Encoding is a set of predefined rules to reversibly transform a piece of information in a certain representation into a completely different representation. The other way round is called decoding.

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20
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4answers
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Is $_SERVER[ ] a safe source of data in PHP?

Can I 100% rely on $_SERVER[] to be a safe source of data that I do not need to sanitized like I do $_GET[] and $_POST[]?
0
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0answers
6 views

What is the encoding of some old arcade chips? [migrated]

So I got a couple super old chips from what looked like an arcade. The game-board they game with is OK I think. The CRT monitor is wrecked, however the chips are still good. I stuck them in my Chip ...
23
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2answers
2k views

Why haven't (most of) the Zodiac Killer's letters been decrypted? [closed]

The Zodiac Killer (who, in fact, is not Ted Cruz) was a serial killer in the late 60's and early 70's. The twist is, he would frequently taunt the local press with cryptic letters. Four of these ...
0
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2answers
54 views

After encoding process with msfvenom, my tool is not working. Why?

I tried to encode my tool, which was developed by me with Ruby, by using msfvenom of Metasploit Framework and I succeed. My source code was encoded completely. But, when I tried to use my encoded ...
4
votes
1answer
676 views

XSS in HTML title tag without forward slash

I am trying to find out whether this is vulnerable against XSS: I can control the content of the title tag through the URL. This would make the site vulnerable if it wasn't for the fact that the site ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Dumping custom query via SQL injection when output is in the die() function?

On my localhost I have a PHP link like this abc.com/index.php?q=XYZ where XYZ is a base64encoded parameter that I have verified is injectable. When I try abc.com/index.php?q=XYZ' it returns You ...
0
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3answers
89 views

when to use encoding over hashing?

If encoding is used for integrity someone can tamper it across the network because it is based on some publicly known scheme. When do you use encoding and when do you use hashing for preserving the ...
1
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3answers
2k views

Effectively Pentest a Wordpress Site

When it comes to blackbox pentesting of a Wordpress site, the first thing to come to mind is WPScan [http://wpscan.org/]. While pentesting some sites, I faced a common issue i.e it shows that ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Malicious link? Apache?

I've got a link from spammer, the link is very strange, but after redirects I got the web page full of ads. Here is the link(doesn't require "http://"): ...
1
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2answers
117 views

How can i read the source code of this encoded powershell script from the registry?

I get this line by ProcessExplorer C:\Windows\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe" -noprofile -windowstyle hidden -executionpolicy bypass iex ...
1
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0answers
61 views

Force Browser to not URL encode specific chars [duplicate]

I try to get a XSS to work but the problem is, that the XSS is only working within BURP because there I can send for example '>' as an not URL encoded String. As soon as I try it in the browser, it is ...
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1answer
102 views

Turning hex string into readable chars [closed]

I have this blob of hex data which can be found on https://www.reddit.com/r/codes/comments/421xek/can_somebody_help_me_decode_this_blob/ and I am looking to turn it into ...
-1
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1answer
78 views

What is this Encoding? [closed]

I would like to know the format of encoding for the text below. Thanks. ...
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1answer
41 views

Help to identify this type encoding/encryption? [closed]

What type of encoding/encryption is this? $1$JbzSrvQl$WMLs938aP.EeDn/0dDFQx/
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1answer
57 views

Which encryption method is that? [closed]

I have seen it lots of times around the web, but I don't know how it's called. It has a numeric secret key, and the output is composed only by this characters; ".,:;!%&#". I searched all the web ...
1
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1answer
215 views

Decoding base64 encoded message with a key [closed]

I am pentesting a database that where I found data which was base64 encoded. I tried the usual method of decoding base64, which didn't work. Later, I found in database a field called ...
9
votes
1answer
24k views

PKCS7 encoding in Java without external libs like BouncyCastle etc

I am working on signing and encoding of CMS/PKCS#7 messages (something similar to C# SignedCms). I have x509certificate from the keystore, rsa private key, ContentInfo. ContentType is "oidPkcs7Data". ...
0
votes
3answers
168 views

The purpose of escaping html entities

By security principles, we are often taught to sanitize input fields for characters such as & or ' so that they cannot be used for SQL injections etc. However, now I have an issue: I really need ...
6
votes
2answers
61 views

Is there an entropy difference between hashing an encoded string?

Of course if I apply (for example) SHA-2 to a base64 encoded string it will give me a different result versus the original data, but from a strength-perspective in terms of entropy, is there a ...
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1answer
144 views

Base64 Decoding [closed]

00CDu000000000000000000000000000006e0QW00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001W00000000000000000000000000000000000000000 ...
0
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0answers
53 views

CPU instruction encoding on x86 that is free from ROP attacks

x86 has a dense instruction encoding, and thus enables ROP attacks. Are there any CPU instruction encoding schemes that are free from these attacks?
3
votes
2answers
209 views

Is it possible to encode some data in a image and decode the data from hard copy?

I am working on a project which can encode some data in an Image and share it with other people by printing it out as hard copy. Now, other people can take a picture of the hard copy they got and ...
13
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3answers
917 views

Why is encryption (or signing) of long lines in E-Mails with PGP problematic?

I am using Thunderbird with Enigmail and OpenPGP to encrypt and/or sign E-Mails. On many occasions Enigmail complains that I have too long lines in the mail and asks how it should wrap them. However ...
1
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1answer
130 views

Is HttpUtility.HtmlAttributeEncode considered for single-quotes attributes?

MSDN: The string result from the HtmlAttributeEncode method should be used only for double-quoted attributes. Security issues might arise when using the HtmlAttributeEncode method with ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

Can an XOR cipher be broken if the plaintext is an incrementing number?

Many moons ago, I was working with a team that was building a public-facing website. We originally built the system using auto-incrementing numeric primary keys as the public identifier for each piece ...
3
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1answer
71 views

How common are UTF8 strings in X509

In theory, names in X509 certs are defined as: CHOICE { teletexString TeletexString (SIZE (1..ub-state-name)), printableString PrintableString (SIZE (1..ub-state-name)), universalString ...
1
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1answer
102 views

Encode URL in link that will appear on page in plain text?

I need to send a user a link via SMS that when clicked, and then when some demographic info is verified, will allow them to sign up for my service (which is a healthcare portal, so HIPAA/PCI/PII etc). ...
7
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2answers
404 views

Odd password scrambling algorithm

I'm researching an application that has password scrambling algorithm that I've not seen before. I generated a few passwords (the max. length allowed is 8 chars), and got the following results: ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

HTML Entities to hide Email Addresses

I'm on WordPress trying to keep spambots from grabbing email addresses that may be in The Content. WordPress has a nifty little function simply called antispambot() which will convert the email ...
1
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2answers
561 views

How was this token decoded?

I've read this interesting comment (about the security level, or lack thereof of some website built by a prominent chip manufacturer, an interesting discussion by it's own virtue, but not my question) ...
49
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6answers
10k views

Virus Encoded in Video

So I'm not familiar at all with IT Security, but I'm a bit curious about something. I was watching a TV show and at one point, a virus spreads through an office. They investigate and find out that the ...
1
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1answer
231 views

Sketchy traffic from port 3030?

I am running tests on a server that is ran by a close family friend, who agreed to allow me to do so in exchange for the experience I will gather (I am currently a computer science student). On ...
1
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1answer
214 views

Possible shellcode mailed to me

When I opened my email this morning I found a rather odd message in my mail box. It didn't seem like your every day spam email as it looked like a base64 encoded string and nothing else. Here is a ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What encoding could this be? Looks similar to base64 [closed]

I'm currently doing a pen test and there are these 48 character tokens. I identified the first 22 as base64 encoded values I know. The second part (26 characters) looks base64-ish but it's not. It ...
1
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1answer
101 views

All UTF-8 characters for generated passwords

Why do a lot of password generators don't generate strong passwords including chinese, arabian...-characters? All generators I saw, also the included one in my password manager keepass, just output ...
1
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2answers
524 views

XSS via REQUEST_URI

Is there any situation where an XSS attack can be performed via the PHP $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'] variable? For those unfamiliar with it: It contains the complete URL used to access that website, ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

application/json Content-Type character set

According to the OWASP Application Security Verification Standard: V11.3 Verify that every HTTP response contains a content type header specifying a safe character set (e.g., UTF-8). According ...
2
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2answers
291 views

Is there a need to have XSS filters when I'm saving data as XML?

My web-app takes some configs from the user and saves into an XML file (it was not done to stop XSS). The input is XML encoded so that the ",& ... and such characters don't break the XML ...
1
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0answers
84 views

Is it dangerous to append search query to the base URL?

I'm testing drupal website and I've noticed that search query gets appended to the base URL in the response, like so: query: "hey ho: there" http://www.baseurl.com/search/node/hey ho%3A there query: ...
0
votes
1answer
239 views

What is the encoding of that string? [closed]

I try to find the encoding of a string. I thought at first it was Base64, but actually not, it seems ... Let me explain quickly. For a exercise, I have to decode the following string: ...
0
votes
1answer
491 views

Choosing encoder for payloads in metasploit

I noticed that every payload (for example bind_tcp) in metasploit comes with defaut encoder.( shikata_ga_nai for bind_tcp). Is there a way in metasploit to manualy choose encoding for payloads or way ...
0
votes
1answer
330 views

Is it possible to avoid PHP string validation with malformed UTF-8 string?

Some of the old PHP string functions for example explode() are working with UTF-8 strings, but they don't work properly on malformed UTF-8 strings. Is this a security issue? Is it possible to avoid ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

What could happen if regex metacharacters using named capturing group are not encoded?

Let's say that a web application take a specific input from the user (e.g., search form), apply a Java regex with named caputring groups on it and use the final output to do other stuff (e.g., look ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Security Implications of using Base64 Encoding with Encryption

Are there any security implications of converting a byte-array encryption key into a Base64 string before use? I am creating a generic encryption helper for a project, and for the sake of consistency ...
2
votes
3answers
4k views

How can I bypass double quotes in a attribute based xss attack

The code that I have is: <input type="text" name="some_name" value="<?php echo CHtml::encode($str); ?>" /> $str is the input data. 'CHtml::encode()' is Yii's way of encoding special ...
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votes
1answer
318 views

How to decode/decrypt strings of text [closed]

So I'm trying to decrypt/decode some text strings. I don't believe they're hashes because they vary in length too much and the software they are used for is able to easily decode them and display them ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

UTF-7 XSS attacks in modern browsers

I've recently read about utf-7 XSS-attacks (i.e. Ned Batchelders article at http://nedbatchelder.com/blog/200704/xss_with_utf7.html) but could not get any UTF-7 attack to work in modern browsers. (I ...
1
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1answer
294 views

Could I XSS a page that filters &,",< and > characters and has Content-Type set to UTF-8?

I am trying to pentest a dummy website that has a form with a TEXTAREA input on one page. When the form is submitted, the contents of the form are displayed on a second page. However, the second page ...
0
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1answer
149 views

Can any ECC field element be safely serialized as “compressed” and then restored as uncompressed?

I have a library that stores all its ECC Field Elements in uncompressed form, in a bloated Base64 XML format, and storage has become a concern. (We want to support QR code as a form factor,etc) ...