Encryption is the process of transforming plaintext using a cipher to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing the key.

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Are SSH packets encrypted even before new keys are sent?

What format does SSH use to exchange (encrypted / plain) packets before new keys are derived? SSH Document says that after key exchange, client and server use negotiated algorithm to encrypt the ...
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3answers
1k views

A String that if encrypted or decrypted with the same key gets an English word/statement in both cases

I am trying to find a string S that if encrypted using a Vigenère cipher with Key K, it gets an English statement/word that makes sense. Additionally, if the same string S is decrypted using Vigenère ...
18
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1answer
869 views

Doing a dictionary attack on RSA if you have the public key?

I'm trying to learn exactly how RSA works. Currently I have a very, very simplictic overview that goes like this. Having the public key allows you to encrypt things. Encrypting the same message ...
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2answers
6k views

How safe is the ownCloud encryption in a trusted LAN?

ownCloud looks like a promising locally hosted dropbox alternative. However, it has been pointed out that the encryption is not exactly strong... (The ownCloud team does at least provide a list of ...
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2answers
487 views

Does anyone use XML Encryption?

The XML standard defines a mechanism for encrypting the data in a XML document. It's part of the standard. Does anyone use this XML encryption format? Are there any significant deployed systems ...
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3answers
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What key does Linux use when storing user passwords?

Linux typically stores user names and password hashes in /etc/passwd or /etc/shadow. Now lets say I have an old CentOS distro and I want to attempt to recover a user's password (it's in a legal, ...
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4answers
575 views

Plausible deniability for phones

I have sensitive data on my computers and phones. I use Trycrypt's plausible deniability system on my computers. When law enforcement/border patrol or my spouse asks for access I type in the password ...
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4answers
2k views

Is there any processor that could decrypt encrypted data and machine instructions?

Is there any processor that could decrypt encrypted data and machine instructions and then execute the instructions on the data then encrypt the results?
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3answers
180 views

How to know if its the same User?

I asked a question awhile ago asking how to make an efficient encrypted chatroom. What I ended up doing was Making each user generate a 4096 bit RSA KeyPair, share their public Keys, and then one of ...
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2answers
412 views

Wi-fi security using WPA or WEP

In current years we have used WPA and WPA 2 for the encryption of data sent over an 802.11 network. But in the past WEP is used . From time to time, many people say that WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) ...
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3answers
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How is 4G LTE encrypted?

After a few quick searches for 3G security I was able to learn that this standard uses the KASUMI block cipher, of which several weaknesses have been identified (although apparently none of practical ...
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2answers
431 views

Oracle Transparent Data Encryption [closed]

Currently we are using Vormetric for Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) in the Oracle Standard product to satisfy PCI-DSS 2.0 requirements. Does anyone have experience with other third party solutions ...
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3answers
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How to secure data before returning Macbook Air?

I am returning my MacBook Air to Apple and want to know the best way to ensure my data is not recoverable from the flash storage. I currently have Filevault 2 enabled, however before I enabled it I ...
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3answers
930 views

Why do so many embedded devices use shared keys?

Many commercially available embedded device manufactures use the same keys for all instances of their respective devices. This situation is so rampant, a project called littleblackbox has created a ...
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4answers
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What Are The Best Practices (Application Security Policy) For Modifying Rijndael Salt, IV, Pass Phrase

(Note: originally posted in SO - advised to post on SSE) With regards to Rijndael encryption, what (if any) are the best practices (and consequences) regarding the periodic modification of one or ...
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1answer
731 views

How to protect encryption key while application is using it

I made an J2SE application that uses AES (in CBC mode using BouncyCastle library) to encrypt application config file & some user provided files. I stored the raw AES key in a file that is ...
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2answers
912 views

encryption method against man in the middle attack

Let's say there are 3 computers: Alice, Bob, Carol. Carol is network provider, so everything from Alice to Bob and vice versa passes through Carol. Carol can modify messages between Alice and Bob. Is ...
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2answers
473 views

Can I encrypt the packets that are sent to my router?

Is there a way to encrypt HTTP traffic to avoid man-in-the-middle attacks? I use Google Chrome.
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3answers
5k views

Is Aescrypt a valid tool for encryption or not?

I'd like to know if Aescrypt is a valid tool, or if for a very secure protection, the only choice is to use a software like gpg, or similar. More I've another curiosity, if one doesn't want to use ...
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2answers
4k views

safe to use jBCrypt and recommend it to my organization?

I'd like to recommend to my fellow developers that we all use bcrypt to hash stored passwords. We all use java and I hesitate to recommend jBCrypt only because its latest version number (0.3) ...
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2answers
2k views

Using Elliptic Curve Cryptography

I am wondering if ECC could be used the way that the data is encrypted with the public key instead of the random generated key. Is there any advantage doing that comparing to the "traditional" way of ...
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2answers
381 views

How to back up encrypted data over a VPN connection? The encrypted container, the data within or encrypted individual files?

Given a (TrueCrypt) encrypted volume on one device A, what is the more secure way to back it up via a VPN connection to the physically far away device B? Backup the data: Requires the volume to be ...
10
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4answers
861 views

What is the key when facial recognition is used as a password?

I get the basics of what face recognition is and the fact that it is used to protect PC's and as a login replacement. However, if it was to be used for encryption, where the role of the key is played ...
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1answer
1k views

VMWare Fusion Encryption and Snapshotting

VMWare Fusion 5 has an encryption feature that I have enabled, with what I would consider a hard-to-brute-force-crack password. How secure is the data in this VM? If I shut down the VM each time ...
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2answers
95 views

Encryption app stroring the password

The encryption app that we are using seems to generate the same output for the same input. That is bad right? I'm not smart enough to understand the scheme being used though. The header of each ...
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1answer
832 views

How does Cipher Block Chaining relate to AES?

I was reading FIPS197 for a class (found here: http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/fips/fips197/fips-197.pdf ) trying to find some sort of specific relation between CBC and AES. I guess my problem is ...
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6answers
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How can I decode a message that was encrypted with a one-time pad?

How can I decrypt a message that was encrypted with a one-time pad? Would I need to get that pad, and then reverse the process? I'm confused here.
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1answer
93 views

How are public/private keys used in code? [closed]

I have a question about public key encryption. Say I have a string: "Hello, everyone." If I am choosing to use a cipher to encode/encrypt this by just shifting the letters around X places, it is ...
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3answers
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Digital Signature and Verification?

AFAIK , When Alice wants to write a message to Bob -- she uses Bob's public key and encrypt the message - and then Bob - using his private key - use to decrypt it. So public key is used to decrypt ...
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3answers
2k views

User data encryption/decryption in a database (PHP)

I was wondering which is the best way to encrypt and decrypt user data in a database, to make it much more secure as it is possible? I was reading about AES but I would like to know if is really the ...
4
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2answers
578 views

What is disk encryption worth? Threat of proprietary Bios, SMM, optionrom, TPM etc?

Supposing there is private/secret data on a machine (i.e a x86 arch) the most reasonable thing to me would be to encrypt this data, so to protect it. I understand that the purpose of ...
4
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3answers
267 views

Security in wireless ad hoc sensor network (without physical access)

I want to know without taking physical access, what are the methods that can steal the data in a node. When talking about eavesdropping, how can an attacker sniff the packets? Do they need to listen ...
6
votes
3answers
702 views

What risks would exist in transmitting an encrypted PKCS12 via Https

I have a scenario in which I would like to automate the deployment of client certificates generated by an issuer I control. The approach I am considering is given below, and I would appreciate ...
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2answers
838 views

What is the purpose of using Youtube-style alphanumeric ids as URL slugs?

I asked a question on StackOverflow on how to generate the alphanumeric/base64 resource IDs that Youtube, Instragram, and others use to identify videos/pictures/etc. Discussion led to the question of ...
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2answers
205 views

Trusted device web application

I would like to build a web application which has a trusted device feature. What is required to store for recognizing the machine securely? Can I safely store an encryption key (private) on the ...
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3answers
551 views

find password and iv of an encoded string knowing the decoded string

If I would know the clear and encoded versions of a string could I somehow find the password and.or iv that wore used to encode it? Encoding done with open_ssl aes-128-cbc.
13
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1answer
10k views

Where is the salt on the OpenSSL AES encryption?

I'm interested in knowing how and where OpenSSL inserts the generated salt on an AES encrypted data. Why? Im encrypting data in Java classes and need to guarantee that I can use OpenSSL to decrypt ...
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2answers
521 views

AES CBC over TCP - when is new IV needed

I am working on a project where two devices will be communicating with AES with CBC over TCP. We already have a secure mechanism for sharing the encryption/decryption key. I am not sure if we need to ...
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2answers
646 views

Can fully homomorphic encryption be practical?

Fully homomorphic encryption has been implemented by Craig Gentry using ideal lattices. Can it be applied to data stored on a private cloud setup in practice? I've seen references here and on other ...
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1answer
1k views

When authenticating ciphertexts, what should be HMACed?

Some have argued for using AES-256-CTR with HMAC-SHA-256 for authenticated encryption over AEAD-specific modes like EAX and GCM. However, when doing, this, what should be HMAC'd? And how? ...
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2answers
885 views

What is the purpose of the entropy parameter for DPAPI.Protect?

So in Windows, when you make a call to the Data Protection API, you can specify some bytes as "entropy". To me, this sounds like salt. In PBKDF2, the salt is can, and in fact needs to be stored as ...
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6answers
5k views

Why encrypt data in memory?

I saw that KeePass not only encrypts its password-database-file, it also can encrypt the passwords it holds in memory. This is just an example. I thinking of a new project dealing with sensitve / ...
3
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1answer
229 views

CMC (RFC 5272) compatible CA server

I need a CA server or any tool that supports Certificate Management over CMS (CMC) format, described in RFC 5272 (RFC 2797). I need a possibility to generate different Full PKI requests and responses ...
0
votes
1answer
307 views

How key_derivation and key_verification functions are implemented of a 7-zip archive's encryption mechanism?

I am curious about how password recovery works for password protected files. And I want to know the exact flow of the 7-zip encryption mechanism :) !! 7-zip uses the AES-256 encryption algorithm in ...
3
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1answer
365 views

DPAPI offline attack by cracking windows password?

I'm thinking of using DPAPI to protect configuration file information in my program. After doing some reading on it, it looks like it uses the user's Windows password as part of the encryption ...
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3answers
6k views

How secure is Intel SSD Encryption?

Are there any known flaws in the full disk encryption on Intel 520 series SSD drives? Specifically, it seems these drives generate an internal AES key automatically, even when no password is set. But ...
21
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8answers
3k views

Software that encrypts the data before deleting it

I am searching for a software that would encrypt data and then delete it (as opposed to just deleting or wiping). With that, even if the file is recovered, you still have to break the encryption to ...
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5answers
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What's the State of the Art of Homomorphic Encryption?

I get the impression from some internet resources I have skimmed that homomorphic encryption is yet computationally very inefficient. However, an Infineon press release from 2010 says that the CPUs of ...
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3answers
351 views

Without SSL, what vantage point does one need to MITM non-SSL'd HTTP?

OK, so there are two things here: being able to read the content of the requests and responses, and then being able to modify them. The former may depend on the latter, I'm not sure. But basically, ...
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1answer
2k views

Should WPA2-AES be presumed insecure? (What is the “Hole196” vulnerability?)

I saw it mentioned in an answer here about firesheep, but I've never heard of it -- Should WPA2 be presumed insecure?