Encryption is the process of transforming plaintext using a cipher to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing the key.

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Linux kernel entropy - does it matter to /dev/urandom and what is a minimum?

This question had been asked several times, but still something's not clearly understood from other answers I have a few servers running with a custom built linux kernel (minimal driver modules etc), ...
5
votes
2answers
494 views

TrueCrypt vs BitLocker

I would like to ask which one of these TrueCrypt or BitLocker is safer to implement and encrypt the data in a small business environment (Windows 7, 8.1 and Windows Server 2012r) I read about ...
2
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1answer
89 views

Protecting a statistics endpoint

When we download an application - it asks us whether it's ok to submit statistics, error reports to the vendor. Since this data is sent from the application to server endpoint - I am wondering how ...
3
votes
5answers
233 views

A secure way to encrypt a connection between 2 clients securing against both passive and active adversaries

Recently I got interested in encryption and the methods behind them. So for a fun / school project I am building a program in python to encrypt data between two clients (chat and files). I'm just ...
25
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9answers
9k views

Do secure phone lines exist?

I could be out of context here about security, but , I would like to know if phone lines or phone calls over VOIP could be made secure . I know that Skype and other VOIP service providers have to ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Token authentication and storage / websocket issues

My application is running an API authentication that uses tokens rather than cookies. This leads me to ask a few questions : What is the most secure way to store the token ? By using random ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

linux hidden OS

I have been reading about hidden volume OS with truecrypt, and now with its successor, VeraCrypt. https://veracrypt.codeplex.com/wikipage?title=VeraCrypt%20Hidden%20Operating%20System But Couldn't ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Plain text password emailed back during registration [duplicate]

I would like to ask if the passwords in the database are not encrypted if during registration I am receiving plain text password with username.
2
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1answer
55 views

What is the default cipher algorithm for GnuPG?

I know, that one can force GnuPG to use AES256 for encryption with gpg --cipher-algo AES256 or with a special setting in ~/.gnu/gpg.conf. But, what is the default cypher algorithm for GnuPG, if I ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Is it necessary to encrypt nonce in cryptographic communication?

Server and client have a pre-shared key K. Assuming that that pre-shared key is safe, so nobody other than server/client can encrypt/decrypt. Client sends a nonce N to server, server then sends back ...
3
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0answers
78 views

How does Silverlight protect the AES keys it gets from PlayReady? [closed]

I'm doing some research about how Silverlight protects AES keys. Here is the scenario: There is a smooth stream live encrypted channel service. When i log in to the service and tune the channel, ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

How do I allow for anonymous encryption? [closed]

I have a protocol I am designing that requires anonymity and privacy. My idea is to have a minimum number of hops in the network before the message can be sent to its intended destination. The ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

How is ECIES available in FIPS Validated libraries?

ECIES is Elliptic Curve Integrated Encryption Scheme. Both Certicom's SecurityBuilder and RSA Data Security BSAFE provide ECIES. Both are FIPS 140 validated, and both clearly list ECIES in their data ...
1
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2answers
116 views

Encrypting short data with RSA only?

I have a case where I need to create recovery accounts and I want to create them so that nobody knows the password to them until/unless necessary. Hence, I thought that I would do it using RSA - when ...
0
votes
2answers
70 views

Determine Security Of A PDF File [closed]

How do I find the exact encryption on a PDF file? I can't seem to get a direct answer on the net. For example how do I tell if a document is PDF 1.1 - 1.3 (Acrobat 2 - 4), PDF 1.4 - 1.6 (Acrobat 5 - ...
7
votes
2answers
325 views

An analysis of storing hints for passwords?

What are the security implications of asking users to provide password hints? What are best practices for storing user hints? What research has been done on using user-supplied password hints to ...
53
votes
7answers
15k views

How hard is it to intercept SMS (two-factor authentication)?

A lot of two-factor authentication mechanisms use SMS to deliver single-use passphrase to the user. So how secure is it? Is it hard to intercept the SMS message containing the passphrase? Do mobile ...
1
vote
3answers
151 views

Is this approach to backups secure?

I've got an existing (personal) backup service which I'm rewriting from the ground up to be secure. At present, I just store files (and diffs) in AWS S3 with no encryption. It works fine but I'd like ...
4
votes
3answers
273 views

Is AES 256 secure enough for putting Backups to AWS or Dropbox?

How long would it take with current hardware to hack an Disk Image which was encrypted with AES 256? I ask because i want to backup personal files (contracts, tax-things, code, keys, private ...
-4
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2answers
229 views

Problem with Encryption Protocol

I have a question about a encryption protocol, if it is good or not. Bob and Alice communicate over an insecure channel( a possible attacker can listen). An expert suggests the following protocol to ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

When taking ownership of a TPM in Windows 7, how is the SRK derived from the password?

When you take ownership of a TPM in Windows 7 you encounter a screen like this: Based on this document, it is my understanding that completing this dialog box somehow results in the generation of ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Does any DNS Recursive resolver accept a “DNSSEC-only” option under DNSCurve?

I want to use DNSCurve (for privacy) to a trusted DNSSec resolver (for integrity), and want to ensure that I can tell a recursive resolver (like 8.8.8.8, or OpenDNS) that I only want DNSSec queries. ...
1
vote
3answers
489 views

How to intercept and analyze mobile SSL application traffic?

What is the best way to analyze requests sent by a mobile application over SSL? The communication protocol is not necessarily HTTP/S so intercepting them with BURP/ZAP/Fiddler or any other HTTP proxy ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Using randomly generated numbers to authenticate with a Relay server

I'm developing a public VoIP relay server, that will help bypass internet firewalls by allowing two clients to connect with it and then it will relay data between the two. Both clients will connect ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Logging in from one CMS to another

Two websites with different CMS, user should type login & password on one website and needs to be logged in second website automatically. Now i have this method, it works but i want to know - is ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

get a key HEX from wpa/wpa2 handshake [closed]

Can I get a key HEX from wpa/wpa2 handshake, or from the network in another way without knowing the passphrase? Example: Network SSID: linksys54gh WPA passphrase: radiustest Hexadecimal key: ...
3
votes
2answers
136 views

Is there any reason for using private key 2 times when creating security hash?

One of the payment solutions for the websites provides the following way of creating security hash for payment link: hash = sha1(private_key + payment_params_json + private_key); Is there any ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Chrome showing cryptography as 'obsolete'

Similar to this question, Chrome is showing the connection cryptography as obsolete. Opera, IE and Firefox seem perfectly fine with the connection. My guess would be the message authentication is ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Strategy for encryption before cloud storage

Apologies if this has been asked before. I am looking to encrypt documents before storing in the cloud. There will be a separate metadata storage, which could be either internal or cloud hosted. My ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Which parameters can I use to analyse my cipher? [closed]

I have made a new methodology for a symmetric key cryptography in which I have used matrix operations, a boolean function and ASCII conversion. Please suggest me the possible parameters to judge my ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

OpenSSL fails NIST AES-128-ECB test vectors?

I'm having trouble getting OpenSSL's ciphertext to match the NIST test vectors. Example : in "ecb_e_m.txt" from http://csrc.nist.gov/archive/aes/rijndael/rijndael-vals.zip, the first test is (in hex) ...
1
vote
2answers
166 views

How to keep database record secret even from developer having access to it?

Imagine a web-based email app, such as GMail. The email should only be readable by the sender and the recipients. No one else, including the developer having access to the database server or ...
0
votes
2answers
137 views

Storing unencrypted, confidential data in client memory

I am currently working on a service which lets users store client-side encrypted data and access it anywhere. The client connects through a browser and the webapp is written in JavaScript. To easier ...
11
votes
7answers
3k views

What's the safest way to transmit a message to another client through a server hidden from high level malicious users? [closed]

Suppose you're constantly being menaced by high profile hackers and agencies that try to intercept messages sent between you and a friend. The question is: what's the safest way to send messages to ...
1
vote
5answers
624 views

Authenticate user without knowing their password

I'm working on a project where each each user will have a public/private RSA key-pair. Users will be able to send encrypted messages to each other using the each target user's public key so that only ...
35
votes
5answers
48k views

Advantages and disadvantages of Stream versus Block Ciphers

Encryption algorithms such as Blowfish,AES,RC4,DES and Seal are implemented in one of two categories of ciphers. What are the advantages/disadvantages to the type of ciphers?
5
votes
4answers
2k views

How to roll my own security mechanism - avoid SSL

i'm looking at implementing my own security mechanism rather than using ssl due to ssl being 'hopelessly broken' http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/04/11/state_of_ssl_analysis/ and also because it is ...
-1
votes
3answers
577 views

Which PHP encryption method is most incidentally-secure?

just started researching on the latest PHP encryption methods, I've found out my favorite algorithms are compromised. MD5 is no good, SHA-1 has "found flaws", SHA-512 isn't "meant for passwords", ...
1
vote
2answers
207 views

Is SpiderOak truly “zero-knowledge”?

I've recently changed SpiderOak password on computer A. Because I have SpiderOak installed on computer B as well, I thought I will have to update the password on it so the application can connect to ...
5
votes
2answers
253 views

ProtonMail security concerns

This TED talk brought me here. First of all, to those who created ProtonMail: Nice job!!. Regardless of what people say, it's definitely a big step forward from tradition options like Hotmail, Gmail ...
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votes
1answer
44 views

What is the most secure way to protect a custom CMS from infiltration? [closed]

I have a custom CMS with a randomly generated ASCII 100-character string from this site for both my username/password. I also have this following sha512 encryption system, which was created by ...
5
votes
1answer
109 views

Can I check who can decrypt my GPG message after I encrypt it?

When I send, say, a great recipe for funnel cake to Alice and Bob using GPG, I can be pretty sure they will both be able to decrypt it. However, can I be certain, or prove after the fact, that they ...
7
votes
0answers
232 views

Linux, TRESOR and XTS

I want to switch from using LUKS for full disk encryption to TRESOR. TRESOR tries to prevent cold boot attacks by storing the encryption key in the CPU's registers. It uses the kernel's crypto API for ...
30
votes
5answers
8k views

How do I verify that WhatsApp is using end-to-end encryption?

Slightly old news: Whatsapp Just Switched on End-to-End Encryption for Hundreds of Millions of Users Is there any test that I can perform to verify that WhatsApp is indeed using end-to-end encryption ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Is a direct SIP video call (encrypted) between two computers more secure than going through a registrar service?

I learned recently about ZRTP-encrypted video calls using an SIP client, such as Jitsi or Linphone or Blink. I was able to make a direct encrypted video call between two clients on the same local ...
50
votes
5answers
12k views

Why should one not use the same asymmetric key for encryption as they do for signing?

In an answer to a question about RSA and PGP, PulpSpy noted this: It is possible to generate an RSA key pair using GPG (for both encryption and signing -- you should not use the same key for ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Secure point to point remote access to NAS drive

This question is very similar but also distinctly different (How do I ensure data encryption on Samba transmission on *NIX systems?) I'm looking to set up remote access to a NAS unit locally sharing ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Decrypting encrypted traffic with hacking an app [duplicate]

I am thinking how does telegram ensure that messages are secret. I understand they use the public key to encrypt and private key to decrypt. Why is it not possible for an attacker to download the ...
29
votes
3answers
7k views

symmetric encryption session keys in SSL/TLS

This question concerns the session send and receive keys used in SSL/TLS protocol. my understanding is that this key uses symmetric encryption (DES, AES, BlowFish, etc.) I'm wondering, if ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Is End to End security possible without physical contact?

I noticed that a lot of messaging start to provide "End2End" security, but I wonder how this can be possible without a key exchange between the the two clients. To my understanding to provide real ...