the ...
5
votes
1answer
805 views

Linux wireless hacking book

I am looking for recommendations on a good wireless hacking book. I would like something more focused towards the defensive, but a healthy knowledge of both would be great. I would also need it to go ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

CSRF protection - 'back pages'

OWASP suggests that when implementing CSRF protection any attempt to go 'Back' in the browser will cause issues as Interaction with this previous page will result in a CSRF false positive security ...
4
votes
3answers
421 views

How would one make a network resistant to the unknown?

I play in a game which includes normal risks, but also a wide range of supernatural powers which could affect the security of a network. These may be as prosaic as a retrieving data directly from a ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Privilege Escalation Ubuntu

I am trying to learn how an attacker can escalate privileges in Ubuntu 10.04. I have heard that this can be done but no one has ever said how to do it. The best defense is knowing how it is done and ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Anti-DoS WebSockets Best Practices

What are the best practices for thwarting DoS attacks for a WebSocket server? Is there a comprehensive site or document that can be referenced?
4
votes
2answers
206 views

Most secure response for a server to return to a user scanning for exploits

I have ASP.NET servers hosted in IIS, regularly i see bots attempting to scan my server searching for outdated versions of phpMyAdmin, mysql etc. Currently these requests all return 404 because ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to detect cookie stuffing attacks?

So the question is how to detect cookie stuffing attacks and how to protect against them? In case of image-based cookie stuffing I can detect that related resources are not loaded and therefore ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Database hardening techniques

So as I understand it database hardening is a process in which you remove the vulnerabilities that result from lax con-figuration options. This can sometimes compensate for exploitable vendor bugs. ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How to use attack trees and attack graphs

I am trying to understand how attack trees\graphs can be used in the security process. I read a lot of papers presenting the topic and how this reppresentation can be useful, but I really don't ...
4
votes
2answers
106 views

How do I check if a script is safe to run?

I've been using NoScript for a couple of years now but I can't seem to figure out which scripts are safe to allow and most of the time I just temporarily allow all the scripts. Is there a way to check ...
3
votes
2answers
261 views

Is it true, that using symetric encryption, if attacker knows encrypted text, original message, and algorithm means he can calculate the secret?

I am a newbie in the security field, so sorry for the naive question. In my understanding, using symetric encryption, if attacker knows encrypted text, original message, and algorithm means he can ...
3
votes
2answers
144 views

Letting users pick up where they left off…without logging in (is this bad form?)

I have a Grails app I'm working on that allows users to fill out a fairly lengthy application form. One of the requirements I've been given is to NOT require users to log in or create any sort of ...
3
votes
1answer
277 views

Can TLS Compression be enabled on 3rd party CDN sites that have no authentication?

In this answer, @Thomas Pornin talks about remediating the CRIME attack and says: (It is a shame to have to remove SSL compression, because it is very useful to lower bandwidth requirements, ...
3
votes
3answers
369 views

What to do when asked for a weak password

The guys who made the security for my country's state bank are completely nuts in all senses. Their internet banking password must be between 8 and 10 characters, and contain only letters and digits. ...
3
votes
1answer
221 views

Do non-browser clients work around Gmail's 2-factor authentication?

If you use a client like mutt to access your mail, you probably know that it doesn't support 2-factor authentication. It still prompts only for a password - either your account password or, in the ...
3
votes
3answers
174 views

A way to secure hyperlinks on websites

How do you think could we secure hyperlinks pasted by users on website's forums, comments, blogs against bad links/leading to malware etc.? I thought about google safe browsing, projecthoneypot. Did ...
2
votes
3answers
146 views

How to tell what viruses are covered by your anti-virus software

One of our corporate twitter accounts recently started sending out DMs to its followers. Looking at the content of these it seems we'd become infected with Troj/Mdrop-EML. All computers on our ...
2
votes
3answers
125 views

Example of application that doesn't require “strong authentication”

Does anyone have any examples of real-life applications that doesn't require "strong authentication". I am looking specifically for blog posts or even scientific papers that argue that "strong ...
2
votes
4answers
230 views

How effective are password checking websites? [duplicate]

I typed the following password in howsecureismypassword.net: yummy candy yummy It said it would take 100 billion years for a personal computer to crack. Is this accurate? Even though it has English ...
2
votes
3answers
251 views

OWASP escaping recommendation - why /?

In OWASP recommendations regarding escaping untrusted input for HTML element content, they list the following: & --> &amp; < --> &lt; > --> &gt; " --> &quot; ' ...
2
votes
2answers
55 views

Difference between secure design patterns and a generic coding guidline?

Is there a difference between secure design patterns and a generic coding guideline from which you can derive a technology specific coding guidline? Patterns like "authentication", "secure sessions" ...