Encryption is the process of transforming plaintext using a cipher to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing the key.

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What is the attack tree to intercept traffic on Wimax?

My current understanding is that sniffing traffic on 4G (lets use Wimax and LTE for the purposes of this question) and 3G is not a simple matter and either requires you setting up a fake base station ...
22
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9answers
4k views

Is encryption in HTTPS done by the browser or by the system?

This may be a common sense question, but I am not able to find any documentation on this after searching on google for a long time When browser makes a HTTPs request, does it encrypt the data then ...
22
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5answers
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Do spaces in a passphrase really add any more security/entropy?

I often see passphrase suggestions written as a sentence, with spaces. In that format are they more susceptible to a dictionary attack because each word is on it's own as opposed to a large unbroken ...
22
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2answers
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symmetric encryption session keys in SSL/TLS

This question concerns the session send and receive keys used in SSL/TLS protocol. my understanding is that this key uses symmetric encryption (DES, AES, BlowFish, etc.) I'm wondering, if ...
22
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7answers
3k views

Why Say IP Addresses Are Harmless?

Whenever I see someone on the internet ask the question, "Can someone find out my IP Address from my tweets/my tumblr/facebook posts/whatever else", the response I always see is, "Who cares! An IP ...
22
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2answers
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where to store a key for encryption

I am looking for a way to store a key used for password encryption. I am using a mysql db which would store a user name and an encrypted password that would be encrypted using ...
21
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8answers
3k views

Software that encrypts the data before deleting it

I am searching for a software that would encrypt data and then delete it (as opposed to just deleting or wiping). With that, even if the file is recovered, you still have to break the encryption to ...
21
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6answers
31k views

How secure is a Windows password protected zip file?

I need to send some sensitive information to a client. I thought I would email a password protected zip file I created using Windows XP and then call them with the password. Presuming I pick a good ...
21
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6answers
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Is AES encrypting a password with itself more secure than SHA1?

This isn't really a practical question, but more a question of curiosity. I heard a CS professor recommend stepping up from md5ing passwords not to SHA1, but to AES encrypting the password using ...
21
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2answers
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Are URLs viewed during HTTPS transactions to one or more websites from a single IP distinguishable?

For example, say the following are HTTPS URLs to two websites by one IP over 5 mins: "A.com/1", "A.com/2", "A.com/3", "B.com/1", "B.com/2". Would monitoring of packets reveal: nothing, reveal only ...
21
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6answers
1k views

How to secure a WiFi network?

What do I have to do to secure a WiFi network? Is there any best practices? I have been recommended to use WPA2 encryption on the router, is that enough? What can I do to improve the security even ...
21
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3answers
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Which SSL/TLS ciphers can be considered secure?

The OpenSSL website provides a long list of different ciphers available for SSL and TLS. My question is, which of those ciphers can be considered secure nowadays. I am especially interested in HTTPS, ...
20
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2answers
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Digital Certificate deployment: using two certs for each user?

At a large enterprise environment I have come across a deployment approach for Digital Certificates where each user is issued two (2) key pairs: One for signing documents, emails, etc. that is ...
19
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2answers
8k views

Strength of WEP, WPA and WPA 2 PSK

I know there are three method for wifi security. What are the relative strengths of the password encryption in WEP, WPA and WPA2 PSK?
19
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6answers
1k views

What are the good use cases for disk encryption?

I've been researching disk/file system encryption, and on the surface it seems like a good idea for a lot of things. But as I dig further, the security it offers seems more mirage like than real. ...
19
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5answers
1k views

Is it alright to tell everyone your encryption information?

I have an account in an online banking system and they have the FAQ with something like this: How secure is the <Online Banking System Name>? Each page you view and any information ...
19
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6answers
1k views

Backing up sensitive data - pitfalls and best practices

Obviously, securely backing up sensitive data is a challenge. A remote backup is important for surviving a variety of disasters. What are some of the "gotcha's" lurking out there, and what best ...
19
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1answer
13k views

What key exchange mechanism should be used in TLS?

There are many key exchange mechanisms that can be used in TLS. Among them are RSA, ECDH_ECDSA, ECDHE_ECDSA, ECDH_RSA, ECDHE_RSA and others. Which of these are more cryptographically secure and can be ...
19
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3answers
3k views

How would you store a 4 digit pin code securely in the database?

I'm familiar with password hashing, using salts, bcrypt etc. But it doesn't seem like this would work to store a 4 digit pin code since the attacker could try all 10,000 combinations quite quickly. ...
19
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4answers
3k views

What are best practices to adhering to HIPAA encryption requirements?

As HIPAA's language is somewhat vague when it comes to actual technical requirements, what are best practices for PHI encryption for HIPAA compliance? I've seen varying levels at different ...
19
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4answers
15k views

Multi-boot with full hard drive encryption and pre-boot authentication

How would I set up a multiboot system which supports full hard drive encryption and pre-boot authentication. I have a system with Ubuntu, Windows 7, Windows XP, and I would like to install Red Hat. ...
19
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2answers
4k views

How does a crypter for bypassing antivirus detection work?

I am talking about crypters used to encrypt files like viruses and keyloggers for the sole purpose of bypassing antivirus detection. How do they work?
19
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6answers
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Is there anything standing in the way of email encryption going mainstream? [closed]

PGP has been around for almost 20 years, but email encryption is not used by most 'regular people'. At the moment, with Snowden's NSA revelations (which should not be a huge surprise to anyone), the ...
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5answers
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Why is security through obscurity not a good option for encryption? [duplicate]

I feel like there must be a simple explanation, but I've been looking around haven't found any wholesome answers. Take for example my name is Alice and my best friend Bob and we want to communicate ...
18
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5answers
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Why should one not use SSL? [duplicate]

I see a lot of posts all over the web asking whether or not they should be using SSL to secure their website, or if it's really necessary to do so when the content of their site does not contain or ...
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4answers
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IPsec (Internet Protocol Security) facts

Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) is a successor of the ISO standard Network Layer Security Protocol (NLSP). What are the advantages, disadvantages, other interesting facts regarding the protocol?
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3answers
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Is SHA1 weak for SSL?

I noticed that today after I scanned a site on the Qualys SSL Labs site that SSL ciphersuites which use SHA1 are now highlighted as being "Weak". It seems this has just happened; I scan sites pretty ...
17
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5answers
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Asymmetric vs Symmetric Encryption

I am currently taking a principles of information security class. While talking about different encryption methods a large number of my classmates seem to believe that Asymmetric Encryption is better ...
17
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2answers
789 views

Encryption and the “security time decay” of prior encrypted data

This question is on the assumption that any data once encrypted, may (eventually) be decrypted through Brute force (compute power/time) Exploits in the cryptography used Theft of private keys ...
17
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5answers
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Does using the same encryption algorithm multiple times make a difference?

In TrueCrypt I noticed the option to encrypt a volume with multiple encryption algorithms i.e. AES-Twofish-Serpent. Would it be useful to encrypt something with the same algorithm multiple times? For ...
17
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2answers
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Is “real salt” the same as “initialization vectors”?

In the question about real vs. fake salt, the answers describe how real salt 'perturbs the encryption algorithm.' I know roughly how initialization vectors work; is this the same concept, or something ...
17
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2answers
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Homomorphic encryption used for e-voting?

I was reading wikipedia about homomorphic encryptions, and one part got me a bit confused: "The homomorphic property of various cryptosystems can be used to create secure voting systems, ..." ...
16
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6answers
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How do I prevent copying of my PDF files?

One time while I was printing my documents at a copy center, I saw they dragged-and-dropped my PDFs from my flash drive to their desktop. How do I protect my files without using password? Is there a ...
16
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3answers
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Is it safe to write the salt AND/OR the IV at the beggining of an encrypted file?

I want to encrypt a file with AES in CBC mode (maybe another mode is better for file encryption...I don't know, but suggestions are welcome!). What I usually do is that I first write a few random ...
16
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2answers
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stronger encryption for SSH keys

I configured my server to encrypt user passwords using 500,000 rounds of SHA-512. The question is, how does the standard AES-128-CBC encrypted SSH private key stack up to that, provided the same (or ...
16
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3answers
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In PGP, why not just encrypt message with recipient's public key? Why the meta-encryption?

It's described very well by this diagram. It seems like the process used is convoluted and more round-about than it needs to be. Why is an intermediate random key generated for the payload's ...
16
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8answers
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Is TrueCrypt safe enough to store clear-text-passwords?

The reason: I want to be able to use a portable USB drive to access my passwords on any machine and OS. TrueCrypt seems to be the only program that has sufficient support on all major platforms. So I ...
16
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1answer
654 views

Doing a dictionary attack on RSA if you have the public key?

I'm trying to learn exactly how RSA works. Currently I have a very, very simplictic overview that goes like this. Having the public key allows you to encrypt things. Encrypting the same message ...
15
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9answers
2k views

Are there any systems out there that use a one-time pad?

I'm still new to information security, but I have read a bit about the one-time pad. The point that sticks out to me the most is that it is supposedly unbreakable. Has this method of encryption ever ...
15
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3answers
6k views

Encryption and compression of Data

If we want both encryption and compression during transmission then what will be the most preferable order. Encrypt then compress Compress then encrypt
15
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2answers
25k views

Security comparsion of 3DES and AES

Which one is more secure and least possible to be broken through cryptanalysis AES or 3DES (no matter performance)? I need to use encryption for my projects to store and secure sensitive information ...
15
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4answers
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Future proof encryption possible in theory?

Let's say I have a message that I want to keep safe for the next 100 years. Is it theoretically possible? Let's say the message is unique (raw picture data, raw video video data, raw text data) and ...
15
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2answers
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Is it possible to decrypt a satellite TV signal without using a smart card?

And if it is possible, why has it been decided to keep using a smart card for this task? I will be grateful if you can provide some practical examples on how to bypass the use of a smart card (if ...
15
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4answers
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In what ways does Full or Partial Homomorphic Encryption benefit the cloud?

Can someone explain, in plain English, the practical ways FHE and PHE can be leveraged in the cloud? Some interesting (and confusing) links include this Microsoft Research PDF and this wiki entry. ...
15
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5answers
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The aescrypt implementation hashes a password 8192 times to generate the key. Is this necessary?

I'm considering encrypting some small files (hundreds of kb apiece) using the aescrypt reference implementation. Looking at the source, it seems that the encryption key is derived from the IV and the ...
15
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3answers
545 views

Storing passwords in reversible form - a genuine use-case

What's wrong with you, you crazy fool, you're not supposed to be able to retrieve a password in plain text! I know. Hear me out. Assume I've got a service that's similar to Mint.com. For those that ...
15
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7answers
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Which Instant Messaging services use or allow secure protocols, and what do those protocols cover?

We all know there's a myriad of Instant Messaging (IM) services out there. But, which of these services uses or permits protocols that actually secure your communications? For those that do, what ...
15
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2answers
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Flaw in encryption through pseudorandom number stream (from gpg documentation)

I was reading PGP docs and came upon a part written by Phil Zimmermann (PGP's creator) that piqued my curiosity: When I was in college in the early 70s, I devised what I believed was a brilliant ...
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6answers
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Principle of asymmetric algorithm in plain english

I was giving a presentation to my colleagues about cryptography basics in which I explained about asymmetric algorithm and its use. One of the common question from the audience about asymmetric ...
14
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9answers
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Encrypting files on Google Drive

It's my understanding files kept on Google Drive are not protected. I would like to have them encrypted so that to be able to view or modify them one must enter a password. I foresee a potential ...