Encryption is the process of transforming plaintext using a cipher to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing the key.

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Message and Key Security

I'm reading Post-Quantum Cryptography, and in the page 106 in the beginning of the Section 3 it says: In this section we consider the message security (opposed to key security) of code-based ...
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90 views

Is End to End encryption possible for all servers across the whole infrastructure?

Running into a possible situation where a client I am working with is requesting that all data that leaves the servers should be encrypted and here, we are talking of hundreds of Linux servers ...
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How is Tresorit client-side encryption key stored and managed?

I am using Tresorit on Mac OS X and iPhone. When I am using it there is always applied client-side encryption before posting the file to cloud. The key used for encryption is AES-256 and CFB mode of ...
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25 views

Cryptsetup using TPM? [duplicate]

Does cryptsetup uses TPM? or CPUID to identify the hardware environment in order to prevent it from stealing and crack it on other PC.
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Why encrypt client<->server on top of TLS? [duplicate]

I want to implement TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384 between my client and my server. However, someone advices me to add my own encryption&digital signature on top of it (adding a suite of ...
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69 views

“gpg” vs “openssl rsautl” (asymmetric keys) for credentials storage

I'm working in a PHP project and need a better solution to store credentials to a client's database, and I'm thinking about encryption, I put to work both gpg and openssl using asymmetric keys, but ...
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84 views

How to keep a reasonable level of entropy in an encrypted file?

Encrypted (or random) data, by nature exhibit a high entropy value and non unencrypted data will exhibit a low entropy value. From an attacker point of view the precense of this high entropy value in ...
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48 views

Feasibility of creating an in-memory web app (that runs from a CD-rom on a web server) for sharing self-destructing messages

This question is about a hypothetical in-memory web application that is used for exchanging encrypted messages that passively self-destruct in X amount of minutes. Here the messages would be stored ...
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111 views

How to secure sensitive information on cloud from administrator (end-to-end encryption)

When I use end-to-end encryption to secure documents and sensitive information on cloud or on computer, there is always a risk of accessing these information by administrator. For example if you use ...
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60 views

Security tradeoffs while designing a mobile Web Service API

I'm not a security expert but I want to ask about tradeoffs in a web service API I'm designing for mobile apps. It is an API which tracks users' locations so yes, the data is reasonably sensitive. ...
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109 views

Is ENCFS secure for encrypting Dropbox?

I've encrypted my dropbox-folder with encfs according to a few tutorials I found on the web, advocating this approach. But I've found the following critical statement concerning encfs'security in ...
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Is it possible to construct a passively self-destructing message?

Is it possible to construct a message that passively degrades over time without requiring an external factor to destroy it? Things that are similar, but not what I mean: A hard drive that degrades ...
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61 views

Can I create an application that can decrypt data but the administrator of the application cannot?

I have a windows application with a configuration file that contains some database passwords. I'd like to encrypt this data in such a way that my application can decrypt the data, but that the ...
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140 views

Why do major sites(Facebook, Google, etc) still send passwords unhashed? [duplicate]

QUICK SUMMARY: It seems like modern websites, for security's sake, should all have the client hash their own passwords before sending them to the server, who will rehash them, in order to avoid ...
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1answer
91 views

Can zip files be cracked if they were split into parts and only one part was available?

I am talking here about zip files that were compressed using basic protection and those using AES protection. In both cases, if only one of the many parts of the zip were available, will it be able to ...
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19 views

Difference between Kerberos and GDOI?

What is the difference between Kerberos and GDOI, I know first is more toward authentication and latter is more toward multicast key management, can I use Kerberose protocol in GDOI for server and ...
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1answer
87 views

HIPAA vs. HTTPS

In the medical/pharmaceutical space as part of legal operating requirements, everyone has to comply with HIPAA standards ( http://health.state.tn.us/hipaa/ ) for moving personal medical information ...
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69 views

How strong is the performance impact of signing when using RSA_AES_256_ECDH

To encrypt web communication, I use SSL with a RSA key with a length of 2048 bit, AES key's with a length of 256 bit and the ECDH-algorithm for the negotiation of the AES key's (or to exchange the ...
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50 views

Securing client-side data from users

So my problem, in its general form, is encrypting test questions such that a client-side testing application can access the questions while students cannot. The naive approach, in my opinion, is to ...
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4answers
11k views

Checklist on building an Offline Root & Intermediate Certificate Authority (CA)

Microsoft allows a CA to use Cryptography Next Generation (CNG) and advises of incompatibility issues for clients that do not support this suite. Here is an image of the default cryptography settings ...
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3answers
176 views

Sending an encrypted PGP email to someone who doesn't yet have my public key

Suppose I have the public key of a recipient I'd like to send an email to, and I've never sent this person an email before. Does it make sense to encrypt my first email to this recipient and also ...
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7answers
7k views

Why isn't open WiFi encrypted?

As far as I understand, WiFi networks that require no password send traffic through the air unencrypted. Those that require a password encrypt each connection uniquely, even if they're all using the ...
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22 views

KeePassX and Dropbox [duplicate]

I am currently using KeePassX on Linux to allow me to have a different strong password for each website. With this program there comes two major inconveniences: I lose access to everything in the case ...
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21 views

CCM instead of key wrap

Is there any instance of NIST or other encryption standards using AES-CCM to encrypt/authenticate key data? I would like to use CCM over a keywrap function, but cannot find any precedent for this in ...
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1answer
99 views

Secure way to encrypt (not hash) passwords?

I'm building a system that for reasons I'll outline below, can't used hashed passwords, but I'd still like to encrypt them so that it's as hard as possible to crack them, in the (unlikely) event the ...
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62 views

Why first kerberos message is not ciphered

When analysing Kerberos exchange (and other similars as Needham, Denning, etc.) I wonder why the first message where the identities of the client and remote are not encrypted. In case not encrypted I ...
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334 views

Thunderbird password decryption from the signons.sqlite and keys3.db without using any third party tools

I understand from the Mozilla documentations that the passwords are stored in the following two files which are located at ~/.thunderbird/*.default location: ( I use Ubuntu 13.10) signons.sqlite ...
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315 views

Can this modified 'Many' Time Pad be made 'stronger' by using an extrememly long key?

Starting with a one time pad say you want to encrypt some small strings like the words in this sentence but you want to reuse the same OTP key for each string so that when you encounter the same word ...
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Whenever an unhandled exception somehow makes it into production, is it safe, viable, etc. to print an encrypted stack trace to the end user?

Whenever an unhandled exception makes it into production somehow - whatever the reason - there's generally an option (especially with .NET programs) to print out a stack trace to the end user before ...
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9answers
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Why can we still crack snapchat photos in 12 lines of Ruby?

Just came across this bit of ruby that can be used to decrypt snapchat photos taken out of the cache on a phone, apparently adapted from here. To my surprise, it worked no problem, considering the ...
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3answers
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Is Telegram secure?

There is a new WhatsApp-killer application called Telegram. They said that it's open source and that it has a more secure encryption. But they store all the messages in their servers and WhatsApp ...
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5answers
19k views

Is sending password to user email secure?

How secure is sending passwords through email to a user, since email isn't secured by HTTPS. What is the best way to secure it? Should i use encryption?
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4answers
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Standards for encrypting passwords in configuration files?

My workplace has a standard that plaintext passwords are not allowed in application configuration files. This makes enough sense on its face, in case someone gets access to the config files they ...
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207 views

How to secure my REST API once user authenticates with Google on mobile client?

In my application, I build REST APIs so that user can interact with my application server. Since I do not want to maintain User/Passwords, my iOS app authenticates client using Google. This all ...
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63 views

P12 private key vs private key file : what is more secure?

The question is a bit tricky because they don't have the same purpose but : Do both kind of file face the same security issue concerning private key protection : password strenght ? (PBKDF2 as both ...
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43 views

Do we need to same PGP version for decryption [closed]

Requirement: In our company Location A uses PGP encryption and sending data over internet. In Location B, we have to decrypt the file. Question is what do we require in Location B Do we need to ...
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58 views

Retrieve anonymous credentials

Background A registration process to acquire an anonymous, verified account goes like this: Registrant provides proof of individuality to a Registrar. Registrar verifies proof, ensures no prior ...
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How should an ISP approach Mutual Auth TLS for SMTP email? (Domain Auth Email)

I'm looking for an easy to deploy way to make email clients (MUAs) display my email messages in a secure manner. PGP and SMIME both do this today, but they are high touch, and require software or ...
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5k views

The Pirate Bay - Secret Message?

The Pirate Bay will be relaunched as the timer indicates (see http://thepiratebay.se/) But on the bottom of the site is a "secret" message. What does this message mean? It's written in this image: ...
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108 views

How cryptographic hardware accelerator is secure?

I am using cryptographic hardware accelerator of am335x. As per documentation it unloads the cryptographic operations from the main CPU and hence increases the performance. But from the security point ...
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153 views

Storing lots of passwords that different levels of employees need access to

I am wondering what other people do for storing passwords. Our current model at my employer is fundamentally flawed in my opinion, so I am trying to see what other people do so I can select the best ...
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3answers
220 views

Calculate time taken to break AES key

A 256 bit AES key is required to be broken using the brute force method on a 2GHz computer. How long would it take to break the key in the best case and in the worst case situations? Assume that 1000 ...
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75 views

Do IVs need to be unpredictable?

I am encrypting a sequence of messages with AES/CTR. For each sequence, I generate a random initial IV, say IV(0). Define IV(i) = MD5(IV(i - 1)) for i = 1, ..., n. Then for each message m(i), I ...
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1answer
66 views

Is TLS enough to prevent eavesdropping? [duplicate]

Is it enough to use only SSL/TLS for client-server application with authentication, registration and data transmission (like chat)? If it is not what I also need to use?
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Sanity check security scheme, is it secure? Is there cruft?

This article: Life in a post-database world: using crypto to avoid DB writes Prompted me to write this url-crypt Node.js module to convert a Secret into secure urlsafe base64 strings. Think of an ...
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Android 5 encryption

There's been lots of talk about the allegedly improved encryption in Android 5. Some questions about this: What is the maximum length for passphrases? (i.e. is it still limited to 16 characters?) ...
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1answer
14k views

Why so long to break 128-bit encryption?

I read that 128-bit encryption takes millions of years to break. But if I encrypt a file using say winzip that uses 128-bit encryption but the password I use is only one character long (for example ...
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1answer
254 views

SIM card - Cryptography

I would like to have general infos about crypto and commom SIM card in mobile phone(I know there may be different implementations, technos according to the operator...). Is crypto used only for ...
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2answers
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Tool or Process to check for AES-NI support on processor?

In another question, Thomas' answer mentioned the AES-NI instruction set, which piqued my curiosity. Is there a tool or process available out there to check whether the instruction set is available ...
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authentication token not stored in DB

I am implementing a webserver and the guideline I am following suggests: - to create token by a Serializer that takes the IdUser, a symmetric key and an expiry date - provide it to the user but not ...